Come in, in, please!
高考短文改错讲解
Part
  1. 高考短文改错试题设置形式

  1.试题从设置上要求对一篇短文中标有 试题从设置上要求对一篇短文中标有 题号的每一行做出判断,并改正可能出现 题号的每一行做出判断 并改正可能出现 的错误. 的错误
  2.试题设置的形式为四类 多一词 / ); 试题设置的形式为四类:多一词 试题设置的形式为四类 多一词( 缺一词(^);错一词 __ );和无误行 ( ) 错一词( 缺一词 错一词 和无误行
Part 2 高考短文改错答题注意事项

  1. 首先要通读全文 把握文章大意 行文逻辑 首先要通读全文,把握文章大意 行文逻辑, 把握文章大意,行文逻辑 特别要注意人称、时态和语态。 特别要注意人称、时态和语态。
  2. 从每个完整的句子入手来分析可能的错 一定要注意句子结构的完整。 误,一定要注意句子结构的完整。
  3. 对标有题号行改错,未标有题号行无误, 对标有题号行改错,未标有题号行无误, 可以作为上下文行文逻辑推理的依据与线 索。
Part3 案例分析归纳解题的方法和技巧
总的来说,短文改错的设置主要集中在对词的 总的来说,短文改错的设置主要集中在对词的 用法,行文逻辑与句子结构等三个方面判断错 用法,行文逻辑与句子结构等三个方面判断错 误并改正。以下通过案例来逐个分析: 误并改正。以下通过案例来逐个分析:
I.词的错误 词的错误
  1.名词 名词

  1) 考查名词单复数 可数与不可数的误用 考查名词单复数,可数与不可数的误用
  2) 考查名词形容词词性误用

  1.You must pay great attention to healthy your healthy. health

  2.He always gave her valuable Christmas and birthday present present. presents

  2. 动词

  1) 考查动词的时态误用 特别是现在时和过 考查动词的时态误用,特别是现在时和过 去时的误用
  4) 动词短语搭配误用
  2) 考查动词的语态误用
  3) 考查主谓一致误用

  1.He works very hard in the past. worked
  2.Women are taking a much more important part in society today. playing
  3.The teacher with his students are playing football. is

  4.He got home and found his house had broken into. Λ been

  3. 形容词和副词

  1) 形容词和副词在修饰上的误用 (修饰名 修饰名 代词用形容词, 词,代词用形容词,作名词的宾语补足语 用形容词;修饰动词、形容词、副词、 用形容词;修饰动词、形容词、副词、短 语结构、句子等用副词) 语结构、句子等用副词
  2) 比较级中形容词和副词的形式误用
  3) 词义上的误用

  1.Mary wanted to buy him something real special. really
  2.Surprising, he didn’t pass the Surprising examination. Surprisingly
  3.He could play football as good as, if not better than Jack. well
  4.They are strong against me going there. strongly
  5.He always makes his room tidily. tidily tidy

  1. He said he could play football well than Jack. better
  2.The full preparations you make, full the surer of success you’ll certainly be. fuller
  3. It continues to pile up more deeper and deeper year after year. more

  1.English is wide used in the whole world. widely
  2.Most of the teachers think high of that boy. highly
  3.I don’t feel good today, so I want to ask for a leave. well
  4.The ill boy was taken good care of in this hospital. sick

  4.冠词 冠词

  1) 不定冠词 和an互换 不定冠词a和 互换

  2) a / an在特殊语境下的多余和短缺 an在特殊语境下的多余和短缺

  3) 定冠词 定冠词the在特殊语境下的误用 在特殊语境下的误用

  1. He was not a honest boy, so his classmates didn’t trust him. an
  2. There is an university in our city. a
  3. Please have a fun at the party. a
  4. He was put in the prison because the he stole so many things from a house. the

  5. 连词
主要设置在两个需要连接词的分句之间, 主要设置在两个需要连接词的分句之间, 误用副词来连接分句。 误用副词来连接分句。
  1. He was ill, therefore he didn’t so go to school.
  2. I put the book there I can find it easily. where
  3. Work hard, then you will succeed. and

  6.介词 介词
主要设置错误为: 主要设置错误为
  1.介词的短语误用 介词的短语误用
  2.副词短语 副词短语(every day, each day, 副词短语 this morning, that day, next day) 前误用介词
  3.连词 连词(the moment, every time)前 连词 前 误用介词
  4. 介词的词义误用

