高考英语专题复习系列 课件
《特殊句式》
强调句型及其它表达强调的方法; 强调句型及其它表达强调的方法; 各种倒装句; 各种倒装句; 反意疑问句、祈使句、感叹句。 反意疑问句、祈使句、感叹句。
内容
‘01? ’04
的 反意疑 祈使 So的 强调 倒装 问句 句 替代 8 3 9 10 5 1 4 1 1 2
There 感叹 be 句型 句 1 1 1 0
本专题内容知识性强,主要关涉语言形式, 本专题内容知识性强,主要关涉语言形式,但从 以上数据看, 以上数据看,在重视对语言的意义和功能考查的 同时,高考并未完全放弃对语言形式的考查。 同时,高考并未完全放弃对语言形式的考查。并 在将来的考试中,将会继续保留这些题目。 在将来的考试中,将会继续保留这些题目。 突破方法:加强语法专项练习, 突破方法:加强语法专项练习,尤其是强调和倒 一定要反复练习,确保记忆的准确和全面。 装,一定要反复练习,确保记忆的准确和全面。 不可单纯机械地记忆, 不可单纯机械地记忆,理解才是真正学好语法的 关键。 关键。
‘05

  1. It is I wrong. A.who is C. who am B. that is D. am
强调句型为It is/was +… who/that… 强调句型为 如强调句型指现在或未来的情况用It 如强调句型指现在或未来的情况用 is, 指过 去用It 被强调部分为人强调词可用who 去用 was. 被强调部分为人强调词可用 也可用that。被强调部分是主语时要注意主 也可用 。 被强调部分为人称代词时, 谓一致 。被强调部分为人称代词时,原句用 什么格,强调句也用什么格 强调句也用什么格。 什么格 强调句也用什么格。

  2. It is he often breaks the school rules makes his headteacher unsatisfied with him. A.what; that C. that; what B. that; that D. /; that
被强调部分往往为句子的主语、宾语、 被强调部分往往为句子的主语、宾语、时间 That he often breaks the school rules 状语、地点状语等, 状语、地点状语等,但有时也可以强调比较 makes his headteacher unsatisfied with 复杂的内容。 如时间状语从句、 复杂的内容。 如时间状语从句、地点状语从 him. 结构、 句、not until… 结构、not only…but also 等结构。 和as well as…等结构。 等结构

  3. It was only when I reread his poems recently I began to appreciate their beauty. A. that B. when C. which D. / 被强调部分为时间状语、地点状语、 被强调部分为时间状语、地点状语、或原因状语 I began 时不可误用when, where 或why,强调词只可 时不可误用 to appreciate their beauty , that when I reread his poems recently. 用only 。 It was in the street that I met him yesterday. It was because he was ill that he was late.

  4. Was it in 1969 the American astronaut succeeded landing on the moon? Yes, that’s right. A. when; on C. which; in B. that; on D. that; in
强调句型的一般疑问句结构 In 1969 the American astronaut Is\Was it… who\ that…? the moon. succeeded in landing on e.g.was 1969during the Secondastronaut It Was it when the American World W arsucceeded in landing on the moon. that he died?

  5. Why! I have nothing to confess. you want me to say? A. What is it that C. How is it that B. What it is that D. How it is that
强调句型的特殊疑问句结构 特殊疑问词 + is\was it who\ that…? Where was it that you found your lost pen? Who was it that broke the window?

  6. I think we have met the word before. Yes. It might be in the reading material we reading yesterday. A. that; did B. that; were C. when; were D. when; did
强调句型It 强调句型 is \was…who/ that中is\was 中 前面可用must\may\might等表推测的情 前面可用 等表推测的情 态动词修饰。 态动词修饰。 It might be in his room that he met her. Where could it be that he met her?

  7. It was back home after the experiment. A. Not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn’t go C. not until midnight that he went D. until midnight when he didn’t go
He didn’t引起的短语或从句强调the go back home after 对由until引起的短语或从句强调,要注 引起的短语或从句强调, 对由 experiment until midnight. 否定前移。结构是: 意否定前移。结构是:It is/was not until…that…

  8. It was two years he came back from abroad. A. before C. that B. when D. after
It came back from abroad two Hewas two years ago that I began to learn later. years English. It was two years later began to learn that he came It is two years since I back from abroad. English.

