高考英语能力测试基础训练8 时态和语态
动词时态和语态这类考题主要是考查学生在具体的语境中确定时态和语态,而语境中的时态和语态具有灵活多变的特点,因此找出隐含于上下文中的时间信息,正确认定动作行为所发生的时间是解题的关键。做动词时态和语态填空题时,常常按以下几个步骤:(
  1)注意题干所提供的信息,如语境、情景以及说话人的情感;(
  2)根据句中的时间状语以及一些副词判断时态;(
  3)考虑语态;(
  4)考虑时态的一致性。另外,复习时,还要涉及到短暂性动词与延续性动词,这两个概念一定要搞清。短暂性动词用于进行时态和完成时态都要受到限制。

  1.?You haven’t said a word about my new coat,Brenda.Do you like it?
?I’m sorry I anything about it sooner.I certainly think it’s pretty on you.
A.wasn’t saying        B.don’t say C.won’t say D.didn’t say

  2. I wonder why Jenny us recently.We should have heard from her by now.
A.hasn’t written B.doesn’t write C.won’t write D.hadn’t written

  3.?When will you come to see me,Dad? w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
?I will go to see you when you the training course.
A.will have finished B.will finish C.are finishing D.finish

  4.?How long at this job?
?Since 19
  90.
A.were you employed B.have you been employed C.had you been employed D.will you be employed

  5. By the end of last year,another new gymnasium in Beijing.
A.would be completed B.was being completed C.has been completed D.had been completed

  6. The little girl her heart out because she her toy bear and believed she wasn’t ever going to find it.
A.had cried; lost B.cried; had lost C.has cried; has lost D.cries; has lost

  7.?Excuse me,sir.Would you do me a favor?
?Of course.What is it? w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
?I if you could tell me how to fill out this form.
A.had wondered B.was wondering C.would wonder D.did wonder

  8. He will have learned English for eight years by the time he from the university next year.
A.will graduate B.will have graduated C.graduates D.is to graduate

  9.(2002上海高考题)I feel it is your husband who for the spoiled child.
A.is to blame B.is going to blame C.is to be blame D.should blame

  10.He has been writing the composition the whole morning and he still .
A.has been B.does C.has D.is

  11.If city noises from increasing,people shout to be heard even at the dinner table 20 years from now.
A.are not kept; will have to B.are not kept; have to
C.do not keep; will have to D.do not keep; have to

  12.The price ,but I doubt whether it will remain so.
A.went down B.will go down C.has gone down D.was going down

  13.?How long each other before they married?
?For about a year.
A.have they known; get  w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
B.did they know; get
C.do they know; are going to get 
D.had they known; got

  14.You can’t move in right now.The house .
A.has painted B.is painted C.is being painted D.is painting

  15.?Hey,look where you are going!
?Oh,I’m terribly sorry..
A.I’m not noticing B.I wasn’t noticing C.I haven’t noticed D.I don’t notice

  16.The reporter said that the UFO east to west when he saw it.
A.was traveling B.traveled C.had been traveling D.was to travel

  17.?Is this raincoat yours?
?No,mine there behind the door.
A.is hanging B.has hang C.hangs D.hang

  18.I turned around and saw everybody at a man who loudly in a foreign language.
A.was staring; was shouting B.was staring; shouting
C.staring; shouting D.stared; shouted

  19.Henry remained silent for a moment.He . w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A.thought B.had thought C.was thinking D.was thought

  20.We would like to go and thank him ourselves,but we out his address yet,
A.haven’t found B.hadn’t found C.didn’t find D.don’t find

  21.Shirley a book about China last year but I don’t know whether she has finished.
A.has written B.wrote C.had written D.was writing

  22.?Have you got your test result?
?Not yet.The papers .
A.are not correcting
B.have not corrected C.are still being corrected
D.have already been corrected

  23.See the clouds! It rain!
A.will  B.is going to  C.must  D.certainly

  24.Do I have to take this medicine? It so terrible.
A.tastes B.is tasting C.is tasted D.has tasted

  25.Don’t take the magazine away.It me.
A.is belonged to B.belongs to C.was belonged to D.is belonging to

  26.Is this the third time that you late?
A.have been B.am C.was D.had been

  27.?Do you know when Tom from abroad?
?Perhaps it will be a long time before he .
A.will come; will come B.comes; will come C.will come; comes D.comes; comes

  28.My uncle said that he would telephone but I from him so far.
A.didn’t hear B.hadn’t heard C.haven’t heard D.won’t hear

  29.The telephone four times in the last hour,and each time it for my roommate.
A.has rung; was B.has been ringing; is
C.had rung; was D.rang; has been w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  30.A storm by a calm.
A.is often being followed B.was often followed C.is often followed D.has often been followed

  31.The pen I I is on my desk,right under my nose.
A.think; lost B.thought; had lost C.think; had lost D.thought; lost

  32.?We could have walked to the station.It was so near.
?Yes,a taxi at all necessary.
A.wasn’t B.hadn’t been C.couldn’t be D.won’t be

