个体名词:tree, city, teacher 集体名词:class, family, society 普通名词 名 词 物质名词:paper, bread, light
抽象名词:truth, health, music
专有名词: 专有名词 English, the United Nations, Zhongshan Park
物质名词量的表示法
? a piece of news, two sheets of paper, two sets of furniture ? c.f. three boxes of eggs, two bunches of flowers
名词所有格
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Alice’s paintings New Year’s Day at the barber’s five minutes’ talk c.f. a five-minute talk the window of the room (无生命东西的名词) the death of Dr. Norman Bethune ( 名词本身较长) What’s the name of the student sitting near the window?(名词的定语较长)
名词双重所有格
? 当a, an, this, that,these, those, some, , , any, several, no, every, such, another, which, what等与名词所有格共同修饰一个 等与名词所有格共同修饰一个 名词时, 两者不能同时都放在该名词前面, 名词时, 两者不能同时都放在该名词前面, 而要用双重所有格表示。 而要用双重所有格表示。 ? He is a friend of my father’s ? This is no fault of John’s ? c.f. a picture of his brother’s ? a picture of his brother
名词的单复数

  1. 可数名词的复数形式: ? desk desks ? class classes ? factory factories ? hero heroes c.f photo photos ? leaf leaves knife knives c.f. roof roofs chief chiefs

  2. 不规则形式: ? footfeet woman women tooth teeth ? a sheep two sheep a deer two deer ? an aircraft three aircraft ? a Chinese many Chinese ? a Frenchman two Frenchmen ? a German five Germans ? ? ? ? looker-on lookers-on father-in-law fathers-in-law grown ?up grown ups man doctor men doctors
名词的用法
? ? 主语:The children are playing under the tree. 宾语: a) She opens the window at five every morning. b) He looks after the child. 表语 Her daughter is a singer. 宾补 They name the boy Tom. 主补 He is considered an excellent writer. 定语 That is a bicycle factory.
? ? ? ?
名词的主谓一致
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? The class is for the plan. The class are waiting for her. The savings are for your future use. The scissors are very sharp. A pair of scissors is in the drawer. The cattle are gazing at the foot of the hill. The police are gathering in the street. A policeman is asking him several questions.
? A deer is over there in the bush. ? Three deer are appearing over there in the bush. ? Five hundred dollars a month is not much. ? Mr. Smith, together with his wife and two sons, is to arrive on the evening flight. ? The manager as well as his colleagues was present at the meeting. ? The owner and editor of the newspaper is a friend of mine. ? The old lead a happy life.
就近原则
? Fans or an air-conditioner is necessary for the laboratory. ? Neither the students nor the teacher knows anything about it. ? Not only the workers but the manager objects to the change. ? There’s a book, two pencils and some paper on the desk.
 

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