高考英语能力测试基础训练5 介词、连词
介词和连词虽然都属虚词,但在英语学习中却非常重要,也是每年高考的必考项目,而且占的比例还不小,既出现在单项填空题中,也出现在完形填空中,甚至短文改错中也占有一席之地。在学习过程中,同学们要注意区别介词和连词的不同,同一个词用作介词或连词所接成分的不同;同时,介词和连词的一些习惯用法和固定搭配更应引起充分的注意。
Ⅰ单项填空w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  1. Excuse me for breaking in, I have some news for you.
A.so     B.and     C.but    D.yet

  2. The speech by the mayor of Shanghai before the final voting for EXPO 2010 is strongly impressed my memory.
A.to B.over C.by D.on

  3. I cleaned out my locker because I didn’t want to leave a mess(脏乱) anyone else.
A.over B.into C.with D.for

  4. It was because of bad weather the football match had to be put off.
A.until B.so that C.why D.that

  5. Don’t be discouraged. things as they are and you will enjoy every day of your life.
A.Taking B.To take C.Take D.Taken

  6. The mother didn’t know to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A.who B.when C.how D.what

  7.?What do you want those old boxes?
?To put things in when I move to the new flat.
A.by B.for C.of D.with

  8. Luckily,the bullet narrowly missed the captain an inch.
A.by B.at C.to D.from

  9.(2002上海高考题)He was about to tell me the secret someone patted him on the shoulder.
A.as B.until C.while D.when

  10.?Our holiday cost a lot of money. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
?Did it? Well,that doesn’t matter you enjoyed yourselves.
A.as far as B.in case C.as far as D.as long as

  11.It happened to be very cold the morning of our sports meet.
A.at B.of C.on D.with

  12.The doctor will be free .
A.10 minutes later B.after 10 minutes
C.in 10 minutes D.10 minutes after

  13.We offered him our congratulations his passing the college entrance exams.
A.at B.of C.for D.on

  14.?How long has this bookshop been in business?
? 19
  82.
A.After B.In C.From D.Since

  15.How are you getting along your students?
A.over B.with C.on D.within

  16.The word “write” had the same pronunciation the word “right”.
A.of B.as C.to D.from

  17.Don’t move! Hands up get out of your car!
A.or B.and C.but D.to w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  18.The train leaves at 6:00 p.m.So I have to be at the station 5:40 p.m.at the latest.
A.until B.after C.by D.around

  19.Your performance in the driving test didn’t reach the required standard,,you failed.
A.in the end B.after all
C.in other words D.at the same time

  20.I don’t think I’ll need any money but I’ll bring some .
A.at last B.in case C.once again D.in time

  21.The home improvements have taken what little there is my spare time.
A.from B.in C.of D.at

  22.The passengers were robbed all their money.
A.of B.off C.from D.away

  23.Does John know any other foreign language English?
A.except B.but C.besides D.beside

  24.?I don’t like chicken fish.
?I don’t like chicken, I like fish very much.
A.and; and B.and; but C.or; but D.or; and

  25.?What was the party like?
?Wonderful.It’s years I enjoyed myself so much.
A.after B.when C.before D.since w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  26.Would you like a cup of coffee shall we get down to business right away?
A.and B.then C.or D.otherwise

  27.,Mother will wait him to have dinner together.
A.However late is he B.However he is late
C.However is he late D.However late he is

  28.Why do you want a new job you’ve got such a good one already?
A.that B.where C.which D.when

  29.It was only when I reread his poems recently I began to appreciate their beauty.
A.until B.that C.then D.so

  30.?Would you like to come to dinner tonight?
?I’d like to, I’m too busy.
A.and B.so C.as D.but

  31.The doctor will be free .
A.10 minutes later B.after 10 minutes
C.in 10 minutes D.10 minutes after

  32.Mother was worried because little Alice was ill,especially Father was away in France.
A.as B.that C.during D.if

  33.She thought I was talking about her daughter,,in fact,I was talking about my daughter.
A.whom B.where C.which D.while

  34.?I’m going to the post office.
? you’re there,can you get me some stamps? w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A.As B.While C.Because D.If

  35.Their tent, light as a feather,remained firm in the storm last night.
A.as if B.so C.if D.though

  36.He is a scientist, a singer as well.
A.but B.nor C.or D.and

  37.?You are so lucky.
?What do you mean that?
A.for B.in C.of D.by

  38.The film brought the hours back to me I was taken good care of in that faraway village.
A.until B.that C.when D.where

  39.I’m often impatient being delayed in expressway jam.
A.for B.with C.of D.at

  40.It is a good idea to start a part-time job it does not affect your studies.
A.as B.until C.unless D.so long as

  41.?How did you get to my office so quickly?
?I entered the building the side door.
A.with B.into C.by D.in

  42.I’d like to thank you for your kind help our group.
A.on behalf of B.instead of
C.because of D.as a result of

  43.Ann hid the knife her daughter.
A.out of B.from C.to D.off

  44. her surprise,she found herself a different world.
A.In; in B.At; at C.To; in D.To; at

  45.Rose was wild with joy the result of the examination.
A.to B.at C.by D.as w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  46.When you want to work for our country in the future,,we should have strong body and rich knowledge.
A.at first B.for the first time
C.after all D.first of all

  47. you’ve got a chance,you might as well make full use of it.
A.Now that  B.After 
C.Although  D.As soon as

  48.We’ll have to finish the job,.
A.long it takes however B.it take however long
C.long however it takes D.however long it takes

  49. production up by 60%,the company has had another excellent year.
A.As B.For C.With D.Through

  50.The WTO cannot live up to its name it does not include a country that is home to one fifth of mankind.
A.as long as B.while
C.if D.even though
Ⅱ.完形填空

  1.I was very thirsty, I asked for some water to drink.