  1. I have always been honest and straightforward, and it doesn’t matter I’m talking to. A. who is it B. who it is C. it is who D. it is whom
  2.It was with great joy he received the news that his lost daughter had been found. A. because B. which C. since D. that

  3. It was there, the police believe, she was able to activate the recorder she kept in her bag. A. until B. which C. that D. when
  4. I really don’t know I had my money stolen. A. when was it that B. that it was when C. where it was that D. it was where that

  5. It is because English is being widely used at present . A. why we learn it hard B. that we learn it hard C. which we must learn D. when we should learn

  1.用助动词“do(does/did)+动词原形” .用助动词“ ( )+动词原形 / )+动词原形” 来表示强调: 只能用于一般现在时和一般过去 来表示强调:(只能用于一般现在时和一般过去 时的肯定句中) 时的肯定句中 He does know the place well.他的确很熟悉 . 的确很熟悉 这个地方。 这个地方。 He did come here yesterday. Do write to me when you get there.你到那 . 儿后务必给我来信 儿后务必给我来信 务必

  2.用形容词very,only,single,such等修饰 .用形容词 , , , 等修饰 名词或形容词来加强语气: 名词或形容词来加强语气: That’s the very textbook we used last term. . 这正是我们上学期用过的教材。 这正是我们上学期用过的教材。 You are the only person here who can speak Chinese. . Not a single person has been in the shop this morning.今天上午这个商店里连一个人都没有。 .今天上午这个商店里连一个人都没有。 How dare you buy such expensive jewels? ? 你怎么敢买这么贵的宝石呢? 你怎么敢买这么贵的宝石呢?

  3.用in the world,on earth,at all等介词 . , , 等介词 短语可以表达更强的语气(常用于疑问句): 短语可以表达更强的语气(常用于疑问句): Where in the world could he be?他到底会 ? 在哪儿? 在哪儿? What on earth is it?它究竟是什么? ?它究竟是什么? Do you know at all?你到底知不知道? ?你到底知不知道?
  4.用感叹句来表示强烈的感情,突出说话人 .用感叹句来表示强烈的感情, 的情感: 的情感: How interesting a story it is!这是一个多么 ! 有趣的故事啊! 有趣的故事啊! Oh,what a lie!啊,真是弥天大谎! 真是弥天大谎! , !

  5.用倒装句(也就是将要强调的句子或被强调 .用倒装句( 的部分置于句首)来加强语气: 的部分置于句首)来加强语气: On the table were some flowers.桌上摆着 . 一些花。(强调地点) 一些花。(强调地点) 。(强调地点 Many a time have I climbed that hill. . 我多次翻过那座山。 我多次翻过那座山。 Only in this way,can we solve this , problem.只有这样,我们才能解决这个问题。 .只有这样,我们才能解决这个问题。

  1. I see him yesterday. A. really B. do C. did
D. does

  2. be careful when crossing the street! A. Must B. Should C. Ought to D. Do
  3. Not a single word last night. A. he said B. said he C. did he say D. had he said
  4. What did you mean? A. really B. on the earth C. in the world D. in earth

  1、there be 句型 、 There is a tall tree in front of the classroom. There are many desks and chairs in the room. There is a pen, two books and many pencils on the desk. There were once some tall trees around the house.
结构中的be可以有不同的时态, be可以有不同的时态 There be 结构中的be可以有不同的时态, 而且可以和各种助动词或情态动词连用。 而且可以和各种助动词或情态动词连用。
There was a meeting in our school yesterday. There will be a new film shown on Sunday. There have been many great changes in our country since then. There must have been a mistake somewhere.
There be 中的 ,有时可用 中的be,有时可用seem to be, happen to be, remain, enter, live, stand, lie等词组来替代。 等词组来替代。 等词组来替代
There seems to be something wrong with me. Once there lived a king who cared more about new clothes than anything else. There entered a woman with a baby in her arms.
There be 结构与非谓语结构: 结构与非谓语结构: There being no further business, I declare the meeting closed. I don’t want there to be any misunderstanding. He was disappointed at there being so little to do. It is impossible for there to be any more.

