高考 英语阅读理解解析
《孙子兵法》曰:“知己知彼”才能“百战不殆”,对待高考,我们应该首先明白 NMET 的考试 要求,做到“知彼”,然后分析自己的强项、弱项,做到“知己”。阅读理解是 NMET 的重头戏, 能否顺利通过此关影响高考全局,因此考生必须对阅读理解的题型特点、解题技巧等有个清楚的 认识。?


  1) It can be inferred from the text that .?
  2) From the text we know that .?
  3) The story implies that .?
  4) The paragraph following the passage will most probably be .?
  5) The writer ? s attitude toward…is .?

Example 1 One day a man walkedsintosa pet shop and said to the shop assistant, need two “I small mice and about five dozen roaches and two spiders.”?
“What do you need these things for?”the shop assistant was very surprised.?
“Well,”replied the man,“I’m moving out of my apartment and the landlord insists that I should leave the house in exactly the same condition as I found it.”?
Q: The passage suggests that when the writer movedsintosthe house, it was .
A. very clean ?
B. just cleaned by the landlord ?
C. tidy and comfortable ?
D. dirty and full of insects ?
解析:要恢复原样须买些老鼠和蟑螂等昆虫,因此推出答案为 D。?
Example 2 Some people are never right. They never have good luck. They usually do the wrong thing and say the wrong thing. And even if what they say or do is OK, they as a rule say it or do it at the wrong time. So these people always have problems. They often break dishes. They sometimes miss buses and airplanes.?
Mr Neff is different. He is always right. He is never wrong. He usually has good luck. He seldom has problems. He never breaks dishes. He never misses buses or airplanes. Even if he does miss them, it is always the fault of the buses or air planes. Mr Neff knows al-most everything. He doesn’t ask questions; answers q uestions. He never says, don’ know.” he “I t ?
Q: Which of the following best describes the writer’ attitude towards Mr Neff?? A. He finds s Mr Neff hard to understand ?
B. He thinks Mr Neff wonderful ?
C. He feels pity for Mr Neff ?
D. He does not like Mr Neff ?
解析: 本文中使用 never, 还写到 Even if he does miss them, it is always the fault of the buses or the airplanes.故暗示他对 Mr Neff 的讨厌之情。答案为 D。?
在阅读理解题中, 又有相当一部分属于事实或细节题, 下面仅就这类题的正确解法作简要说明。 ?

在解答这类问题时要求学生抓住题干文字信息,采用针对性方法进行阅读,因为这类题的答案 在文章中可以直接找到。?
A giant dam was built many years ago to control the Colorado River in the U.S. T his dam was built to protect the land and houses around the river.?
This huge dam is in the Black Canyon. It is possible to drive a car from one sid e of the river to the other on a road, which is on the top of the dam. This dam is so big that there is an elevator inside. The elevator goes down forty-four stories from the road to the bottom. There is enough concrete in this dam to build a highway from New York to San Francisco. Thousands of people worked on this d am for five years.?
This huge dam was called Boulder Dam when it was finished in 19
  36. Later it was renamed Hoover Dam in honor of a president of the United States. Hoover Dam, one of the highest dams in the world, is situated between the states of Arizona and Nevada.?
Q: Hoover Dam lies .?
A. between Arizona and Nevada ?
B. in the Black Canyon ?
C. between New York and San Francisco ?
D. both A and B ?

Invited by Mr. Ye Huixian, host of the well ? received TV programme“Stars Tonig ht”, Miss Luo Lin, Miss Asia of 19
  91, appeared as the guest hostess on the Shan ghai TV screen last Sunday.?
Born in Shanghai and taken to Hong Kong when she was only six years old, Luo Lin has never dreamed of being Miss Asia. Her childhood dream was to be an air ? hostess. Before she took part in the competition, she had been an airhostess in Cat hay Airline for seven years. However, it still took her three months to learn the art of walking on the stage, dancing, singing, making-up and other proper manners, designed by the Asia TV Station. ?
“It’s really a hard job for me. I won’t enter for such competition any more. Anyhow, I am quite lucky. I am also glad to have had more chance to work for the social welfare since I won the title. This time, in Shanghai, I'd love to make a deep impression on my TV audience, " said Luo Lin with a sweet smile.?
Q: Which of the following is NOT true??
A. Luo Lin is a native of Shanghai.?
B. Luo Lin moved to Hongkong with her parents.?
C. Luo Lin won the title of Miss Asia in 19
D. Asia TV Station helped Luo Lin to become Miss Asia.?
解析: A、C 和 D 都可在原文找到答案,而 B 项原文列的是: taken to Hong Kong 可判断不 是 moved to Hong Kong with her parents,因此选 B。?

