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2009 年高考英语第二轮热点专题复习??名词性从句(最新)
考情分析
名词性从句是历年高考的重点和难点也是热点.名词性从句相当于名词,可用作主句的主语,表语,宾语和同位 语.因此,名词性从句分为主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句和同位从句.引导名词性从句的连接词有:连接代词:who, whose, whom, what, which,有词义,在从句中担任成分,如主语,表语,宾语,或定语等;连接副词:when, where, why, how,有词义,在从句中担任成分,作状语;连接词:that, whether, if, as if,if (whether), as if 虽有词义,但在从句中不 担任成分;that 无词义,在从句中不担任成分,有时可省略. 名词性从句重点与难点: 一,that 从句作主语和宾语时,常用 it 作形式主语,将从句放在句末 e.g. It doesn't matter so much whether you will come or not. She has seen to it that all the children are well taken care of. 二,that 引导名词性从句的省略情况 1,that 引导主语从句,表语从句,同位语从句时,不能省略. e.g. That he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised. 2,that 引导宾语从句时一般可省略,但在以下几种情况中不能省略.
  1)当 that 从句和主句谓语动词之间有插入词语或者从句主语之间有插入语时不能省略;
  2)当 that 从句与另一名词性从句并列作宾语时不能省略;
  3)当 that 作介词宾语时不能省略. e.g. He judged that, because he was a child, he did not understand wine Everyone knew what happened and that she was worried. The reason lies in that she works harder than the others do. 三,名词性从句中的语序 名词性从句中一律使用陈序语气. e.g. He asked how much I paid for the violin. 四,名词性从句中的时态呼应 在名词性从句中,谓语动词的时态要与主句谓语动词的时态相一致. e.g. As soon as he comes back, I'll tell him when you will come and see him. He kept looking at her, wondering whether he had seen her somewhere. Can you make sure where Alice has put the gold ring? 五,名词性从句中虚拟语气的使用情况
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1,在表示"命令,建议,坚持,要求"的名词性从句中,要用"should+动词原形"形式,should 可以省略. e.g. I made a suggestion that he (should) go there at once. I suggested that he (should) go there at once. The suggestion was that he (should) go there at once. 2,wish 引导的宾语从句中要用虚拟语气,分与现在,过去,将来相反三种情况. e.g. I wish I were ten years younger. I wish you had posted the letter yesterday. I wish I would try again. 3,在句型"It + is/was + adj.+主语从句"中,如果形容词是 important, strange, natural, necessary 等,从句谓语部分 要用"should+动词原形"形式,should 可以省略. e.g. It's strange that he (should) think so. It is necessary that he (should) go there at once. 六,引导同位语从句与定语从句的 that 的区别 同位语从句中的连词 that 只起连接作用,不充当任何句子成分且不能省略,同位语从句一般放在有具体含义的名 词后,用以解释名词的含义或内容;而定语从句中的关系代词 that 在从句中充当主语或宾语,在充当宾语时常可省略, 定语从句是对先行词的限定和修饰. e.g. They expressed the hope that they would come to visit China again. The hope she expressed is that they would come to visit China again. 七,引导名词性从句的 that 和 what 的区别 that 引导名词性从句时,在从句中不充当任何句子成分,也没有任何含义, 起连 略;而 what 引导名词性从句时,在从句中充当主语,宾语,表语或定语. e.g. That he said so made us angry . What he said at the meeting made us angry. China is no longer what it used to be. 八,疑问词 + ever 和 no matter + 疑问词的区别 1,疑问词 + ever 既可引导名词性从句,又可引导让步状语从句. e.g. Whoever breaks the rule must be punished. Whoever breaks the rule, he must be punished. 2,no matter + 疑问词只能引导让步状语从句. e.g. No matter who breaks the rule, he must be punished. No matter what you do, you must do it well.
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,
宾语从句
时可
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方法技巧点拨
一,学习定语从句应达到的能力要求 1,掌握不同的连接词的用法. 2,能够区分四种名词性从句. 3,能够区分名词性从句和定语从句. 二,解题思路 高考中考查名词性从句时,经常考查连接词的选用.解题时应先判断从句的类型,然后判断从句是否缺少成分以 及意义是否完整,最后根据引导名词性从句的连词的特点确定特定的连接词.
高考试题分析

  1. was most important to her, she told me, was her family. (2008 山东) A. It B. This C. What D. As
[解析] C she told me 是插入语,可删除.what 引导主语从句,在从句中充当主语.
  2. The companies are working together to create they hope will be the best means of transport in the 21st century. (2008 北京) A. which B. that C. what D. who
[解析] C create 后为宾语从句,从句中 they hope 是插入语,可删除,因为从句中缺少主语,所以用 what 引导该从 句.
  3. The last time we had great fun was we were visiting the Water Park.(2008 天津) A. where B. how C. when D. why
[解析] C was 后为表语从句,此处 when 与 the last time 相呼应,根据句意可排除其他选项.
  4. As his best friend, I can make accurate guesses about he will do or think.(2008 上海) A. what B. which C. whom D. that
[解析] A 介词 about 后为宾语从句,从句中动词 do 与 think 缺少宾语,所以用 what 引导该从句;which"哪一个" , whom"谁"与句意不符,可排除;that 引导宾语从句时不充当成分,也可排除.
  5. Some children want to challenge themselves by learning a language different from their parents speak at home. (2008 浙江) A. what B. that C. which D. one
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[解析] A from 后为宾语从句,从句中动词 speak 缺少宾语,所以用 what 引导该从句.
  6. A. It is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing.(2008 福建) B. What C. As D. Which
[解析] B 从第二个 is 可知它的前面是主语从句,后面是表语从句,主语从句中缺少主语,所以用 what 引导;若去 掉第二个 is,则选 A 项.