  2. 表示方位的副词或介词短语,如:here, 表示方位的副词或介词短语, there, now, then, up, down, in, away, off, out, in the room, on the wall等,置于句首。 等 置于句首。 In a lecture hall of a university in England sits a professor. South of the river lies a small factory. Out rushed the children. he rushed. Away flew the plane. There comes the bus. he comes. 注意: 不能用进 注意:
  1.不能用进 行时; 行时;
  2. 主语为人 称代词时不倒装。 称代词时不倒装。

  3. 带有直接引语的句子位于引语的后面或中间时。 带有直接引语的句子位于引语的后面或中间时。 直接引语的句子位于引语的后面或中间时 “Don’t lose heart!” said the old man/ he said. “ Help! Help!” shouted the boy/ he shouted.
注意
主语是代词时常不倒装。 主语是代词时常不倒装。

  4. 表语置于句首时。 表语置于句首时 置于句首时。 Present at the meeting were Professor White and many other guests. Gone are the days when my heart was young. Sitting round her were her children. Buried in the sands was an ancient city.
★★使用完全倒装的句子只有两 ★★使用完全倒装的句子只有两 种时态, 种时态,即一般现在时和一般过 去时,也就是谓语由一个单词 且表位移的动词, ( 且表位移的动词 go,come.run 见多)构成。 等见多)构成。

  1.At the sight of the policeman, from behind the door. A. did the boy rush out B. the boy was rushing out C. out rushed the boy D. rushing out was the boy
  2. On the wall three large pictures. A. hangs B. hang C. hanged D. are hanging

  1. not, never, hardly, seldom, little, scarcely, neither, nor, in no way, at no time, in no case, by no means, under no circumstances等否定词或否 等否定词或否 定含义的短语位于句首时。 定含义的短语位于句首时。 e.g. Never shall I forget the days when we were together. Little did I expect to get such a warm welcome. At no time will China be the first to use nuclear weapons. Not a word did I say at the meeting. Not only did we lose all our money, but we also lost our way.

  2. only 修饰的状语放在句首时 主句倒装。 修饰的状语放在句首时, 主句倒装。 e.g. Only by changing the way we live can we save the earth. Only then did I realize that I was wrong.
  3. so/ as, neither/nor 表示“也… …”时。 表示“ 时 e.g. He won’t go and neither shall I. A better understanding of the environment is necessary, as is the willingness to act.
注意
Tom likes English. So he does.

  4. neither…nor…连接两个句子时 两个句子 连接两个句子时, 连接两个句子时 都倒装。 都倒装。 e.g. Neither will he study nor will he go to work.
  5. no sooner…than…, hardly/scarcely…when… 表示“一…就…时, 表示“ 就 时 倒装),从句用过去时 主句用过去完成时 (倒装 从句用过去时。 倒装 从句用过去时。 e.g. No sooner had I got home than it began to rain.

  6. 虚拟条件句省略 时。Were, should, had 虚拟条件句省略if时 提前。 提前。 e.g. Were I you, I would take the position in that company. Had he been given some information, he could have answered the question.
I had time, I would have gone over to see her. A. Did B. Were C. Had D. If

  7. as位于句首引导让步状语从句时,只须把表 位于句首引导让步状语从句时, 位于句首引导让步状语从句时 只须把表 状语, 或动词原形提到 提到as前 作表语的单数 语, 状语 或动词原形提到 前,(作表语的单数 可数名词提到主语前时不带冠词 例如: 不带冠词)。 可数名词提到主语前时不带冠词 。例如: e.g. Tired as he felt, he kept on working. Child as he was, he could work out the problem. Bad-tempered as he is, he loves me deeply. Much as
 

相关内容

2011高考英语专题复习之写作

   中国最大的教育门户 E 度高考网 www.gaokao.com 三,英语作文 名人名言 在英语作文中, 我们经常会引用一些名人名言。 这里就向大家介绍一 在英语作文中, 我们经常会引用一些名人名言。 些,务必要全部脱口而出! 务必要全部脱口而出! Culture 文化篇 1.A 1.A great poem is a fountain forever overflowing with the waters of wisdom and delight.(P. B. Shelley , Brit ...

