1. 低碳生活(话题来源: 哥本哈根气候大会 话题来源: 哥本哈根气候大会) 话题来源 Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of “Low-carbon Life”. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below:
  1、低碳生活方式受到人们的欢迎
  2、低碳生活的意义
  3、我们应该…… Recently, low-carbon becomes a high-frequency and fashionable word which gets the greatest concern in the world. Low-carbon life means a kind of lifestyle in which people do their best to reduce energy consumption and carbon greenhouse gas emissions. It is of vital importance for the whole world to practice the low-carbon lifestyle. Firstly, our natural resources and energy are limited; therefore, it is absolutely necessary for us to save and protect them. Secondly, in order to protect our environment from serious greenhouse effect, we need a low-carbon emission. It is low-carbon life that enables our next generations to live a better and superior life. What we should bear in mind is that the earth is common home. Thus, every one is well advised to practice this lifestyle and there are several ways for us to do this. Firstly, every one is expected to cultivate their awareness of saving energy. Then, we are also hoped to help our families and friends to live a low-carbon life. Only by doing so can we hope to create a world where all humans enjoy a clean and tidy environment. (185words)
低碳经济下的环境保护⑴ “低碳经济”是一个具有广泛社会性的经济最前沿理念,最早是在 2003 年英国政府公布的能源黄皮书《我们能 源的未来: 创立低碳经济》 正式提出的低碳经济包括低碳发展、 低碳产业、 低碳技术以及低碳生活等经济形态, 是指在不影响经济发展的前提下,通过技术创新以及制度创新,降能力低下源以及资源耗损,尽可能上限地减
1
少温室气体以及污染物的排放,使成为事实减缓气候变化的方针,增进人的总称的可持续发展
Protection of Environment

  1.
  2.
  3.
  4. 目前环保还存在着许多问题 为了保护环境 列国政府做了大量的工作 我的看法
There are still many problems of environmental protection in recent years. One of the most serious problems is the serious pollution of air, water and soil. the polluted air does great harm to people’s health. The polluted water causes diseases and death. What is more, vegetation had been greatly reduced with the rapid growth of modern cities. To protect the environment, governments of many countries have done a lot. Legislative steps have been introduced to control air pollution, to protect the forest and sea resources and to stop any environmental pollution. Therefore, governments are playing the most important role in the environmental protection today. In my opinion, to protect environment, the government must take even more concrete measures. First, it should let people fully realize the importance of environmental protection through education. Second, much more efforts should be made to put the population planning policy into practice, because more people means more people means more pollution. Finally, those who destroy the environment intentionally should be severely punished. We should let them know that destroying environment means destroying mankind themselves.
低碳经济下的环境保护⑵ 根据题目 《师父被熏晕过去了》 的幽默诙谐的画面以及下面要求写一篇关于河水污染 河水污染的感想 河水污染
  1. 情况
  2. 原因 2

  3. 后果
  4. 措施 词数 100~120
One day Sun Wukong together with his master and brothers was walking across a river. Suddenly his master fell off the horse by the bad smell of river water. They found the water so dirty that they could hardly breathe. A lot of factories along the river always poured their waste water and rubbish straight into the river which made the river water polluted. In this way most of the fish in the river were killed. If the river water all over the country is polluted like this, no living things will exist in the water. Now more and more people have come to realize how serious this problem is. Our government is doing her best to take measures to fight against pollution. We expect that the water in every river will be made cleaner and cleaner before long.
低碳经济下的环境保护⑶ 书信形式 全球的环境问题在变患上越来越严重 注重:
  1.信的开头与结尾已给出,不计算在总词数内
  2. 字数要求: 120 左右 人口膨胀 population expansion;过度开发 overdevelopment Dear editor, Environmental problems are becoming more and more serious all over the world. Yours truly Li Hua
Dear editor, Environmental problems are becoming more and more serious all over the world.
3
With the development of industry and agriculture, cars make great noises and give off poisonous gas. Because of population expansion and overdevelopment, resources has become less and less. Trees on the hills have been cut down, and waste water is being poured continuously into rivers. The whole ecological balance of the earth is changing. Massive destruction of environment has brought about negative effects and even poses a great threat to man’s existence.
We must face the situation that exists and take actions to solve our environmental problems. We hope that all these measures will be effective and bring back a healthful environment. Yours truly Li Hua
水污染 今天,我读了《中国日报》的一则新闻。据报道,在我们国家,水污染不仅存在于海河中, 也出现在其他河流、湖泊和海洋中。 大家一致认为水污染已是当今的严重问题。 世界范围内的河流、 湖泊甚至海洋都受到垃圾和 危险的化学制剂的污染。石油和其他化学品可以杀死鱼,使水变得不能饮用。被污染的水对每个 人都是有害的。 现在,越来越多的人都认识到这个问题有多重。我们政府止努力制定措施与水污染作斗争。 我们做了许多工作, 但还有很长的路要走。 我们要坚持斗争, 直到我们找到解决环境污染的办法。 我们相信,我们能打赢这场战斗。再见,水污染!
Today, I read a piece of news in China Daily. It reports that water pollution exists not only in Haihe River but aIso in some other rivers, lakes and seas in our country. Everyone agrees that water pollution is a serious problem today. Rivers, lakes and even oceans all over the world are bec0mingpolluted by garbage and dangerous chemicals. Oil and other chemicals can kill fish and make water unsafe for drinking.Polluted water is a hazard to everyone.
4
Now more and more people have realized how serious the problem is. Our government is doing its best to take measures to fight against pollution. We've done a good deal of work, but there's still a long way to go. We must keep on fighting until we find ways to protect the environment from being polluted, and do away with pollution. We are sure that we'll win the battle. Goodbye, water pollution!

