归纳复习状语从句 归纳复习状语从句
状语从句概述 各状语从句的引导词及其注意 点: 典型例题解析 课时训练
状语从句概述
  1、定义:状语从句是句子的状语由一个从句充当, 、定义:状语从句是句子的状语由一个从句充当, 来修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词等。 来修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词等。
  2、状语从句可以在句首,也可在句中或句末。 、状语从句可以在句首,也可在句中或句末。
  3、种类:状语从句按其用途可九种。 九种。 、种类:状语从句按其用途可九种
  1)时间状语从句、条件状语从句 )时间状语从句、
  2)比较状语从句、结果状语从句 )比较状语从句、
  3) 原因状语从句 、 目的状语从句 、 让步状语从 ) 原因状语从句、 目的状语从句、 方式状语从句、 句、方式状语从句、地点状语从句
九类状语从句,你知道有哪些相关的连词吗? 九类状语从句,你知道有哪些相关的连词吗?
一、时间状语从句 二、条件状语从句 三、比较状语从句 四、结果状语从句 五、原因状语从句 六、目的状语从句 七、让步状语从句 八、地点状语从句 九、方式状语从句 when while before after until since if unless as…as, not as/so…as…, …than… so…that… such…that… because so that even if/though, though/although where wherever
as if , as though
各状语从句的引导词及其注意点: 各状语从句的引导词及其注意点:
时间状语从句?
  1.时间状语从句? 引导词: (
  1)引导词:when,while,as,before,after, as soon as,until,since, by the time… 主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时代替。 (
  2)主句为将来时,从句用一般现在时代替。? 的同义句替换。 (
  3)not...until的同义句替换。 ?
I. When (“当……时候”) 时候” 时候
  1)When he comes here tomorrow,I will call you.
(当主句是一般将来时 从句要用一般现在时 “主将从现” ) 一般将来时, 一般现在时, 主将从现” 一般将来时 一般现在时 主将从现

  2)I was waiting for the bus when I met him.
  3)They were playing football when it began to rain.
结构:主句(过去进行时)+从句(一般过去时) 结构:主句(过去进行时) 从句(一般过去时)
II. as (“当……时候”, “一边...一边”, “随着”) 时候” 随着”
  1)As/While/When they were picking tea, the girls were singing happily.
  2) She sang as she worked.
III. while

  1)While he was walking in the street, he met Tim.
结构:主句(一般过去时) 从句 过去进行时) 从句( 结构:主句(一般过去时)+从句(过去进行时)
When he met Tim, he was walking in the street.
结构:主句(过去进行时)+从句(一般过去时) 从句( 结构:主句(过去进行时) 从句 一般过去时)
While walking in the street,he met Tim. Walking in the street ,he met Tom.
IV. Before

  1)We often finish our homework before we go to bed.
  2)He had finished his work before he left here.
V. After

  1) We often go to bed after we finish our homework
  2)After he (had) finished his work,he left there.
After finishing his work,he left here.
VI. since (自从 到现在,自从 自从…..到现在 自从……以来 到现在, 以来) 自从 以来
  1) I have known him since he was a boy.
  2) I have worked here since I graduated from the university.
  3)We have been friends since we met at school.
  4) Where have you been since I last saw you?
  5) It has been 13 days since we left school
VII.until (till) (“直到 为止”) 直到…..为止 为止” 直到 not…until (till) (“直到 才”) 直到…..才 直到
  1) He waited until/till the rain stopped. They worked till /until it was dark. Wait till /until I call.
  2) He will not go to bed until/till/before his mother comes.
VIII .as soon as (一…..就……) 一 就
  1)As soon as she got home,she began to cook.
  2)I will call you as soon as I get there,
  3)Give Lucy the message as soon as you see her.
IX. by the time (到…..为止) 到 为止) 为止
By the time he arrived,the train had already gone.
*IX. every time,each time,the moment
  1)Every time/each time I catch a cold,I have pain in my back.
  2)There was an applause the moment (as soon as) she appeared on the stage.
条件状语从句?
  2.条件状语从句? 引导词: (
  1)引导词:if,unless.? 主句为将来时, (
  2)主句为将来时,从句用 一般现在时代替。 一般现在时代替。? (
  3)if...not与unless及or 的同义句转换。 的同义句转换。
if
unless
as long as

