书面表达突破(二) ? ?图画类
图画类基础写作是以图画和文字相结合的方式呈现内容要点的,难度在于图画是形象语 言,要转化为逻辑语言,考生需要仔细观察。虽然写作内容中的文字提示部分已经明确了要表 达的内容要点,但比较笼统,要结合图画中的内容进一步细化,甚至补充内容要点,确定信息的 主与次;同时还要注意语句之间的衔接和句式的多样化。因此,写作时要做到:
  1.仔细观察图画,弄清画面的含义,抓住画面的主体;
  2.根据画面内容,进行合理想像,使画面“动”起来,从而形成一个完整的小故事;
  3.认真安排内容,布局谋篇,要做到言之有序,抓住重点,突出中心,要叙述连贯,描写生动。 原题再现 请看下面的漫画,联系实际生活,以“Saving Water”为题写一篇短文,词数 100 左右。
写作模板
学生习作 As can be seen/As is described/As is shown in the picture, the drinking water is running without anyone using it. The picture tells us now many people pay no attention to saving water. The implied meaning of this picture should be taken into consideration seriously. To begin with, water is the source of life, without which there could be no life on the earth. Second, there is very limited available water resources on our planet, and excessive using of water can make the situation from bad to worse. And this social problem should arise the great concern of all in the world. In my opinion/As for me, we should take strong measures to deal with the problem. First, we should make all the people know the importance of water and the fact that water resources are limited. Second, we must pass some laws to punish those who waste water. Only in this way can we solve the problem of water-wasting.
As can be seen in the picture,图画 内容.The picture tells us 图片的大致 意思. The implied meaning of this picture should be taken into consideration seriously. To begin with, 揭示涵义/原因/结果
  1.Second,揭示涵 义/原因/结果
  2. In my opinion/As for me, we should take strong measures to deal with the problem. First, we should 具体 措施
  1. Second, we must 具体措施
  2. Only in this way can we solve the problem of 图画内容.
名师点评
本文采取三段论的方式:叙述图画,分析图画,提 出建议,叙述简明扼要,分析切中要点,建议切实可行。 文中用了 to begin with,second;first, second;in my opinion 等衔接语,使得文章非常连贯。此外,文章最后 用了倒装结构,属较高级的句型,增添了文章的色彩。
仿写训练 假设你是李华,你的英国朋友 Tom 来信询问你们的学习情况。 请你根据下图提供的信息, 写一封回信,谈谈自从你校学生开始尝试一种新的学习方法以来,你们学习情况的变化。
注意:词数 100 左右。 Dear Tom, It was great to hear from you again. All the best. Yours, Li Hua 【参考范文】 Dear Tom, It was great to hear from you again.There are many things going on in our school.In fact things have got much better since we started a different way of learning. In the past our teachers stood in front of the class talking all the time while we students listened,busy taking notes.After a tiring day at school,we always had a lot of homework to do.Sometimes we even worked late into the night. Now we are active in class.We often have discussions in pairs or in groups.After class we enjoy all kinds of activities,such as going in for sports,doing experiments or surfing the Internet. We are extremely happy because of the changes in our studies. All the best. Yours, Li Hua 补偿练习 1??阅读理解 (2010?鞍山二次调研) “The world’s oceans are slowly getting more acidic,” say scientists.The researchers from California report that the change is taking place in response to higher levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The lowering of the waters’ pH value is not great at the moment but could cause a serious threat to current ocean life if it continues,they warn.Ken Caldeira and Michael Wickett,from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,report their concerns in the journal Nature.Increasing use of oil fuels means that more carbon dioxide is going into the air,and most of it will eventually be absorbed by sea water.Once in the water,it reacts to form carbonic acid.Scientists believe that the oceans have already become slightly more acidic over the last century.
These researchers have tried to predict what will happen in the future by combining what we know about the history of the oceans with computer models of climate change.“This level of acidity will get much more extreme in the future if we continue releasing CO2 into the atmosphere,” says Dr. Caldeira.“And we predict the amount of future acidity will exceed (超过) anything we have seen over the last several hundred million years,let alone perhaps after rare disastrous events such as asteroid (小行星) impacts.” However,it is not absolutely clear what that means for ocean life.Most organisms live near the surface,where the greatest pH change would be expected to occur,but deep-ocean life forms may be more sensitive to pH changes.Coral reefs and other organisms whose shells contain calcium carbonate (碳酸钙) may be particularly affected if the water’s acidity levels keep going up,the team predict.They could find it much more difficult to build these structures in water with a lower pH. In recent years some people have suggested storing carbon dioxide from power stations in the deep ocean as a way of dealing with global warming.But Dr. Caldeira said that such a strategy should now be reconsidered.“Previously,most experts had looked at ocean absorption of carbon dioxide as a good thing?because in releasing CO2 into the atmosphere we warm the planet,and when CO2 is absorbed by the ocean,it reduces the amount of greenhouse warming.”
  1.The ocean is becoming more acidic due to. A.the lower water pH value B.the warming atmosphere C.the higher level of CO2 in the air D.the increasing use of oil fuels 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。从文章中的第一段可以找到答案。
  2.According to Dr. Caldeira,. A.ocean absorption of carbon dioxide is a good thing B.more oil fuels will be used in the near future C.scientists may predict climate changes with computer models D.the future situation of the amount of acidity is extremely serious 答案 D 解析 综合信息处理题。综观全文可知 D 项正确。
  3.If the water’s acidity level keeps rising,. A.ocean life whose structures contain calcium carbonate may be affected B.the waters’ pH value will become higher and higher C.organisms living near the surface are more sensitive to pH changes D.some disastrous events will occur more often than before 答案 A 解析 细节理解题。由文章中第四段的倒数第二句可知答案。
  4.Most experts once believed storing carbon dioxide in the ocean would reduce. A.the CO2 absorbed by the ocean B.the amount of greenhouse warming C.the acidity of the ocean D.the gradual release of CO2 答案 B 解析 细节理解题。从最后一段的第一句可知答案。
  5.The purpose of this passage is to.
A.show people the findings of a research team B.inform people of how acid the ocean is now C.introduce Dr. Caldeira and his team’s research D.warn people of the higher level of CO2 答案 D 解析 综合全文信息,在介绍 Dr. Caldeira 和他的研究成员对二氧化碳、pH、温室效应 等的研究后,文章指出了目前和未来严峻的形势,目的是要引起人们的注意。 补偿练习 2??书面表达 如果你爱他,你很快就会知道他的一切;如果你恨他,他的生活将不得安宁??网络人肉 搜索就是这样一个让人爱恨交织的东西,有正义的揭露,有极端的骚扰,有理智的分析、调查、 追认,也有一拥而上的愤怒、宣泄、甚至辱骂。请就此现象写一篇英语短文发表你的看法。 词数 100 左右。
参考范文 We are becoming familiar with human flesh search engine which is used to gather a person’s personal information in a short time.It is more and more widely used by a growing number of netizens to disclose some ugly phenomena,while some use it to disturb others’ private life,which results in a kind of Internet violence to some degree. There is no denying that human flesh search engine is just a tool,whether it is used to fight for justice or become violent just depends on ourselves.Therefore,it is not the fault of human flesh search engine but the users who use it to do something illegal. What is the most important is that we humans should use it positively and don’t turn it into a tool of violence.
 

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