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高考短文改错讲解
Part
  1. 高考短文改错试题设置形式

  1.试题从设置上要求对一篇短文中标有 试题从设置上要求对一篇短文中标有 题号的每一行做出判断,并改正可能出现 题号的每一行做出判断 并改正可能出现 的错误. 的错误
  2.试题设置的形式为四类 多一词 / ); 试题设置的形式为四类:多一词 试题设置的形式为四类 多一词( 缺一词(^);错一词 __ );和无误行 ( ) 错一词( 缺一词 错一词 和无误行
Part 2 高考短文改错答题注意事项

  1. 首先要通读全文 把握文章大意 行文逻辑 首先要通读全文,把握文章大意 行文逻辑, 把握文章大意,行文逻辑 特别要注意人称、时态和语态。 特别要注意人称、时态和语态。
  2. 从每个完整的句子入手来分析可能的错 一定要注意句子结构的完整。 误,一定要注意句子结构的完整。
  3. 对标有题号行改错,未标有题号行无误, 对标有题号行改错,未标有题号行无误, 可以作为上下文行文逻辑推理的依据与线 索。
Part3 案例分析归纳解题的方法和技巧
总的来说,短文改错的设置主要集中在对词的 总的来说,短文改错的设置主要集中在对词的 用法,行文逻辑与句子结构等三个方面判断错 用法,行文逻辑与句子结构等三个方面判断错 误并改正。以下通过案例来逐个分析: 误并改正。以下通过案例来逐个分析:
I.词的错误 词的错误
  1.名词 名词

  1) 考查名词单复数 可数与不可数的误用 考查名词单复数,可数与不可数的误用
  2) 考查名词形容词词性误用

  1.You must pay great attention to healthy your healthy. health

  2.He always gave her valuable Christmas and birthday present present. presents

  2. 动词

  1) 考查动词的时态误用 特别是现在时和过 考查动词的时态误用,特别是现在时和过 去时的误用
  4) 动词短语搭配误用
  2) 考查动词的语态误用
  3) 考查主谓一致误用

  1.He works very hard in the past. worked
  2.Women are taking a much more important part in society today. playing
  3.The teacher with his students are playing football. is

  4.He got home and found his house had broken into. Λ been

  3. 形容词和副词

  1) 形容词和副词在修饰上的误用 (修饰名 修饰名 代词用形容词, 词,代词用形容词,作名词的宾语补足语 用形容词;修饰动词、形容词、副词、 用形容词;修饰动词、形容词、副词、短 语结构、句子等用副词) 语结构、句子等用副词
  2) 比较级中形容词和副词的形式误用
  3) 词义上的误用

  1.Mary wanted to buy him something real special. really
  2.Surprising, he didn’t pass the Surprising examination. Surprisingly
  3.He could play football as good as, if not better than Jack. well
  4.They are strong against me going there. strongly
  5.He always makes his room tidily. tidily tidy

  1. He said he could play football well than Jack. better
  2.The full preparations you make, full the surer of success you’ll certainly be. fuller
  3. It continues to pile up more deeper and deeper year after year. more

  1.English is wide used in the whole world. widely
  2.Most of the teachers think high of that boy. highly
  3.I don’t feel good today, so I want to ask for a leave. well
  4.The ill boy was taken good care of in this hospital. sick

  4.冠词 冠词

  1) 不定冠词 和an互换 不定冠词a和 互换

  2) a / an在特殊语境下的多余和短缺 an在特殊语境下的多余和短缺

  3) 定冠词 定冠词the在特殊语境下的误用 在特殊语境下的误用

  1. He was not a honest boy, so his classmates didn’t trust him. an
  2. There is an university in our city. a
  3. Please have a fun at the party. a
  4. He was put in the prison because the he stole so many things from a house. the

  5. 连词
主要设置在两个需要连接词的分句之间, 主要设置在两个需要连接词的分句之间, 误用副词来连接分句。 误用副词来连接分句。
  1. He was ill, therefore he didn’t so go to school.
  2. I put the book there I can find it easily. where
  3. Work hard, then you will succeed. and

  6.介词 介词
主要设置错误为: 主要设置错误为
  1.介词的短语误用 介词的短语误用
  2.副词短语 副词短语(every day, each day, 副词短语 this morning, that day, next day) 前误用介词
  3.连词 连词(the moment, every time)前 连词 前 误用介词
  4. 介词的词义误用

  1.Many people in the west are on the habit of eating too much sugar and fat. in
  2.He got up very late in this morning. in
  3.He went to bed at the moment I went home. at
  4.As most of my classmates, I am As also an only child in my family. Like
II. 行文逻辑错误

  1.人称逻辑误用 人称逻辑误用
  2. 肯定否定误用
  3. 三大非谓语中逻辑误用

  1.The boy cried and that made his father scolded her her. him Burying
  2.Burying in the cave for so long, she Buried died unluckily.
  3.Do you have any hobby now? If so so, you are asked to form one. not Disappointing
  4.Disappointing at what he told her, she went to see it for herself. Disappointed
III. 句子结构上的错误

  1. 在句子结构对称上的误用
  1.Students are supposed to listen, to take notes and complete timely Λ all the work given by teachers. to
  2.He doesn’t like cooking, doing the dishes, washing clothes, or clean the floors. cleaning

  2. 在三大从句中连接词 关系词和连接副词 在三大从句中连接词,关系词和连接副词 的误用
  1.How can I persuade them to accept the fact^I have grown up? that
  2.I doubt that he will come to join us in the discussion.whether
  3.A good student would do that is told by the teacher. what
  4.He always came to school, that made his teacher very angry. which

  3. 固定句型

  1.You will perhaps find rather ^ difficult to give him a proper it answer.
  2.The problem was too difficult so that he didn’t do it.
  3.He suggested that we could go should home at once.
  4.It was in this room where he where was born. that
Part 4 短文改错中重点注意与行文逻 辑有关的连词和副词的语用功能。 辑有关的连词和副词的语用功能。
连词: 连词 before;since;however; ; ; ; though; while;although;and; ; ; ; ; but;or; so;and so;and yet; ; ; ; ; ; and therefore 副词: 副词 before;since;however; ; ; ; though;there;then;instead; ; ; ; ; also; later;besides;therefore; ; ; ; ; yet;as well;moreover ; ;
Success belongs to you!
By Li Fuyong
Jinchuan No.1 Middle School
 

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