2011届中考英语专题复习十八:书面表达的考点讲解和训练

   欢迎下载资料:QQ 1253608268 群号:3634092 2011 届中考英语专题复习十八:书面表达的考点讲解和训练 届中考英语专题复习十八 十八: 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 书面表达是每年中考必考题型, 是考查学生交际能力的一个重要组成部分。 书面表达通 常有三种形式: 1、书信、日记、通知、留言、假条; 2、看图作文; 3、根据汉语提示作文。 无论是那一种书面表达形式,考生所写的短文都要紧扣主题、文理通顺,要素完整,语 言准确、得当、格式正确、无大、小写和拼写错误,标点符号正确,能 ...

2011届高考英语二轮专题复习课件(湖南专用):语法-专题13 特殊句式

   专题 十三 │特殊句式 专题十三 特殊句式 专题 十三 │ 专题导读 专题导读 特殊句式主要包括: be句型 省略、倒装、强调、 句型、 特殊句式主要包括 : there be 句型 、 省略 、 倒装 、 强调 、 祈使和反意疑问句。其中高考考查的重点是省略、倒装和强 祈使和反意疑问句。 其中高考考查的重点是省略、 调结构。强调句的考查主要是:连接词that的选择; that的选择 调结构 。 强调句的考查主要是 : 连接词 that的选择 ; 强调句 中特殊疑问词的选择及特殊疑问词的语序 ...

高考英语作文特殊句式

   英语书面表达在高考中日益显得重要, 高考书面表达已不只局限于 把话说清楚,把意思表达完整,而是要给我们的句子润色,让我们的 句子靓起来。如何让我们的英语句子靓起来呢?很多人都强调用连 连 介词等词汇手段迅速提高语言水平。 但这种方法需要一定的积累, 词、 介词等词汇手段 也需要一定的基础。而我觉得通过对低级句型的改造,可以迅速达到 这一目的。 ◆强调句:可以轻松地将时间、地点、原因、方式等类型的状语 从句转变为强调句。 It was not until I arrived home that ...

特殊句式 高三英语辅导

   特殊句式 1.(2009山东 山东,27) So sudden 山东 had no time to escape. A.did the attack C.was the attack 解析 C that the enemy B.the attack did D.the attack was adj....+that...句型中, so+ ....+that...句型中 在so+ adj....+that...句型中,当so+ adj/adv. 置于句首时, adj/adv. 置于句首时,其所 ...

高中英语从句和特殊句式必背

   (一) " 1.男生女生选择律师的人数(百分比)相同。 男生女生选择律师的人数( 男生女生选择律师的人数 百分比)相同。 定语 (who) ) 从句 1. The number/percentage of the boys choosing/ who choose “lawyer” is the same as that of the girls. 2.课文中的图片非常漂亮,大大激发了同学们学 课文中的图片非常漂亮, 课文中的图片非常漂亮 习的兴趣。 习的兴趣。 (which) ) 2. T ...

2010年中考英语专题五_句子翻译

   2010 年中考英语试题分类汇编(130 套)专题五句子翻译 年中考英语试题分类汇编( 专题五 考点一、根据中文补全句子 (2010 江苏省宿迁市五、根据所给汉语完成下列句子,每空词数不限 ,满分 10 分) 61. 迈克敲了敲门,但没有回应。 Mike ▲ the door, but there was no answer. 62. 昨天这位医生为病人做手术了吗? Did the doctor ▲ the patients yesterday? 63. 我认为用毯子扑灭火是个好方法。 I ...

