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专题 8
[直击考纲 直击考纲] 直击考纲
形容词和副词) 单项选择 (形容词和副词)

  1、对形容词和副词的考查力度相对保持稳定,考查的知识覆盖面广。
  2、加强形容词和副词在语言环境中的考查。
  3、覆盖的题型较广,从单选、完形到短文改错,都会有所涉及。
[热点综观] 热点综观]

  1、知识图谱 形容词 成分 定语 表语 宾补 主/宾 状语 副词 成分 状语 表语 定语 宾补 注意点 若干程度副词之间的区别 以地点副词为主 后置于中心词之后 常用的几个动词的复合结构 注意点 多个形容词修饰名词时的顺序 只能用表语的形容词 常用的几个动词的复合结构 与定冠词连用;主谓一致原则 与修饰动词的副词的区别

  2、重点难点 ① 形容词和副词的词义、句法功能辨析。 ② 原级、比较级、最高级的构成、含义、修饰语、比较范围及其有关句型,尤其是特殊句型的用法。 ③ 形容词作为修饰语的位置和语序。 ④ 副词与名词、形容词、介词短语、其他副词、实义动词的位置关系。 ⑤ 某些形似副词实为形容词的含义。 ⑥ 同一词根两种形式的副词(有 ly 和没有 ly)的含义区别。
  3、热点冷点 ① 比较级在特定结构中的含义和结构省略。 ② 多个形容词修饰名词时的顺序。 ③ 复合形容词的构词法,因其构成方式繁多而难度较大,考查较少,但常用的几个形式要熟记熟用。
[经典与原创] 经典与原创]
[例 1] (NMET20
  02) Boris has brains. In fact, I doubt whether anyone in the class has IQ. A. a high C. the higher B. a higher D. the highest
[互动]本题考查的是形容词比较级的用法。根据题意:“Boris 智力超群。事实上,我怀疑班里是否有人智 商超过他”。答案应在 B 和 C 项中选择,选用形容词的比较级。形容词的比较级+名词,名词前加不定冠 词 a 表示泛指。例如: If there were no examinations, we should have a much happier time at school. 但要注意下列句型: 欢迎光临:大家论坛高中高考专区 bbs.topsage.com
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Which is the larger country, Canada or Australia? (如果没有名词 country, 则可以直接用形容词的比较级,省略 the) If the manager had to choose between the two, he would say John was the better choice. He is the better of the two. [答案]B [小结]比较级前的冠词是有规律的,也比较常用。 [例 2] He is that everyone likes to make friends with him. A. a such honest boy C. so an honest boy B. so honest a boy D. such honest a boy
[互动] 在名词词组中, 不定冠词 a/an 通常位于修饰语之前, an honest boy 等。 如 但在 as/so/too + adj. + a/an + n.程度副词 as/so/too 等修饰形容词时,必须位于该形容词之前,因此不定冠词只能后移。 [答案] B [小结]不定冠词却位于前置修饰语之后的某些特定情况下还有:
  1、How/However + adj. + a/an + n.通常出现 在感叹句和让步状语从句中。
  2、many/such + a/an + n.形容词 many, such 修饰单数可数名词时,位于不定冠 词前面。
  3、quite 后面如果有形容词时,是 quite + a/an + adj. + n.而 rather 后面是形容词时, a rather + adj. + n.或 rather a + adj. + n.都可以。
[高考面对面] 高考面对面]

  1. You don’t look very . Are you ill? No, I’m just a bit tired. A. good B. well C. strong D. healthy

  2. to take this adventure course will certainly learn a lot of useful skills. A. Brave enough students B. Enough brave students
  3. Why didn’t you buy the camera you had longed for? I had planned to. But I was 50 .(2005 福建高考) A. fewer B. less C. cheap D. short C. Students brave enough D. Students enough brave

  4. The race was so that everyone was at the finish. A. strong; held his breath B. near; held his breath
C. close; holding their breath D. narrow; holding his breath
  5. Those T-shirts are usually $ 35 each, but today they have a price of $ 19 in the Shopping Centre. A. regular B. special C. cheap D. particular
  6. What a table! I’ve never seen such a thing before. It is it is long.(2005 湖北高考) A. half not as wide as C. not half as wide as B. wide not as half as D. as wide as not half

  7. Bob, put the in the water. OK, I’ll see how long they will stay ? A. fish alive; alive C. live fish; live B. fish living; living D. lively fish; lively

  8. All bodies are strengthened by taking exercise. , our minds are developed by learning. A. Probably B. Likely C. Similarly D. Generally

  9. After the new technique was introduced, the factory produced tractors in 1988 as the year before. A. as twice many C. twice as many B. as many twice D. twice many as
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  10. He’d like to sleep with the window at night. A. open wide C. wide open B. open widely D. opened wide

  11. Most students believe that teachers know exactly how to put their compositions . (2005 西城抽样测试) A. correct B. straight C. right D. well

  12. It was late to catch a bus after the party, therefore we called a taxi. A. too very C. too much B. much too D. for

  13. We all write , even when there’s not much to say. A. now and then C. step by step B. by and by D. more or less

  14. After supper she would sit down by the fire, sometimes for an hour, thinking of her young and happy days. A. as long as C. as much as B. as soon as D. as many as

  15. The meeting is important to everyone, middle school students. A. special B. especial C. specially D. especially

  16.
  16. The more I think about him, the more reasons I find for loving him I did.(2005 湖南高考)
A. as much as C. as soon as B. as long as D. as far as

  17. It is certain that your wife will be dressed at the evening party. A. prettily; pretty C. pretty; pretty B. prettily; prettily D. pretty; prettily

  18. Did all of the boys go to the cinema? No. They went to the Internet bar instead. A. almost B. mostly C. never D. nearly

