第 1 部分
  1. of We talk our
整体建议 We'd study. have study better To the when develop develop feeling we or are our interest of able interest in to in satisfaction say in English study at is the not beginning very from in as hard. our English
may with
and
achievement simple act and
English
something
English, others'
others
foreigners
English
interpreters. 在英语学习之初,我们应该注重培养对英语学习的兴趣.培养对英语的兴趣并不难.当我们可 以说点儿简单的英语,用英语与别人或与老外交谈,或作别人的翻译时,我们就可以从英语学习中 得到满足感和成就感,这样,兴趣就培养起来了.请注意,这种满足感和成就感很重要!
  2. carry Plans and these out are always very plans essential, before letter. 并且我 so we And must we make some
elaborate
workable
study.
should
certainly
plans to the
制定英语学习计划太重要了,所以我们必须在学习前制定精细的和可操作的计划. 们一定要严格执行这些计划.请注意:千万不要干没有计划的傻事,那等于在浪费生命.
  3. follow know much easier our deepen are Notes this that thinner and our it notes on is should advice: notes and than be made whenever Don't are the the read the books review so as and to and book we study any making the can core learn We to and books. book. notes. Our them them of may We
may we our are heart
without of the we them. listen our tables
As
summarization, so and to to draw that read often lighten some
content, notes by also
understanding
abbreviations
can
often tapes
record to that
easier,
impression needful
burden
memory.
Sometimes
illustrations
very impressive,
visual
concise.
无论学习什么,我们都要作笔记.我们可以参照下面的忠告:不作笔记就不要读书.如您所知, 笔记是我们对所学课本的总结,中心内容,我们的理解和课本的缩略.笔记要比课本薄的多,我们可 以较容易的记忆和经常复习他们.更胜一畴的做法是把笔记录成音,这样我们可以经常听一听来 加深印象和减轻记忆负担.
  4. English excellent English Watching songs and with and some English learn certain vivid movies, English English on some TV programs, as our we listening are to also
special
occasions may memory.
English
learning
ways
combine
scenes to deepen
看英文电影,收看英语电视节目,听英文歌曲和在某些特定场景学习英语也是很棒和很生动 的英语学习方式,因为这样我们可以把所学英语与某些特定的场景联系起来以加深记忆.
  5. Never just memorize and the single English that words. contain Learn the by new heart words the so whole sentences phrases
we may
know
how
to use
the words.
请不要孤立地背英语单词.请背记包含生词的句子或词组,这样我们才真正能运用这些词汇, 而且印象更深.
  6. carefully and If time from permits, cover to we all may read Mini may Chinese-English help us widen dictionary our sight
cover,
which aspects.
master
knowledge in
如果时间允许,通读小小汉英字典对于英语学习也帮助很大.他能帮助我们扩大视野并全方 位地掌握所学知识.
  7. study. Excellent personality is one of the decisive and factors in English are
Persistence,
patience,
self-confidence
determination
badly needed. 优秀的性格也是英语学习的关键因素之一,坚持,忍耐,自信和坚定都是很重要的.当然如果兴 趣培养得好, Part
  1. A. so have of 2 Oral We 可适当削弱这方面的要求. Detailed methods(第 2 部分 English 口语学习) study order Fluency, pay more spoken of English and to so of as to make English oral That communications, should to say, be we is 具体方法)
this to
importance attention
oral
study
followed:
Accuracy,
Appropriateness. practical
communicating correctness.
ability
instead
only laying
emphasis on
the grammatical
我们学习口语目的是为了与别人进行交流,所以英语口语中的几个要素的重要次序应为:流 利-准确-恰当. B. English study Try to find is a some good widen partners place our sight practicing as where and oral we English may together in and
corner
exchange
English
experience,
improve interest
English.
努力寻找学伴一起练习口语.英语角是个不错的地方,在那我们不但可以练习口语,还可以交 流英语学习经验,开拓视野,提高英语学习兴趣. C. create If an English partners are not easy to get, by then we have to to
English
environment
ourselves
speaking
English
ourselves. 如果找不到学伴或参加英语角的机会很少,那么就需要通过自己对自己将英语来创造英语环 境.比如对自己描述所看到的景物,英语口述自己正在作的事情.
