高考英语易混易错词汇总结( 高考英语易混易错词汇总结(二)

  81. real, true real 真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的,true 真的,真正的,指的是事实 和实际情况相符合 real gold, a true story
  82. respectful, respectable respectful 尊敬,有礼貌,respectable 可敬的,值得尊敬的 be respectful to the aged
  83. outwards, outward 二者均可用作副词,表示向外,外面,outward 还可用作形容词 an outward voyage
  84. pleasant, pleased, pleasing pleasant 常用作定语,pleased, pleasing 常用作表语,pleased 主语常为人,pleasing 主语 常为物 a pleasant trip, The trip is pleasing.
  85. understanding, understandable understanding 明白事理的,能体谅的,understandable 可理解的,能够懂的 an understanding girl, an understandable mistake
  86. close, closely close 接近,靠近,closely 紧紧地,紧密地 closely connected, stand close
  87. ill, sick ill 做表语,sick 定,表均可 a sick boy
  88. good, well good 形容词,well 副词,但指身体状况是形容词 He is well again.
  89. quiet, silent, still quiet 安静的,可以发出小的声音,silent 不发出声音,但可以动,still 完全不动,完全 无声响 He stood there still. 他站在那儿,一动不动,也不说话。
  90. hard, hardly hard 努力,hardly 几乎不 work hard , I can hardly believe it.
  91. able, capable able 与不定式 to do 连用,capable 与 of 连用 He is capable of doing…
  92. almost, nearly 二者均为"几乎,差不多" 和否定词连用用 almost , almost nobody
  93. late, lately late 迟,晚,lately 最近,近来 I haven't seen him lately.
  94. living, alive, live, lively living, alive, live 均为活着的,living 定表均可,alive 定表均可,定语后置,live 只能做 定语,lively 意为活泼的 all the living people=all the people alive
  95. excited, exciting excited 使人兴奋的,exciting 令人兴奋的 I'm excited. The news is exciting.
  96. deep, deeply deep 具体的深,deeply 抽象的深,深深地 deeply moved, dig deep
  97. aloud, loud aloud 出声地,loud 大声地 read aloud(出声地读)
用心 爱心 专心

