写作指导
高考英语作文常用句型 及句子变换
一.开头句型

  1.As far as ...is concerned
  2.It goes without saying that...
  3.It can be said with certainty that...
  4.As the proverb says,
  5.It has to be noticed that...
  6.It`s generally recognized that...
  7.It`s likely that ...

  8.It`s hardly that...
  9.It’s hardly too much to say that...
  10.What calls for special attention is that...需要特别注意的是
  11.There’s no denying the fact that...毫 无疑问,无可否认
  12.Nothing is more important than the fact that...
  13.what’s far more important is that...
二.衔接句型
A case in point is ... As is often the case... As stated in the previous paragraph如前段所 述 But the problem is not so simple. Therefore 然而问题并非如此简单,所以…… But it’s a pity that... For all that...In spite of the fact that... Further, we hold opinion that...
However , the difficulty lies in... Similarly, we should pay attention to... not(that)...but(that)...不是,而是 In view of the present station.鉴于目前 形势 As has been mentioned above... In this respect, we may as well (say)从 这个角度上我们可以说 However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is...然而我们还得看 到事物的另一方面,即
三.结尾句型
I will conclude by saying... Therefore, we have the reason to believe that... All things considered,总而言之 It may be safely said that... Therefore, in my opinion, it’s more advisable...
From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…. The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that…. It can be concluded from the discussion that...从中我们可以得出这样的结论 From my point of view, it would be better if...在我看来……也许更好
四.举例句型
Let’s take...to illustrate this.试举例以兹证明 let’s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this. Here is one more example. Take … for example. The same is true of…. This offers a typical instance of…. We may quote a common example of…. Just think of….
五 常用于引言段的句型

  1. Some people think that …. To be frank, I can not agree with their opinion for the reasons below.
  2. For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different now.
  3. I believe the title statement is valid because….
  4. I cannot entirely agree with the idea that …. I believe….
  5. My argument for this view goes as follows.

  6. Along with the development of…, more and more….
  7. There is a long-running debate as to whether….
  8. It is commonly/generally/widely/ believed /held/accepted/recognized that….
  9. As far as I am concerned, I completely agree with the former/ the latter.
  10. Before giving my opinion, I think it is essential to look at the argument of both sides.
六 表示比较和对比的常用句型 和表达法

  1. A is completely / totally / entirely different from B.
  2. A and B are different in some/every way / respect / aspect.
  3. A and B differ in….
  4. A differs from B in….
  5. The difference between A and B is/lies in/exists in….

  6. Compared with/In contrast to/Unlike A, B….
  7. A…, on the other hand,/in contrast,/while/whereas B….
  8. While it is generally believed that A …, I believe B….
  9. Despite their similarities, A and B are also different.
  10. Both A and B …. However, A…; on the other hand, B….
  11. The most striking difference is that A…, while B….
七 演绎法常用的句型

  1. There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to three major ones.
  2. There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are the most typical ones.
  3. Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following ones may be most effective.
  4. Generally, the advantages can be listed as follows.
  5. The reasons are as follows.
八 因果推理法常用句型

  1. Because/Since we read the book, we have learned a lot.
  2. If we read the book, we would learn a lot.
  3. We read the book; as a result / therefore / thus / hence / consequently / for this reason / because of this, we’ve learned a lot.