D. Chinese compare or books
This parts our so
method and that our then we
is try can
very to with find
effective or them
and into
easy First we in English
to read and the
insist the then novels and
on--interpreting
Chinese-English interpretation
novels the out
books.
interpret the
original
versions
mistakes,
shortcomings
progresses in
interpretation.
这种方法非常有效且很容易坚持口译汉英对照(或英汉对照)的小说或其它读物.首先我 们先读汉语部分,然后逐句直接口译成英文,完成一小段后,去看书上的对应英文部分并与我们的 口译进行比较,我们马上可以发现我们口译的错误,缺点和进步. 请注意:开始要选择较简单的读物. 这样作的好处:
  1.
  2.
  3. 自己就可以练习口语,想练多久,就练多久. 始终有一位高级教师指出您的不足和错误英文原文. 题材范围极广,可以突破我们自己的思维禁锢,比如我们总是喜欢谈论我们自己熟悉的
话题,所以我们总是在练习相同的语言,进步当然就缓慢了.
  4.
  5. 来.
  6. E. a 对所学知识和所犯错误印象深刻.这等于我们一直在作汉译英练习,很多英文译文是我 what acts you as it The hearChanging one and interpreter. method may Then is Roles: change good the stage Three roles. people acting as is from This ability method make the a one and is 选择小说,幽默故事或好的短文阅读,使我们有足够的兴趣坚持下去. 有一些我们在直接学习英语课文时被我们熟视无睹的地道的英语用法会被此法发掘出
们费尽心思憋出来的,所以印象相当深刻.比直接学习英文课文印象要深的多. Interpreting group: one one In of speaks training Chinese, speaks English
foreigner, good speed another.
interpreting
for studying responding of this
addition, students.
improve
advanced
simultaneous interpretation. 听译法- 角色互换:三人一组,模拟翻译实战.一人将汉语,一人将英语,扮演老外,一人作翻译. 练习一段时间后互换角色.这是一种非常好的翻译训练方法,也是很好的相互学习,取长补短的方 法.而且可大大提高反应速度和能力.此法的高级阶段为同声传译,我们可以在听广播或看电视或 开会时,把所听内容口译英文. F. Oral for composition intense and 3-minute Making training an method: This method about is a
suitable
training.
oral
composition
certain
topic and
for on find
one tape out for last
minute at the the
the same for
first time. the
time Then
and
record to make and
the the the also
composition composition same record
listen Then time
room
improvement. second
composition it. And at
two
minutes
for
repeat
the above- mentioned
for three
minutes.
口语作文和 3 分钟训练法:此法适用于强化训练.找好一个题目作一分钟的口语作文,同时将 其录音.听录音,找出不足和错误,就此题目再作两分钟的的口语作文,同样录音,再听并找出不足 与进步,继续作三分钟口语作文.这是高级口语训练,效果不俗. G. our Retelling words. exercise: Retell some articles or English stories in
own
复述练习:用自己的话口语复述我们所听的英语故事或文章. H. and as the If possible, with tongues Chinese we one may or read two some cakes English of candy to tongue in train twisters mouth oral loudly (just cavity
quickly
our our
cross-talk
actors
do.)
muscle and
suitable for
English
pronunciation.
如果可能我们也可以大声且快速朗读英文绕口令(就象相声演员练嘴),还可以同时口中含块 糖以加大强化训练的力度.这样来强我们的口腔肌肉迅速适应英文发音,使我们的口语相当流利, 清晰,而且还有自信.例如: ☆A big black bug bit the back of a big black bear. The big
black bear bit ☆This fish This fish I. major is that and words. Paying
back has a
the big thin that
black bug. That fish has a fin and big is such fat than fin; that fish. as one oral short, of
fin;
is a
fish
has a to
thinner phrases to use English of
more of
attention Chinese idiomatic And
small words phrases
words oral in are with
shortcoming Chinese but the vivid
English oral
(especially
Chinese abundant
English)
students phrases.
tend
their made
language, active small
most
特别注意短语(词组)和小词的运用,中国式的英语尤其是口语一个很大的缺点就是中国学生 喜欢用大词,而真正地道的英语口语确是充满着短小,活泼,生动的短语,富有生气.而这些短语大 部分有小词构成. J. with English Oral English has of its own features, for but it is closely may combined make oral other aspects English, example, writing
precise and
accurate.
