说明: 本词汇表 I 单词是在《课程标准》七级 词汇的基础上进行了调整,共收入单词约 2 500 个, 其中带*号的单词共 131 个, 只要求 理解,其余的单词要求掌握。 A a(an) art ability n able a aboard prep about ad&prep above prep,a&ad abroad a&ad absent a absorb v *academic a&n accent n accept v accident n *accurate a accuse v ache v&n achieve v achievement n *acid a *acre n across prep act n&v action n active a activity n actor n actress n actual a AD n ad=advertisement n add v address n *administration n admire v admit v adult n advance v&n advantage n
adventure n advertise v advertisement n advice n advise v affair n afford v afraid a Africa n African a&n after ad,prep&conj afternoon n afterward(s) ad again ad against prep age n ago ad agree v agreement n ahead ad aid n&v AIDS n aim n&v air n aircraft n airline n airmail n airplane n airport n airspace n *alcohol n alike ad alive a all ad,a&pron *allergic a allow v almost ad alone a
1
along ad&prep aloud ad *alphabet n already ad also ad although conj altogether ad always ad a.m. /am,A.M./AM n amaze v amazing a America n *ambassador (ambassadress) n ambulance n among prep amount n&v amusement n *analyse v *analysis n *ancestor n ancient a and conj anger n angle n angry a animal n *ankle n announce v annoy v another a & pron answer n & v ant n *Antarctic n & a anxiety n anxious a any pron & a anybody pron anyhow ad anyone pron anything pron anyway ad anywhere ad apartment n apologize v
apology n appear v appearance n apple n application n apply v appointment n appreciate v *approach n & v *approximately ad *apron n *architect n *Arctic n area n argue v argument n arise (arose, arisen) v *arithmetic n arm n & v armchair n army n around ad & prep arrange v arrangement n arrest v arrival n arrive v arrow n art n article n artist n as ad, conj & prep ash n ashamed a Asia n Asian a & n aside ad ask v asleep a *aspect n assistant n association n astronaut n *astronomer n
2
*astronomy n at prep *athlete n *Atlantic n & a atmosphere n atom n *attach v attack v & n attempt v & n attention n attitude n attract v attractive a audience n aunt n author n *automatic a autumn n available a avenue n average a & n avoid v awake (awoke, awoken 或 ?d ,-d) v & a award n aware a away ad awful a B baby n back ad, a & n background n backward(s) ad *bacon n bad (worse, worst) a *badminton n bag n baggage n balance n ball n balloon n bamboo n banana n
band n bank n bar n *barbecue n bargain n & v *bark v & n base n baseball n basement n basic a basin n basis n basket n basketball n bat n bath n bathe v bathroom n *bathtub n battery n battle n BC n be (am,is,are,was, were,being,been) v beach n bean n bear1 n bear2 (bore,borne/born) v beard n beast n beat (beat, beaten) v & n beautiful a beauty n because conj become (became, become) v bed n bedroom n bee n beef n beer n before prep, ad & conj beg v begin (began, begun) v behave v behaviour n
3
behind prep & ad belief n believe v bell n belong v below prep belt n bench n bend (bent, bent) v beneath prep benefit n & v beside prep besides prep & ad between prep beyond prep bicycle n big a bike=bicycle n bill n biology n bird n birth n birthday n birthplace n *biscuit n bit n bite (bit,bitten) v bitter a black n & a blackboard n blame n & v blank n & a blanket n bleed v blind a block n & v blood n *blouse n blow (blew,blown) v blue n & a board n & v boat n body n boil v
bomb n & v bone n *bonus n book n & v boot n bored a boring a born a borrow v boss n both a & pron bother v bottle n bottom n bowl n bowling n box n boxing n boy n brain n brake n & v branch n brand n brave a bread n break (broke, broken) v & n breakfast n breast n breath n breathe v bride n bridegroom n bridge n brief a bright a *brilliant a bring (brought,brought) v broad a broadcast (broadcast,broadcast 或-ed,-ed) v broken a broom n brother n brown n & a
4
brush v & n *budget n build (built, built) v & n building n bunch n *burglar n burn (burnt,burnt 或-ed,-ed) v & n bury v bus n bush n business n businessman/woman (pl businessmen/women) n busy a but conj & prep *butcher n & v butter n *butterfly n button n & v buy (bought,bought) v by prep bye int C
*cabbage n cafe n cage n cake n call n & v calm a & v camel n camera n camp n & v can1 (cound);can’t=cannot modal v can2 n cancel v cancer n candle n candy n canteen n cap n capital n
