009 年高考英语知识点梳理 第二章 sb./sth.+adj/n sb./sth.+to do consider(以为,认为)+ sb./sth.+as that-clause n. consider(考虑)+ doing 疑问词+to do sth “把…当作…”的译法:consider…as =think of/look on/take/regard/treat/have…as
  2. to do A way+ of doing (that/in which)+定语从句 A method of doing sth by this means You can solve the problem+ with this method in this way by means of:通过…方式,以…手段 by this/that means:通过这种/那种方式 by all means:务必,一定;(用于回答)当然行,请 by no means:决不,一点也不(用于句首时用倒装)
  3. protect…(from) doing sth prevent/stop…(from) doing sth keep…from doing keep…doing under the potection of…
  4. as well as well as might/may as well=had better
  5. to do specially+ for-phrase especially
  6. along the river:沿着河流 over the river:在河的正上方 through the forest:穿过森林 by the river:在河边 on the bank:在河岸上
  7. follow the instructions follow one’s advice as follows
  8. be responsible to sb for sth
  9. n. 一、Language points
  1.
doing/to do sth sb to do sth prefer+ sth to sth doing A to doing B to do A rather than do sth that sb (should) do sth
  10. n.+after +n.=one +n. +after another 一个接一个(强调动作的重复) n. +by +n.: 一个接一个(强调动作的变化) tree after tree/day by day
  11. say “hi” to sb. Please remember me to sb. 向“某人”问好 Send my regards to sb. Send the best wishes to sb.
  12. 主+be +adj. +to do: 不定式一般用主动式,与主语存在逻辑上的动宾关系,所以 当不定式的动词是不及物动词时,则应在其后加上适当的介词。 主+be +adj. +to do= It be +adj.+ (for/of sb) +to do sth eg. This question is difficult to answer. =It’s difficult to answer the question. The man is hard to work with.=It’s hard to work with the man. 当不定式用作定语时,与其所修饰的词之间存在逻辑上的动宾关系,且主语为该动作的 执行者时,也常常用主动形式。 Eg. He wants water to drink. She has a room to live in. I will go to Beijing tomorrow. Do you have anything to be taken there? 二、语法专题──冠词的考点
  1. 考查冠词的一些基本用法,例如:复数名词、不可数名词表示泛指不用任何冠词; the+单数名词表类指;a/an+单数名词表泛指。
  2. 考查冠词的习惯用法。 in case of fire, be wounded in the leg, on the telephone, 如: leave college 等。
  3. 考查冠词的活用。如:抽象名词的具体化,a success; a/an+专有名词表泛指,an Edison。
  4. 考查零冠词的用法。 三、题型归纳──结构型单项填空 结构型试题常表现在句子中某些成分的省略、标点符号的出现、倒装或插入其他成分使 前后分离等,从而引起句子结构的变化,扰乱对句子的判断。
  1. 有省略的复合句。由于宾语从句或定语从句中谓语部分行为动词的省略,导 致对不定式作状语产生误解。
  2. 标点符号的影响。由于受汉语习惯的影响,往往会因为句子中的标点符号, 弄错句子的结构。
  3. 插入语的影响。 有些句子由于中间插入了某些成分, 而使句子显得支离破碎, 造成对句子结构的误解。
  4. 倒装句型的基本结构:(
  1)完全倒装;(
  2)部分倒装:
  1)在特殊疑问句和一 般疑问句中;
  2)so/neither/nor+do/be/have/情态动词+主语;
  3)当虚拟语气的条件
从句中省略 if 时,were, had, 和 should 应置于句首,采用倒装结构;
  4)表示祝愿的 句子:may+主语+动词原形;
  5)as, though 引导让步状语从句时:提前部分+as+主语+ 谓语动词;
  6)表示否定意义的副词、介词短语和连词词组置于句首;
  7)当 not until+ 时间状语从句置于句首时, 主句应采用倒装结构, 而从句仍用正常语序; not only…but
  8) also…连接两个句子时,第一个句子采用倒装结构,第二个句子不采用倒装结构;
  9) no sooner…tham…, hardly…when…, scarcely…when…都表示“一…就…”,强调 过去的两个动作接连发生,当 no sooner, hardly 和 scarcely 置于句首时,主句常把 had 置于主语之前,采用倒装结构,但从句不倒装。
  10)only+副词/介词短语/宾语/ 时间状语从句置于句首时,常采用倒装,但 only+主语则不应采用倒装;
  11)在 so/such…that…引导的结果状语从句中, so+adj./adv.或 such 置于句首时, 将 其主句 常采用倒装结构。
  5. 强调句型,感叹句,并列句的应用。
  6. 独立主格结构。
  1) n+to do;
  2) n+doing;
  3) n+done;
  4)n+prep.+n.;
  5) n+adj/adv;
  6)n+n;
  7) with+n+to do/doing/done/adj/adv/prep+n.
  1. He said he would do what he could us. A. help B. to help C. helping D. helped
  2. He spent all the money he had that dictionary. A. buy B. to buy C. buying D. bought
  3. There are more than three thousand students in my school, most of from the country. A. that B. which C. whom D. them
  4. It is his cleverness, not his strenth, defeated his rival. A. that B. which C. what D. who
  5. The way you think of our living conditions sounds reasonable. A. improve B. to improve C. improving D. improvement
  6. I feel strongly that whatever you matter to me. A. don’t B. do doesn’t C. don’t do D. doesn’t do
  7. Is this school you studied in two years ago? A. that B. when C. it D. the one
  8. Please tell me the way thought of the garden. A. take care of B. to take care of C. taking care of D. how to take care of
  9. Mr Wang was much disappointed to see the washing machine he had had went wrong again. A. it repaired B. to be repaired C. repaired D. repairing
  10. We will do everything we can our city. A. to save B. save C. saving D. saved
  11. The air quality in Beijing as well as in the neighboring cities we once spent much time better and better. A. in getting B. having got C. in is getting D. has got

