龙文教育您值得信赖的专业化个性化辅导学校
龙文教育个性化辅导授课案
教师: 学生: 时间: 年__月__日 段 一、授课目的与考点分析:
高二重要语言点 虚拟语气 虚拟语气
二、授课内容:
三 名 大 板 虚 拟 语 气 块 性 词
知 识 框 架

  1. 含有条件状语从句的复合句 宾语从句
从 句
wish(would rather)+宾语从句 suggest(…)+宾语从句

  2.
主 语从句
It is + adj./p.p/n.+ that+ 主语+ (should) +do
表 语 从句 主语+is that +s + (should) +do 同位语从句 主语+that +s +(should) +do

  3. 定语从句 It is (high) time that + 主语 + did 用过去式表现在情况
  1. 时态后退型 两种形式 用过去完成式表过去 用过去将来表将来
  2. should+动词原形型

  1. 条件句中的虚拟语气
时间 将来 现在 过去 从句谓语形式 动词过去式(be 用 were) should + 动词原形 were to + 动词原形 动词过去式(be 用 were) had +动词过去分词 主句谓语形式 would / should / might / could + 动词原 形 would / should / might / could + 动词原 形 would / should / might / could have + 动 词过去分词
举例: (
  1) 将来时的条件句中的虚拟语气。如: If he should go to Qing Hua University, he would make full use of his time. 如果他要上清华大学的话,他就会充分
龙文教育您值得信赖的专业化个性化辅导学校 利用他的时间了。 If he were to come here, he would tell us about it. 如果他要来的话,他会通知我们一声。 (
  2) 现在时的条件句中的虚拟语气。如: If he were free, he would help us. 要是他有空的话,它会帮助我们的。 If he studied at this school, he would know you well. 如果他在这所学校学习的话,它会对你很熟悉。 (
  3) 过去时的条件句中的虚拟语气。如: If I had seen the film, I would have told you about it. 我如果看过这场电影,我会把电影内容告诉你了。 If I had got there earlier, I would have met Mr. Li. 如果我早点到那儿,我就会会到了李先生。
注意事项: 注意事项:

  1.倒装句。如果条件句中含有功能词 had,should,were 时,可以省去 If,把功能词提前,构成倒装句 Had I finished my homework,I would be able to go with him now.
  2. 特殊情况(主句和从句动作不是同时发生的) : ①从句的动作与过去事实相反,而主句的动作与现在或现在正在发生的事实不符。如: If I had worked hard at school, I would be an engineer, too. 如果我在学校学习刻苦的话,我现在也会使工程师了 If they had informed us, we would not come here now. 如果他们通知过我们的话,我们现在就不会来这里了。 ②从句的动作与现在事实 现在事实相反,而主句的动作与过去事实不符。如: 现在事实 If he were free today, we would have sent him to Beijing. 如果他今天有空的话,我们会已经派他去北京了。 If he knew her, he would have greeted her. 要是他认识她的话,他肯定会去问候她了。 ③从句的动作与过去发生的情况相反,而主句的动作与现在正在发生的情况相反。如: If it had not been raining too much, the crops would be growing much better. 如果天不下太多的雨的话, 庄家会长得 更好。 If he had been working hard, he would be working in the office now. 要是他工作一直努力的话,他现在已进了办公 室了。

  2.方式状语从句中的虚拟语气 方式状语从句中的虚拟语气
as if, as though 引导的方式状语从句常用虚拟语气。虚拟语气的结构为: 表示所发生的时间 发生在主句动作之前 与主句动作同时发生 发生在主句动作之后 虚拟语气结构 had + 过去分词 过去时(be 用 were ) would / could / might / should+原形动词
例如: They began to talk warmly as if they had known each other for long. 他们开始热烈的谈论起来就好像他们已相互 认识很久了。 He coughed twice as if someone should come. 他咳嗽两声就好像有人要来了。