  19. Can you believe that in a rich country there should be many poor people? A. such; such C. so; so B. such; so D. so; such

  20. I once wanted to use Google to read an English novel, but it just gave me thousands of brief introductions rather than the whole content of the book.(2005 浙江五校联考) A. actually C. disappointingly B. mostly D. funnily

  21. It is generally believed that teaching is it is a science. A. an art much as C. as an art much as B. much an art as D. as much an art as

  22. How was your recent visit to Qingdao? It was great. We visited some friends, and spent the days at the seaside. A. few last sunny C. last sunny few B. last few sunny D. few sunny last

  23. Did the medicine make you feel better? No. The more , I feel. A. medicine I take; the worse 欢迎光临:大家论坛高中高考专区 bbs.topsage.com
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B. I take the medicine; the worse C. medicine I take; and the worse D. I take medicine; worse
  24. He looks past sixty. A. quite B. very C. well D. much

  25. How are you getting along ? Very busy. I always work until into the night. A. late; lately C. lately; late B. latter; late D. lates; later

  26. Greenland, island in the world, covers over two million square kilometers. A. it is the largest C. is the largest B. that is the largest D. the largest

  27. What he has done is far from . A. satisfactory C. satisfaction B. satisfied D. satisfy

  28. Did you enjoy yourself at the party? Sorry to say I didn’t. It was a meeting than a party. A. any more C. no less B. rather like D. more or less

  29. Hearing the news, I was surprised. I was astonished. A. far than C. more B. more than D. not only

  30. Could you mail these letters for me please? letters? Your friends are going to be very happy to hear from you again! A. What B. Some C. More D. Different

  31. Can man fly in the sky like birds? It is impossible. A. very B. quite C. rather D. fairly
  32. It’s six o’clock and your father is still at the office. I know. Who else would he does? A. be as hard working as C. do harder work than B. be working harder than D. work as hard as

  33. What do you think of the work Tom has done recently? I feel that the work shouldn’t have been done so carelessly. A. badly B. directly C. strongly D. hardly
  34. After the flood, the villagers are trying their best to get things back to . A. usual B. ordinary C. normal D. common

  35. Are you content with her lecture? Nowhere near that. It .(2005 大连二模) A. may have been good B. couldn’t have been worse
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C. can’t be better D. must be better
  36. The workers working in our factory are young people. A. most B. almost C. mostly D. at most

  37.
  37. What do you think of her idea? I was not in the least surprised, for I had fully expected . A. that much C. very much B. as much D. so much

  38. How do we do the cleaning? Do it : Sweep the floor, wipe the desks, rub the windows and put everything in order. A. as usual C. as following B. as follows D. liked that

  39. He failed the exam again! What shall I do, Miss Wang? In my opinion, your son is than stupid. A. lazier C. more lazy B. much lazier D. lazier rather

  40. Do you enjoy listening to records? I find records are often or better than an actual performance. A. as good as C. as well as B. as good D. good as

  41. I always look out when crossing the road. You’re right. You can’t be too . A. nervous B. careful C. hurried D. careless

  42. After the anti-terrorist war, the American soldiers returned home, . A. safe but tired C. safe and tiring B. safely but tired D. safely and tiring

  43. The cake is delicious. Well, at least it is the one I baked last week. A. as bad as C. no better than B. no worse than D. not better than

  44. What a wonder! They’ve finished 30% of the task within a week. A. no more than C. not more than B. no less than D. much less than

  45. He moved away from his parents, and missed them enjoy the exciting life in New York. A. too much to C. so much to B. enough to D. much so as to

  46. In the middle of the room stands a table. A. beautiful wooden round B. round wooden beautiful C. wooden round beautiful D. beautiful round wooden
  47. I tried hard to get some information about the new technology out of his mouth, but he remained . A. quiet B. secret C. silent D. calm

  48. Radar signals and rockets travel through out space are the products of our scientific age.
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A. are able to; fast-moving B. able to; fastly-moved C. able to; fast-moving D. are able to; fastly-moving
  49. As I know, there is car in this neighborhood. A. no such B. no a C. not such D. no such a

  50. If you have time tonight, I’d like to invite you to a ball. That’s nice of you, but are you ? A. free B. careful C. serious D. true

  51. He isn’t particular about his food. No. He eats anything. A. nearly B. mostly C. almost D. possibly

  52. There is a small group of words which even some native speakers and writers of English find . A. confuse C. confused B. to confuse D. confusing

  53. Why did you refuse to accept such a position in the department store? Because I like that . A. better than others C. least of all B. best of all D. less than others

  54. There are few electronic applications to raise fears regarding future employment opportunities than robots. A. likely C. most likely B. more likely D. much likely

  55. We had a discussion the lecture about creative education was over. A. soon B. immediately C. quickly D. rapidly
[高考猜想 高考猜想] 高考猜想

  56. The article is . A. worth reading careful B. worth of careful reading C. worthy of being read carefully D. worthy to read carefully
专题 8 单项选择
形容词和副词
1-
  5. BCACB 6-
  10. BACCC 11-
  15. BBAAD 16-
  20. CDBBB 21-
  25. DBACC 26-
  30. DABBC 31-
  35. BDCCA 36-
  40. CBBCA 41-
  45. BABBA 46-
  50. DCCDC 51-
  56. CDCBBC
  1. 本题考查系表结构。look 在本句中是系动词,其后应接形容词作表语,根据句意“你看起来不大舒服, 是否病了?不,我只是有点累”,表示身体好用形容词 well,而不用 good,healthy 是指身体健康,是指一 贯状态,此处不合适。类似的系动词还有 sound,feel,taste,smell,seem 等,
  2. 多个修饰语修饰名词时的语序。enough 修饰形容词应放在形容词的后面,因此可排除 D 项,
 

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