Welcome to Mr. Gao’s Class!
Welcome to Mr. Gao’s Class
20
  05.
  4.24
书面表达系列讲练
之 赢取高分策略
华油一中 高敏生
NMET对书面表达的要求 NMET对书面表达的要求
要求考生根据所给情景, 要求考生根据所给情景,用英 语写一篇100个单词左右的短文 语写一篇 个单词左右的短文 情景包括目的、对象、时间、 情景包括目的、对象、时间、地 内容等; 点、内容等;提供情景的形式有 图画、图表、提纲等。 图画、图表、提纲等。 本部分满分25/30分,所需时 分 本部分满分 间约为30分钟 分钟。 间约为 分钟。
NMET书面表达评分原则 NMET书面表达评分原则
  1、先根据文章的内容和语言初 、 确定档次。 步确定档次。 第五档. 21~25分 第二档. 6~10分 第五档 分 第二档 分 第四档. 第四档 16~20分 分 第三档. 第三档 11~15分 分 第一档. 第一档 1~5分 分 0分 分
覆盖所有内 容要点

  2、主要内容: 、主要内容: 内容要点; 内容要点; 词汇和语法的数量和准确性; 词汇和语法的数量和准确性; 上下文的连贯; 上下文的连贯; 有效地使 语言的得体性 语言地道, 语言地道, 用了语句
间的连接 成分 规范
应用了较多 的语法结构 和词汇

  3、拼写和标点是语言 、拼写和标点是语言
准确性的一个方面, 准确性的一个方面, 评分时, 评分时,应视其对交 际的影响程度予以考 虑。

  4、词数少于 和多于 、词数少于80和 少于 120的,从总分中减去 的 从总分中减去2 分。
  5、如书写较差,以至影 、 书写较差, 响交际, 响交际,将分数降低一 个档次。 个档次。
如何算是一篇好文章? 要 如何算是一篇好文章? 点
  1.覆盖了所有的要点 覆盖了所有的要点 覆盖了所有的 全
  2. 应用了较多的语法结构 和词汇 词汇 句型 (高级)和 词汇,句型 高级) 语法多样化(较复杂) 语法多样化(较复杂) 连 接 词
  3. 有效地使用了语句间的 连接成分, 连接成分,使全文结构紧凑
书面表达如何写? 书面表达如何写?
1 五 2 个 3 步 骤 4 写
5

给阅卷人以好的第一直观印象

  1. Heading 整 体 三 部 分
  3. Ending
  2. Body

增强书面表达效果的技巧

  1. 使用较高级的词汇


  2. 使用较丰富的句式
词汇反映你知识贮存量的 多少, 多少,也是衡量英语水平 的一个重要标志。 的一个重要标志。 运用得当的句子结构可以 给文章增色不少, 给文章增色不少,从而使 整篇文章因此而生辉 。 使用恰当连接词, 使用恰当连接词,对写一 篇有“英语味” 篇有“英语味”的文章很 重要, 重要,能使文章上下衔接 自然、紧凑。 自然、紧凑。

  3. 使用恰当的连接词
一、怎样使用较高级的词汇

  1. Because the weather was good, our journey was comfortable. Thanks to the good weather, our journey was comfortable.
  2.We all think he is a great man. We all think highly of him .
  3.Suddenly I thought out a good idea. A good idea occurred to me. / A good idea suddenly struck me.
  4.The students there needn’t pay for their books. Books are free for the students there.
  5. As a result the plan was a failure. The plan turned out to be a failure.

  6. When she heard he had died, she went pale with sorrow. At the news of his death, she went pale with sorrow.
  7. She went to Austria in order to study music. She went to Austria for the purpose of studying music.
  8. When he spoke, he felt more and more excited. The more he spoke, the more excited he felt.
  9.In our school, there are twenty-six classrooms. Our school is made up of twenty?six classrooms.
  10.You can find my house easily. You’ll have no trouble finding my house.
丰富的句式: 常用到的句型结构) 丰富的句式:(常用到的句型结构)
利用不同的句型来表达同一个意思, 能增加文章的文采。

  1. 感叹句 e.g. How happy I was when I received your letter! What a kind boy he is! How disappointed he was !
  2. 强调句 e.g. It was this young boy that helped the old granny. I do hope you can come if possible.

