高考英语能力测试基础训练8 时态和语态
动词时态和语态这类考题主要是考查学生在具体的语境中确定时态和语态,而语境中的时态和语态具有灵活多变的特点,因此找出隐含于上下文中的时间信息,正确认定动作行为所发生的时间是解题的关键。做动词时态和语态填空题时,常常按以下几个步骤:(
  1)注意题干所提供的信息,如语境、情景以及说话人的情感;(
  2)根据句中的时间状语以及一些副词判断时态;(
  3)考虑语态;(
  4)考虑时态的一致性。另外,复习时,还要涉及到短暂性动词与延续性动词,这两个概念一定要搞清。短暂性动词用于进行时态和完成时态都要受到限制。

  1.?You haven’t said a word about my new coat,Brenda.Do you like it?
?I’m sorry I anything about it sooner.I certainly think it’s pretty on you.
A.wasn’t saying        B.don’t say C.won’t say D.didn’t say

  2. I wonder why Jenny us recently.We should have heard from her by now.
A.hasn’t written B.doesn’t write C.won’t write D.hadn’t written

  3.?When will you come to see me,Dad? w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
?I will go to see you when you the training course.
A.will have finished B.will finish C.are finishing D.finish

  4.?How long at this job?
?Since 19
  90.
A.were you employed B.have you been employed C.had you been employed D.will you be employed

  5. By the end of last year,another new gymnasium in Beijing.
A.would be completed B.was being completed C.has been completed D.had been completed

  6. The little girl her heart out because she her toy bear and believed she wasn’t ever going to find it.
A.had cried; lost B.cried; had lost C.has cried; has lost D.cries; has lost

  7.?Excuse me,sir.Would you do me a favor?
?Of course.What is it? w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
?I if you could tell me how to fill out this form.
A.had wondered B.was wondering C.would wonder D.did wonder

  8. He will have learned English for eight years by the time he from the university next year.
A.will graduate B.will have graduated C.graduates D.is to graduate

  9.(2002上海高考题)I feel it is your husband who for the spoiled child.
A.is to blame B.is going to blame C.is to be blame D.should blame

  10.He has been writing the composition the whole morning and he still .
A.has been B.does C.has D.is

  11.If city noises from increasing,people shout to be heard even at the dinner table 20 years from now.
A.are not kept; will have to B.are not kept; have to
C.do not keep; will have to D.do not keep; have to

  12.The price ,but I doubt whether it will remain so.
A.went down B.will go down C.has gone down D.was going down

  13.?How long each other before they married?
?For about a year.
A.have they known; get  w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
B.did they know; get
C.do they know; are going to get 
D.had they known; got

  14.You can’t move in right now.The house .
A.has painted B.is painted C.is being painted D.is painting

  15.?Hey,look where you are going!
?Oh,I’m terribly sorry..
A.I’m not noticing B.I wasn’t noticing C.I haven’t noticed D.I don’t notice

  16.The reporter said that the UFO east to west when he saw it.
A.was traveling B.traveled C.had been traveling D.was to travel

  17.?Is this raincoat yours?
?No,mine there behind the door.
A.is hanging B.has hang C.hangs D.hang

  18.I turned around and saw everybody at a man who loudly in a foreign language.
A.was staring; was shouting B.was staring; shouting
C.staring; shouting D.stared; shouted

  19.Henry remained silent for a moment.He . w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A.thought B.had thought C.was thinking D.was thought

  20.We would like to go and thank him ourselves,but we out his address yet,
A.haven’t found B.hadn’t found C.didn’t find D.don’t find

  21.Shirley a book about China last year but I don’t know whether she has finished.
A.has written B.wrote C.had written D.was writing

  22.?Have you got your test result?
?Not yet.The papers .
A.are not correcting
B.have not corrected C.are still being corrected
D.have already been corrected

  23.See the clouds! It rain!
A.will  B.is going to  C.must  D.certainly

  24.Do I have to take this medicine? It so terrible.
A.tastes B.is tasting C.is tasted D.has tasted

  25.Don’t take the magazine away.It me.
A.is belonged to B.belongs to C.was belonged to D.is belonging to

  26.Is this the third time that you late?
A.have been B.am C.was D.had been

  27.?Do you know when Tom from abroad?
?Perhaps it will be a long time before he .
A.will come; will come B.comes; will come C.will come; comes D.comes; comes

