高考英语热点动词
动词是英语中最活跃的词类, 是句子的核心成分。 此外, 英语动词的变化较多, 形式颇为复杂,是英语学习的难点之一。历届高考英语试题常把动词作为测试 的重点,在单项填空题中所占比例在 50%以上。笔者通过对近十年来的高考英 语试题进行分析,归纳常考动词十五类,供大家参考。
一、连系动词类
连系动词按其所表示的意义可分为以下四种:
  1.变化类表事物发展变化的过程,如 become, go, turn, grow, get, fall 等。
  2.感觉类表人体部位的感受,如 feel, smell, taste, look, sound 等。
  3.状态类表事物所处的状态,如 keep, come, run, remain, stand, lie, stay, prove 等。
  4.外表特征类表外表给人的印象,如 appear, seem, look 等。连系动词的作 用是后接形容词或相当于形容词的结构作表语。除了少数几个(如 feel, get, become, grow 等)外,不用于进行时态和被动结构。例如: The mixture is tasted terrible.(误) The mixture tastes terrible(正) Jim pretended to be falling asleep when his mother came in.(误) Jim pretended to fall /be asleep when his mother came in.(正) I'm feeling much better than ever before. It was getting darker and darker. Besides, a cold rain began to fall. 【高考例题】 (
  1) Do you like the material? Yes, it very soft. (NMET
  94) A. is feeling B. felt C. feels D. is felt 辨析:对于动词 feel 、tear、write 等一些动词,如果表示物体本身材料特征, 用主动表被动。所以答案选 C (
  2) Why don't you put the meat in the fridge? It will fresh for several days. (NMET
  03) A. be stayed B. stay C. be staying D. have stayed 辨析:stay 是作系动词来用,表示事物状态。所以答案选 B (
  3) The pilot asked all the passengers on board to remain as the plane was making a landing. (04 春季高考上海卷) A. seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating (
  4) Be careful when you cross this very busy street. If not, you may run over by a car. (02 高考北京卷)
A. have B. get C. become D. turn (
  5) Happy birthday, Alice. So you have twenty-one already. A. become B. turned C. grown D. passed (04 天津卷) (
  6) Sarah, hurry up. I'm afraid you can't have time to before the party. (04 全国卷 II) A. get changed B. get change C. get changing D. get to change (
  7) 0n hearing the news of the accident in the coal mine, she pale. (04 湖北 卷) A. got B. changed C. went D. appeared (
  8) The flowers sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. (04 上海卷) A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt (
  9) Although he has taken a lot of medicine, his health poor. A. proves B. remains C. maintains D. continues(02 春上海) (
  10) I love to go to the seaside in summer. It good to lie in the sun or swim in the cool sea. A. does B. feels C. gets D. makes (Key: CBCBB ACBBB) 二、感官动词类 常考的感官动词有 see, watch, notice, observe, hear, feel, find, catch 等。感官动词 的主要作用是后接非谓语动词的不同形式作宾语补足语,表达不同的含义。
  1.后接不带 to 的不定式表示一个发生过或者还没发生具体的动作。 I often heard the song sung, but I have never heard you sing it. When you go to watch the football watch, you will enjoy seeing the Chinese football team win.
  2.后接 V-ing 形式表正在进行的动作。 Seeing the sun rising above the surface of the sea, we let out a shout of joy. Hearing this, I felt my heart beating fast.
  3.后接 V-ed 形式表被动意义。 After his return twenty years later, he found his home town greatly changed. Although I had learnt some English, I had never heard a word of it spoken. 【高考例题】 (
  1) The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see the next year. (NMET 20
  00) A. carry out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out 辨析:根据固定搭配 see sb do sth / see sth done 本题中 plan 是 that 引导
的定语从句中的先行词,做 see 的宾语。所以答案选 C。 (
  2) A cook will be immediately fired if he is found in the kitchen. ( NMET
  03) A. smoke B. smoking C. to smoke D. smoked 辨析:在本题中,有一个固定搭配 find sb doing 发现某人正在作某事。此 时是被动时态,某人被发现正在做某事。所以答案选 B。 (
  3) The missing boys were last seen near the river. A. playing B. to be playing C. play D. to play (
  4) The salesman scolded the girl who was caught and let her off. (NMET
  93) A. to have stolen B. to be stealing C .to steal D. stealing (
  5) He looked around and caught a man his hand into the pocket of a passenger. (04 春北京卷) A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting (Key: CBADD) 三、使役动词类 表“致使”意义的动词称之为使役动词, 如 make, let, have, keep, leave, set, send 等。 使役动词的作用是后接非谓语动词的 不同形式作宾语补足语,表达不同的含义。分以下三种情况:
  1. make, let have 等后接不带 to 的不定式,表“使/让某人/某物做某事” 。 Don't make him do it if he doesn't want to. If you have any problems, just let me know. 在被动结构中不定式须带 to,但是 have 不用于被动结构中. He was made to apologize to the guest.