  4. As a result of /Because of/Due to/Owing to reading the book, we’ve learned a lot.
  5. The cause of/reason for/overweight is eating too much.
  6. Overweight is caused by/due to/because of eating too much.
  7. The effect/consequence/result of eating too much is overweight.
  8. Eating too much causes/results in/leads to overweight.
英语写作中的句式选择,结合平时练习和所学短语及语 法运用,总结如下,与大家共同探讨: 一 改变时态 例: The bell is ringing now. 一般 There goes the bell. 特殊 二 改变语态 例: People suggest that the conference be put off.一般 It is suggested that the conference be put off.特殊 三 使用不定式 例: He is so kind that he can help me.一般 He is so kind as to help me. 特殊
四 使用过去分词 例: 1 She walked out of the lab and many students followed her.一般 Followed by many students, she walked out of the lab 特殊. 2 Once it is seen, it can never be forgotten.一般 Once seen, it can never be forgotten. 特殊 五 使用 v- ing 1 When he arrives,please give me an e-mail.一般 On arriving /his arrival ,please give me an e-mail.特殊 2 If the weather permits ,I will come tomorrow.一般 I will come tomorrow, weather permitting. .特殊 .
六 使用名词性从句 1 It disappointed everybody that he didn’t turn up.一般 The fact that he did n’ t turn up disappointed everybody.特殊 2 I happened to have met him.一般 It happened that I had met him. 特殊 3To his surprise, the little girl knows so many things.一般 What surprises him is that the little girl knows so many things. 特殊
七 使用定语从句 例; The girl is spoken highly of. Her composition was well written.一般 一般 The girl whose composition was well written is spoken highly of. 特殊 八 使用状语从句 1 I won‘t believe what he says.一般 一般 No matter what he says, I won‘t believe.特殊 特殊 2 If you come back before six o'clock, you can go out.一般 一般 You can go out on condition that you come back before six o'clock. .特殊 特殊 3 If she doesn’t agree, what shall we do? 一般 Supposing that she doesn’t agree, what shell we do ?特殊 特殊
九 使用虚拟语气 例: The ship didn't sink with all on board because there were the efforts of the captain.一般 But for the efforts of the captain ,the ship would have sunk with all on board.特殊 十 使用倒装句型 例:Though I'm weak I'll make the effort.一般 Weak as I am, I'll make the effort. .特殊
Describe the following pictures

  1.他是一个八岁的男孩 他是一个八岁的男孩
A. He is a boy and he is eight years old. . B. He is a boy ,who is eight C. He is a boy of eight. .

  2.那女子笑着说“此事很奇怪 那女子笑着说“ 那女子笑着说
1
A .“It is very strange” the woman said and smiled B.“It is very strange” the woman said, with a smile . C.“It is very strange”said the woman ,smiling. . .

  3.我们发现河水太脏无法钓 我们发现河水太脏无法钓 鱼
A.We found the water was too dirty and we could not catch fish in it. B.We found the water was so dirty that we could not catch fish in it. C.We found the water was so dirty that we could hardly catch fish in it.

  4.当他从车上摔下时,有人正经过。 当他从车上摔下时,有人正经过。 当他从车上摔下时
A.Some one was passing by when he fell off B. Some one happened to be passing by when he fell off his bike

  5.哥哥骑车带着我 哥哥骑车带着我
A.My brother was riding a bike and I sat at the back of it B.My brother was riding with me sitting on the seat back

  6.许多老师给学生留过多的课外作业。 许多老师给学生留过多的课外作业。 许多老师给学生留过多的课外作业
A.Many teachers leave so much homework after class that trouble the students B.Many teachers leave too much homework after class which troubles the students

  7.我将尽全力帮助你 我将尽全力帮助你。 我将尽全力帮助你
A. I’ll do my best to help you. B. I’ll do what I can to help you.

  8.大家都知道:台湾是中国的一部分 大家都知道: 大家都知道 台湾日月潭
A.It’s known that Taiwan is a part of China. B. As we know, Taiwan is a part of China C. As is known to us, Taiwan is a part of China.

  9.这是一个有着 万人口的城市。 这是一个有着20万人口的城市 这是一个有着 万人口的城市。
A.This is a city which has a population of 200,0
  00. B. This is a city whose population is 200,000 C. This is a city with a population of 200,000

  10.正如谚语与所说:熟能生巧 正如谚语与所说:
A. As the saying goes, practice makes perfect B. With the saying going, practice makes perfect.
 

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