  28.My uncle said that he would telephone but I from him so far.
A.didn’t hear B.hadn’t heard C.haven’t heard D.won’t hear

  29.The telephone four times in the last hour,and each time it for my roommate.
A.has rung; was B.has been ringing; is
C.had rung; was D.rang; has been w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  30.A storm by a calm.
A.is often being followed B.was often followed C.is often followed D.has often been followed

  31.The pen I I is on my desk,right under my nose.
A.think; lost B.thought; had lost C.think; had lost D.thought; lost

  32.?We could have walked to the station.It was so near.
?Yes,a taxi at all necessary.
A.wasn’t B.hadn’t been C.couldn’t be D.won’t be

  33.A friend of mine returned to his house after a holiday only to find it .
A.to be broken B.had broken into C.was broken D.had been broken into

  34.They believed that by using computers the production of their factory .
A.will greatly increase
B.would greatly increase C.would be increased greatly
D.will have been greatly increased

  35.His eyes shone brightly when he finally received the magazines he .
A.had long been expected
B.had long expected
C.has long expected
D.was long expected

  36.?Do you like the new pen? w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
?Yes,it very well.
A.is written B.is writing C.writes D.wrote

  37.?Oh,it’s you? I didn’t recognize you.
?I my hair cut,and I new glass.
A.had; was wearing B.have had; am wearing C.had; wore D.have had; wear

  38.As she the newspaper,Granny asleep.
A.read; was falling B.was reading; fell C.was reading; was falling D.read; fell

  39.However hard you ,you will never succeed in pleasing her.
A.try B.will try C.should try D.would try

  40.?Can I help you,sir?
?Yes,I bought this radio yesterday,but it .
A.didn’t work B.won’t work C.can’t work D.doesn’t work

  41.?How are you today?
?Oh,I as ill as I do now for a very long time.
A.didn’t feel B.wasn’t feeling C.don’t feel D.haven’t felt

  42.When Jack arrived he learned Mary for about an hour.
A.had gone B.had set off C.had left D.had been away

  43.By this time tomorrow we the machine.
A.have repaired B.shall have repaired C.will repair D.would repair

  44.I don’t think Jim saw me,he into space. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A.just stared B.was just staring C.has just stared D.had just stared

  45.Helen her key in the office so she had to wait until her husband home.
A.had left; came B.has left; comes C.left; had come D.had left; would come

  46.?You have left the light on.
?Oh,so I have. and turn it off.
A.I’ll go B.I’ve gone C.I go D.I’m going

  47.This is Ted’s photo.We miss him a lot.He trying to save a child in earthquake.
A.killed B.is killed C.was killed D.was killing

  48.The notice “No smoking.”
A.is wrote B.reads C.writes D.is read

  49.Good care must babies particularly while they are ill.
A.take B.take of C.be taken D.be taken of

  50.Shortly after we ,a waiter came over to our table with a smile.
A.seated  B.were seated  C.sat ourselves  D.had seated

  51.?You look pale,what troubled you?
?I my dead friend.
A.am thinking about B.was thinking about
C.had thought about D.will think about

  52.John and I friends for eight years.We first got to know each other at a Christmas party.But we each other a couple of times before that.
A.had been; have seen B.have been; have seen
C.have been; had seen D.had been; had seen

  53.Do make sure that you a seat today!
A.got B.get C.should D.have get

  54.We at the house as we of buying it.
A.looked; were thinking
B.were looking; were thinking C.were looking; thought
D.looked; had thought

  55.?I’m told that you are leaving for Beijing.
?Who so?
A.said B.had said C.says D.has said w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  56.I the room to be empty but found it occupied.
A.had thought B.have thought C.didn’t think D.was thinking

  57.Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology so rapidly.
A.will have changed B.has changed C.is changing D.will change

  58.I ping-pong quite well,but I haven’t had time to play since the new year.
A.will play B.have played C.played D.play

  59.Visitors not to touch the exhibits.
A.will request B.are requested C.are requesting D.request

  60.They a snowstorm on their way home.
A.caught in B.had caught C.were caught D.were caught in
【答案】

  1~5 DADBD 6~10 BBCAD

  11~15 ACDCB 16~20 AAACA

  21~25 DCBAB 26~30 ACCAC

  31~35 BADCC 36~40 CBBAD w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  41~45 DDBBA 46~50 ACBDB

