知识点 10 短文综合填空
选词填空型“完形填空”是指把一篇文章的关键词语挖空,词序打乱,让学生根 据短文内容选择正确的词语填空。 此类题型主要是要求学生在正确理解和把握文 章的基础上通过分析行文线索来填写空缺单词的一种考查形式。要完成好这类 题,做到事半功倍,需要掌握一定的方法与技巧。
  1.统览全局,把握大意。要填的单词肯定是在一定的语言环境中才能确定。 只有了解了短文的大意,把握了全局才能主导方向,从而有助于正确理解空缺词 所在的句子,缩小词的选择范围。
  2.根据语法,判定词性。一般的空缺都可以通过其所在的句式结构和句法成 分来判断其词性。进一步缩小词的选择范围,从而正确地选词。
  3.利用语境,确定词形。当确定了一个单词的词性后可通过上下文来帮助判 断其形式。如动词的人称数、时态、语态、不定式、动词的-ing 形式;名词的数 和所有格;代词的各种形式及单复数;形容词、副词的比较级以及基数词、序数 词的转换形式等。
  4.复读全文,验正答案。填完单词后,不可孤立地逐个检查词,而必须将 所有填入的词代入文章中, 复读全文, 仔细检查所填词是否符合文章的情景内容, 读起来是否流畅,是否合乎句法,单词拼写是否有误,单词形式是否正确等。发 现问题及时更正。 通过再读全文, 很可能利用语感将个别特别难的空处顺口 “读” 出来。
French, same, words, example, many, great Langua ges change with time and the world. So does English. New __1__ are borrowed from other languages. About nine hundred years ago there were __2__ changes in England. __3__ words were borrowed into English from __4__. About five hundred years ago there was __5__ change. This time it was a change in pronunciation(发音), but the spelling was not __6__ changed. English words are spelled quite the __7__ as they were in those days. The spelling shows how words were spoken at that time. It does not __8__ us much about the pronunciation of words today. For __9__, the letters “gh” in the word “night” show us nothing about how it is spoken now. That’s __10__ students learning English find English spelling so confusing(容易弄混淆的). much, why, another, tell choose, never, thirsty, need, time, play, on, exercises, through difference
Do you want to be healthier? Then go 1 the passage, and you may find it’s easy to keep fit.
  1) Eat all kinds of foods, especially fruits and vegetables. You may have a favourite kind of food, but the best 2 is to eat as many kinds as possible. If you eat 3 foods, you’re more likely to get the nutrients (营养) your body needs . Taste new foods that you 4 tried before. Some foods, such as green vegetables, are very important. Have five servings(份) of fruits and three vegetables.
  2) Drink water call , swim , clever , bear , can , his , give , girl , something , read , and milk often. When you are really
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5 , cold water is the No. 1 choice. Kids need calcium(钙) to grow strong, and milk is a great source of this mineral (矿物质) . How much do children 6 ? About three glasses of milk every day.
  3) Limit screen time. for watching TV, DVDs, and videos, 8 What’s screen time? It’s the 7 computer games, and using the computer. If you spend much time 9 these activities, you may have less time left to take 10 , such as playing basketball, bicycling, and swimming.
eat, around , be , of , different , probable, gift, Have you ever the world, this amusementt park ( 游 but, fun, other,
been to Disneyland? For most of the kids 1 乐 园 )is a fantastic place need , animal , I , put , except , find , end , look , since , enough for them to have _
  2. When we 3 young, we all have heard 4 Mickey Mouse, Sleeping beauty, Snow White and many Disney characters. Some of us 5 have seen them in cartoons. Actually, you can Disneyland amusement go to see them all in a theme 主题 park. Now, there are four 6 parks all over the world. Two are in the United States, one is in Tokyo, and the 7 is in France. There are not only some amusement attractions there , 8 also many specials with Disney characters. In Disneyland, you can have a lot of fun watching Disney movies, 9 in Disney restaurants, and buying Disney 10 .
well , second , may , strongly, afraid, sand , stay up,
if, now, house
We can’t stop an earthquake(地震), but we can do things to make sure they don’t destroy(毁坏) whole cities. First, it is not a 1 . idea to build houses along lines where
  2. of the earth’s plates(板块) join together. Second, if you think there
  3. be an earthquake, it is better to build houses on rocks , not on
  4. . Third, you must make the houses as
  5. as possible. Weak buildings will fall down in an earthquake, but strong ones may
  6. . . Scientists are
  7. that one day an even bigger earthquake will hit the part around San Francisco(旧金山) . They call it “ The Big One ”. However, people today are still building more
  8. . The population in and around San Francisco is
  9. ten times more than it was in 19
  06. This means that
  10. there is another earthquake, a great many houses and buildings will be destroyed. A woman was eating in a restaurant. She asked the waiter to do many (
  1) for her. Now she was (
  2) the waiter a lot of trouble. (
  3) , she asked the waiter to turn on the air conditioner(空调)because she (
  4) too hot. Then she asked him to (
  5) it off because she was too cold. This went on and on for (
  6) half an hour. But the waiter was very kind and (
  7) .He did everything the woman asked (
  8) to do without feel , give ,turn, help , waiter ,thing , nearly , he ,only ,else,
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getting angry. Finally, someone (
  9) in the restaurant asked why the (
  10) didn’t just throw the woman out. “Oh, I don’t care.” the waiter said, Smiling. “We don’t even have an air conditioner.”