  1)We will have a picnic if it doesn’t rain tomorrow.
  2)If we have some fish, we will have them for dinner.
  3)If you work harder,you will succeed.
Work harder, and you will succeed. Work harder,or you won’t succeed. Working harder,you will succeed.
II.unless
  1)We can’t write to Mary unless she tells us her address. We can’t write to Mary if she doesn’t tell us her address. *III.as long as(只要 ) 只要
  1)I will never give up learning as long as I live.
  2)You may borrow the book as long as you keep it clean.
原因状语从句?
  3.原因状语从句? (
  1)引导词:because, since, as.? 原因状语提问用“ (
  2)对because 原因状语提问用“why”。? 连用。 (
  3)because 不能与so连用。? 的区别: (
  4)because,since,as,for的区别:? because 从句所表示的是对方不知道的直接 的原因, 的原因,因此在回答以why引导的特殊疑问 句时只可用because,而as,since 引导的从句 却不可; 却不可;as,since从句所表示的往往是对方 已知的原因; 往往用于附加理由证明。 已知的原因;for往往用于附加理由证明。 ?
because, for
Because he was ill, he didn’t go to school
He must be ill, for he isn’t at school today.
目的状语和结果状语?
  4.目的状语和结果状语? 引导词: 从句中常用情态动词。 (
  1)引导词:so,that.从句中常用情态动词。? 引导词: (
  2)引导词:so...that,such...that.? 的区别? (
  3)so与such的区别?
①so+形+a/an+名? such+a/an+形+名? ②so+many/much/few/little+形+名? ③such+形+不可数名词/可数名词复数
间转换? (
  4)so...that与too...to和...enough to间转换? ?
目的: 目的:so that /in order that
They set out early so that (in order that) they might arrive there in time.
结果状语从句
so…that…, such…that…
  1) It is so good a story that I’ll never forget it. It is such a good story that I’ll never forget it.
  2)such+adj.+名词 +that clause 名词
  3)so +adj./adv. +that clause
  4)so + many/few + 复数名词 +that clause much/little+不可数名词 不可数名词
比较状语从句?
  5.比较状语从句? 引导词: (
  1)引导词:as...as,not as (so)...as,than? 的同义句替换。 (
  2)not as (so)...as与than的同义句替换。 ? (
  3)as...as,not as (so)...as中间用形容词 或副词的 原形。 原形。? ?
比较状语从句 as…as, not as(so)…as, more/-er…than, less…than
  1)He doesn’t work so hard as you do.
  2)There is as much ink in bottle A as in bottle B.
  3)The more you worry,the less you’ll succeed.
  4) Gold is much heavier than any other metal.
让步状语从句?
  6.让步状语从句? 引导词: (
  1)引导词:though,even though.? 连用。 (
  2)though不能与but连用。
让步状语从句
  1)Although(Though) he is old ,he works hard. He is old, but he works hard.
  2)Even though (even if) you say so, I don’t believe it. (即使 ) 即使
  3)Whenever(No matter when) you come to our country, you will be warmly welcomed.
  4)Wherever(No matter where) he goes, he always brings two bodyguards with him.
地点状语从句?
  7.地点状语从句? (
  1)引导词where,wherever. ? (
  2)wherever=no matter where?
地点状语从句 You may find him where his parents live. Where there is a will, there is a way. Wherever you go, I will go with you.
方式状语从句?
  8.方式状语从句? 引导词: 引导词:as if,as though.?
方式状语从句
  1) You must try to do as I did. *
  2)Let’s do as Mrs. Li teaches us. *
  3)He talks as if he knew all about it. (好象 ) 好象
典型例题解析
Lucy knew nothing about it her 河北省] sister told her.[20
  03,河北省] A.because B.until? C.if D.since?
B
Other people won't be pleased if he 河南省] queue.[20
  03,河南省] ? A.will jump B.jumps? C. jump D.jumped?
B the
The students will go to Summer Palace 甘肃省] if it C tomorrow.[20
  03,甘肃省]? A.don't rain B.won't rain? C.doesn't rain D.isn't rain
(D) The flowerswell if they. ? A. won't grow, don't take good care of? B. don't grow, are taken good care of? C. don't grow, don't take good care of? D. won't grow, are not taken good care of ?
 