  51~55 BCBBC5 6~60 ACDBD
【部分解析】

  1.用过去时表达没能早说之意。

  2.用完成时表达到目前为止本应发生的动作。

  3.主句将来时,状语从句用一般现在时表示将来。

  4.本句用完成时当无疑问,值得注意的是后面的结构是系表结构表状态,不是被动语态。

  5.受by the end of last year的影响,本句是典型的过去完成时。

  6.体会一下时间的先后就可明白,前一句是一般过去时,后一句是过去完成时。

  7.空格所指的是说话前正在考虑的动作。

  9.本句是强调句型,sb. is to blame是“得怪谁”的意思。

  10.填空处是现在进行时的省略。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  14.现在进行时的被动语态。

  16.强调看见时the UFO正在发生的动作。

  22.答语为现在进行时的被动语态,指“试卷正在被批改”。

  23.有征兆表明某事即将发生一般用be going to 表达。

  24.taste为连系动词,因而没有被动语态。

  25.belong to没有被动语态。

  30.全句意为“暴风雨过后是一片宁静”。

  33.only to引导的是一个结果状语,所填空处是典型的过去完成时的被动语态。

  40.一般现在时陈述事实。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  43.受by this time tomorrow这一时间状语的影响,本题所填是中学不太常见的将来完成时
 

相关内容

英语动词时态和语态训练题

   免费英语资源下载, 中学英语之家 免费英语资源下载,无需注册 无需点数 http://www.hsehome.net 高中英语动词的时态和语态专题训练题 高中英语动词的时态和语态专题训练题 【网络构建】 动词时态与语态是两个非常重要的语法范畴, 构成了英语语法的基本框架。 因此时态与语 态也是高考中出现频率最高的语法项目。英语有十六种时态,但常考的主要有一般现在时、一 般将来时、一般过去时、现在进行时、过去进行时、现在完成时、过去完成时、过去将来时及 完成进行时等。语态一般不单独设题,通常结 ...

高考英语动词的时态和语态

   讲师:聂宇 近五年动词的语态和时态 在高考中的复现率 考点 一般现 在时 年号 1996 1(20 题) 1997 1998 1999 2000 1(16 题) 1(10 题) 1(10题) 1(20题) 1(24题) 1(25题) 1(13 题) 1(16题) 1(20题) 1(22 题) 现在 进行 时 一般 过去 时 过去进 行时 现在 将来 时 过去 将来 时 现在完 成时 过 去 完 成 时 现在 总 完成 题 进行 量 时 3 4 1(24 题) 3 2 3 1(6题) 1(1 ...

高二英语时态和语态复习课件

   动词的分类 时态、 时态、语态 谓语动词 虚拟语气 不定式 动词 非谓语动 词 动名词 现在分词 分词 过去分词 语态 时态 一般现在时 一般过去时 一般将来时 过去将来时 过去完成时 现在完成时 将来完成时 现在进行时 过去进行时 v. /v.s ved 主动 被动 am /is /are + Vp.p was / were + Vp.p will be + Vp.p would be + Vp.p had been + Vp.p have /has been + Vp.p will ha ...

初中英语时态和语态专项练习题

   初中英语时态和语态专项练习题 用括号中动词的适当的形式填空。 1 . The boy is happy because he (sell) out all the newspapers. 2.The plan (give) up because of rain. 3.If it (not rain) tomorrow, we (go )fishing. 4.Where you (be) these days? 5.Where is Tom? He (go) to the post offic ...

初中英语 动词的时态和语态 试卷

   人人教育 奥体分校 初二下学期英语期中复习 动词的时态和语态 to the building ? 1. ?What ?It when all the people were sleeping. A. has happened; was broken in B. was happening; was broken down C. was happened; broken into D. happened; was broken into 2. ?How many times not to pl ...

初中英语时态和语态专项练习题

   初中英语时态和语态专项练习题 用括号中动词的适当的形式填空。 1.The boy is happy because he (sell) out all the newspapers. 2.The plan (give) up because of rain. 3.If it (not rain) tomorrow, we (go )fishing. 4.Where you(be) these days? 5.Where is Tom? He (go) to the post office. ...

高中高考英语练习之动词时态和语态1

   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 高考二轮复习英语学 英语学案 2010 高考二轮复习英语学案 专题六 动词时态和语态 【典例精析】1.(2008 全国 I 卷,27) ?Have you known Dr. Jackson for a long time? 典例精析】 ?Yes, since she the Chinese Society. A. has joined B. joins C. had joined D ...

