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高考英语阅读理解专项练习( 高考英语阅读理解专项练习(一) 阅读理解专项练习
My grandfather grew up in war-torn Europe. When German soldiers occupied his hometown ,the thriving city of Tarow, Poland, he refused to obey them and eventually joined the Soviet army to fight for his country's freedom . "Stand straight, stand tall," he told himself. After the war, in 1947, he boarded a boat for Manhattan. He was hungry and suffering from seasickness. All alone in a new country, he was frightened about his future .Still, he marched head-on into the hustle and bustle of the streets of New York . Soon he met other European immigrants, each of them trying to find his or her own way .If they could do it, why couldn't he? "Stand straight, stand tall," he would remind himself. Thanks to the help of a loyal and trusting friend, my grandfather gained a jewelry booth on Canal Street, New York City .He once told me how nervous he was on that first day of work. He was not only trying to learn this tough new business, but also a new language. To his surprise, the men in neighboring booths?who could have taken advantage of him?offered their help and advice. Within months, my grandfather was commanding his spot behind the counter, selling diamonds and cultured pearls as if he'd been doing it his whole life. Stand straight and stand tall. In later years, my grandfather would take both my mother and her sister down the aisle at their weddings. As he stood with each of them, he thought about their new beginnings, and of the adventures and journeys they would experience together .He also thought about the children who would one day carry on his family name. I am so proud to be one of those children. Listening to my grandfather's remarkable experiences has changed the way I view my own life.
  56.Which is the correct order of the things that happened in the passage? a. My grandfather took both my mother and her sister down the aisle at their weddings. b. World War II broke out in Europe. c. My grandfather went to America. d. My grandfather began to run his diamond business. e. The men in neighboring booths helped him. A.b, c, a ,d, e B.b, c,d ,e ,a C.b, c ,e , a ,d D.c, b ,e ,d ,a
  57.Which is NOT true according to the passage? A.My grandfather was a soldier during World War II. B.My grandfather went to America by sea. C.My grandfather had been doing a jewelry business his whole life. D.My grandfather ran his business successfully. ".
  58.Grandpa probably inspired his grandchildren in time of trouble by saying " A.A friend in need is a friend indeed B.God help those who help themselves
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C.Stand straight ,stand tall D.Practice makes perfect .
  59.It can be concluded that A.Grandpa never lost heart in time of hardships B.Grandpa never threw doubt upon his fate C.Grandpa was born to be a businessman D.Grandpa didn't live up to his friend's expectations B You feel happiest when you create a healthy balance between giving and receiving. If you give and give without making time to fill your own needs,then it's likely you will burn out , or feel upset .When you take and take without giving anything back ,you never feel fulfilled, so you are always searching for ways to fill the void in your life. The way to create a healthy balance between giving and receiving is to know and then live by your values .I break values up into two groups which I call being and having values. Your being values are the character traits of the ideal person you would like to be. I suggest to my clients that they choose three being values that they are willing to make a commitment to live by. An example of some being values are: kind, loving, generous, inspirational, peaceful, wise and even powerful. By acting on these values you give to others through your actions and you inspire others by being a positive role model. Mastering being these character traits becomes your life purpose. Your having values are the feelings you need to create in order to be happy. These could be companionship, achievement, support, being valued or financial security. This is what you receive. You take responsibility for filling your own needs by taking steps to create these feelings and conditions in your life. When you make a commitment to live by your being values, it becomes easier to make conscious choices rather than reactionary ones. If your usual pattern is to talk about your problems, you could choose to think and act like a calm person . A calm person might go for a walk ,meditate (沉思), or set a time limit before responding. If your usual pattern is to worry, you could choose to act like a responsible or wise person. In other words, you would act like the person you choose to be?this is the key to personal power. When you choose to act on your values , you not only feel good about yourself, you reinforce (加强)your chosen beliefs. Over time acting in this way changes how you see the world, and in turn the way other people think of you.
  60.The main purpose of this passage is to . A.persuade the readers to make a commitment B.explain to the readers what personal values are C.inform the readers how to be truly happy D.instruct the readers how to make wise choices
  61.According to the text ,living by your being values ,you would A.gain a lot of power C.seek all human virtues A.a feeling of emptiness C.a break of continuity
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.
B.form positive personality D.fill your own needs . B.an absence of one's mind D.a state of confusion
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  62.The underlined word "void" in Paragraph 1 means
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  63.What can be inferred from the text? A.Having values are better than being values. B.A calm person does not choose to complain. C.The way other people think of you decides who you are. D.A responsible person does not care about financial security. C The words "timetable" and "schedule" make most final year students want to eat their own vomit(呕吐物). Unfortunately, the harsh reality is that final year students must develop a timetable. If you don't have a schedule or plan for studying ,you will have no way of allocating your valuable time when the unexpected arises. A well-thought-out timetable can be a lifesaver . It is up to you to learn how to develop a schedule that meets your needs .Change it if necessary ,but most important ,follow it . All timetables should be made with the idea that they can be changed. A good one will keep you from wandering off course. A good timetable should make every hour count?every class ,social event and other activity you engage in .You must focus on the other "free time" available and how you will use it .Make a weekly schedule and divided each day into one-hour increments .Indicate times for classes ,socializing ,and work time. Also block off a period for sleeping every day. In the precious hours left over ,plan time for study .This gives you a rough road map of the time available. Of course ,you can change your schedule as circumstances need. The timetable you develop should guide you in how to distribute the available time in the most productive manner .Sticking to your schedule can be tough ,but don't dribble away valuable time. Avoiding study is the easiest thing in the world .It is up to you to follow the schedule you've prepared .A good deal of your success in high school and with any future study depends on this simple truth. Remember ,there is a learning curve. You learn the most in the first 30 minutes of study; after that ,it progressively deteriorates (减弱) After four or five hours of studying the same material in . the same way, you are learning virtually nothing. The solution is to keep switching subjects and study styles.
