高考英语专题复习系列 课件
《特殊句式》
强调句型及其它表达强调的方法; 强调句型及其它表达强调的方法; 各种倒装句; 各种倒装句; 反意疑问句、祈使句、感叹句。 反意疑问句、祈使句、感叹句。
内容
‘01? ’04
的 反意疑 祈使 So的 强调 倒装 问句 句 替代 8 3 9 10 5 1 4 1 1 2
There 感叹 be 句型 句 1 1 1 0
本专题内容知识性强,主要关涉语言形式, 本专题内容知识性强,主要关涉语言形式,但从 以上数据看, 以上数据看,在重视对语言的意义和功能考查的 同时,高考并未完全放弃对语言形式的考查。 同时,高考并未完全放弃对语言形式的考查。并 在将来的考试中,将会继续保留这些题目。 在将来的考试中,将会继续保留这些题目。 突破方法:加强语法专项练习, 突破方法:加强语法专项练习,尤其是强调和倒 一定要反复练习,确保记忆的准确和全面。 装,一定要反复练习,确保记忆的准确和全面。 不可单纯机械地记忆, 不可单纯机械地记忆,理解才是真正学好语法的 关键。 关键。
‘05

  1. It is I wrong. A.who is C. who am B. that is D. am
强调句型为It is/was +… who/that… 强调句型为 如强调句型指现在或未来的情况用It 如强调句型指现在或未来的情况用 is, 指过 去用It 被强调部分为人强调词可用who 去用 was. 被强调部分为人强调词可用 也可用that。被强调部分是主语时要注意主 也可用 。 被强调部分为人称代词时, 谓一致 。被强调部分为人称代词时,原句用 什么格,强调句也用什么格 强调句也用什么格。 什么格 强调句也用什么格。

  2. It is he often breaks the school rules makes his headteacher unsatisfied with him. A.what; that C. that; what B. that; that D. /; that
被强调部分往往为句子的主语、宾语、 被强调部分往往为句子的主语、宾语、时间 That he often breaks the school rules 状语、地点状语等, 状语、地点状语等,但有时也可以强调比较 makes his headteacher unsatisfied with 复杂的内容。 如时间状语从句、 复杂的内容。 如时间状语从句、地点状语从 him. 结构、 句、not until… 结构、not only…but also 等结构。 和as well as…等结构。 等结构

  3. It was only when I reread his poems recently I began to appreciate their beauty. A. that B. when C. which D. / 被强调部分为时间状语、地点状语、 被强调部分为时间状语、地点状语、或原因状语 I began 时不可误用when, where 或why,强调词只可 时不可误用 to appreciate their beauty , that when I reread his poems recently. 用only 。 It was in the street that I met him yesterday. It was because he was ill that he was late.

  4. Was it in 1969 the American astronaut succeeded landing on the moon? Yes, that’s right. A. when; on C. which; in B. that; on D. that; in
强调句型的一般疑问句结构 In 1969 the American astronaut Is\Was it… who\ that…? the moon. succeeded in landing on e.g.was 1969during the Secondastronaut It Was it when the American World W arsucceeded in landing on the moon. that he died?

  5. Why! I have nothing to confess. you want me to say? A. What is it that C. How is it that B. What it is that D. How it is that
强调句型的特殊疑问句结构 特殊疑问词 + is\was it who\ that…? Where was it that you found your lost pen? Who was it that broke the window?

  6. I think we have met the word before. Yes. It might be in the reading material we reading yesterday. A. that; did B. that; were C. when; were D. when; did
强调句型It 强调句型 is \was…who/ that中is\was 中 前面可用must\may\might等表推测的情 前面可用 等表推测的情 态动词修饰。 态动词修饰。 It might be in his room that he met her. Where could it be that he met her?

