高考英语能力测试基础训练7 情态动词
情态动词是每年高考的必考语法项目之一。在高考试题中的比重一直比较稳定,每年一至两个题。但难度有逐年加大的趋势。从命题形式上看,这一考点主要有如下几种形式:(
  1)听力部分选择题。听句子,判断说话者的情感和语气,选出与所听到句子意义最接近的句子。或听句子,判断说话者的情感和语气,选出最佳答语来补全对话。(
  2)语言知识运用部分的单项选择题和完形填空题。根据所给的句子或短文,进行判断,选出最佳的一个答案来补全句子。(
  3)改错部分。在短文的某一行中,可能出现错用、漏用或多用情态动词的情况。
Ⅰ.单项填空w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  1.?Is John coming by train?
?He should,but he not.He likes driving his car.
A.must B.can C.need D.may

  2.?The room is so dirty. we  clean it?
?Of course.
A.Will B.Shall C.Would D.Do

  3. My English-Chinese dictionary has disappeared.Who have taken it?
A.should B.must C.could D.would

  4.?I heard they went skiing in the mountains last winter.
?It true because there was little snow there.
A.may not be B.won’t be C.couldn’t be D.mustn’t be

  5. It has been announced that candidates remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected.
A.can B.will C.may D.shall

  6.?There were already five people in the car but they managed to take me as well.
?It a comfortable journey.
A.can’t be B.shouldn’t be
C.mustn’t have been D.couldn’t have been

  7.?Did the train arrive in time?
?No.It two hours ago. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A.must have arrive B.ought to have arrived
C.must arrive D.ought to arrive

  8.?I can’t find my wallet.
?You it on the bus.
A.must forget B.must leave
C.must have forgotten D.must have left

  9.Such a businessman be honest.He gets his money in a dishonest way.
A.can’t B.mustn’t be
C.may not D.shouldn’t

  10.Peter come with us tonight,but he isn’t very sure yet.
A.must B.may C.can D.will

  11.The girl used to be very interested in music, she?
A.didn’t B.use C.used D.usedn’t to

  12.The old woman sit there for hours,recalling her good old days.
A.would B.used C.used to D.could

  13.My watch is out of order.It needs .
A.repair B.repaired C.repairing D.to repair

  14.It’s seven o’clock.Jack be here at any moment.
A.must B.need C.should D.can

  15.It’s still early.You hurry.
A.mustn’t B.wouldn’t C.may not D.don’t have to

  16.?Do you think the flight is delayed? w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
?It be,especially in such weather.
A.would B.should C.might D.ought to

  17.Tom didn’t see her in the meeting room this morning.She have spoken at the meeting.
A.couldn’t B.mustn’t C.shouldn’t D.needn’t

  18.The light is still on.The student to switch it off.
A.must forget B.must have forgotten
C.might forget D.may forget

  19.You must be a writer, you?
A.can’t B.aren’t C.must D.mustn’t

  20.You ought for what you are unable to do.
A.not to be punished B.to not be punished
C.to not punished D.not be punished

  21.If you had been more careful enough,you have made so many mistakes.
A.won’t B.mustn’t C.shouldn’t D.wouldn’t

  22.?I hear you’ve got a set of valuable Australian coins. I have a look?
?Yes,certainly.
A.May B.Do C.Shall D.Should

  23.?Do you think I could borrow your dictionary?
?.
A.Yes,you may borrow B.Yes,you could
C.Yes,go on D.Yes,help yourself

  24.The plant is dead.I it more water.
A.will give B.would have given w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
C.must give D.should have given

  25.You return my umbrella now.You can keep it till next week if you like.
A.can’t B.mustn’t C.needn’t D.may not

  26.Tom ought not to me your secret,but he meant no harm.
A.have told B.tell C.be telling D.having told

  27.He told Sally how to get there,but perhaps he out for her.
A.had to write it B.must have written it
C.should have written it D.ought to write it

  28.Johnny,you play with the knife; you hurt yourself.
A.won’t; can’t B.mustn’t; may
C.shouldn’t; must D.can’t; shouldn’t

  29.It’s a fine day.Let’s go fishing,?
A.won’t we B.will we C.don’t we D.shall we

  30.Be sure to write to us, you?
A.will B.aren’t C.can D.mustn’t

  31.?Would it bother you if I talk to you for a minute?
?.
A.Yes,please B.No,I don’t
C.Yes,please don’t D.Not at all

  32.I tell you what he did for fear that he should be angry with me.
A.daren’t B.daren’t to
C.dared not to D.dares not

  33.?I should have put on my coat when we left.
?It’s a pity that you .
A.didn’t B.don’t C.haven’t D.hadn’t

  34.?Aren’t you a football player?
?.
A.Yes,I’m not B.Yes,I was w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
C.Oh,I used to be D.Oh,I used be

  35.If you really want yourself to be healthier,you must always so much.
A.not; be smoking B.not; have smoked
C.not; to smoke D.be not; smoking

  36.A computer think for itself.It must be told what to do.
A.can’t B.couldn’t C.may not D.might not

  37.?When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon.
?They be ready by 12:
  00.
A.can B.should C.might D.need

  38.I didn’t hear the phone.I asleep.
A.must be B.must have been
C.should be D.should have been

