高考英语万能作文模板
作文是英语知识水平的综合素质体现,它要求同学们既要有扎实的语言基本功, 又要具备一定的审题能力、想象能力、表达能力、评价能力及书法排版能力。因为基本 功不扎实,多数同学在作文时总会出现这样或者那样的问题,例如,文体不符、词汇误 用、句子单一等,造成作文的得分较低,影响了总的英语成绩。因此,作文能力不强一 直是同学们比较普遍的问题。其实归结起来,作文“缺钙”一共有四类症状,深入地剖 析这些症状,就能找到作文偏科的根本原因,同时写作时适当地套用一些模板,给写作 能力“缺钙”的同学好好进补。 症状一: 症状一:文体格式混乱 【表现】读了作文要求之后,提笔就写??明明要求写一封表达建议的书信,结果写成 了议论文;或者明明要求写说明文,偏偏写成了记叙文;或者总算文体没有弄错,结果 写通知误用日记的格式,写书信又误用通知的格式。 【症结】 平时缺乏作文文体方面的针对性训练, 对英语作文的几种常用文体及其相应的 写作格式不熟悉, 拿到写作材料习惯性地对写作要求一扫而过, 提笔就写自己最熟悉的 格式。 常用文体有记叙文、说明文、议论文还有应用文等。近几年的高考书面表达多以应用文 为主,提供的形式多以图画、提纲、表格出现,书写的格式大都是书信、通知。所以, 同学们应该掌握书信的称呼、开头、正文、结尾、签名等方面,另外,口头通知和书面 通知的不同要清楚。总之,同学们应根据写作提示分析材料,明确写作文体和其相应的 格式。 症状二 症状二:时态人称混乱 【表现】作文时,时态和人称运用混乱??时态方面,要么整篇文章都是一种时态(以 一般现在时、一般过去时居多),要么就是一段甚至一句话中出现三种以上的时态;人 称方面,要么文章开头是第一人称,写到文中甚至文末就成了第二、第三人称,要么前 面是单数人称,写着写着就变成复数人称。 【症结】英语基础知识不牢固,对英语中时态和人称所代表的含义及其运用掌握不足, 因此无法根据文体来选择正确的时态和人称而滥用或者混用。 【突破之道】明确时态和人称 同学们要根据选好的文体和写作内容确定时态和人称。 一般来说, 记人叙事多用一般过 去时; 发布通知多用一般将来时和祈使句式; 发表议论大多用带有情态动词的一般现在
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时;人物介绍、现状说明常用一般现在时和现在完成时。定准时态后接下来一定要知道 各时态的构成及用法要点,但要记住,写作时时态并不唯一,要依据表达内容而选定正 确的时态。 人称方面则要注意前后统一, 避免出现前后人称属性或者单复数不一致的情 况。 症状三: 症状三:词汇运用混乱 【表现】 经常出现乱用词语的现象, 同时使用一些较难的、 较长的、 用法不熟悉的单词, 或者明明用一些简单的词汇就能够很清楚地表达意思, 偏偏要选择一些难度较大的、 不 常用的表达方式。 【症结】 写作时对文章的脉络把握不足就匆匆下笔, 对其中所需的词汇和常用表达方式 理解记忆不牢固。 平时练习时, 习惯性地忽略一些形式简单但用途较广泛的基本词汇和 表达方式,喜欢选择复杂的词汇和表达方式。 【突破之道】确定所需主要词汇和所用表达结构 应该根据文章体裁和内容逐个确定写作要点。 对于图画和图表可在草稿纸上用中文列出 并理清要点,然后选词造句,要注意语言的准确得当,力求用最简洁的话表达准确的意 思。同时,平时写作要多进行发散思维,例如,是用 very sorry 还是 terribly sorry, 是 surprised 还 astonished。 同学们应学会尽可能避免使用较高级的语法结构和词汇, 如非谓语动词、复合句等,以免造成过失性失分. 症状四: 症状四:语序句序混乱 【表现】作文的语序、句序混乱,通常这里写一点,跳过去又另起一点,这样造成要么 文章洋洋洒洒一大篇却全是废话,没有中心和重点,什么都没有表达清楚;要么通篇没 有适当的过渡词、句,整篇文章一“逗”到底,密密麻麻让人找不着北。 【症结】平时练习时不注意表达的连贯性,想到哪里就写到哪里,写作之前没有列提纲 的习惯, 不去深入思索怎样表达才能达到最好的效果, 从而造成整篇文章逻辑思维混乱, 层次不清晰。 【突破之道】整理成篇行文连贯 同学们应该根据写作内容列好简要提纲,分清文章的层次,确定详略,写好的单句要重 新排列组合起来, 使之前后连贯成一篇完整的文章。 同时选用恰当的关联词或句子使文 章过渡自然,行文流畅。另外,该分段时要分段,这样文章才能中心突出,一目了然, 该分段时要分段, 该分段时要分段 整篇作文才能如行云流水般整齐划一。
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作文的开头应如何写? 作文的开头应如何写? 应如何写
一篇文章通常可分为三个部分,即开头、正文和结尾。这三个部分安排是否得体, 直接影响到文章的质量。 文章的开头一般来说应尽量做到开门见山,用简单明白的叙述引出文章的话题,使 读者了解文章要谈论什么,一下子引起读者的兴趣。 作文常见的开头形式大致有以下几种: 作文常见的开头形式大致有以下几种:
  1.开门见山,揭示主题 .开门见山, 文章一开头,就交待清楚文章的主题是什么。如“How I Spent My Vacation”(我怎样度 假)的开头是: I Spent my last vacation happily. 下面是题为"Honesty"(谈诚实)一文中的开头: Honesty is one of the best virtues. An honest man is always trusted and respected. O n the contrary, one who tells lies is regarded as a "liar",and is looked upon by hon est people.