  7. It was back home after the experiment. A. Not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn’t go C. not until midnight that he went D. until midnight when he didn’t go
He didn’t引起的短语或从句强调the go back home after 对由until引起的短语或从句强调,要注 引起的短语或从句强调, 对由 experiment until midnight. 否定前移。结构是: 意否定前移。结构是:It is/was not until…that…

  8. It was two years he came back from abroad. A. before C. that B. when D. after
It came back from abroad two Hewas two years ago that I began to learn later. years English. It was two years later began to learn that he came It is two years since I back from abroad. English.

  1. I have always been honest and straightforward, and it doesn’t matter I’m talking to. A. who is it B. who it is C. it is who D. it is whom
  2.It was with great joy he received the news that his lost daughter had been found. A. because B. which C. since D. that

  3. It was there, the police believe, she was able to activate the recorder she kept in her bag. A. until B. which C. that D. when
  4. I really don’t know I had my money stolen. A. when was it that B. that it was when C. where it was that D. it was where that

  5. It is because English is being widely used at present . A. why we learn it hard B. that we learn it hard C. which we must learn D. when we should learn

  1.用助动词“do(does/did)+动词原形” .用助动词“ ( )+动词原形 / )+动词原形” 来表示强调: 只能用于一般现在时和一般过去 来表示强调:(只能用于一般现在时和一般过去 时的肯定句中) 时的肯定句中 He does know the place well.他的确很熟悉 . 的确很熟悉 这个地方。 这个地方。 He did come here yesterday. Do write to me when you get there.你到那 . 儿后务必给我来信 儿后务必给我来信 务必

  2.用形容词very,only,single,such等修饰 .用形容词 , , , 等修饰 名词或形容词来加强语气: 名词或形容词来加强语气: That’s the very textbook we used last term. . 这正是我们上学期用过的教材。 这正是我们上学期用过的教材。 You are the only person here who can speak Chinese. . Not a single person has been in the shop this morning.今天上午这个商店里连一个人都没有。 .今天上午这个商店里连一个人都没有。 How dare you buy such expensive jewels? ? 你怎么敢买这么贵的宝石呢? 你怎么敢买这么贵的宝石呢?

  3.用in the world,on earth,at all等介词 . , , 等介词 短语可以表达更强的语气(常用于疑问句): 短语可以表达更强的语气(常用于疑问句): Where in the world could he be?他到底会 ? 在哪儿? 在哪儿? What on earth is it?它究竟是什么? ?它究竟是什么? Do you know at all?你到底知不知道? ?你到底知不知道?
  4.用感叹句来表示强烈的感情,突出说话人 .用感叹句来表示强烈的感情, 的情感: 的情感: How interesting a story it is!这是一个多么 ! 有趣的故事啊! 有趣的故事啊! Oh,what a lie!啊,真是弥天大谎! 真是弥天大谎! , !

  5.用倒装句(也就是将要强调的句子或被强调 .用倒装句( 的部分置于句首)来加强语气: 的部分置于句首)来加强语气: On the table were some flowers.桌上摆着 . 一些花。(强调地点) 一些花。(强调地点) 。(强调地点 Many a time have I climbed that hill. . 我多次翻过那座山。 我多次翻过那座山。 Only in this way,can we solve this , problem.只有这样,我们才能解决这个问题。 .只有这样,我们才能解决这个问题。

  1. I see him yesterday. A. really B. do C. did
D. does

  2. be careful when crossing the street! A. Must B. Should C. Ought to D. Do
  3. Not a single word last night. A. he said B. said he C. did he say D. had he said
  4. What did you mean? A. really B. on the earth C. in the world D. in earth

  1、there be 句型 、 There is a tall tree in front of the classroom. There are many desks and chairs in the room. There is a pen, two books and many pencils on the desk. There were once some tall trees around the house.
结构中的be可以有不同的时态, be可以有不同的时态 There be 结构中的be可以有不同的时态, 而且可以和各种助动词或情态动词连用。 而且可以和各种助动词或情态动词连用。
There was a meeting in our school yesterday. There will be a new film shown on Sunday. There have been many great changes in our country since then. There must have been a mistake somewhere.
There be 中的 ,有时可用 中的be,有时可用seem to be, happen to be, remain, enter, live, stand, lie等词组来替代。 等词组来替代。 等词组来替代
There seems to be something wrong with me. Once there lived a king who cared more about new clothes than anything else. There entered a woman with a baby in her arms.
There be 结构与非谓语结构: 结构与非谓语结构: There being no further business, I declare the meeting closed. I don’t want there to be any misunderstanding. He was disappointed at there being so little to do. It is impossible for there to be any more.