  39.He you more help,even though he was very busy.
A.might have given B.might give
C.may have given D.may give

  40.?Shall I turn on the television?
?No,I watch it now.I want to go to bed.
A.shouldn’t B.couldn’t
C.would rather not D.might not

  41.? you make so much noise?
?Sorry.I’ll take care not to.
A.Can B.Must C.May D.Would

  42.? Will you stay for lunch?
?Sorry,.My brother is coming to see me.
A.I mustn’t B.I can’t C.I needn’t D.I won’t

  43.The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone get out.
A.had to B.would
C.was able to D.could

  44.I was really anxious about you.You home without a word.
A.mustn’t leave B.shouldn’t have left w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
C.couldn’t have left D.needn’t leave

  45.I thought you like something to read,so I have brought you some books.
A.may B.might C.could D.must

  46.?Sara has just come back from New York and she looks very happy.
?She her trip very much.
A.might enjoy B.should have enjoyed
C.might have enjoyed D.must enjoy

  47.You are doing in a wrong way.It this way.
A.used to do B.is used to doing
C.used to be done D.was used to doing

  48.?Mary get disappointed if we tell her the news?
?I think she .
A.Will; may B.Will; shall C.Shall; will D.Shall; need

  49.?Are you coming to Jeff’s party?
?I’m not sure.I go to the concert instead.
A.must B.would C.should D.might

  50.There was plenty of time.She .
A.mustn’t have hurried B.couldn’t have hurried
C.must not hurried D.needn’t have hurried
Ⅱ.完形填空w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  1.My friend John to smoke,but now he doesn’t.

  2.You drive carefully.The road is too narrow.

  3.He live in the countryside,so he was hard work,but I am not used to.

  4.?Could I borrow your dictionary?
?Oh,of course you .

  5.She bring me little presents when she came to our house.

  6.Mother asked Tom to help cook,but he .

  7.You must have seen the movie Titanic, you?

  8.You must have done your homework yesterday evening, you?

  9.If you want help,let me know, you?

  10.You go to Beijing by air or by train.

  11.I say it would be better to try it again.

  12. you have a good dream tonight.

  13.?Shall I tell John about it?
?No,you .I’ve told him already.

  14.My mother have called me this morning.But she didn’t,so I was late for school and was blamed by my teacher.

  15.Excuse me, I speak to your headmaster?

  16.You look happy.You (have) a good time at the party.

  17.He help speaking English when we arrived in Britain.
18 I (do) so,but I don’t remember.

  19.?Must we sweep the floor now?
?No,you not.

  20.?I stayed at a hotel while in New York.
?Oh,did you? You (stay) with Barbara.

  21. such a woman be loved by so good a man?

  22.You smoke here.The sign says “No smoking.” w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  23.You are in uniform.You must be a policeman,you?

  24.No matter how heavy the rain was,she give up attending his lecture.

  25.It sound funny,but it is true.

  26.He announced that he walk home.And soon he disappeared.

  27.You naughty boy! You get what you deserve.

  28.At that time they thought the story be true.

  29.You get the book as soon as I have read it.

  30.There’s a lot of noise from the bedroom.It John.He (dance).Tell him to stop.
【答案】
Ⅰ.单项填空

  1~5 DBCCD 6~10 DBDAB

  11~15 AACCD 16~20 CABBA

  21~25 DADDC 26~30 ACBDA

  31~35 DAACA 36~40 ABBAC

  41~45 BBCBB 46~50 CCADD
【部分解析】

  1.may表推测。

  2.shall在这里用来征求意见。

  3.在疑问句中表推测一般用can或could。

  4.在否定句中表推测一般也用can或could。

  5.shall在这里指“规定、命令”。 w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  7.ought to加完成式表示某事“应该(已经)”。

  11.used to的反义部分既可用usedn’t,也可用didn’t。

  12.would表示“(过去)常……”。

  13.need在这里用作实义动词,表“需要”之意,后跟v.-ing的主动形式,或动词不定式的被动式。

  15.don’t have to表“不必”。

  18.must加完成式表示“(过去)一定……”。

  21.wouldn’t在这里表示虚拟的语气。

  26.全句意为“汤姆本不应该告诉我你的秘密,但他并无恶意”。

  29.Let’s…的反意问句用shall we? Let us…的反意问句用will you?

  32.dare在本句中是情态动词。

  35.must与进行式连用表示“厌倦、不耐烦”的语气。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  43.was able to 表示“(过去)成功地或设法做了某事”。

  50.needn’t加完成式表示“(过去)没有必要……”。
Ⅱ.完形填空  

  1.used 
  2.had better 
  3.used to,used to 
  4.can 
  5.would 
  6.wouldn’t 
  7.haven’t 

  8.didn’t 
  9.will 
  10.may / can 
  11.dare 
  12.May 
  13.needn’t 
  14.should 
  15.may/ can 

  16.must have had 
  17.couldn’t 
  18.may have done /might have done 
  19.need 

  20.could have stayed 
  21.Can 
  22.mustn’t 
  23.aren’t 
  24.would not 
  25.may / might 

  26.would 
  27.shall 
  28.might 
  29.shall 
  30.must be,must be dancing w.w.w.
 

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