  3、 倒装句 e.g. Only in this way can you solve this problem. There comes the police car. Hardly had they got to the station when they met the young man.
  4、 省略句 e.g. They read while walking or riding on a bus. Come to me if necessary.
  5、 with短语 e.g. I saw a young lady walking slowly in the street with a handbag in her hand.

  6、 定语从句 e.g. In my opinion, cyber cafes should be a place where we can find much useful information. Let’s come to the main teaching building, at the back of which stands the school library.
  7、 各种名词性从句 e.g. That’s what I should do. We should do a favour to whoever needs help at present.

  8、 各种状语从句 e.g.
Time passed quickly before we knew it. The moment we reached the farm, we got down to harvesting. So long as we work harder at our lessons, we’ll catch up sooner or later. Do call me before hand so that I can meet you at the airport. They had to wait because the rain was getting more and more heavily.
Practice
怎样使用较丰富的句式
1 When he arrives, please give me an e-mail.(使用V-ing形式). On his arriving, please give me an e-mail.
  2. To his surprise, the little girl knows so many things.(使用名词 性从句) What surprises him is that the little girl knows so many things.
  3. Though I’m weak, I’ll make the effort. (使用倒装句) ( ) Weak as I am, I’ll make the effort.
  4. He did not know what had happened until he had read the news in the newspaper.(使用强调句型) It was not until he had read the news in the newspaper that he knew what had happened.
  5. I passed the physics exam because of your help.(用虚拟语气) I couldn’t have passed the physics exam but for your help.

  6. She walked out of the lab and many students followed her. (使用 过去分词) Followed by many students, she walked out of the lab.
  7. They sang and laughed as they went back to school.( 使用V-ing 形式) Singing and laughing, they went back to school.
  8.I won’t believe what he says. (使用状语从句) No matter what he says, I won’t believe.
  9.If you study hard, you will make rapid progress. (用并列句) Study hard and you’ll make rapid progress.
  10.He had no sooner come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad. (使用倒装句) No sooner had he come back from Beijing than he was sent abroad.
高考大纲中常用的连接词

  1. 表示递进 在同一话题上补充内容 表示递进;在同一话题上补充内容 另外,还有:what is more; besides; also; moreover; in addition
  2. 表示转折关系
但是, 然而, 相反:but;
however; yet; instead; on the other hand; on the contrary.

  3. 表示因果关系
因为,因此,所以: since;
as; because (of ); so; thus; therefore; as a result;

  4. 表示条件关系 如果,只要: if ;on condition ( that ); as long as 除非: unless 否则: or else

  5. 表示时间关系 当… 的时候 : when ; while 在…之后: after 在…之前: before 直到: until 一…就… : as soon as 后来, 然后: later; afterwards 不久: soon 近来: lately; recently 自从… :since 从那时起: from then on

  6. 表示特定的顺序关系 首先, 最主要的: above all 其次: secondly 然后: then; next 最后: finally; in the end
  7. 换一种方法表述 换句话说: in other words; that is to say;

  8. 进行举例说明 例如,比如: for instance; for example; like; such as
  9. 用于陈述事实 实际上: in fact; actually; as a matter of fact 跟你说实话 : to tell you the truth

  10. 对一个话题进行总结
总而言之,总的来说:
on the whole; in short; all in all; in general; in a word
  11. 其它常用到的副词 Therefore ; otherwise ; finally ; furthermore ;Thus ; namely ; although ; afterwards ; personally;
三、怎样使用恰当的连接词
On one side of the road there is a new classroom building.On the other side,where the playground used to be now stands another new building?our library. (NMET1999 范文) As far as I know, everyone is happy about this new arrangement of things.(NMET2001 范文) What’s more, I can go to bed earlier. (NMET2001 范文)
Practice 1
请在下列句子中(间)填上恰当的关联词 或意思有联系的短语。

  1. Xiao Ming was walking in the street when he heard someone cry for help. in order that
  2. He advised that I hire a car I could travel around in the west .
  3. It was not long the police came . before
  4. As soon as he heard the cry for help, he jumped into the water to save the girl.