  3. 英语中,wish 之后的宾语从句,表示一种没有实现或根本不可能实现 英语中, 之后的宾语从句, 的愿望,常用虚拟语气。其虚拟语气的结构为: 的愿望,常用虚拟语气。其虚拟语气的结构为: 气的结构为
表示所发生的时间 发生在主句动作之前 虚拟语气结构 (
  1)had + 过去分词; (
  2)would / could / might / should + have + 过去分词
龙文教育您值得信赖的专业化个性化辅导学校 与主句动作同时发生 发生在主句动作之后 过去时(be 用 were ) would / could / might / should + 原形动词
例如:I wish I learnt English well. 我希望我已学好了英语。 I wish I had been there with them last week. 我希望上周跟他们一起在那儿。 He wishes we could go and play games with him. 他希望我们能去跟他做游戏。

  4. 英语中,would rather 之后的宾语从句常表示与客观事实不相符的一 英语中, 种愿望,故使用虚拟语气。起虚拟语气的结构为: 种愿望,故使用虚拟语气。起虚拟语气的结构为:
表示所发生的时间 过去 现在 将来 虚拟语气结构 had + 过去分词; 过去时(be 用 were ) 过去时(be 用 were )
例如: I’d rather you had seen the film yesterday. 我倒想你昨天看过了这场电影。 I’d rather you were here now. 我倒想你现在在这儿。 We’d rather you went here tomorrow. 我么倒想你明天去那儿。

  5.定语从句中的虚拟语气 定语从句中的虚拟语气
英语中,表示: “早该做某事了”时,定语从句中的谓语动词须用虚拟语气,其虚拟语气的结构为:It is (high / about) time that + 主语+ 动词的过去式/ should + 动词原形。如: It is time that I went to pick up my daughter at school. 我该去学校接我的女儿了。 It is high time you should go to work. 你早该上班了。

  6.简单句中的虚拟语气 简单句中的虚拟语气

  1. 说话时,为了表示客气、谦虚、委婉而有礼貌,言语常使用虚拟语气。其虚拟语气的结构形式常为:would / could / might / should + 原形动词。如: Would you mind my shutting the door? 我把门关起来你介意吗? You should always learn this lesson by heart. 你要把这个教训牢记于心。 I should agree with you. 我应该同意你的观点。
  2. 表示“祝愿”时,常用“may + 主语 + 动词原形 + 其他” 。如: May you have a good journey! 祝你一路顺风。 May your youth last for ever! 祝你青春永驻。
  3. 表示强烈的“愿望”“祝愿”时,常用动词原形。如: 、 Long live the Communist Party of China. 中国共产党万岁。

  7.表语从句及同位语从句中虚拟语气 表语从句及同位语从句中虚拟语气
英语中,表示请求、要求、命令、建议等名词 advice, desire, decision, idea, instruction, order, plan, proposal, recommendation, request, requirement, suggestion, wish 充当句子的主语而后面接表语从句或它们后面接同位语 时,表语从表面上看几?及同位语从句都须用虚拟语气。其虚拟语气的结构为:(should) + 动词原形。如:
龙文教育您值得信赖的专业化个性化辅导学校 We followed his advice that we should ask our teacher for help. 我们接受了他的建议:我们应该请求老师的帮助。 He told us his idea that he should go to university. 他告诉了我们他的想法:他想上大学。 His suggestion is that we should do our work more carefully. 他的建议就是我们的工作要更细心些。

  8.宾语从句中的虚拟语气 宾语从句中的虚拟语气

  1.英语中,如:advise, ask, demand, desire, decide, insist(坚决要求) , order, propose, request, suggest(建议) 表示 请求、要求、命令或建议等意义的动词所接的宾语从句一般用虚拟语气,起虚拟语气的结构为:(should) + 原 形动词。如:The teacher advised that we should make good use of every minute here. 老师劝我们要好好地利用在 这儿的每一分钟。 但是,当 insist 的意思为:坚决认为,坚持说;suggest 的意思为:表明,暗含,暗示等时,宾语从句一般不用 虚拟语气。如: Tom insisted that he hadn’t stolen the watch. 汤姆坚持说他没有偷那块手表。 His smile suggested that he had succeeded in this exam. 他的微笑表明他在考试中成功了。