  2. have, keep, leave, send, set, get 等后接 V-ing 形式,表持续性动作。 I'm sorry to keep you waiting for so long. Why do you have him worrying about his lessons?
  3. have, keep, leave 等后接 V-ed 形式,表被动含义。 He didn't keep on asking me the time until he had had his watch repaired. I'll keep you informed as soon as I have the news. 【高考例题】 (
  1) Don't leave the water_while you brush your teeth. (04 天津卷) A. run B. running C. being run D. to run 辨析:本题答案选 B。leave + v-ing 表示让某物处于一种状态。 “让水一直流” 在你刷牙时。 (
  2) Laws that punish parents for their children's actions against the laws get parents_.(04 重庆卷) A. worried B. to worry C. worrying D. worry
(
  3) Why did you go back to the shop? I left my friend there. (03 春安徽内蒙古卷) A. waiting B. to wait C. wait D. waits (
  4) It was so cold that they kept the fire all night. (NMET
  91) A. to burn B. burn C. burning D. burned (
  5) Good morning, can I help you? I'd like to have this package ,madam. A. be weighed B. weighing C. weighed D. to weigh (NMET
  89) (
  6) The speaker raised his voice but still couldn't make himself .(NMET
  91) A. hear B. to hear C. hearing D. heard (
  7) As you have never been there before, I'll have someone you the way. (94 上海卷) A. show B. to show C. showing D. showed (
  8) Paul doesn't have to be made .He always works hard. (NMET
  95) A. learn B. to learn C. learned D. learning (
  9) A computer can do only what thinking people .(99 上海卷) A. have it do B. have it done C. have done it D. having it done (
  10) Mrs. Brown was much disappointed to see the washing machine she had had went wrong. (98 年上海卷) A. it B. it repaired C. repaired D. to be repaired (Key: BCACC DABAC) ) 四、含情感色彩的动词 这类动词有 excite, inspire, encourage, interest, satisfy, delight, please, move, frighten, surprise, amaze, astonish, shock, worry, astonish, disappoint, discourage, exhaust, puzzle, tire, terrify 等。情感动词后接指人的名词 或代词作宾语,有 V-ing 和 V-ed 两种形式,在句中作宾语和表语,V-ing 形式 指人,V-ed 形 式则指事物。 The story was so moving that everyone present was moved to tears. What disappointing result! We were all disappointed with it. Climbing a hill was tiring and we were tired when we reached the summit. 【高考例题】
(
  1) Nick is looking for another job because he feels that nothing he does his boss. (2000 春北京安徽内蒙古卷) A. serves B. satisfies C. promises D. supports 辨析:主要考查四个单词词义,在本题中,根据句意主要是“他感觉他所做没 有什么能让老板觉得满意。 ”故选 B (
  2) I'm very with my own cooking. It looks nice smells delicious. Mm, it does have a smell. (02 春 NMET ) A. pleasant; pleased B. pleased; pleased C. pleasant; pleasant D. pleased; pleasant 辨析: be pleased with sth 是某人最某事某物觉得满意,觉得很开心; pleasant 是指某物属性另人觉得很舒心。选答案 D。 (
  3) Mr. Smith, of the speech, started to read a novel. (03 春北京卷) A. tired; boring B. tiring; bored C. tired; bored D. tiring; boring (
  4) It is believed that if a book is, it will surely the reader. (03 上海聋) A. interested; interest B. interesting;be interested C. interested;be interesting D. interesting; interest (
  5) After his journey from abroad, Richard Jones returned home .(04 春上海 卷) A. being exhausted B. exhausted C. exhausting D. having exhausted (Key: BDADB) 五、后接不定式动词类 afford, agree, choose, determine, expect, decide, learn, offer, mange, hope, want, wish, promise, refuse, fail, pretend, happen 等动词,后跟不定式作宾语。 Thank you for offering to help, but I can manage myself. He learned to ride a bicycle when he was a small boy. 【高考例题】 (