  5. Do you agree with my arrangement ? , do write to me soon. If not/so
  6. We can go downtown and do some shopping. , we can pay a In addition visit to some places of interest.
  7. I shared the cost of the gas with my friends ., I saved $
  80. As a result
  8. Eating sugar is bad for our teeth. What’s worse , it may make us fat.
Practice 书面表达: 书面表达:
Ladies and gentlemen, 联合国教科文组织某考察团正 在我国某乡村参观考察。 在我国某乡村参观考察。假定你是 接待人员,请根据下列提示以发言稿 接待人员 请根据下列提示以发言稿 的形式简要介绍这个村的情况: 的形式简要介绍这个村的情况:
  1)大小:近100户人家,约500 大小: 户人家, 大小 户人家 口人。 口人。
  2)变化:过去很穷,78年后变 变化:过去很穷, 年后变 变化 化很大。人们生活比以前好多了。 化很大。人们生活比以前好多了。 现已旧貌换新颜。 现已旧貌换新颜。
  3)教育:原来的学校很小,现 教育:原来的学校很小, 教育 已经过改建。新建的教学楼有4层 已经过改建。新建的教学楼有 层, 是村里最美的建筑物。 是村里最美的建筑物。村所有学龄 儿童在此免费就读。 儿童在此免费就读。 注意: )要点齐全,前后连贯。 注意:
  1)要点齐全,前后连贯。
  2)词数:100-120之间。 )词数: 之间。 - 之间 Welcome to our school.This village is very small. It has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor. It has changed a lot since 19
  78. People here are richer than before. Now it is taking on a new look. The school here was very small. Now it has been rebuilt. The newly built teaching building has 4 storeys . It is the most beautiful building in the village. All the school-age children can study here. They enjoy free education in it.
Thank you.
书面表达: 书面表达:
Ladies and gentlemen, Welcome to our school! ① This village is very small. It has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor. ② It has changed a lot since 1978 ③. People here ④ are richer than before. Now it is taking on a new look. Ladies and gentlemen, Welcome to our school ! ① This village is a small one with/which has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor.② However, it has changed a lot since 1978 ③ and has been developing very fast. People here ④ live a much better life than before . Now it is taking on a new look.
In the past, the school here was very small ⑤. ⑥ Now it has been rebuilt. ⑦ The newly built teaching building has 4 storeys ⑧. It is the most beautiful building in the village. All the school-age children can study here. ⑨ They enjoy free education in it. ⑩ Thank you.
In the past, the school here was very small ⑤ and most children couldn’t afford to go to school. ⑥ But now it has been rebuilt ⑦ and the newly built teaching building ⑧ which has 4 storeys is the most beautiful one in the village. All the school-age children can study here. What’s more, ⑨ they enjoy free education. ⑩ May you enjoy your stay here / May you have a pleasant time here! Thank you.
Ladies and gentlemen, Welcome to our school ! ① This village is a small one with/which has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor. ② However, it has changed a lot since 1978 ③ and has been developing very fast. ④ People here live a much better life than before . Now it is taking on a new look. In the past, the school here was very small ⑤ and most children couldn’t afford to go to school. ⑥ But now it has been rebuilt ⑦ and the newly built teaching building ⑧ which has 4 storeys is the most beautiful one in the village. All the school-age children can study here. ⑨ What’s more, they enjoy free education. ⑩ May you enjoy your stay here / May you have a pleasant time here! Thank you.
17 给澳大利亚的朋友写一封信,谈谈减负给学生
2001年春季高考作文 2001年春季高考作文
的学习和生活带来的变化。 I will tell you the changes of my life. Before, we had many classes every day. I had to do a lot of homework after school. I went to bed at 11:30 in the evening. I had no time to play. I was very tired. Now I can visit museums. I can learn computer and drawing. In the evening, I can read books and newspapers and watch TV. I go to bed at 10:00 now.

高考满分作文
I’m very pleased to tell
 

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