  12. Who did the teacher, as well as the monitor, an article for the wall newspaper? A. has write B. has written C. have write D. have written
  13. What do you consider to her? A. to happen B. happening C. happened D. happens
  14. Mr Reed made up his mind to devote all he had to some schools for poor children. A. set up B. setting up C. have set up D. having set up
  15. To his joy, the day he looked forward to at last? A. coming B. come C. came D. have come
  16. How long do you think it is she arrived here? A. when B. that C. before D. since 1-5 BCDAB 6-10 BDBCA 11-16 CCCBCD
 

相关内容

小学英语语法知识点

   小学英语语法知识点 at, 在时间方面的用法 的用法: 小学英语介词 at,in 与 on 在时间方面的用法: at 表示时间的一点;in 表示一个时期;on 表示特殊日子。如: He goes to school at seven o’clock in the morning. 他早晨七点上学。 Can you finish the work in two days. 你能在两天内完成这个工作吗? Linda was born on the second of May. 琳达五月二日出生。 ...

初一英语语法易错知识点归类例析

   初一英语语法易错知识点归类例析 英语有很多很细小的知识点,而这些细小的知识点往往就是考点。同学们很容易由于注意不到而犯错误, 下面就初一年级同学们比较容易犯错误的知识点做一个汇总。 [第一类] 名词类 1. 这些女老师们在干什么? [误] What are the woman teachers doing? [正] What are the women teachers doing? [析] 在英语中,当一名词作定语修饰另一名词(单或复数形式)时,作定语的名词一般要用其单数形 式;但当 ma ...

2010高考英语语法知识点归纳总结:句子的种类

   九、句子的种类 按用途分 种 类 陈述 句 类 型 例 句 肯定句 否定句 一般疑问句 We love our motherland. 我们热爱祖国。 They don’t go to work on Sundays. 他们星期日不上 班。 Are you a worker? 你是个工人吗? Haven’t you seen the film? 你没看过这部电影吗? Who is the man? 这人是谁? When do you watch TV? 你什么时间看电视? What are ...

英语语法知识点

   语言 1语法成分分析排序变形语言 2 学英语学什么:正确的排序+某些词如何变形 先按汉语顺序排列单词,然后按照下面的规则再进行变换顺序和变形. 写句子前,先把句子主要成分(主谓宾)写好,其它的按照规定添加在适当的地方. 先掌握的最重要的词汇: A.连词 and, but, or, how, what, where, when, why, whether, if, because, so, although, B.介词 in, at, on, under, of, from, to, with ...

英语语法知识点

   学而思教育? 思考成就未来! 学而思教育?学习改变命运 思考成就未来! 高考网 www.gaokao.com 语法一: 语法一:现在分词做状语 现在分词(动词的 ing 形式)做状语时,通常都表示主语正在进行的另一动作,其逻辑 主语必须与句子的主语保持一致,且必须与句子的主语是逻辑上的主谓关系;动词的 ing 形 式表示的动作是次要动作。现在分词可以做时间,条件,结果,让步,方式等状语。相当于 相应的状语从句。作时间, 原因或条件时, 通常位于主句前面, 作方式,伴随或结果状语时, 通常位于 ...

