书面表达突破(二) ? ?图画类
图画类基础写作是以图画和文字相结合的方式呈现内容要点的,难度在于图画是形象语 言,要转化为逻辑语言,考生需要仔细观察。虽然写作内容中的文字提示部分已经明确了要表 达的内容要点,但比较笼统,要结合图画中的内容进一步细化,甚至补充内容要点,确定信息的 主与次;同时还要注意语句之间的衔接和句式的多样化。因此,写作时要做到:
  1.仔细观察图画,弄清画面的含义,抓住画面的主体;
  2.根据画面内容,进行合理想像,使画面“动”起来,从而形成一个完整的小故事;
  3.认真安排内容,布局谋篇,要做到言之有序,抓住重点,突出中心,要叙述连贯,描写生动。 原题再现 请看下面的漫画,联系实际生活,以“Saving Water”为题写一篇短文,词数 100 左右。
写作模板
学生习作 As can be seen/As is described/As is shown in the picture, the drinking water is running without anyone using it. The picture tells us now many people pay no attention to saving water. The implied meaning of this picture should be taken into consideration seriously. To begin with, water is the source of life, without which there could be no life on the earth. Second, there is very limited available water resources on our planet, and excessive using of water can make the situation from bad to worse. And this social problem should arise the great concern of all in the world. In my opinion/As for me, we should take strong measures to deal with the problem. First, we should make all the people know the importance of water and the fact that water resources are limited. Second, we must pass some laws to punish those who waste water. Only in this way can we solve the problem of water-wasting.
As can be seen in the picture,图画 内容.The picture tells us 图片的大致 意思. The implied meaning of this picture should be taken into consideration seriously. To begin with, 揭示涵义/原因/结果
  1.Second,揭示涵 义/原因/结果
  2. In my opinion/As for me, we should take strong measures to deal with the problem. First, we should 具体 措施
  1. Second, we must 具体措施
  2. Only in this way can we solve the problem of 图画内容.
名师点评
本文采取三段论的方式:叙述图画,分析图画,提 出建议,叙述简明扼要,分析切中要点,建议切实可行。 文中用了 to begin with,second;first, second;in my opinion 等衔接语,使得文章非常连贯。此外,文章最后 用了倒装结构,属较高级的句型,增添了文章的色彩。
仿写训练 假设你是李华,你的英国朋友 Tom 来信询问你们的学习情况。 请你根据下图提供的信息, 写一封回信,谈谈自从你校学生开始尝试一种新的学习方法以来,你们学习情况的变化。
注意:词数 100 左右。 Dear Tom, It was great to hear from you again. All the best. Yours, Li Hua 【参考范文】 Dear Tom, It was great to hear from you again.There are many things going on in our school.In fact things have got much better since we started a different way of learning. In the past our teachers stood in front of the class talking all the time while we students listened,busy taking notes.After a tiring day at school,we always had a lot of homework to do.Sometimes we even worked late into the night. Now we are active in class.We often have discussions in pairs or in groups.After class we enjoy all kinds of activities,such as going in for sports,doing experiments or surfing the Internet. We are extremely happy because of the changes in our studies. All the best. Yours, Li Hua 补偿练习 1??阅读理解 (2010?鞍山二次调研) “The world’s oceans are slowly getting more acidic,” say scientists.The researchers from California report that the change is taking place in response to higher levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The lowering of the waters’ pH value is not great at the moment but could cause a serious threat to current ocean life if it continues,they warn.Ken Caldeira and Michael Wickett,from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,report their concerns in the journal Nature.Increasing use of oil fuels means that more carbon dioxide is going into the air,and most of it will eventually be absorbed by sea water.Once in the water,it reacts to form carbonic acid.Scientists believe that the oceans have already become slightly more acidic over the last century.