  1) We agreed_here but so far she hasn't turned up yet. (NMET
  95) A. having met B. meeting C. to meet D. to have met 辨析:agree to do sth 答应做某事。所以答案选 C。 (
  2) Little Jim should love to the theatre this evening. (NMET
  92) A. to be taken B. to take C. being taken D. taking 辨析:首先喜欢做某事 love to do sth 由题意我知道不可能是小 Jim 喜欢带别 人去看影剧院,而是被带。所以答案选 A。 (
  3) I don't know whether you happen_,but I'm
going to study in the U S A this September. (04 辽宁卷) A. to be heard B. to be hearing C. to hear D. to have heard 辨析:happen to do sth , 碰巧做某事。所以很多同学容易直接选 C。但在本题中 根据题意“我准备九月份去美国”这件事发生在前。从语法上讲,用完成时态, 表示更好,因为不是我说的同时你碰巧正在做某事,而是早已经听说。 (
  4) She pretended_me when I passed by. (NMET
  89) A. not to see B. not seeing C. to not see D. having not seen (
  5) Do let your mother know all the truth. She appears everything. (01 高考上海卷) A. to tell B. to be told C. to be telling D. to have been told (Key: CADAD) 六、后接 V-ing 形式动词类 该类动词常考的有 appreciate, avoid, bear, consider, dislike, delay, enjoy, escape, finish, hate, imagine, keep, mind, miss, practise, postpone, resist, risk,' stand, suggest 等。这些动词须接 V-ing 形式作宾语。例如; I don't mind waiting, but I've got to stand in the cold wind. Have you considered making some necessary changes to your plan? Only by practising speaking English every day can you expect to improve your spoken English. 【高考例题】 (
  1) I would appreciate back this afternoon. A. you to call B. you call C. your calling D. you're calling 辨析:appreciate 动词后面跟 v-ing 作宾语,所以答案选 C。 (
  2) While shopping, people sometimes can't help into buying something they don't really need. (96 年上海卷) A. to persuade B. persuading C. being persuaded D. be persuaded (
  3) He has always insisted on his Dr. turner instead of Mr. Turner. (92 上海 卷) A. been called B. called
C. being called D. having called (
  4) I really appreciate to relax with you on this nice island. A. to have had time B. having time C. to have time D. to having time (04 年 上海卷) (
  5) Do you mind_alone at home? (94 年上海卷) A. Jane leaving B. Jane having left C. Jane's being left D. Jane to be left (
  6) I can hardly imagine Peter across the Atlantic Ocean in five days. (NMET
  91) A. sail B. to sail C. sailing D. to have sailed (Key: CBCBCC) 七、后接不定式与 V-ing 形式意义不同动词类 remember, try, regret, mean, forget, stop, go on, can't help 等后接不定式与 V-ing 形 式作宾 语,表达含义不同。见下表: 动词接动名词作宾语接不定式作宾语 Remember 过去发生的动作 将来的动作 try 尝试做某事 努力做某事 regret 对做过的事表示后悔 对要做的事表示遗憾 mean 意味着做某事 企图(打算)做某事 can't help 禁不住做某事 不能帮助做某事 go on 继续做未完成的事情 做完一件事后,接着做另一件事 forget 忘记以前 曾做过某事 忘记做某事 stop 中断正在做的事情 中断正在做的事去做别的事 例如: I remember being paid, but I've forgotten the exact amount. Please remember to send me a photo of your son the next time you write to me. I don't really mean to work here, which means leaving the job soon afterwards. 【高考例题】 (
  1)The light in the office is still on. (NMET
  91) Oh, I forgot . A. turning it off B. turn it off C. to turn it off D. having turned it off 辨析:forget to do sth 忘记去做某事;forget ding sth 忘记做过某事。而这里从 所给的信息我们可以看出灯还亮着,说明没有关,是说话人忘记关了。所以答 案选 C。 (
  2) You w
 

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