上海市N版2年级上册英语语法知识点

   M1u1: U1 Hello Grammar (人称代词是指我/我们,你/你们,他/他们,它/它们等指示人称的代词) 1.人称代词:I I 表示我,是第一人称的单数形式。例如:I am a doctor . 我是一名医生。 (1) 人称代词可以指人,也可以指物。例如: 当我们自我介绍时说:I am Danny. 我是丹尼。 当我们介绍小狗 Tim 时说: It is Tim. 它是 Tim。 (2) 人称代词有单复数的变化 表示单数的人称代词有:I / you 你/ he / she / i ...

小学三年级------六年级英语学习主要知识点[2]

   小学英语主要句型归类(三年级上册 六年级下册 六年级下册) 小学英语主要句型归类(三年级上册六年级下册) I 询问姓名、年龄。 询问姓名、年龄。 1, What’s your name? 你叫什么名字? My name is . 我叫……。 2, How old are you? 你几岁了? I’m 12. 我十二岁。 II 询问颜色。 询问颜色。 1, What colour is it? 它是什么颜色的? It’s yellow and white. 黄白相间。 2, What colo ...

新目标八年级上册 英语语法知识点精讲+练习

   Practice makes perfect! 英语语法知识点精讲 精讲+练习 新目标八年级上册 英语语法知识点精讲 练习 (一)一般将来时 一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或者存在的状态。通常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如 tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next year, next month, next week, in 100 years 等。 be going to do (动词原形)结构:表示打算、准备做的事情或者肯定要发生的事情。如:I ...

高一英语模块1模块2易错语法知识点汇总76题

   高一模块一模块二易错语言知识点专练 76 题 一.定语从句易错点 定语从句易错点 1. Recently I bought a second-hand car was very low. A. which price B. the price of whose C. its price D. whose price 2. Is this factory we visited last year? A. where B. in which C. the one D. at which 3. W ...

初中英语易错知识点2011最新最全精华英语资料新东方

   初中英语易错知识点 2011 最新最全精华英语资料新 东方 英语有很多很细小的知识点, 而这些细小的知识点往往就是考点。 同学们很容易由于注 意不到而犯错误,下面就初一年级同学们比较容易犯错误的知识点做一个汇总。 [第一类] 名词类 第一类] 1. 这些女老师们在干什么? [误] What are the woman teachers doing? [正] What are the women teachers doing? [析] 在英语中,当一名词作定语修饰另一名词(单或复数形式)时,作 ...

热门内容

各种植物动物颜色及家具的英语单词

   各种植物英语单词 P1 fern(蕨,蕨类植物) plant(植物,作物) flower(花) leaves(叶子) sunlight(阳光) water(水) seed(种子) petal(花瓣) roots(根) stem(茎) fruit(水果) soil(土壤,泥土) 各种动物英语单词 guinea pig (豚鼠,天竺鼠) goldfish(金鱼) snake(蛇) parrot(鹦鹉) dog(狗) cat(猫) ferret(雪貂,白鼬) hermit crab(寄生蟹) ha ...

求职信中常用英语语句

   发信人: khds (khds), 信区: Job 标 题: 求职信中常用英语语句 发信站: 武汉白云黄鹤站 (2003年09月24日10:53:26 星期三), 站内信件 In reply to your advertisement in (JobsPower.com), I respectfully offer my services for the situation. 拜读(JobsPower.com)上贵公司广告,本人特此备函应聘该职位。 2. Replying to your ad ...

大家网_2010年12月星火大学英语六级一本全之翻译

   Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Software http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. www.TopSage.com Generated by Foxit PDF Creator Foxit Software http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only. www.TopSage.com Generated by Foxit PDF ...

将英语真正融入日常生活

   1、将英语真正融入日常生活!不要学英语,而要生活在英语当中! 2、把难单词、难句子制作成海报,贴在家里最显眼的地方,不知不觉就掌握了! 3、不读英语就难受!不读英语就“寝食难安”!让读英语变成“最大的爱好”! 4、睁开眼睛的第一件事就是“大声喊英语”!喊出一天的活力和辉煌!喊出一天的充实和成功! 5、入睡前一定要大喊英语十分钟!让英语进入潜意识,做梦也在学英语。 6、“一日三餐前后”狂读五分钟英语,否则就不配吃饭,这叫“一日三餐法”!饭前读英语反思人生,饭后读英语有助消化! ...

外贸英语函电 I

   I. General Principles of Business Writing 魏国富 " Business writing is nonfiction(非 ( 文学的) 文学的)writing about a business related subject, addressed to a particular audience to achieve a particular purpose. " It is writing that relies on facts. The au ...