英语语法:初中英语动词时态和语态讲解

   方舟培训中心 小升初英语预科班 英语语法: 英语语法:初中英语动词时态和语态讲解 (一) 动词是谓语动所表示的动作或情况发生时间的各种形式. 英语动词有 16 种时态,但是常用的只有 9 种:一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,现在 进行时,过去进行时,现在完成时,过去完成时,过去将来时,现在完成进行时.下面分别介 绍. 1, 一般现在时的用法 1) 表示经常性, 习惯性的动作; 表示现在的状态, 特征和真理. 句中常用 often, usually, every day 等时间状语.例如: ...

高中英语动词时态和语态专项练习题附答案

   高中英语动词时态和语态专项练习题附 答案 而语境中的时态和语态具有灵活多变的 特点, 特点,因此找出隐含于上下文中的时间 信息, 信息,正确认定动作行为所发生的时间 是解题的关键。 是解题的关键。做动词时态和语态填空 题时,常常按以下几个步骤: 注意题 题时,常常按以下几个步骤:(1)注意题 干所提供的信息,如语境、 干所提供的信息,如语境、情景以及说 话人的情感;(2)根据句中的时间状语以 话人的情感 根据句中的时间状语以 及一些副词判断时态;(3)考虑语态 考虑语态;(4)考 及一些副词 ...

高中英语动词时态和语态专项练习题附答案

   高中英语动词时态和语态专项练习题附答案 而语境中的时态和语态具有灵活多变的特点, 因此找出隐含于上下文中的时间信息, 正确认 定动作行为所发生的时间是解题的关键. 做动词时态和语态填空题时, 常常按以下几个步骤: (1)注意题干所提供的信息,如语境,情景以及说话人的情感;(2)根据句中的时间状语以及一 些副词判断时态;(3)考虑语态;(4)考虑时态的一致性.另外,复习时,还要涉及到短暂性动词 与延续性动词, 这两个概念一定要搞清. 短暂性动词用于进行时态和完成时态都要受到限制. 1.(200 ...

热门内容

英语词汇学笔记整理

   自烤成柴 心有所想, 身体力 行 2006-05-10 22:40 本文转贴 Chapter 1 #1 1 - The definition of a word comprises the following points: (1) a minimal free form of a language; (2) a sound unity; 会员等级: 超级版 主 发帖数量: 5,803 精华数量: 3 所持现金: 20394 巴 士币 银行状态:正常 用户积分: 16 来自: EngBus. ...

初二英语第二学期期中考试试题分析

   例句: 1. My cousin's hobby is , because she thinks that it is very . A. reading; relax B. reading; relaxing C. to read; relaxed D. read; relaxing 解析:本小题检查学生两个知识点.一个是非谓语动词形式,另一个是现在分词和过去 分词的区别.is 后面的动词形式可以用 doing 或 to do 两种形式,作表语.但 is very 后 面只能用现在分词作表 ...

商务英语情景对话

   新产品推荐 林先生: 林先生:These are our new models. 这些是我们的新产品. 李小姐: 李小姐: What are their strong points? 有什么优点? 林先生: 林先生: There's a lot to be said for them. In the first place.they are more durable than any similar ones on the market. 优点很多.首先.它们比市场上任何类似产品更耐用. 李 ...

英语四级考试

    四级成绩单样张英语四级考试,也称为CET-4,它是英文College English Test Band 4的简写,中文全称是“大学英语四级考试”。英语四级考试是国家教育部主管的一项全国性的教学考试,是用来测评大学生英文能力的一项非常重要的指标,通常在大学生就业的时候也是一个至关重要的因素。   一般而言我们说的英语四级考试都指的是英语四级的书面测试,而四级的口语考试则是一个更高的要求,它需要书面测试的分数达到80分以上才可以参加。 [编辑本段]报考时间   报名工作一般在每年3月和9月进行 ...

七年级下册英语期末测试题

   七年级( 七年级(下)英语期末试题(总分 85 分) 英语期末试题( 一,单项选择 (20 分) 1) -What did you do last Friday? -Tim played soccer and I played piano. A. the, the B. the, / C. /, the D . a, the 2) - you go to the museum with your father yesterday? -Yes. We there in the afternoo ...