  64.What is the best title of the passage? A.Advantages of starting a timetable B.Keep to it ,and you will succeed C.Make a schedule ,and follow it D.Learn to love your timetable
  65.What does Paragraph 2 talk about? A.Tips for making a schedule. B.Significance of a scientific timetable. C.Requirements for making a timetable. D.Importance of following one's schedule. .
  66.The following are characteristics of a good timetable EXCEPT that A.it can be changed B.it is flexible C.it is of many periods D.it can save our time
  67.From this passage ,we can learn if we wish to achieve high learning efficiency, we'd better . A.shift subjects and use different methods regularly B.devote to the same material continuously C.turn to teachers for help if necessary D.have a break every thirty minutes
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D The decision to enter F1 and compete at the highest level of motorsport was an intended move by Toyota, the world's third largest auto manufacturer ,to further challenge its own capabilities. By going head-to-head with the industry's top performers on the world's premier racing stage ,the Japanese giant was setting itself a huge task. A sport with an enormous international following, the risks of entering the F1 arena are high?but there are rich rewards for those who succeed .Besides being a showcase for state-of-the-art technology, the intense competition in this most demanding of racing disciplines leaves no room for self-satisfaction. More importantly, it fosters (培养) kind of forward-thinking team spirit that Toyota is seeking. the While F1 benefited greatly from the added prestige of having such a distinguished newcomer among its competitors ,the demands placed on Panasonic Toyota Racing last year revealed the shortcomings of not having enough experience as a team .Mistakes were made and valuable lessons were learned ,among which was the fundamental truth: "To stand still in F1 is to go backwards." With the past in mind ,preparations for the 2003 season included sweeping changes on both the technical and personnel(人事的)sides. The management at Toyota Motorsport GmbH was restructured , with John Howett moving from Toyota Motor Marketing Europe to become President ,thus enabling the company founder , Ove Andersson ,more time to concentrate on the operation of the race team at the track .Andersson's value as an inspirational leader was one of the team's biggest assets(财富)in 20
  02.
  68.What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 mean? A.To go backwards ,Toyota has to stand still. B.If Toyota doesn't make improvements ,they will fall behind. C.Keeping calm will help go forward. D.In order to keep up with other teams ,Toyota has to stand still.
  69.We can learn from the passage that .
A.Toyota entered F1 to enlarge its market. B.Entering F1 is low risk but rich rewarding. C.Toyota team has always been experienced. D.Toyota made good preparations for the 2003 season.
  70.What will the next paragraph talk about if the passage goes on? A.Preparations for the 2003 season. B.The value of Ove Andersson. C.How to improve the European market. D.Changes on technical side. E The oldest forms of medicine are enjoying a comeback .Modern holistic medicine is an approach that treats the whole patient ,not just the disease .It is a way to maintain good health rather than cure illness .The most important influences on today's holistic medicine are ancient Chinese medicine and Indian Ayurvedic medicine, both of which promoted whole body health.
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Holistic medicine usually combines diet ,physical exercise and meditation, together with other alternative techniques such as massage(按摩)and acupuncture (针炙).Herbal treatment ,a practice of treating illness by using plants, is influenced by the writings of Culpeper as well as Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Homeopathy 顺势疗法) one of the forms of holistic medicine ( is which is widely practiced in Europe and the USA .Homeopathy began in Germany in the early 1800s, when Samuel Hahnemann bescribed how very tiny doses (剂量) a drug had an effect on of his patients .According to Hahnemann, the more the drug was diluted(稀释),the stronger its effects .The substance selected would produce similar effects to the disease itself if given in large doses. In the UK homeopathy is regarded as a non-traditional but just about acceptable treatment. Meditation and contemplation have an important role in holistic medicine. They were brought to Europe by Indian teachers who combined Indian Ayurvedic medicine with Western beliefs. Transcendental meditation (超脱静坐) one of the best known of these techniques .People repeat is words inside their head to reach a state of deep relaxation. The holistic movement has made many doctors look at the whole patient ,not just the disease .Life-style,emotional problems and diet are just some of the factors that can affect a person's health . Holistic medicine emphasizes good diet , exercise and fresh air ,all of which contribute to health .Some clinics now offer holistic medicine along with traditional treatments ,so that their patients can choose a combination of treatments that suits them. One problem with holistic medicine is that it is difficult for people to be sure a doct
 

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