  2.We didn’t go to bed twelve last night.

  3.Without a thorough grasp biology,you can’t hope to study medicine.

  4.The key success is nothing but hard work and opportunity.

  5. Mary came to study,she has made much progress in Chinese.

  6.He will tell you about it you get there.

  7.Don’t try to get off the bus it has stopped.

  8.You will not be blamed by your mother you keep your room tidy.

  9.Things have changed a lot I wrote to you last time.

  10.I may trouble you again, you are very busy. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  11.My friend looked in all directions she didn’t see anybody.

  12.I can’t use your pen, there is no ink in it.

  13.I’d like to go swimming the water is not too cold.

  14. all the students,whom do you regard most highly.

  15.Have you read the story the newspaper?

  16.It has been a year we last heard from him.

  17.He watched her closely she reached the bus-stop.

  18.The Greens left Switzerland holiday.

  19.Jane was her best dress.

  20.?Where is he sitting?
?He is sitting a big rock.

  21.?Shall we going swimming this evening?
?Where ?

  22.We will go a visit to China in a few days.

  23.Her father was a middle-aged man about forty-five.

  24.Difficulties are nothing we are not afraid of them.

  25.The doctor will not perform the operation it is absolutely necessary.

  26.They fell in love with each other they saw each other in the street.

  27.I made the suit my own hand.It was made hand not with a machine.

  28.You will find friendly people you go in China.

  29.I hurried be late for class.

  30.No sooner had he finished his work his son rushed in and broke his glass.
Ⅲ.改错(每句中只有一个错误)

  1.The bird is flying above the city.It looks very happy. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  2.Some are reading newspaper so others are playing chess.

  3.I have read a few of his novels and few of his plays.

  4.Either he nor you are wrong.

  5.The result of the experiment was not satisfactory,or we decided to make another one.

  6.I must be off now and my sister is expecting me.

  7.Except her wedding ring,Marie wore no jewelry.

  8.In general,metals are heavier as wood.

  9.They all thought that Kate looked as her father.

  10.The straw hat doesn’t fit for me very well.

  11.Be careful so you’ll fall into the river.

  12.At seeing me,Mike walked up to me and offered his help.

  13.Please be quick and return in two hours.I’ll be ready until then.

  14.Either you or I are right.

  15.We can either see nor touch air.

  16.Jones has been married with Jack for five years.

  17.Mrs.Brown,like a busy mother of three children,had very little time to enjoy herself in any party.

  18.The Smiths left in the morning of May
  1,19
  99.

  19.We have to get up early tomorrow morning,however,we’ll miss the first train to Beijing.

  20.She also helps with cooking and washing except looking after the child.
w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
【答案】
Ⅰ.单项填空

  1~5 CDDDC 6~10 ADADD

  11~15 CCDDB 16~20 BBCCB

  21~25 CACCD 26~30 CDDBD

  31~35 CADBD 36~40 DDCCD

  41~45 CABCB 46~50 DADCC
【部分解析】

  2.be impressed on/ upon “给……留下了印象”。

  3.leave a mess for “给(某人)留下一个如一团糟(的局面)”。

  4.强调句型。

  5.Take things as they are “顺其自然”。

  6.不知道该责备“谁who”。

  7.with表示“用”的含义。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  8.by 在这里表示偏离的“幅度”。

  9.when 表示动作的突然性,相当于and at that time的意思。

  10.as long as也可以写成so long as,意为“只要”。

  18.by在这里表示“到……截止”。 w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  20.in case在这里表示“以防万一”。

  21.全句意为“房改工程占据了我们剩余不多的业余时间”。

  22.rob sb. of sth.“抢劫某人的东西”。

  25.对话最后一句意为“我有好多年没有这样痛痛快快地玩过了”。

  29.强调句型。

  33.while在这里表示对比。

  35.though引导一个省略的让步状语从句though it is as light as a feather。

  39.be impatient of “对……感到不耐烦”。

  42.on behalf of“代表”。

  45.at在这里表示“听到”之意。

  50.live up to “符合;达到……水平”。
Ⅱ.完形填空w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  1.so 
  2.until 
  3.of 
  4.to 
  5.Since 
  6.when 
  7.until 
  8.as long as/if 
  9.since 

  10.although/though 
  11.but 
  12.for/because 
  13.since 
  14.Of 
  15.in 16 since 

  17.till/until 
  18.for,on 
  19.in 
  20.on/next to/close to/ behind/beside/in front of 
  21.to 

  22.on 
  23.of 
  24.if 
  25.unless 
  26.the moment/as soon as 
  27.with/by 
  28.wherever 

  29.so as not to/in order not to 
  30.than
Ⅲ.改错w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  1.above→over 
  2.so→while 
  3.and→but 
  4.nor→or或者Either→Neither 

  5.or→so
  6.and→because 
  7.Except后加for 
  8.as→than 
  9.as→like 
  10.去掉for 

  11.so→or 
  12.At→On 
  13.until→by 
  14.are→am 
  15.either→neither 
  16.with→to 

  17.like→as 
  18.in→on 
  19.however →or 
  20.except→besides
 

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