口语随自有特色,但与英语的其它方面紧密相连.比如,经常练习写作,可是口语精密,准确.
  2. Listening A. We comprehension 听力 improve idiomatic should not our way. be in aural The ability by speaking intonation English and in the
may
native
and
pronunciation,
sentence
structure
Chinese style.
可以通过讲地道的口语来提高听力.发音,语调和句子结构请不要中国化.既然能说出来,当然能听 懂.当然这样作有点难. B. some aural Keeping a relaxed, Namely, natural to quality and are steady essential mood in when and listening to to of
materials. ability.
establish
self-confidence the
develop
excellent
psychological
improvement
在作听力练习时,力求保持放松,自然和稳定的心态.即建立自信心和培养良好的心理素质在听力 提高中致关重要. C. the We may so make of on some to get simple a notes while listening, for examples, occupation,
names
people
and
places, better
time,
age,
distance,
figures and
understanding
of the content.
在作听力练习时,我们可以作些简单的笔记,例如人名,地名,时间,年龄,职业,数字等以便更好地 理解材料.当然还要以听为主. D. Catching and the drift of the content time instead on of understanding every
word
never
waste too much
single words.
作听力练习要重材料大意, E. Pay close
而不要力求听懂每个词,不要在单个词上浪费太多时间. to CONCESSION attitudes even of and the TRANSITION speakers. even no, so, The in so as to of,
attention
correctly words unless, but…. are
understand most no although,
the
following spite
important: matter,
though,
however,
whatever,
nor,
neither…nor,
密切注意听力材料中的让步与转折以便正确把握说话人的态度.特别关注这些词: though, even so, in spite of, unless, although, no matter, whatever, no, nor, F. tapes, If we may neither…nor, but…. learn by be heart new words by listening some
even
however,
word
the
results must
satisfactory.
在背记生词时,如果能听词汇磁带,那么对听力提高也很有好处.
  3.Reading a. should sentences. questions and Where. skills 阅读) Reading: notes them of by reading When the using we new such read words we in words: the and Who, own may our intensive phrases What, words. ask articles, and Why, we good some When
Intensive make After about Then
them,
ourselves
try to answer them
精读:在精读课文时,我们要把生词,词组,句型做成笔记.读后要试着用这些疑问词提问自己: 谁,什么,何时,何地且努力用自己的话来回答. b. and Extensive fast. reading: Namely, and We the must ability of the train to our catch ability the to key scan, words, skip the
read
topic sentences
the drift
articles.
泛读:要培养浏览,跳读和快读的能力.即抓住关键词,主题句和中心大意的能力. c. so We we eyes very Reading the catch to speed: articles the time time at the the Three from on when words finger rough ways the idea of to improve to articles words and or we our the on reading end the speed:
  1) Reading waste beginning the without intervals Never
  2) our read articles, and to
whole.
too much keep point with
some new reading with quickly our
single sentences. reading point able pen are
may can
articles.
  3) finger that so
When
move fast.
阅读速度:三种方法提高我们的阅读速度:
  1.先从头至尾不间断地通读课文以抓住课文大意. 不要在单个词或单句上浪费太多时间.
  2. 阅读时计时.
  3.阅读时用手指或笔尖指向文章字句并 快速移动来迫使我们的眼睛快速随手指或笔尖移动来强化我们的阅读速度. d. richen Newspaper our as good reading materials can widen our sight and
knowledge.
多读报,多受益:开阔视野,
 

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