  9.主语从句中的虚拟语气 主语从句中的虚拟语气
在表达惊异、惋惜、遗憾、理应如此等意义的主语从句中常使用虚拟语气,其虚拟语其的结构为: should + 动 词原形,主句中的谓语动词形式不限。 句型: (
  1) It is admirable / dreadful / extraordinary / odd / remarkable / sad / advisable / annoying / disappointing / surprising / upsetting / frightening / better / best / curious / desirable / important / strange / peculiar / proper / necessary / natural …that… (
  2) It is a pity / a shame / no wonder…. that… (
  3) It is suggested / requested / desired / proposed /…. that … (
  4) It worries me that… 如:It is important that we should do well in our lessons first. 我们先把功课学好很重要。 It is strange that he should not come. 很奇怪,他竟没有来。 It is a pity that we should not meet last night. 真遗憾我们昨天晚上没有见过面。 巩固练习题: 巩固练习题: 练习题
  1. If you were old enough, I you to go there yesterday. A. will allow B. should allow C. would have allowed D. had allowed

  2. The secretary suggested that they the men in at once. A. had brought B. should have brought C. brought D. bring

  3. I you, I would go with him to the party. A. Was B. Had been C. Will be D. Were

  4. It is strange that such a thing in your class. A. will happen B. happens C. should happen D. happened

  5. How I wish I to repair the watch! I only made it worse. A. had tried B. hadn't tried C. have tried D. didn't try
龙文教育您值得信赖的专业化个性化辅导学校
  6. If he to the teacher attentively, he the answer to the problem now. A. had listened, would have known C. listened, would have known B. listened, would know D. had listened, would know
虚拟语气练习

  1.The young man insisted that he __ nothing wrong and __ free. A. did; set B. had done; should be set C. do; be set D. had done ; must be set
  2.Mother suggested that I my homework first before watching TV. A. did B. shall do C. do D. have done
  3.My suggestion was that the meeting __off still next week.. A. be put B. to put C. should put D. be putting
  4. The suggestion has been made the basketball game __put off. A. for; to B. that ;be C. which; should be D. to; being
  5. The commander ordered that the wounded to hospital right now. A. to be sent B. should send C. send D. be sent
  6.
  6. The order came that the medical supplies to the village soon. A. would be sent B. should send C. be sent D. must be sent
  7.
  7.They requested that he on the radio. A. spoke B. speaks C. speak D. would speak
  8.It is important that we __wild animals. A. will protect B. should protect C. shall protect D. are protecting
  9.It is necessary that the problem at once. A. solves B. should solve C. should be solved D. will be solve
  10. The teacher demanded that the exam before eleven. A. must finish B. would be finished C. be finished D. must be finished
  11.She made the demand that she at once. A. leave B. leaves C. left D. to be left
  12.He is talking too much about America as if he __ there. A. had been B. has been C. was D. been
  13.Mother insisted that the child's hands before dinner. A. should wash B. be washed C. would wash D. had washed
  14.It is strange that he interested in much of his research. A. should have lost B. would lost C. had lost D. will lost
龙文教育您值得信赖的专业化个性化辅导学校

  15.Had you listened to the doctor, you all right now. A. are B. were C. would be D. would have been
  16. I be free tomorrow , I could go with you. A. Could B. Should C. Might D. Was I
  17. to do the work , I should do it some other way. A. If were I B. I were C. Were I D. Was I
  18. today, he would get there by Friday. A. Would he leave B. Was he leaving B. Were he to leave D. If he leave
  19.your letter , I would have written back two days ago. A. If I received B. Should I received C. Had I received D. If I could have received
  20.If it were not for the fact that you ill, I would ask you to do this right now. A. were B. had been C. are D. be
  21.Should it rain , the crops . A. would be saved B. would have been saved C. will be saved D. had been saved
  22.You earlier . The bus left a moment ago. A. would come B. should have come C. may come
  23.He treated me as though his own son. A. I am B. I would be C. I was D. I were
  24.He smiled as if he my thought. A. read B. was reading C. had read D. has read
  25. I you some money , but I hadn't any on me then. A. would lend B. would have lend C. could lend D. may have lent
  26.You such a serious mistake if you had followed his advice. A. may not make B. might have not made C. shouldn't have made D. might not have made
  27.Wethe work on the time w
 

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