These researchers have tried to predict what will happen in the future by combining what we know about the history of the oceans with computer models of climate change.“This level of acidity will get much more extreme in the future if we continue releasing CO2 into the atmosphere,” says Dr. Caldeira.“And we predict the amount of future acidity will exceed (超过) anything we have seen over the last several hundred million years,let alone perhaps after rare disastrous events such as asteroid (小行星) impacts.” However,it is not absolutely clear what that means for ocean life.Most organisms live near the surface,where the greatest pH change would be expected to occur,but deep-ocean life forms may be more sensitive to pH changes.Coral reefs and other organisms whose shells contain calcium carbonate (碳酸钙) may be particularly affected if the water’s acidity levels keep going up,the team predict.They could find it much more difficult to build these structures in water with a lower pH. In recent years some people have suggested storing carbon dioxide from power stations in the deep ocean as a way of dealing with global warming.But Dr. Caldeira said that such a strategy should now be reconsidered.“Previously,most experts had looked at ocean absorption of carbon dioxide as a good thing?because in releasing CO2 into the atmosphere we warm the planet,and when CO2 is absorbed by the ocean,it reduces the amount of greenhouse warming.”
  1.The ocean is becoming more acidic due to. A.the lower water pH value B.the warming atmosphere C.the higher level of CO2 in the air D.the increasing use of oil fuels 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。从文章中的第一段可以找到答案。
  2.According to Dr. Caldeira,. A.ocean absorption of carbon dioxide is a good thing B.more oil fuels will be used in the near future C.scientists may predict climate changes with computer models D.the future situation of the amount of acidity is extremely serious 答案 D 解析 综合信息处理题。综观全文可知 D 项正确。
  3.If the water’s acidity level keeps rising,. A.ocean life whose structures contain calcium carbonate may be affected B.the waters’ pH value will become higher and higher C.organisms living near the surface are more sensitive to pH changes D.some disastrous events will occur more often than before 答案 A 解析 细节理解题。由文章中第四段的倒数第二句可知答案。
  4.Most experts once believed storing carbon dioxide in the ocean would reduce. A.the CO2 absorbed by the ocean B.the amount of greenhouse warming C.the acidity of the ocean D.the gradual release of CO2 答案 B 解析 细节理解题。从最后一段的第一句可知答案。
  5.The purpose of this passage is to.
A.show people the findings of a research team B.inform people of how acid the ocean is now C.introduce Dr. Caldeira and his team’s research D.warn people of the higher level of CO2 答案 D 解析 综合全文信息,在介绍 Dr. Caldeira 和他的研究成员对二氧化碳、pH、温室效应 等的研究后,文章指出了目前和未来严峻的形势,目的是要引起人们的注意。 补偿练习 2??书面表达 如果你爱他,你很快就会知道他的一切;如果你恨他,他的生活将不得安宁??网络人肉 搜索就是这样一个让人爱恨交织的东西,有正义的揭露,有极端的骚扰,有理智的分析、调查、 追认,也有一拥而上的愤怒、宣泄、甚至辱骂。请就此现象写一篇英语短文发表你的看法。 词数 100 左右。
参考范文 We are becoming familiar with human flesh search engine which is used to gather a person’s personal information in a short time.It is more and more widely used by a growing number of netizens to disclose some ugly phenomena,while some use it to disturb others’ private life,which results in a kind of Internet violence to some degree. There is no denying that human flesh search engine is just a tool,whether it is used to fight for justice or become violent just depends on ourselves.Therefore,it is not the fault of human flesh search engine but the users who use it to do something illegal. What is the most important is that we humans should use it positively and don’t turn it into a tool of violence.
 