相关内容

教你玩转高考英语语法之时间状语从句

   三大从句是高中最重要的语法点,没有“之一”。对于从句的考察贯穿高考英语试卷的始终,从第一个单项听力,到最后的写作。名词性从句、状语从句以及定语从句三者重要性不分伯仲。 但正如大家知道的,“三大”之一的状语从句,种类繁多。时间、地点、原因、结果、条件、让步、条件、比较、方式9种,基本上大家在经历了学校课堂的洗礼后,也都耳熟能详。殊不知,这9种之中,对于高考来说,重要性的区别是很大的。考频为证,以2006-2010年5年全国高考18个省市的19套卷子的单项选择题为例,涉及到状语从句的题目共 ...

英语状语从句的翻译

   1.There is a virtual limit on how long we can hope to remain alive,however lucky and robust we are。 [参考译文] 不管我们多么幸运,多么健壮,我们所希望的长寿年龄实际上是 有限度的。 [结构分析] 该句分为两部分: (There is a virtual limit on how long we can hope to remain alive, ) (however lucky and ro ...

中考英语“状语从句”考查面面观

   中考英语"状语从句"考查面面观 中考英语"状语从句" 中考英语"状语从句"考查面面观 历年中考英语试卷都有对状语从句的考查.从全国部分地区中考英语试卷对状语从句的考查内容来看, 命题热点主要集中在以下几个方面: [热点一]对时间状语从句的考查 [试题精选] (1)我一到美国就给你打电话. I'll ring you up soon I get to America. (北京市海淀区) (2)昨天直到雨停了,孩子们才离开学校. The ...

2010高考英语状语从句--历年真题详解

   第一部分 近年高考题荟萃 2009 年高考题 1. (09 福建 33) She had just finished her homework her mother asked her to practice playing the piano yesterday. A. when B. while C. after D. since 答案 A 解析 根据主从句的动词时态可知主句谓语动词的动作在从句谓语动词之前已经完成,引导词的意思是:当……的 时候,选 A. 2. (09 陕西 13) M ...

2010届高考英语状语从句专项练习1

   3eud 教育网 http://www.3edu.net 百万教学资源,完全免费,无须注册,天天更新! 高考英语复习状语从句专项练习 高考英语复习 状语从句专项练习 历届高考试题中的状语从句 1. ? How long has this bookshop been in business? -A. After France. ( 94 ) A. as A. what A. that -A. As A. when A. Now that A. long it takes however C. ...

英语??状语从句详解

   状语从句 一、状语从句分类及常用连词: 类别 连 词 时间状语从句 when, whenever, while, as, before, after, since, till, once, as soon as, the moment, immediately, every time, each time, next time, the first time, any time, all the time, etc. 地点状语从句 where, wherever 原因状语从句 because ...

中考英语状语从句

   专题Ⅲ 第二部 专题Ⅲ句型 二 状语从句 考点揭密 中考考点设置 典型例题解析 课时训练 考点揭密 在复合句中修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词, 在复合句中修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词, 起状语作用的从句叫状语从句. 起状语作用的从句叫状语从句.状语从句可置主语之 也可置主语之后.前置时, 前,也可置主语之后.前置时,从句后用逗号与主句 分开;后置时,与主句之间无标点符号. 分开;后置时,与主句之间无标点符号. 状语从句可分为时间,原因,目的,结果,条件, 状语从句可分为时间,原因,目的,结 ...

