高考英语能力测试基础训练9 非谓语动词

  1.考查非谓语动词的试题常常考查一些常用动词以及特殊动词对其后非谓语动词的形式(不定式、过去分词及v.-ing形式)的不同要求。有时也涉及到非谓语动词的完成式和否定式。在做非谓语试题时可以分三个步骤:(
  1)分析句子成分;(
  2)搞清非谓语动词与其逻辑主语的关系;(
  3)确定行为时间及先后顺序等。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  2.高考对非谓语动词的测试方向:(
  1)不定式的完成式、被动式和进行式;(
  2)不定式的省略;(
  3)测试只能接动名词的动词和接动名词、不定式有区别的动词的用法;(
  4)现在分词作宾补、作定语、作状语的用法;(
  5)测试非谓语动词的否定式。

  1. Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple,but it remains whether they will enjoy it.
A.to see   B.to be seen  C.seeing   D.seen

  2. The research is so designed that once nothing can be done to change it.
A.begins B.having begun C.beginning D.begun

  3. Mr.Smith, of the speech,started to read a novel.
A.tired; boring B.tiring; bored C.tired; bored D.tiring; boring

  4. Friendship is like money: easier made than .
A.kept B.to be kept C.keeping D.being kept

  5. the meeting himself gave them a great deal of encouragement.
A.The president will attend B.The president to attend
C.The president attended D.The president’s attending w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  6. Unless to speak,you should remain silent at the conference.
A.invited B.inviting C.being invited D.having invited

  7.She will tell us why she feels so strongly that each of us has a role in making the earth a better place to live.
A.to have played B.to play C.to be played D.to be playing

  8.?How do you deal with the disagreement between the company and the customers?
?The key the problem is to meet the demand by the customers?
A.to solving; making B.to solving; made C.to solve; making D.to solve; made

  9. In order to gain a bigger share in the international market,many state-run companies are striving their products more competitive. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A.to make B.making   C.to have made D.having made

  10. Though money,his parentsmanaged to send him to university.
A.lacked B.lacking of C.lacking D.lacked in

  11. Don’t use words,expressions,or phrases only to people with specific knowledge.
A.being known B.having been known C.to be known D.known

  12. to sunlight for too much time will do harm to one’s skin.
A.Exposed B.Having exposed C.Being exposed D.After being exposed

  13.The patient was warned oily food after the operation.
A.to eat not B.eating not C.not to eat D.not eating

  14.Go on the other exercise after you have finished this one.
A.to do B.doing C.with D.to be doing

  15.Jane was made the truck for a week as a punishment.
A.to wash  B.washing  C.wash  D.to be washing

  16.?The light in the office is still on.
?Oh,I forget
A.turning it off B.turn it off C.to turn it off D.having turned it off

  17.Little Jim should love to the theatre this evening.
A.to be taken B.to take C.being taken D.taking

  18.The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street; but his mother told him .
A.not to B.not to do C.not do it D.do not to

  19.I would love to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A.to go B.to have gone C.to be gone D.going

  20.The houses are for the old people and the construction work will start soon.
A.built B.to be built C.to build D.being built

  21.We must do whatever we can those who are in trouble.
A.to help B.help C.helping D.do help

  22.The secretary worked late into the night, a long speech for the president.
A.to prepare B.preparing C.prepared D.was preparing

  23.With a lot of difficult problems ,the manager felt worried all the time.
A.settled B.settling C.to settle D.being settled

  24. up at his father,he asked what was the matter with him.
A.Having looked B.Looking C.To look D.Look

  25.Prices of daily goods through a computer can be lower than store prices.
A.are bought B.been bought C.buying D.bought

  26.?Did you get a book?
?No.I ,but there were not any .
A.tried; to be left B.had tried; leaving C.tried to; left D.had tried; have left

  27.If a thing is worth ,it must be well .
A.doing; done B.to do; doing C.to do; done D.being done; doing

  28.It is no use now.He is busy.
A.asking him coming B.to ask him coming
C.asking him to come D.to ask him to come w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  29. from his clothes,he is not so poor.
A.Judged B.Judging C.To judge D.Having judged

  30. your head,and you’ll see the sun now.
A.Raise; rising B.Raise; raising C.To raise; rising D.Lift; being risen

  31.The Olympic Games, in 776 B.C.,did not include women players until 19
  12.
A.first playing B.to be first played C.to be first playing D.first played

  32.He stood there for a while with his hands .
A.raising B.raised C.rose D.risen

  33.When her father,the girl burst out crying.
A.asking of` B.asked about C.being asked D.asked

  34.The man kept silent in the room unless .
A.spoken B.speaking C.to speak D.spoken to

  35.Many things impossible in the past are very common today.
A.considering B.to consider C.considered D.being considered

  36.On my way home,I saw a thief money from a lady by the police.
A.being caught B.having caught C.caught stealing D.have caught to steal