相关内容

高考英语书面表达指导

   高考英语书面表达指导 高考英语书面表达指导 一、问题的提出 综观近几年的高考英语发展势态:书面表达旨在训练学生对所学语言知识的实践应用,特别 是测试学生的语言交际能力和语言知识的活用能力的必考题型,也是高考中重要且难度较大的题 型,所占分值为 25 分,要在 30 分钟内写出 80-100 个词左右的短文。 从高考评卷及平时测验题,学生在做书面表达题时,得分率较低,卷面普遍存在的缺点:① 文不对题(文体格式不规范)②离题太远(抓不到要点,该说的不说,不该说的说的太多)③词 不达意(有的甚至用 ...

2011年中考英语专题课件18 书面表达

   专题 18 书面表达 书面表达是各省市中考题中的必考题型,它所占的分值较高,难度也最大。 中考英语书面表达是对考生语言基础知识、 语言组织能力及书写能力的综合考查, 书面 表达主要考查下列内容: 1.考查考生能力:(1)观察能力;(2)思维能力;(3)综合分析能力;(4)运用语言知识的 能力;(5)用英语组词造句、连句成篇的能力;(6)书写能力。 2.考查考生语言基础知识:(1)词类常识;(2)词类的句法功能,即各个词类与句子成分 的对应关系;(3)动词八种时态用法;(4)动词不定式、动名词 ...

【推荐】中考英语分类汇编专题十(书面表达130套)

   2010 年中考英语试题分类汇编(130 套)专题十 "书面表达 年中考英语试题分类汇编( 专题十 " 考点一 考点一、话题作文 (2010 湖南省娄底市,Ⅲ、C)书面表达,10 分) Zhou Hui 和 Ge Bin 是“一帮一”活动中结成的一对学习伙伴。 Zhou Hui 在 Ge Bin 的帮助下 有了明显的进步。请根据下表信息写一篇 60 字左右的短文。(开头已写出,不计入总词数) Zhou Hui Ge Bin In the past Now didn’t listen car ...

2010年中考英语试题[130套]分类汇编专题-书面表达

   2010 年中考英语试题分类汇编(130 套)专题十 "书面表达 年中考英语试题分类汇编( 专题十 " 考点一 考点一、话题作文 (2010 湖南省娄底市,Ⅲ、C)书面表达,10 分) Zhou Hui 和 Ge Bin 是“一帮一”活动中结成的一对学习伙伴。 Zhou Hui 在 Ge Bin 的帮助下 有了明显的进步。请根据下表信息写一篇 60 字左右的短文。(开头已写出,不计入总词数) Zhou Hui Ge Bin In the past Now didn’t listen care ...

2009届高三二轮复习专题--书面表达:英语句子强化练习

   1.The problem is worth being discussed. 2.l live in a house,of which window faces the south. 3. Tangshan happened a terrible earthquake. 4.I found them seating at the back of the classroom. 5.It is fifty years since his father has left his motherla ...

专项练习2010高考英语二轮复习英语语法专题:书面表达

   学而思教育 思考成就未来! 学而思教育学习改变命运 思考成就未来! 高考网 www.gaokao.com 2010 高考二轮复习英语学案 专题二十一 书面表达 (2009 全国卷 I,海南,宁夏卷) 【典例精析】 一, 典例精析】 ( ,海南,宁夏卷) 假定你是李华,正在英国接受英语培训,住在一户英国人家里.今天你的房东 Mrs. Wilson 不在家,你准备外出,请给 Mrs. Wilson 写一留言条,内容包括: 1.外出购物 2.替房东还书 3.Tracy 来电话留言:1)咖啡屋(Bo ...

分类讲解:2010高考英语二轮复习英语语法专题:书面表达

   雨竹林高考 福建高考招生网 www.yuzhulin.com 雨竹林高考 2010 高考二轮复习英语教案 书面表达 【专题要点】书面表达的体裁,题材,情景具有多样性,实用性.近年来,书面表达取材比 专题要点】 较广泛,内容较为丰富,题材多为日常生活和一般交往所涉及的内容.体裁包括记叙文,说 明文, 应用文和议论文, 命题的方式多种多样, 主要有文字提示, 图画提示和图表提示三种. 【考纲要求 考纲要求】考试大纲对高考英语书面表达的要求是"要求考生根据所给情景,用英语写一 考纲要求 ...

高中英语书面表达20篇

   名校试题汇编之书面表达( 名校试题汇编之书面表达(20 篇) 1 假设你是主持人,请你根据以下表格的信息,为以“Should we give money to beggars?”为题的班会写一个总结。 一些人 另一些人 孤寡老人不能自食其力而乞讨; 大部分都是假装的,乞讨只是他们赚钱 有些学生因家境贫苦而辍学去乞 的一条捷径; 讨; 这么做会助长懒惰; 有些残疾人只能以乞讨为生; 结论:应该尽力帮助弱势群体,但给钱时一定要慎重。 注意:1. 文章的开头已给出。 2.词数 100 左右。 3. ...