captain n car n card n care n & v careful a careless a *carpenter n carpet n carriage n carrot n carry v cartoon n case n cash n & v *cassette n castle n cat n catch (caught, caught) v cattle n cause n & v cautious a cave n CD=compact disk n ceiling n celebrate v cent n centigrade a centimetre (Am centimeter) n central a centre (Am center) n century n ceremony n certain a chain n chair n chairman/woman (pl chairmen/women) n chalk n challenge n challenging a chance n change n & v channel n *chant v & n character n
5
charge v & n chapter n chart n chat n & v cheap a cheat n & v check n & v cheek n cheer n & v cheerful a cheese n *chef n chemical a&n chemist n chemistry n cheque (Am check) n chess n chest n *chew v chicken n chief a & n child (pl children) n childhood n chocolate n choice n choose (chose,chosen) v *chopsticks n Christmas n church n cigar n cigarette n cinema n circle n & v *circus n citizen n city n civil a civilization n *clap v class n classic a classmate n classroom n *claw n
clean v & a cleaner n clear a & v clerk n clever a climate n climb v clinic n clock n clone v close1 v close2 a & ad cloth n clothes n clothing n cloud n cloudy a club n coach n coal n coast n coat n *cocoa n coffee n coin n *coke n cold a & n collar n collect v college n colour (Am color) n & v comb n & v come (came,come) v comfort n comfortable a *comment n committee n common a communicate v communication n companion n company n compare v compete v
6
competition n complete a & v composition n comprehension n computer n concentrate v concept n concern v & n concert n conclude v conclusion n condition n conduct v & n conductor n confident a conference n confirm v confuse v congratulation n connect v connection n *consequence n consider v consideration n consist v constant a construction n consult v contain v *contemporary a content1 n content2 a continent n continue v contrary n & a *contribution n control v & n convenience n convenient a conversation n cook n & v cooker n *cookie n cool a
copy n & v corn n corner n corporation n correct v & a correction n cost (cost,cost) v & n cosy a cottage n cotton n & a cough n & v could modal v count v country n countryside n couple n courage n course n court n *courtyard n cousin n cover n & v cow n *crayon n crazy a create v creature n credit n crime n criminal n crop n cross n & v crossroads n crowd n & v cruel a cry n & v culture n cup n *cupboard n curtain n custom n customer n cut (cut,cut) v & n cycle v
7
cyclist n D dad=daddy n daily a,ad & n damage n & v damp a & n dance n & v danger n dangerous a dare v&modal v dark n & a darkness n data n date n & v daughter n day n dead a deaf a deal (dealt,dealt 或-ed,-ed) v & n dear a death n debt n decide v decision n decorate v decrease n deed n deep a & ad deer n defeat v defence (Am defense) n defend v degree n delicious a delighted a demand v dentist n department (Dept.) n depend v describe v description n desert v & n
deserve v design v & n desire v & n desk n dessert n destroy v detective n determine v develop v development n devote v devotion n dial v dialogue (Am dialog) n diamond n diary n dictation n dictionary n die v diet n differ v difference n different n difficult a difficulty n dig (dug,dug) v dinner n *dinosaur n dip v direct a & v direction n director n dirty a disability n disabled a disadvantage n disagree v disagreement n disappear v disappointed a disaster n discount n discover v discovery n
8
discuss v discussion n disease n dish n disk=disc n dislike v dismiss v distance n distant a *distinction n *distinguish v district n disturb v dive v divide v division n *divorce v do (did, done) v doctor n document n dog n doll n dollar n door n dormitory (dorm) n double a, n & v doubt n & v down prep & ad downstairs ad downtown ad, n & a dozen n Dr=doctor n drag v draw (drew, drawn) v drawer n dream (dreamt, dreamt 或-ed, -ed) v&n dress n & v drill n & v drink (drank, drunk) v drive (drove, driven) v driver n drop n & v drug n
drum n drunk n dry v & a duck n dumpling n during prep dusk n dust n dustbin n dusty a duty n DVD=digital versatile disk E each a & pron *eagle n ear n early a & ad earn v earth n earthquake n east a, ad & n Easter n eastern a easy a eat (ate, eaten) v edge n editor n educate v educator n education n effort n egg n *eggplant n either a, conj & ad elder n & a electric a electrical a electricity n elephant n else ad e-mail n & v embarrass v
n
9