  37.The speaker raised his voice but still couldn’t make himself .
A.hear B.to hear C.heard D.hearing

  38.With trees,flowers and grass everywhere my native town had taken on a new look.
A.planting B.planted C.to plant D.to be planted

  39.The professor came into the lab, by his assistant.
A.following B.followed C.being followed D.to follow

  40.I’ve had my radio so soon because my father had me it.
A.repair; done B.repaired; do C.repairing; do D.repaired; done

  41.Only by too much money can we live through these months.
A.wasting B.no wasting C.not wasting D.wasted

  42.These old persons want good care of. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A.taking B.to take C.taken D.be taken

  43.Not it right,he was encouraged to try again.
A.did B.done C.to do D.having done

  44.A letter has been written to him, him to the party.
A.invite B.to invite C.invited D.inviting

  45.I feel it an honor here.
A.asked to speak B.to ask to speak C.to be asked to speak D.to be asked speaking

  46.Who do you think him angry?
A.made B.make C.to make D.making

  47.I prefer to stay at home rather than shopping.
A.go B.going C.to go D.to be going

  48.She pretended me when I passed by.
A.having not seen B.not seeing C.to not see D.not to see

  49. “Can’t you read?” Mary said, to the notice.
A.angrily pointing B.and point angrily C.angrily pointed D.and angrily pointing

  50.The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with his talks, that he had enjoyed his stay here. w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m
A.having added B.to add C.adding D.added

  51.European football is played in 80 countries, it the most popular sport in the world.
A.making B.makes C.made D.to make

  52.If ill,I’ll stay home, a good rest.
A.to fall; taking B.fall; to taking C.falling; taking D.falling; take

  53.It was so cold that we had the fire all night.
A.burns B.burning C.to burn D.to be burning

  54.All the people,the wounded ,were brought to safety.
A.included B.including C.include D.to include

  55.,the boy couldn’t enter his house.
A.Since the key has lost B.The key was lost C.Lost the key D.Having lost the key

  56.They seemed to be eating something on the fire.
A.cooked B.being cooked C.that had cooked D.having been cooked

  57.The youngest daughter got angry again.Mother felt very and father’s face wore a expression,too.
A.puzzled; puzzled B.puzzling; puzzled C.puzzling; puzzling D.puzzled; puzzling

  58.He stepped into his room,only a lot of things .
A.finding; robbed B.to find; stolen C.found; missed D.to find; robbed

  59.?You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting.
?Well,now I regret that.
A.to do B.having done C.to be doing D.to have done

  60.I know them good friends when they were young.
A.had been B.to be C.were D.to have been
【答案】w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  1~5 BDAAD 6~10 ABBAC

  11~15 DCCAA 16~20 CAABB

  21~25 ABCBD 26~30 CACBA

  31~35 DBBDC 36~40 CCBBB

  41~45 CADDC 46~50 AADAC

  51~55 ACBAD 56~60 AABBD
【部分解析】

  1.remain to be seen“有待观察”。

  2.“(某事)一旦(被)开始”。

  3.第一空是过去分词作原因状语(“厌倦”),第二空是v.-ing形式作定语(“枯燥的、无味的”)。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  4.全句意为“友谊就像金钱:获得容易保持难”。

  5.分析句子可看出填空处是v.-ing形式的复合结构作主语。

  6.注意填空处与逻辑主语you之间是被动的就可得出答案。

  7.动词不定式用作定语,修饰名词role。

  8.跟在key之后的to是介词,故动词应加-ing处理。第二空是过去分词作定语修饰demand。

  9.strive后接动词不定式表示“努力(做……)”。

  10.lack在这里用作及物动词,意为“缺少”。

  11.known用作后置定语,相当于一个定语从句which are known。

  12.v.-ing形式的被动语态用作主语。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  15.make sb.do sth结构在主动语态中do前不要to,但一旦变成被动语态则必须加to。

  16.forget doing sth.意为“忘记做过某事”,而forget to do sth.则是“忘记做某事”之意。

  20.从下句来看,工程尚未动工,故应用动词不定式的被动语态作定语。

  21.动词不定式用作目的状语,所填空处的动词和前面的can没有关系。

  23.从下文来看,经理是有很多难题需要解决,不是已经解决或正在解决。

  29.Judging是独立结构用作状语。

  33.the girl是被问到关于某事的情况。

  35.过去分词用作后置定语。

  36.catch sb.doing sth.是“当场抓住某人做某事”的意思,这里是它的被动结构用作宾语补语。w.w.w.k.s.
  5.u.c.o.m

  50.现在分词用作伴随状语。

  51.现在分词用作结果状语。

  54.“包括伤员”有两种译法:the wounded included 或including the wounded。

  55.the boy丢失钥匙在先,故用完成时的现在分词作时间状语。

  57.妈妈感到“迷惑不解”,爸爸也是“一脸迷惑的表情” w.w.
 

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