做此类题时,学生应尽可能地利用生词所在的上下文来猜测词义,即利用我们所熟悉的词或短 语和上下文中的已知部分进行逻辑上的推理,有时还需依靠常识和经验。?
Another source of knowledge is the vast store of traditional practices handed do wn from father to son, or mother to daughter, of old country customs, of folklor e. All this is very difficult for a college student to examine, for much knowled ge and personal experience is needed here to separate good plants from wild gras s. The college student should learn to realize and remember how much of real val ue science has found in this wide, confused wilderness and how often scientific discoveries of what had existed in this area long age.?
Q: In the last paragraph the phrase“this wide, confused wilderness”refers to . ?
A. personal experience ?
B. wild weeds among good plants ?
C. the information from the parents ?
D. the vast store of traditional practices ?
解析: D。划线部分指的就是上文的 another source of knowledge,即: the vast store of traditional practices。



   2009 年江苏各地中考英语阅读理解试题解析 江苏扬州 龚海平 一、试题简析 2009 年江苏各地中考英语阅读理解试题较之于去年在命题的水准上又有了程度不同的 提高,并具有以下几个特点: 1.命题要求更加符合《英语课程标准(实验稿) 》所提出的“培养学生综合运用语言的能 力”这一要求,既考查了学生的综合语篇分析能力,又考查了学生的英语阅读微技能(如: 根据语境, 考查学生推测生词词义的能力; 通过在题干中对阅读语篇中的话语进行保持原意 的表达调整,考查学生用不同的话语表达方式表达同一意思的话 ...


   Onions 资料库:2011 年高考英语总复习??高考英语阅读理解解题技巧探究 高考英语阅读理解解题技巧汇总 高考英语阅读理解解题技巧汇总 提 要:高考英语试题中阅读理解占 40 分,是试卷中所占比例最大的一部分。阅读理解能力的高低, 是能否取得高考英语成绩好坏的关键所在。阅读理解的重要性已被广大英语教师和考生所共同认识。本文 要主要讨论两个方面的问题:(1)了解高考阅读理解题型和命题方法;(2)熟悉高考英语阅读理解解题方法和 技巧。 关键词:高考英语;阅读理解;解题技巧 关键词 众所周知 ...


   公共英语阅读技巧 阅读理解文章基本上是说明文,议论文。而这类体裁的文章少不了用例子,事实来说明观点。因此我们往往会碰到要求猜测文章举例的目的??这些例子要说明什么观点??的题目。如:   The example of … is given to show/illustrate that.   What can be inferred from the author's example of ?   The experiment/study sugge ...


   学位英语阅读理解应试策略阅读理解 2009-07-13 18:01:01 阅读 2645 评论 0 字号:大中小 订阅 . 一、分析文章的结构规律 一般来说,我们阅读文章的目的是为了获取信息。文章体裁不同,其结构特点就会各异。因此,我们获取信息的 最有效方法之一就是去学习和了解文章的结构,以便更加准确、快速地定位我们要找的信息。 大学英语四级考试中的阅读理解文章的体裁主要有三类:叙述文、说明文和议论文。 1、叙述文 叙述文一般以讲述个人生活经历为主,对于经历的陈述通常由一定的时间概念贯穿其中 ...


   老师,阅读的能力怎样提高啊?北京 10 年的形式有变化吗?写作怎样更新颖而不跑题呢? 答:阅读理解能力的提高,主要依靠平时的训练,但同时还要掌握一定的解题技巧, 下面为你提供一些解题技巧,供参考: 考试中阅读理解主要题型 英语“阅读理解”题主要是考查考生综合运用所学语言知识的能力,包括阅读能力、理 解能力、归纳概括能力、逻辑推理能力以及对材料的评估能力等。试题中所选的阅读文章题 材多样化,涉及政治经济、社会文化、风俗习惯、历史地理、科学技术等各个方面。体裁多 样化,包括记叙文、说明文、议论文 ...


   英语阅读理解解题技巧 新华网 (2002-03-06 14:47:59) 稿件来源: 对阅读理解能力的测试是英语考试中必不可少的测试项目,主要考查学生 对于不同体裁或不同题材语言材料的理解能力,以及通过材料的阅读,对材料 中信息的捕获能力。此项能力的测试,对考生提出以下几方面要求: 1.不但要求掌握所读材料的主旨大意、中心思想,而且要求掌握文章中的 详细事实与细节。 2.不但要求对于具体事实情节的理解,而且要求对其抽象含义的理解,既 要理解字面意思,又要理解其深层含义,包括作者的态度、观点、 ...