借鉴英语语法学习文言文的特殊句式

   借鉴英语语法学习文言文的特殊句式 学生经常反映,一见到文言文的特殊句式就发懵,极易混淆。即使能够区分,翻译起来 也是不大符合现代汉语的规范。 究其原因就在于他们没有将自己的文言文特殊句式的语法知 识分类化和系统化。本文就从文言文的三大句式(判断句,被动句,定语后置)谈去,教学 生能够迁移运用英语中关于特殊句式的语法, 学习文言文特殊句式, 达到巩固文言文和英语 两方面知识点的目的。 1、判断句 用名词或名词性短语表示判断的句子, 叫判断句。 现代汉语中一般都是在主语和谓语之 间用判断动词“是 ...

2010年高考英语分类汇编 特殊句式

   2010 年高考英语试题分类汇编??特殊句式 年高考英语试题分类汇编 特殊句式 (10 安徽) 27. It was from only a few supplies that she had bought in the village the hostess cooked such a nice dinner. A. where B. that C. when D. which 答案: 答案:B. 考点:本题考查强调句型. 考点 解析:迷惑点在于强调部分中含有一个定语从句 that she ...

2009年高考英语试题分类汇编(特殊句式)

   (09 福建)1. For a moment nothing happened Then A. voices had come C. voices would come B. came voices D. did voices come all shouting together. 【答案】B 副词 then 位于句首,且当句子的主语是名词时,句子用全部倒装句,选 B. 答案】 (09 湖南)2. Every evening after dinner, if not walking my d ...

热门内容

小故事中学英语

   A Forever Friend 永远的朋友 "A friend walks in when the rest of the world walks out." "别人都走开的时候,朋友仍与你在一起。” Sometimes in life, 有时候在生活中, You find a special friend; 你会找到一个特别的朋友; Someone who changes your life just by being part of it. 他只是你生活中 ...

全程策划班:(三)学习备考之公共课英语(3) 考研词汇考查特点分析

   考研词汇考查特点分析 考研词汇是考研英语复习的根基和基础,考研大纲中明确指出:“考生应能掌握 5500 左右的词汇及相关词组。除掌握词汇的基本含义外,考生还应掌握词汇之间的词义关系,如 同义词、近义词、反义词等;掌握词汇之间的搭配关系,如动词与介词,形容词与介词,形 容词与名词等”;掌握词汇生成的基本知识,如词源、词根、词缀等。而详细分析考纲要求 掌握的 5500 左右的词汇,又可分为以下几类: 第一类为基本词(1497 个),指我们已经掌握的词,如 able,active,borrow,c ...

英语翻译十二式

   英语翻译十二式 (一) 同义反译法 例子: 1、Only three customers remained in the bar. 酒吧间只有三个顾客还没有走。(不译:还“留着”或“还呆在那里”) 2、I'll be here for good this time. 这一次我再也不走了。(不译:“永远在此呆下去”) 3、Please keep the fire burning when I'm out. 我不在家的时候,请别让炉子灭了。(不译:“我外出时,请让炉子继续烧着”) 4、" ...

2010年中考英语模拟试题(十四)

   天津市 2009 年英语摸拟试题 A 卷 (共 120 分) 第一部分 听力(25 题 25 分) Ⅰ.听录音, 选择与你所听到的句子意思相符合的图片.每句念两遍. 题 5 分) (5 ( )1. ( )2. ( )3.A. B. C. ( )4.A. B. C. ( )5.A. B. C. Ⅱ.听录音,根据所听到的内容选择正确答语.每句念两遍. 题 5 分) (5 ( )6. A. It was fine. B. It was Monday. C. It's May 5 th. ( )7. ...

人教版初中英语词汇表

   人教版初中英语词汇表 人教版初中英语词汇表 词汇 第一册词组(共 第一册词组 共 26 个) 1.in English 用英语 . 2.how many 多少 . 3.a piece of bread 一片而包 . 4.four cups of tea 四杯茶 . 5.a pair of shoes 一双鞋 . 6.play chess 下棋 . 7.run after 追逐 . 8.play football 踢足球 . 9.be good at 擅长 . 10.on the basket ...