高考英语状语从句

   归纳复习状语从句 归纳复习状语从句 状语从句概述 各状语从句的引导词及其注意 点: 典型例题解析 课时训练 状语从句概述 1、定义:状语从句是句子的状语由一个从句充当, 、定义:状语从句是句子的状语由一个从句充当, 来修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词等。 来修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词等。 2、状语从句可以在句首,也可在句中或句末。 、状语从句可以在句首,也可在句中或句末。 3、种类:状语从句按其用途可九种。 九种。 、种类:状语从句按其用途可九种 1)时间状语从句、条件状语从句 )时间状语 ...

高一英语状语从句

   Dialogue: Husband?H Wife--W Adverbial Clauses of Manner H: You sing terriblely as my sister (does). of And you like singing more than she does.comparison W: I won't stop singing unless I sing this song well. of condition H: Then I will go out in ...

高考英语语法-状语从句

   高考英语备考语法之状语从句 (2011年) 状语从句(adverbial clause) 状语从句 含义:在句中作状语,可修饰主句中的动 词、形容词和副词等。 状语从句可放在句首或句末。放在句首时, 从句后面常用逗号;放在句末时,从句前 面往往不用逗号。 状语从句根据它们的含义分为时间、地点、 原因、目的、结果、方式、让步、条件、 比较等九种。 一、时间状语从句 1、while, when, whenever和as的用法比较 (1)while 常表示一段较长的时间或一个过程,强调主句的动词和 ...

热门内容

英语学习_学位英语词汇部分答题技巧_必备

   弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 学位英语词汇部分答题技巧 英语词汇 2009-08-12 09:03:32 阅读 5494 评论 1 字号:大中小 订阅 词汇试题的正确选择在很大程度上取决于考生词汇量的大小, 以及运用 词汇能力的强弱。但是了解一些解题技巧也会对考试有一定的帮助。下面简单介 绍几种词汇测试题中常见的应试技巧。 一、词组与习惯用法辨析题 1)动词短语搭配 1)动词短语搭配 英语动词短语是英语的难点之一,它是由动词+副词、动词+介词、动 ...

2010年湖南省娄底市中考英语试题

   12999 英语网 en.12999.com 2010 年湖南省娄底市中考英语试题 考生注意: 1.本试卷分试题卷和答题卡两部分。 2.试题卷共 55 小题加书面表达题。共 100 分。120 分钟完卷。 3.本卷所有选择题最符合题意的答案只有 1 个。不选、多选、错选、涂写不清或是不填写 答案编号字母而抄写英语答案的,均不给分。 4.全部答案都必须按要求在答题卡中相对应题号下填涂或书写,要求填涂正确、书写工整、 清晰、规范,卷面清洁。 5.完卷后,答题卡和试题卷分别交回,答题卡按 ...

会计专业英语词汇

   1 资产 assets 11~ 12 流动资产 current assets 111 现金及约当现金 cash and cash equivalents 1111 库存现金 cash on hand 1112 零用金/周转金 petty cash/revolving funds 1113 银行存款 cash in banks 1116 在途现金 cash in transit 1117 约当现金 cash equivalents ...

小学英语 Book 1 Lesson3 In My Dream

   In my dream… I can fly. I can cook. I can play. I can run. I can drive. I can swim Sweet dreams. In My Dream I can fly. I can fly In my dream I can fly I can fly like a bird, in my dream I can fly in the dream! A baby can fly in the dream! I can fl ...

关于2006年12月山东省高职高专英语应用能力考试

   关于 2006 年 12 月山东省高职高专英语应用能力考试 报名的通知 各有关教学单位: 根据山东省高教处《关于 2006 年 12 月山东省高职高专 英语应用能力考试报名的通知》精神,现将我校考试报名有 关事项通知如下: 一、 考试对象及报名资格要求: (一)大学一年级学生不允许报考。 (二)未取得本校学籍的学生不得在本校报名参加考 试,否则,考试成绩按 0 分计。 (三)学年末英语成绩在 85 分以上的优秀大学二年级学 生,可允许报考,报考比例不得超过在校专科(高职)生总 数的 30%。 ...