   百度文库专用 百度文库专用 高中英语阅读理解解题技巧 江苏省张家港市乐余高级中学 [摘要] 林惠芳 邮编:215621 针对高中英语阅读理解这一题型,有的学生解题能力弱的问题,笔者提出了几点 技巧。 [关键词] 阅读理解、解题技巧 阅读理解题在高考英语试题中始终是分值最高的一个题型,随着近几年高考改革的不断深入, 阅读理解题更多地强调对阅读速度、知识面和理解能力的考查,试题变得越来越灵活,形式更加 多样化,涉及政治、经济、文化、历史、人物、科普、新闻、广告甚至图表。2005 年高考英语考 试 ...


   高三英语专题复习 英语阅读理解技巧 教学内容 体裁分析能力训练 分析题干能力训练 猜词能力训练 猜答案能力训练 猜答案能力训练 摒弃不良的阅读习惯。 摒弃不良的阅读习惯。 1.“指读” . 指读” 2.“声读” . 声读” 3.“译读” . 译读” 4.“回读” . 回读” 5.“析读” . 析读” 6.“参照读” . 参照读” 7.“视幅过窄” . 视幅过窄” 8.“毛病”(bad habits): 教学过程中,发现学生在 . 毛病” ) 教学过程中, 阅读时常做些不利于阅读的坏动作。有的 ...


   教你"五个绝招 破解英语阅读理解 教你 五个绝招"破解英语阅读理解 五个绝招 阅读是增长知识获取信息的主要途径,阅读能力是英语教学的重点.近年来,注重对初中生阅读理解能力 的考核已成为中考的一大趋势.阅读理解能力影响并制约听,说,读,写能力的形成和发展,中学英语教 学大纲也把培养阅读能力作为一个主要的教学目标.要做好阅读理解,应从以下几方面入手.<BR< P> 分门别类识别文体<BR< 分门别类识别文体<BR< P> 随着信 ...


   初中英语阅读理解解题方法刍议 阅读理解是中考英语能力测试的重点项目之一。课程改革后,阅读理解题型 变得更多、更广、更新。不仅涉及的面广,其中包括社会、体育、生活、传说、 人物、文化、史地、科技、政治、经济等广泛内容,而且题型多样,体裁有记叙 文、描写文、说明文、议论文、应用文等。许多学生一提到做阅读理解题就产生 恐惧心理,那么在解题时应采取哪些对策呢? 一、养成良好的阅读习惯 1.逐渐培养学生默读的习惯。默读速度一般快于朗读速度,朗读虽然有助于 练习发音,增强语感,但如果阅读活动仅停留在朗读 ...



   《新课程中学英语教学设计与案例分析》参考答案(第 2 批) 新课程中学英语教学设计与案例分析》 一、基本概念题 1.什么是任务链? .什么是任务链? 在任务型教学活动中,所设计的任务由简到繁,由易到难,前后相连,层层深入,形成由 初级任务到高级任务, 再由高级任务涵盖初级任务的循环, 并由数个微型任务构成 “任务链” 。 2.什么是教学监控? .什么是教学监控? 教学监控的主要手段有:课堂观察,作业批改,访谈。其目的在于了解真实的学情,在 于发现学生的成绩和存在的问题,以便给予及时的鼓励和帮 ...


   风电项目常用英语词汇 tubular tower lattice tower nacelle gearbox rotor shaft generator yaw base yaw gear asynchronous generator turbine hub grid blade diameter area swept speed of revolution operational interval power regulation air brake cut-in speed nomina ...


   九年级英语 Unit1 1. by + doing 通过……方式 group by 还可以表示: 在…旁”“靠近”“在…期间” 还可以表示: “ 期间” 旁 、 靠近” 、 期间 、 ” 经过” 乘车” “用、“经过”“乘车”等 “经过 、 如:I live by the river. I have to go back by ten o’clock. The thief entered the room by the window. The student went to park by ...


   八年级英语目标教学检测题( ) 八年级英语目标教学检测题(1) Topic 1?2 Unit 5 I. 单项选择。 (20 分) ( ( ( ( ( ( ) 1. Many children like TV. B. seeing B. easy B. worried B. lonely B. sad C. reading C. easiest C. pleased C. surprised C. bored D. looking D. easily D. proud D. new D. un ...


   过来人谈如何提高英语口语水平 我也向激昂同志学习, 发发神经, 把自己多年的教学经验用几句话总结出来, 与大家共同进步共同发展. 首先, 确定你自己的英语水平. 中国大学毕业生的通病是, 书面阅读还可以, 口语不行,听力很差,书写凑合.但每个人具体情况又都不一样,有人阅读专业 书一目十行,但读报纸很费劲.有人听新闻可以,听别的不行.你必须首先了解 自己,然后针对你的情况对症下药. 这种评估工作最好找英语好的人帮你做,如果不方便,只能自己评自己,就 要尽量做到客观. 其次,确定自己的发音水平. ...