  2. 与前文相关主题 与前文 Pollution: An Increasing Concern in China
  1. 中国的污染的现状
  2. 造成污染的原因
  3. 解决的办法 It is reported that ten big cities in China are being ranked among the top twenty cities with the highest pollution index in the world. This means it is high time we did something to bring the situation under control. Many factors are contributing to the deteriorating situation: industrial wastes pumped into the air, the lakes and rivers; a increasing number of automobiles crowding into the streets; the widespread use of plastic bags etc. To my view, stiffer laws and regulations must be implemented to check pollution. Industries that release wastes without permission should be heavily fined. Cars should be equipped to minimize the exhaust they release into the air. And the use of plastic bags and disposable meal boxes should be banned. What’s more, the media should play an important role in implanting a sense of environmental consciousness into people’s mind.
5
If everybody works toward a common goal of making the environment better, we can create a cleaner and lovelier world for us and for the coming generation. 3 世博主题:Better City, Better Life(太长,用时需改短) 世博主题: 太长,用时需改短 太长 Nowadays, with the fast development of economy of the world, many cities become bigger and bigger and many modern cities are appearing. Thus, we face the complex problem: Urbanization. Urbanization has been a subject of heated discussion for a long time. Some people are in favor, while others are opposed. In my opinion, urbanization benefits human beings rather than do harm to them. Two reasons may account for my conclusion. Firstly, urbanization enriches our life. We can imagine what will happen without convenient traffic system, without big department stores, without KTVs and many other entertainments? To some extent, it is impossible for human beings to live in this world. Urbanization make it possible for us to enjoy our life more than before, Also, urbanization quicken the pace of science, especially in the communication field, in the early time, if we want to connect with our family members or friends, the only way we can choose is writing letters. But urbanization changed this situation, we can talk with the friends in the foreign countries with our any difficulties through the Internet, we gain whatever information we need on the internet. These conveniences are brought by the urbanization. Secondly, urbanization also raise our country economy. As we all know, the policy of Reform and Opening give our country a golden opportunity to develop our economy, we have a direct feeling about the dramatic increasing of our living standard, many productions that we cannot afford in the past
6
time can be owned in today. This phenomenon proves that urbanization benefits our life basically. With the fast step of urbanization, many job opportunities are supplied in the occupation market which makes many rural migrant workers get a solid work in the urban area. They also contribute to the economic development in the urban area. These prosperities are definitely brought by the urbanization. I live in Shanghai, and it is a typical big city in China. I found that we also have many negative sides of urbanization. For instance, we can talk to the friends thousands miles away, but we don’t know our neighbors in the high-rises; many migrant workers do not enjoy the same profits and rights as the permanent unban residents and this will make their living without and insurance system. But we don’t need to be so pessimistic of the situation at hand. It is evident that the advantages of urbanization outweigh the disadvantages. What we should do is to remain the positive side , meanwhile to conquer the negative side. Our government will also introduce many effective policies to narrow this contradictory. So we have enough reasons to believe the situation will become better and better so that we can reach our aim ”better city, better life ” !
  3. 国学热 Sinology
  1:国学热 Sinology 国学热 Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of “The rehabilitation of Sinology”. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below:
  1、近年来,国学变得流行
  2、国学热的意义是什么
7

  3、我们应该… 事件背景:2010 年电影《孔子》的热播掀起了新一轮的国学热,使得国学再 次成为当今的热门词汇。国学热,即中国传统文化学习的热潮。古老的学术(如周 易、中医等)、传统(如成人礼)成为如今的时尚。同时,借助百家讲坛栏目,一 批批学者登上电视讲台为国人讲述典籍,分享自己的体会,这使得国学也越来越大 众化。 通过阅读经典,我们可以更好的为人处事,甚至管理经营都可从源远流长的国 学中寻找智慧。从学龄前的孩子,到企业高管都能通过国学课堂感受古代智慧的博 大精深。众多中国传统文学、文化的学者都呼吁、提倡,学习中国传统文化,不要 忘本。这些学者以不同方式惊醒了不同影响的宣传,激起了中国人民对重学中国传 统文化的激情。 作为炎黄子孙,我们有义务学国学,鼓励倡导周围的朋友重视国学。文化是一 个民族的身份标志,传统文化是一个国家和民族历史创造的集体记忆与精神寄托。 在青少年中倡导国学有助于增强我们的民族自豪感和文化使命感。 文章写作思路:现象描述+意义阐述+个人评论 第一段: (主题句:)In recent years, Chinese traditional culture, as Sinology, has become increasingly prevalent.(举例法扩展段落:exemplification) For instance, it is reported that many primary and secondary schools have set up courses of sinology, in which students are taught and required to recite classical work by Chinese ancient educators and philosophers, like Confucius. (或者以百家讲坛为例进行说明:A good illustration is CCTV Lecture Room, where famous scholars, such as Yi Zhongtian and Yudan, give lectures on
 

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