tell, hear, come, drum, much, fly , army,
with, other, way
Here are some old ways to sending messages. An Egyptian(埃及人) put his ear to the ground. He 1 . the horses ?2 this way. He ran to
  3. his people . He was a guard (警卫). That was one way for Egyptians to send messages. People in
  4. countries sent message, too. When enemies came, one man beat his drum. In the next village people heard the drum and beat their drums, too. The messages went from village to village by
  5. . What’s , some armies (军队) kept many pigeons(鸽子) . These pigeons always
  7. back. When a soldier was sent far away from his own
  8. , he might take a pigeon along. He could tie a message to the bird’s leg. It would fly back
  9. the soldier’s message. These are shown ways to send messages. Can you think of more
  10. ? Many years ago , there was a family 1 Franklin . They lived in Boston . There were five 2 and six boys in the family . On a January day in 1760 , another baby boy 3 . They boy’s mother and his father 4 the boy a name ? Benjamin . Benjamin was the 5 of all the children . He could read when he was five and he 6 write by the time he was seven . When he was eight he was sent to school . In school Benjamin had been good at 7 and writing but not good at maths . He read all of 8 father’s books . And whenever (每当) had a little money , he bought a book with it . He liked books . They told him he how to do 9 . At that time he invented the paddles (脚蹼)for 10 .
Let me tell you a story . A good friend of 1 lives with six hundred animals on an island . Ever 2 he left school , he has travelled all over the world 3 for animals for his own zoo . He writes books about his travels , and about his wonderful 4 . The money for his books helps him to pay for all the animal food . My friend told me that when he was looking for water last week (There is not enough water on the island , though there is a lot all around it ) , he 5 oil (石 油) . He 6 money for his travels and for his zoo , and a little oil would buy 7 water for a long time , but he knows that if he tells anybody else about it , it will be the 8 of his zoo and his life’ work . So I think he will not tell anybody s 9 you and me about what he found ? because oil and water can’t 10 together . Oil may bring greater trouble to his animals than not having enough water . Do you think so ?
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before , fast, in, come, watch , so, fast, it, ago , shine, can Light travels at a speed(速度) which is about a million times 1 . than that of sound.
  2. one second, light travels about 300,000 kilometers, but sound travels only 340 meters. You can get some idea of this difference by
  3. the start of a running match. If you stand far away from the starter(发令员), you can see smoke
  4. from his gun
  5. the sound reaches your ears. The fast speed of light produces some strange facts. The nearest star is
  6. far away that light which you can see from it tonight started to travel to you four years
  7. at a speed of nearly two million kilometers every minute. The light from some of tonight’s started on
  8. journey towards you even before you were born. So, if we want to be honest(诚实), we
  9. say , “ The stars are shining brightly tonight.” We have to say, “ The stars look nice. They were
  10. four years ago but their light has just reached our earth. ” move, enough, find ,desert, make, use , another, friend , carry , trouble, You may think there is nothing but sand in the desert of the world, but it is not true. In the desert we can
  1. stones. We can see hills, too. There is a little rain in the
  2., but it is not
  3. for most plants. The animals are
  4. to the desert people in many ways. The desert people eat the meat and drink the milk of the animals. They use their skins to
  5. shoes, water bags and even tents(帐篷). They use the camels(骆驼) for
  6. things. The people of the desert have to keep
  7. from places to place. They must always look for grass or desert plants for their animals. They usually live in the tents. When there is mo more food for their animals, they take down their tents, put them on the camels and move to
  8. place. The desert people are very
  9. . No man in the desert would ever refuse to help the people in
  10. and give them food and water. how, they ,winter, spend, care , dance , show , open , only, good The world of the out-of doors is full of secrets. And
  1. are so interesting that quite a lot of people are busy studying them. All around us are birds, animals, trees and flowers. The facts about
  2. they live and grow are as interesting as anything could be. Do you know that one of the great presidents of the United States 3 hours and hours studying birds? A businessman who lives near New York City became so interested in insects(昆虫) that he began to collect them. He now has more than one thousand different kinds
  4. kept in the glass boxes. Come then with me, and I will help you find some of Nature’s secrets. Let us go quietly through the woods and fields. Here we shall find how a rabbit tells the other rabbits that there is danger. We shall follow a mother bear and her young ones as they search for food and get ready for
  5. sleep. We shall watch bees
  6. in the air to let other bees know where they can find food. I will
  7. you many other interesting things, but the
  8. thing that I can teach you is to keep your eyes and ears
  9. when you go out of doors. Nature
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tells her secrets
  10. to people who look and listen carefully. how, much, safe, thank, play , be, invent , so , interest, ask Thomas Edison was a great American
  1. . When he was a child, he was always
  2. questions and trying out new ideas. No matter
  3. hard it was, he never gave up. Young Tom was in school for only three months. His teacher didn’t understand why he had
  4. many strange questions. Most of them were not about his lessons. The teacher didn’t want to teach Tom any
  5. . He asked Tom’s mother to take the boy home. Tom’s mother taught him to read and write, and she found him
  6. a very good pupil. He learnt very fast and became very
  7. in science. One day , he saw a little boy
  8. on the railway tracks at a station. A train was coming near quiclly, and the boy was too frightened to move. Edison rushed out and carried the boy to 9 .. The boy’s father was so
  10. that he taught Edison to send messages by telegraph. sleep ,dream, like, again, about, think, wake up, quick, much ,why "Dreams (梦 ) may be more important than sleep. We all need to dream," some scientists say. Dreams take up about one quarte
 

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