  98. worth, worthy 二者均为值得,worth 后接 doing,worthy 后接 to be done, of being done It is worth visiting. = It's worthy to be visited. = It's worthy of being visited.
  99. bad, badly bad 形容词, badly 副词,不好,但与 need, want, require 连用为"很,非常" go bad , I need the book badly. 1
  00. before long, long before before long 不久以后,long before 很久以前 1
  01. quite, rather quite 完全地,相当于 completely, rather 修饰比较级 quite impossible 1
  02. happy, glad happy 高兴,幸福,定表均可,glad 高兴,只能做表语 a happy girl 1
  03. instead, instead of instead 是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of 是介词短语,放在句中 He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV. He watched TV instead of seeing a film. 1
  04. too much, much too too much 后接不可数名词,much too 后接形容词 much too heavy 1
  05. be about to, be going to, be to do be about to 表最近的将来,后面不接时间状语,be going to 侧重打算,想法,be to do 侧重意志,计划,安排 I'm to meet him.(含双方事先约好的意思) 1
  06. raise, rise raise 及物动词,rise 不及物动词 The sun rises in the east. 1
  07. bring, take, carry, fetch bring 拿来,take 带走,carry 随身携带,fetch 去回这一往返动作 fetch a box of chalk 1
  08. spend, take, pay, cost spend 人做主语,花钱,花时间; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take 物做主语,花时间; pay 人做主语,花钱,pay for; cost 物做主语,花钱 1
  09. join, join in, take part in join 加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in 参加小型的活动, join sb. in;take part in 参加大型的活动 He joined the army five years ago. 1
  10. learn, study learn 学习,侧重学习的结果,study 学习,侧重学习的过程,研究 study the problem 1
  11. want, hope, wish want 打算, 想要, want to do, want sb. to do, hope 希望 (通常可以实现) hope to do/ hope , that… wish 希望(通常不能实现)wish (sb.) to do, wish sb/sth. + n. I wish you success. 1
  12. discover, invent, find out discover 发现本来存在但不为人所知的东西,invent 发明本来不存在的物体,find out 发 现,查明 At last he found out the truth. 1
  13. answer, reply answer 及物动词,reply 不及物动词,后接 to reply to the letter 1
  14. leave, leave for leave 离开,leave for 前往 He left Beijing for Shanghai.
用心 爱心 专心
1
  15. rob, steal rob 抢劫 rob sb. of sth.,steal 偷 steal sth. from sb. 1
  16. shoot, shoot at shoot 射死,shoot at 瞄准,但不一定射中 He shot the bird and it died. 1
  17. drop, fall drop 及物不及物均可,fall 不及物动词 Prices fell/dropped. He dropped his voice. 1
  18. search, search for search 后接地点,search for 后接东西 He searched his pocket for money. 1
  19. used to, be used to used to 过去常常, used to 习惯于, be 后接 sth./doing sth.; 被用来, 后接 do sth. He is used to getting up early. 1
  20. win, lose, beat win 后接 sth.,反义词为 lose, beat 后接 sb. win the game, beat them 1
  21. live on, live by live on 以…为主食,live by 靠…谋生 live on fish/ live by fishing 1
  22. beat, hit, strike beat 连续性地击打;hit 打中,对准打;strike 打一下或若干下 beat the wings 1
  23. meet, meet with meet 遇到,meet with 体验到,遭遇到 meet with an accident 1
  24. lose, miss lose 失去 (具体的物体) 错过 sth. is lost, lose the chance; , miss 想念, 错过 sth. is missing, miss the chance 1
  25. be tired of, be tired with/from be tired of 厌烦…,be tired with/from 因为…而累了 be tired with/from running 800 meters 1
  26. care about, care for care about 关心,计较,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for 关心,照料,喜欢,愿意 He doesn't care about his clothes. I don't care for movies. 1
  27. catch a cold, have a cold catch a cold 不能和表示"一段时间"的状语连用,而 have a cold 可以 She has had a cold for a week. 1
  28. change for, change into change for 调换成,change into 变成 Change the shirt for a bigger one. Water changes into ice. 1
  29. continue, last 二者均为持续,continue 主动,被动均可,last 只能用主动 The war continued/lasted five years. The story is to be continued. 1
  30. feed, raise feed 喂养, 养活, 饲养 (to give food to),raise 饲养, 养育 (cause to grow, bring up children) raise the family 1
  31. go for a doctor, go to a doctor go for a doctor 去请医生,go to a doctor 去看病 1
  32. notice, observe, catch sight of notice 注意到,observe 观察,仔细地看,catch sight of 突然看到 observe the stars
用心 爱心 专心
1
  33. insist on, stick to insist on 坚持要求,后常接 doing, stick to 坚持, 后常接 sth , stick to the plan 1
  34. look, seem, appear look 指从外表上看,seem 指内心的判断,appear 指给人以表面的印象 appear wise, look like his father 1
  35. gather, collect gather 把分散的东西集中到一起, collect 指精心地、有选择地进行收集 collect stamps 1
  36. mean to do, mean doing mean to do 打算,想要做某事,mean doing 意思是,意味着 All these meant giving the students more practice. 1
  37. die from, die of die from 表示死于(枪)伤,虚弱,过度劳累,饮食过度等,die of 表示死于疾病,饥 饿,寒冷,年老,忧愁,失恋等精神因素 die of hunger and cold 1
  38. pay for, pay back, pay off pay for 为…付钱, back 还钱, pay 但不一定还清, off 还清 pay for the book, pay off the pay debt 1
  39. divide, separate divide 把一个整体分成几部分, separate 把连在一起的个体分开 divide the apple, separate the houses 1
  40. arrive, get, reach arrive 不及物动词,后接 in (大地点),at(小地点),get 不及物动词后接 to,reach 及物动 词 arrive in Beijing, get to Beijing, reach Beijing 1
  41. grow, plant grow 使某种植物在某地生长着或使其发展下去,plant 移植,移栽已经长成秧苗的植物 plant the trees, trees are growing 1
  42. manage, try manage to do 设法做成了某事,try to do 尽力去做某事但不一定成功 He tried to pass the exam, but he failed. 1
  43. choose, select choose 凭个人的判断力进行选择,select 有目的仔细认真地选择 choose the best answer 1
  44. build, put up, set up, found build 一般用语,建成,put up 临时搭建,set up 建成(内部的设施基本齐全),found 国家或组织的建成 put up a tent, set up a school 1
  45. be familiar to, be familiar with be familiar to 某物对某人来说是熟悉的,be familiar with 某人熟悉某物 The book is familiar to me. I'm familiar with the book. 1
  46. agree with, agree to, agree on agree with 同意某人, agree to 同意某事, agree on 在…上达成一致意见, 主语是复数 agree with you, agree to the plan 1
  47. throw to, throw at throw to 扔到…, throw at 朝…扔 He throw a stone at me. 1
  48. receive, accept receive 收到某一东西,但不一定接受,accept 接受 I received a gift, but I didn't accept it.
用心 爱心 专心
1
  49. wear, put on, dress wear 和 dress 表状态,wear 接衣服等,可用进行时,dress 接人,be dressed in, put on 表动作 It's cold outside. Put on your warm clothes. 1
  50. listen, hear listen 强调动作,hear 强调结果 I listened, but I heard nothing. 1
  51. look, see, watch look 看的动作,see 看的结果,watch 强调所看物体的变化、移动和发展 watch TV 1
  52. lie, lay lie 躺,位于(lay, lain),说谎(lied, lied),lay 平放(laid, laid) lay the book 1
  53. work as, act as work as 工作是…,act as 充当某种职务或身份,或扮演某种角色 He works as a teacher. He acts as an interpreter. 1
  54. move, remove move 动一动,但不一定移走,remove 从一处移到另一处 remove the table to the kitchen 1
  55. hurt, injure, wound hurt 感情上受伤,injure 事故中受伤,wound 战争中受伤 He was wounded in the war. 1
  56. turn, get, grow turn 表突变,后常接表颜色的词,get 强调变的结果,grow 强调过程,逐渐的变化 turn yellow, get tired, grow big 1
  57. close, shut, turn off close 和 shut 当关解时可以通用,用于可开合的物体,turn off 用于指有开关的物体 Close/Shut the door. Turn off the TV. 1
  58. set out, set about, set off 指出发,着手解时,set out 后接 to do,set about 后接 doing, set off 后接 for sp. 1
  59. begin, start begin 侧重时间的开始,反义词为 end,start 侧重由静到动的转折,反义词为 stop Class begins at 7:30a.m. 1
  60. happen, take place happen 偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生,take place 必然性的发生 Great changes have taken place in my hometown.
用心 爱心 专心
 

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