  2.交代人物、事情、时间或环境开头 .交代人物、事情、 在文章的开头,先把人物、事件和环境交待清楚。例如"A Trip to Jinshan" (去金山旅 游)的开头: The day before yesterday my class went on a bus trip to Jinshan. The bus ride there took three hours. The long trip made us very tired, but the sight of the beautiful vi e refreshed us.
  3. 回忆性的开头 用回忆的方法来开头。例如"A Trip to the Taishan Mountain"(泰山游)的开头是: I remember my first trip to the Taishan Mountain as if it were yesterday.
  4.概括性的开头 . 即对要在文章中叙述的人或事先作一个概括性的介绍。如“The Happiness of Reading Books”(读书的快乐)的开头: People often say that gold and silver are the most valuable things in the world. But I say that to read books is more valuable than anything else, because books give us knowledge and knowledge gives us power.
  5.介绍环境式的开头 . 即开头利用自然景物或自然环境引出要介绍的事物。 如“An Accident”(一场事故)的开头 是: It was a rainy and windy morning. The sky was gloomy, the temperature was low, a nd the street was nearly empty. I was on my way back to school. Suddenly, a speed ing car came round the corner.
  6.交待写作目的的开头 . 在文章的一开头就交待写作目的,如通过文章要表扬谁,批评谁,或说明一个什么问题
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等。如 "Pollution Control" (控制污染)的开头: In this article I shall draw your attention to the subject of pollution control. 几种高考英语万能作文模板 几种高考英语万能作文模板 一:对比观点题型(
  1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 对比观点题型( ) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 对比观点题型
  1. 有一些人认为…
  2. 另一些人认为…
  3. 我的看法… The topic of ①(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②(支持 A 的理由一)What is more, ③理由二). Moreover, ④(理由三). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,(支持 B 的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥(理由二). Thirdl y (finally),⑦(理由三). From my point of view/ In my opinion, I think ⑧(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other rea sons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice . (
  2) 给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点 ) 出一个观点, Some people believe that ①(观点一). For example, they think ②(举例说明).And it will bring them ③(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤(反对的理由之二). From all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥(我对文章 所讨论主题的看法). 二:阐述主题题型 要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述. 1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义. 2. 分析并举例使其更充实. The good old proverb 名言或谚语) ( reminds us that (释义). Indeed, we can learn many things from it. First of all,(理由一). For e xample, (举例说明). Secondly,(理由二). Another case is th at (举例说明). Furthermore , (理由三). In my opinion, (我的观点). In short, whatever you do, please remembe r the sayA. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ll nece ssarily benefit a lot from it.
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三:解决方法题型 要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径 1.问题现状 2.怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)
In recent days, we have to face a problemA, which is becoming more and more serious.
First, (说明A的现
状).Second, (举例进一步说明现状) Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, (解决方法一). For another (解决方法 二).Finally, (解决方法三).
Personally,
I believe that (我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m conf
ident that a bright future is awaiting us because (带来的好处). 四:说明利弊题型 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状, 再对比事物本身的利弊, 有时也会单从一个角度 (利 或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测) 1.说明事物现状 2.事物本身的优缺点(或一方面) 3.你对现状(或前景)的看法 Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First (A的优点之一). B esides (A的优点之二). But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that (A的第一个缺点).To make matters wor se,(A的第二个缺点). Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negati ve ones. Therefore, I would like to (我的看法). (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should ta ke it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this wa y, (对前景的预测).) 五:议论文的框架 (
  1) 不同观点列举型 选择型 ) 不同观点列举型( There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A ma jority of people think that _ 观点一. In their views there are 2 factors contr
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ibuting to this attitude as follows: in the first place, 原因一.Furthermore, i n the second place, 原因二. So it goes without saying that 观点一. People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that 观点二. In their point of view, on the one hand, 原因一. On the other hand, 原因二. Therefore, there is no doub that 观点二. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二 __. It is not only because , but also because . The more __, the more . (
  2)利弊型的议论文 ) Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)作文题目. In fact, there are b
 

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