  7. When asked they needed most, the kids said they wanted to feel important and loved. (2008 湖南) A. what B. why C. whom D. which
[解析] A 此句中 When asked =When they were asked,asked 后为宾语从句,从句中缺少宾语所以用 what 引导该从 句.
  8. People in Chongqing are proud of A. that B. which C. what _ they have achieved in the past ten years. (2008 重庆) D. how
[解析] C 介词 of 后为宾语从句,此处用 what 引导宾语从句,在从句中充当宾语.
  9. Students are always interested in finding out they can go with a new teacher. (2008 安徽) A. how far B. how soon C. how often D. how long
[解析] A finding out 后为宾语从句,根据句意只能用 how far"到什么程度或范围"引导该从句.
  10. Tomorrow is Tom's birthday. Have you got any idea A. what B. which C. that D. where the party is to be held? (2008 陕西)
[解析] D idea 后为同位语从句,表示 idea 的具体内容,根据句意从句中缺少地点状语,所以用 where 引导.
  11. It has been proved eating vegetables in childhood helps to protect you against serious illnesses in later life. (2008 上海) A. if B. because C. when D. that
[解析] D 该句中 it 是形式主语,所填选项引导真正的主语从句,从句中不缺任何成份和意义,只缺少连接词,所 以用 that 引导.
  12. wants to stay in a hotel has to pay their own way. (2008 浙江) A. Anyone B. The one C. Whoever D. Who
[解析] C 所填选项引导主语从句,且在从句中充当主语,可排除 A,B 两项;who 可用来引导主语从句且充当主 语, who 表示疑问语气, 但 与句意不符, 故可排除; 所以此处用 whoever 引导主语从句, 相当于 anyone who, 此时 anyone 用作先行词,who 引导定语从句.
  13. The news our athletes won another gold medal was reported in yesterday's newspaper. (2008 上海春招) A. which B. whether C. what D. that
[解析] D news 后为同位语从句,表示 news 的具体内容,从句中不缺任何成份和意义,只缺少连接词,所以用 that
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引导.
  14. we are sure about is the need to prevent children from being spoiled. (2008 上海春招) A. What B. Which C. Whether D. That
[解析] A 所填选项引导主语从句,且在从句中充当介词 about 的宾语,所以用 what 引导.
  15. Could I speak to is in charge of International Sales, please? (2007 山东) A. anyone B. someone C. whoever D. no matter who
[解析] C to 后为宾语从句, 此处用 whoever 引导宾语从句, 在从句中充当主语, 此时 whoever=anyone who; matter no who 只能用于引导让步状语从句.
  16. matters most in learning English is enough practice. (2007 全国 II) A. What B. Why C. Where D. Which
[解析] A 所填选项引导主语从句,且在从句中充当主语,所以用 what 引导.
  17. He didn't make clear when and where the meeting would be held. (2007 天津) A. this B. that C. it D. these
[解析] C 此处用 it 作形式宾语,when and where the meeting would be held 作真正的宾语.当复合宾语中的宾语是 从句时,一般用先行代词 it 作形式宾语,而将从句放在补语的后面.
  18. The seaside here draws a lot of tourists every summer. Warm sunshine and soft sands make it is. (2007 天津) A. what B. which C. how D. where
[解析] A 此处用 what 引导宾语从句,在从句中充当表语.which 引导宾语从句时意为"哪一个" ,表示选择;how 引导宾语从句时意为"如何" ;where 引导宾语从句时意为"在……地方" ,均与句意不符.
  19. he referred to in his article was unknown to the general reader. (2007 上海) A. That B. What C. Whether D. Where
[解析] B 所填选项引导主语从句,且在从句中充当宾语,所以用 what 引导.
  20. Choosing the right dictionary depends on you want to use it for. (2007 江苏) A. what B. why C. how D. whether
[解析] A on 后为宾语从句,此处用 what 引导宾语从句,在从句中充当介词 for 的宾语.
  21. Why not try your luck downtown, Bob? That's the best jobs are. (2007 浙江) A. where B. what C. when D. why
[解析] A That's 后为表语从句,此处 where 与 downtown 相呼应,根据句意可排除其他选项.
  22. It is none of your business A. how B. what other people think about you. Believe yourself. (2007 福建) C. which D. when
[解析] B 该句中 it 作形式主语, what 引导主语从句. 该主语从句还原为疑问句应为 "What do other people think about
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you?" .
  23. Having checked the doors were closed, and all the lights were off, the boy opened the door to his bedroom. (2007 湖南) A. why B. that C. when D. where
[解析] B 所填选项引导宾语从句,从句中不缺任何成份和意义,只缺少连接词,所以用 that 引导.
  24. You can only be sure of you have at present; you cannot be sure of something you might get in the future.(2007 安徽) A. that; what B. what; / C. which; that D. /; that
[解析] B of 后为宾语从句,从句中缺少宾语,所以用 what 引导;something 后接定语从句,可以省略作宾语的关系 词 that.
  25. A. That parents say and do has a life-long effect on their children. (2007 陕西) B. Which C. What D. As
[解析] C 所填选项引导主语从句,且在从句中充当 say 和 do 的宾语,可排除 A,D 两项;which 引导宾语从句时 意为"哪一个" ,表示选择,与句意不符,故选 C.
  26. The traditional view is we sleep because our brain is "programmed" to make us do so. (2007 上海) A. when B. why C. whether D. that
[解析] D is 后为表语从句,从句中不缺任何成份和意义,只缺少连接词,所以用 that 引导.
  27. By improving reading skills, you can read faster and understand more of you read. (2007 上海春招) A. that B. what C. which D. whether
[解析] B of 后为宾语从句,从句中缺少宾语,可排除 A,D 两项;which 引导宾语
 

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