  1.Many people in the west are on the habit of eating too much sugar and fat. in
  2.He got up very late in this morning. in
  3.He went to bed at the moment I went home. at
  4.As most of my classmates, I am As also an only child in my family. Like
II. 行文逻辑错误

  1.人称逻辑误用 人称逻辑误用
  2. 肯定否定误用
  3. 三大非谓语中逻辑误用

  1.The boy cried and that made his father scolded her her. him Burying
  2.Burying in the cave for so long, she Buried died unluckily.
  3.Do you have any hobby now? If so so, you are asked to form one. not Disappointing
  4.Disappointing at what he told her, she went to see it for herself. Disappointed
III. 句子结构上的错误

  1. 在句子结构对称上的误用
  1.Students are supposed to listen, to take notes and complete timely Λ all the work given by teachers. to
  2.He doesn’t like cooking, doing the dishes, washing clothes, or clean the floors. cleaning

  2. 在三大从句中连接词 关系词和连接副词 在三大从句中连接词,关系词和连接副词 的误用
  1.How can I persuade them to accept the fact^I have grown up? that
  2.I doubt that he will come to join us in the discussion.whether
  3.A good student would do that is told by the teacher. what
  4.He always came to school, that made his teacher very angry. which

  3. 固定句型

  1.You will perhaps find rather ^ difficult to give him a proper it answer.
  2.The problem was too difficult so that he didn’t do it.
  3.He suggested that we could go should home at once.
  4.It was in this room where he where was born. that
Part 4 短文改错中重点注意与行文逻 辑有关的连词和副词的语用功能。 辑有关的连词和副词的语用功能。
连词: 连词 before;since;however; ; ; ; though; while;although;and; ; ; ; ; but;or; so;and so;and yet; ; ; ; ; ; and therefore 副词: 副词 before;since;however; ; ; ; though;there;then;instead; ; ; ; ; also; later;besides;therefore; ; ; ; ; yet;as well;moreover ; ;
Success belongs to you!
By Li Fuyong
Jinchuan No.1 Middle School
 

相关内容

高考英语总复习系列单项填空

   Come in, in, please! 高考短文改错讲解 Part1. 高考短文改错试题设置形式 1.试题从设置上要求对一篇短文中标有 试题从设置上要求对一篇短文中标有 题号的每一行做出判断,并改正可能出现 题号的每一行做出判断 并改正可能出现 的错误. 的错误 2.试题设置的形式为四类 多一词 / ); 试题设置的形式为四类:多一词 试题设置的形式为四类 多一词( 缺一词(^);错一词 __ );和无误行 ( ) 错一词( 缺一词 错一词 和无误行 Part 2 高考短文改错答题注意事项 ...

中考英语总复习系列

   中考英语总复习系列中考英语总复习系列 The Object Clause(宾语从句 宾语从句) 宾语从句 Exercise: 将下列简单句合成宾语从句. 1).He will come back in a week. (I think…) I think that he will come back in a week. 2). Do you like English ? (WeiFang asked me …) Wei Fang asked me if I liked English. 3 ...

高考英语总复习系列 华师大版

   高中英语总复习系列 Revision focus Can you tell me the way to the Sleeping Beauty Castle? way: by the way, in the way, in a way. Could you please wash the bowls? No way! It's Tom's turn today. 2. Go through the gate and you'll find the entrance to Bear Count ...

初三英语系列复习资料之单项填空的考点集汇,讲解和训练

   初三系列复习资料之单项填空的考点集汇,讲解和训练 十五、 单项填空及其解题方法 【考点扫描】 考点扫描】 单项选择题一向是各省市中考的必考题型。它的特点是考点多,覆盖面广, 题量大。其主要考查点是: 1. 考查基本语法; 2. 考查同义词、近义词的辨析; 3. 考查各种词汇的惯用法和固定搭配; 4. 考查掌握和运用日常交际用语的能力。 名师解难】 【名师解难】 由于单项选择题所考查的范围较广, 所以要想做好此类题一要具备扎实的英 语基础知识,二要紧扣语境,抓住关键词。具体应注意以下几点: 1 ...