*embassy n emergency n employ v empty a encourage v encouragement n end n & v enemy n energetic a energy n engine n engineer n enjoy v enjoyable a enough n, a & ad enter v *enthusiastic a entire a entrance n envelope n environment n envy v & n equal a & v equipment n eraser n error n escape n & v especially ad essay n Europe n European a & n even ad evening n event n ever ad every a everybody pron everyday a everyone pron everything pron everywhere ad evidence n exact a exam=examination n
examine v example n excellent a except prep exchange n & v excite v excuse n & v exercise n & v exhibition n exist v existence n exit n expect v *expectation n expensive a experience n experiment n expert n explain v explanation n explode v export n & v express v & n expression n extra a *extraordinary a extreme a eye n eyesight n F face n & v facial a fact n factory n fail v & n failure n fair1 a fair2 n fall1 (fell, fallen) v fall2 (Am)=autumn n false a familiar a
10
family n famous a fan n fantastic a far(farther,farthest/further,furthest) a & ad fare n farm n farmer n fast a & ad fat n & a father n fault n favour (Am favor) n favourite (Am favorite) a & n fax n & v fear n feather n fee n feed (fed, fed) v feel (felt, felt) v feeling n fellow n female a & n fence n festival n & a fetch v fever n few pron & a field a fierce a fight (fought, fought) v & n file n fill v film n & v final a find (found, found) v fine1 a fine2 v finger n finish v & n fire n & v firm1 n firm2 a
fish n & v fisherman n fist n fit a & v fix v flag n flame n flash n *flashlight n flat1 n flat2 a flesh n flight n flood n&v floor n flour n flow v flower n flu n fluent a fly1 (flew, flown) v n fly2 focus v & n fog n foggy a fold v folk a follow v fond a food n fool n & v foolish a foot (pl feet) n football n for prep & conj force v forecast n & v forehead n foreign a foreigner n forest n forever ad forget (forgot,forgot/forgotten) v forgive (forgave,forgiven) v
11
fork n form n & v fortunate a forward ad *foster v found v fox n franc n free a freedom n freeway n freeze (froze, frozen) v frequent a fresh a fridge=refrigerator n friend n friendly a friendship n frighten v frog n from prep front a & n frost n fruit n fry v fuel n full a fun n & a function n & v funny a fur n furniture n future n G gain v game n garage n garbage n garden n *garlic n gas n gate n
general a & n generation n generous a gentle a gentleman (pl gentlemen) n geography n gesture n get (got, got 或 got, gotten) v gift n gifted a *giraffe n girl n give (gave, given) v glad a glass n glory n glove n *glue n go (went,gone) n goat n god n gold n & a golden a golf n good (better, best) a goose (pl geese) n government n grade n graduate v graduation n grain n gram n grammar n grandchild n granddaughter n grandma=grandmother n grandpa=grandfather n grandparents n grandson n granny n grape n grasp n grass n great a & ad
12
greedy a green a & n greengrocer n greeting n grey (Am gray) a grocery n ground n group n grow (grew, grown) v guard n guess v guest n guidance n guide n guilty a guitar n gun n gym=gymnasium n *gymnastics n H habit n hair n half (pl halves) a&n hall n ham n hamburger n *hammer n hand n & v handbag n *handkerchief n handle n & v handsome a handwriting n hang (hung, hung 或 ?ed,-ed) v happen v happiness n happy a harbour (Am harbor) n hard ad & a hardly ad hardworking a
harm n & v harmful a harvest n & v hat n hate v & n have (has, had, had) v he pron head n & v headache n headmaster/mistress n health n healthy a hear (heard, heard) v heart n heat n heaven n heavy a heel n height n *helicopter n hello int & n help n & v helpful a hen n her pron here ad hero n hers pron herself pron hesitate v hi int hide (hid, hidden) v high a & ad highway n hill n him pron himself pron hire v his pron history n hit (hit, hit) v & n hobby n hold (held, held) v hole n
13
holiday n home n & ad homeland n hometown n homework n honest a honey n honour (Am honor) n & v hope n & v n hopeful a hopeless a horrible a horse n hospital n host n & v hostess n hot a hotdog n hotel n hour n house n housewife n housework n how ad however ad & conj hug v huge a human a & n human being n humorous a humour (Am humor) n hunger n hungry a hunt v hunter n hurry v & n hurt (hurt, hurt) v husband n I I pron ice n ice-cream n
idea n identity n idiom n if conj ill (worse, worst) a illegal a illness n imagine v immediately ad importance n important a impossible a impression n improve v in prep&ad inch n incident n include v income n increase v&n indeed ad independence n independent a indicate v indust
 

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