  2. 表示方位的副词或介词短语,如:here, 表示方位的副词或介词短语, there, now, then, up, down, in, away, off, out, in the room, on the wall等,置于句首。 等 置于句首。 In a lecture hall of a university in England sits a professor. South of the river lies a small factory. Out rushed the children. he rushed. Away flew the plane. There comes the bus. he comes. 注意: 不能用进 注意:
  1.不能用进 行时; 行时;
  2. 主语为人 称代词时不倒装。 称代词时不倒装。

  3. 带有直接引语的句子位于引语的后面或中间时。 带有直接引语的句子位于引语的后面或中间时。 直接引语的句子位于引语的后面或中间时 “Don’t lose heart!” said the old man/ he said. “ Help! Help!” shouted the boy/ he shouted.
注意
主语是代词时常不倒装。 主语是代词时常不倒装。

  4. 表语置于句首时。 表语置于句首时 置于句首时。 Present at the meeting were Professor White and many other guests. Gone are the days when my heart was young. Sitting round her were her children. Buried in the sands was an ancient city.
★★使用完全倒装的句子只有两 ★★使用完全倒装的句子只有两 种时态, 种时态,即一般现在时和一般过 去时,也就是谓语由一个单词 且表位移的动词, ( 且表位移的动词 go,come.run 见多)构成。 等见多)构成。

  1.At the sight of the policeman, from behind the door. A. did the boy rush out B. the boy was rushing out C. out rushed the boy D. rushing out was the boy
  2. On the wall three large pictures. A. hangs B. hang C. hanged D. are hanging

  1. not, never, hardly, seldom, little, scarcely, neither, nor, in no way, at no time, in no case, by no means, under no circumstances等否定词或否 等否定词或否 定含义的短语位于句首时。 定含义的短语位于句首时。 e.g. Never shall I forget the days when we were together. Little did I expect to get such a warm welcome. At no time will China be the first to use nuclear weapons. Not a word did I say at the meeting. Not only did we lose all our money, but we also lost our way.

  2. only 修饰的状语放在句首时 主句倒装。 修饰的状语放在句首时, 主句倒装。 e.g. Only by changing the way we live can we save the earth. Only then did I realize that I was wrong.
  3. so/ as, neither/nor 表示“也… …”时。 表示“ 时 e.g. He won’t go and neither shall I. A better understanding of the environment is necessary, as is the willingness to act.
注意
Tom likes English. So he does.

  4. neither…nor…连接两个句子时 两个句子 连接两个句子时, 连接两个句子时 都倒装。 都倒装。 e.g. Neither will he study nor will he go to work.
  5. no sooner…than…, hardly/scarcely…when… 表示“一…就…时, 表示“ 就 时 倒装),从句用过去时 主句用过去完成时 (倒装 从句用过去时。 倒装 从句用过去时。 e.g. No sooner had I got home than it began to rain.

  6. 虚拟条件句省略 时。Were, should, had 虚拟条件句省略if时 提前。 提前。 e.g. Were I you, I would take the position in that company. Had he been given some information, he could have answered the question.
I had time, I would have gone over to see her. A. Did B. Were C. Had D. If

  7. as位于句首引导让步状语从句时,只须把表 位于句首引导让步状语从句时, 位于句首引导让步状语从句时 只须把表 状语, 或动词原形提到 提到as前 作表语的单数 语, 状语 或动词原形提到 前,(作表语的单数 可数名词提到主语前时不带冠词 例如: 不带冠词)。 可数名词提到主语前时不带冠词 。例如: e.g. Tired as he felt, he kept on working. Child as he was, he could work out the problem. Bad-tempered as he is, he loves me deeply. Much as
 

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