  33.A friend of mine returned to his house after a holiday only to find it .
A.to be broken B.had broken into C.was broken D.had been broken into

  34.They believed that by using computers the production of their factory .
A.will greatly increase
B.would greatly increase C.would be increased greatly
D.will have been greatly increased

  35.His eyes shone brightly when he finally received the magazines he .
A.had long been expected
B.had long expected
C.has long expected
D.was long expected

  36.?Do you like the new pen? w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
?Yes,it very well.
A.is written B.is writing C.writes D.wrote

  37.?Oh,it’s you? I didn’t recognize you.
?I my hair cut,and I new glass.
A.had; was wearing B.have had; am wearing C.had; wore D.have had; wear

  38.As she the newspaper,Granny asleep.
A.read; was falling B.was reading; fell C.was reading; was falling D.read; fell

  39.However hard you ,you will never succeed in pleasing her.
A.try B.will try C.should try D.would try

  40.?Can I help you,sir?
?Yes,I bought this radio yesterday,but it .
A.didn’t work B.won’t work C.can’t work D.doesn’t work

  41.?How are you today?
?Oh,I as ill as I do now for a very long time.
A.didn’t feel B.wasn’t feeling C.don’t feel D.haven’t felt

  42.When Jack arrived he learned Mary for about an hour.
A.had gone B.had set off C.had left D.had been away

  43.By this time tomorrow we the machine.
A.have repaired B.shall have repaired C.will repair D.would repair

  44.I don’t think Jim saw me,he into space. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A.just stared B.was just staring C.has just stared D.had just stared

  45.Helen her key in the office so she had to wait until her husband home.
A.had left; came B.has left; comes C.left; had come D.had left; would come

  46.?You have left the light on.
?Oh,so I have. and turn it off.
A.I’ll go B.I’ve gone C.I go D.I’m going

  47.This is Ted’s photo.We miss him a lot.He trying to save a child in earthquake.
A.killed B.is killed C.was killed D.was killing

  48.The notice “No smoking.”
A.is wrote B.reads C.writes D.is read

  49.Good care must babies particularly while they are ill.
A.take B.take of C.be taken D.be taken of

  50.Shortly after we ,a waiter came over to our table with a smile.
A.seated  B.were seated  C.sat ourselves  D.had seated

  51.?You look pale,what troubled you?
?I my dead friend.
A.am thinking about B.was thinking about
C.had thought about D.will think about

  52.John and I friends for eight years.We first got to know each other at a Christmas party.But we each other a couple of times before that.
A.had been; have seen B.have been; have seen
C.have been; had seen D.had been; had seen

  53.Do make sure that you a seat today!
A.got B.get C.should D.have get

  54.We at the house as we of buying it.
A.looked; were thinking
B.were looking; were thinking C.were looking; thought
D.looked; had thought

  55.?I’m told that you are leaving for Beijing.
?Who so?
A.said B.had said C.says D.has said w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  56.I the room to be empty but found it occupied.
A.had thought B.have thought C.didn’t think D.was thinking

  57.Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology so rapidly.
A.will have changed B.has changed C.is changing D.will change

  58.I ping-pong quite well,but I haven’t had time to play since the new year.
A.will play B.have played C.played D.play

  59.Visitors not to touch the exhibits.
A.will request B.are requested C.are requesting D.request

  60.They a snowstorm on their way home.
A.caught in B.had caught C.were caught D.were caught in
【答案】

  1~5 DADBD 6~10 BBCAD

  11~15 ACDCB 16~20 AAACA

  21~25 DCBAB 26~30 ACCAC

  31~35 BADCC 36~40 CBBAD w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  41~45 DDBBA 46~50 ACBDB

  51~55 BCBBC5 6~60 ACDBD
【部分解析】

  1.用过去时表达没能早说之意。

  2.用完成时表达到目前为止本应发生的动作。

  3.主句将来时,状语从句用一般现在时表示将来。

  4.本句用完成时当无疑问,值得注意的是后面的结构是系表结构表状态,不是被动语态。

  5.受by the end of last year的影响,本句是典型的过去完成时。

  6.体会一下时间的先后就可明白,前一句是一般过去时,后一句是过去完成时。

  7.空格所指的是说话前正在考虑的动作。

  9.本句是强调句型,sb. is to blame是“得怪谁”的意思。

  10.填空处是现在进行时的省略。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  14.现在进行时的被动语态。

  16.强调看见时the UFO正在发生的动作。

  22.答语为现在进行时的被动语态,指“试卷正在被批改”。

  23.有征兆表明某事即将发生一般用be going to 表达。

  24.taste为连系动词,因而没有被动语态。

  25.belong to没有被动语态。

  30.全句意为“暴风雨过后是一片宁静”。

  33.only to引导的是一个结果状语,所填空处是典型的过去完成时的被动语态。

  40.一般现在时陈述事实。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  43.受by this time tomorrow这一时间状语的影响,本题所填是中学不太常见的将来完成时
 

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