高考英语书面表达专题训练

   第二部分 题型专项 书面表达 !! 一,考点聚焦 书面表达题旨在测试考生的英语表达能力, 看其是否能够运用学过的英语知识和掌握的 技能进行思想交流. 从历年高考试卷来看, 书面表达是指导性写作, 即按照题目所给的目的, 时间,对象,地点,内容,长度等条件去完成写作.它不同于命题作文,可以随意发挥;也 不是简单的句子翻译.必须做到行文切题,紧扣中心思想,不漏要点,并且意思连贯,文理 通顺,语言准确,得当. 二,应试技巧点拨 1.首先要认真审题.读懂题目所给信息,初步确定要点内容,并可用序号标出 ...

高考二轮复习英语学案:专题二十一 书面表达

   2010 高考二轮复习英语学案 专题二十一 书面表达 (2009 全国卷 I,海南,宁夏卷) 【典例精析】 一, 典例精析】 ( ,海南,宁夏卷) 假定你是李华, 正在英国接受英语培训, 住在一户英国人家里. 今天你的房东 Mrs. Wilson 不在家,你准备外出,请给 Mrs. Wilson 写一留言条,内容包括: 1.外出购物 2.替房东还书 3.Tracy 来电话留言:1)咖啡屋(Bolton Coffee)见面取消 2)此事已告知 Susan 3) 尽快回电 注意:1. 词数 10 ...

热门内容

高考英语范文

   高中英语作文范文及翻译集锦 一、议论类 Bikes or Cars Americans like to go out by car. Although more and more Chinese own cars,most Chinese still like to ride bicycles, This is determined by a lot of factors. As we all know, the bike advances slowly by manpower, but i ...

2010高考英语书面表达句型系列

   1.在过去的几年,北京发生了巨大的变化。 Great changes have taken place in the past few years in Beijing. 变形:Beijing has taken on a new look. Beijing is no longer what it used to be. 2.我很高兴地收到你2006年2月12日的来信。 I’m delighted to receive/get your letter dated/of Fed.12,20 ...

初中中考英语解题技巧

   初中中考英语解题技巧 英语听力题解题技巧 一、听力技巧之??听辨单词类的答题技巧 此类题的出题形式多是听句子,从所给选项中选出所昕句子里含有的那个单词。此 类题的答题技巧是这样的: 。 1.先浏览一遍题干,注意比较它们在发音上的不同之处,这样在听的时候就可以有 意识地注意这个不同之处,从而迅速作答。 2.由于所给选项是四个读音相似、极易混淆的单词,而录音中播放的是一个句子,所 以我们要尽量从整体上理解句子,不要只顾听逐个单词,要在语境中确定选项。 3.平时要注意那些容易混淆的音素和那些读音十 ...

山东省2009年专升本考试英语试题及答案

   2009年山东专升本英语公共课真题 2009年山东专升本英语公共课真题 二 OO 九年山东省普通高等教育专升本统一考试 (考试时间:120分钟) 考试时间:120分钟) 分钟 英语试卷一 注意事项: 一、本试卷分为试卷一、试卷二两部分。 二、将自己的姓名、准考证号码写在试卷和答题卡的相应位置上。考试结束 后,把试卷和答题卡放在桌上。教师收卷后才可以离开考场。试卷和答题卡均不 得带走。 三、仔细读懂题目的说明。 四、在120分钟内答完全部试题,不得拖延时问。 五、试卷一的答案必须填涂在答题卡上 ...

大学英语C试卷-2

   试卷-2 大学英语 C 试卷 2008 年 10 月 注 意 事 项 一、将你的姓名、考号填写在答题卡的规定栏内,将考号和考试科目在规定的栏内 用 2B 铅笔涂满涂黑。考试结束后,把试卷和答题卡放在桌上。试卷和答题卡均不得带出 考场。 二、仔细读懂题目的说明,并按题目要求答题。答案一定要写在答题卡的指定位置 上,写在试卷上的答案无效。 三、选择题用 2B 铅笔将选中项涂满涂黑,主观题用蓝、黑圆珠笔或钢笔答题,使 用铅笔答题无效。 第一部分: 小题; 第一部分:阅读理解 (共 20 小题;每小 ...