四年级英语总复习

   牛津小学英语 4A 重点单词与句型 Unit1 单词: pen , ruler , rubber , ball pen , pencil case , bookmark , pencil , notebook , book , this , that 短语: 1、my ball pen 我的圆珠笔 2、her pencil 她的铅笔 3、come in 进来 4、have a notebook 要一本笔记本 5、this pen 这支钢笔 6、that ruler 那把尺 7、in your ...

初中英语总复习知识点

   初中英语总复习第一轮教案7 初中英语总复习第一轮教案7 新目标九年级英语期末复习手册 Unit1-15重点知识梳理 Unit 1 一:知识点 1.Check in : 在旅馆的登记入住。 Check out: 在旅馆结账离开。 2.By: ①通过…..方式(途径)。例:I learn English by listening to tapes. ②在…..旁边。例:by the window/the door ③乘坐交通工具 例:by bus/car ④在……之前,到……为止。例:by Oc ...

小学英语总复习-常用句子

   小学英语总复习-常用句子 小学英语常用句子 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, Hello, … Hi, … How do you do? Good morning/ afternoon/evening. Goodbye. Good night. 你好. 喂,你好. 你好. 早上/下午/晚上好. 再见 晚安. How are you(this morning/afternoon/evening)? 你今天早晨/下午/晚上好吗? Fine, thank you/ thanks ...

中考英语总复习计划及思路

   中考英语总复习计划及思路 大坝电厂学校 指导思想: 一、指导思想:认真系统地研究整理英语教材知识和能力要求,以新 目标英语课程标准为基本依据,抓好每一环节复习,切实落实基础,突出新教材 特点,争取在稳拿基本分的基础上,在听力、完型、阅读和书面表达等方面体现 优势。 同年级教师齐心协力,真抓实干,争取新教材英语教学 创辉煌,积累一些宝贵经验。 知识要求:1、掌握并熟练运用新目标英语教材上的所有四会词汇、语法、 篇章结构、语言信息、社会生活信息。 2、认真梳理《命题说明》上重要的知 识点、语法知 ...

高考英语总复习完形填空(2)

   2010 届高考英语总复习五年高考三年联考完形填空之夹叙夹议类 夹叙夹议类 第一部分 五年高考题荟萃 Passage 1 (09安徽) 安徽 After spending a weekend away with my adult son, I was so impressed by his generous heart that I sent him this letter. 36. A. humorous 37. A. followed 38. A. ordered 39. A. hesi ...

中考英语总复习单项选择题

   梦幻网络( http://www.7139.com ) 数百万免费课件下载,试题下载,教案下载,论文范文,计划总结 中考英语总复习单项选择题 一、冠词、代词(共 15 题 15 分) 冠词、代词( )1. When astronauts (宇航员)Fei Junlong, Nie Haisheng came back from space, many reporters interviewed and got some first-hand information. A. they B. t ...

热门内容

清华大学计算机专业英语 (6)

   4.1 Data Types And Data Structure 1. data 数据 数据类型 data type data structure 数据结构 data value 数据值 2. entity 3. element 实体 元素 基本操作, 原子” 基本操作,“原子”操作 4. atomic operation 5. order 6. dot n. 次序 v. 排序 点,点分符 a. 点阵 dot-matrix n. dot-matrix printer 点阵打印机 dot p ...

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册读写教程课文Unit1-8翻译

   Unit 1 An artist who seeks fame is like a dog chasing his own tail who, when he captures it, does not know what else to do but to continue chasing it. 艺术家追求成名,如同狗自逐其尾,一旦追到手,除了继续追逐不知还能做些什么。 The cruelty of success is that it often leads those who see ...

商务英语口语900句

   商务英语 900 句 1 I want a package deal including airfare and hotel. 我需要一个成套服务,包括机票和住宿 2 I'd like to change this ticket to the first class. 我想把这张票换成头等车. 3 I'd like to reserve a sleeper to Chicago. 我要预订去芝加哥的卧铺. 4 I won't check this baggage 这件行李我不托运. 5 I' ...

生产线常用的英语缩写

   生产线常用的英语缩写 编号 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 英文缩写 BKM ESD EEW EMO ERT ORT EHS IPA IQ LOTO MSDS MU PPE COHE CDC TSM SMBWA QMBWA 英文全称 Best Known Method Electro static Discharge Energized Electrical Work Emergency Off Emergency Response Tea ...

厦门大学英语专业考研真题写作与英汉互译2007

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...