高考英语作文写作辅导十六天 高考英语作文写作辅导十六天 英语作文写作辅导十六
第一天:造句的两大技巧 【芝麻开门】 句子是文章的基本单位. 成功的作品是由清晰而合乎语法规则的句子组成的. 然而一个好的 句子除了能够准确表达作者的意思,还需要简洁生动,这是在考试中获得高分的法宝. 一,句子要简洁 A hero is nothing but a product of his time. 时势造英雄. 写作要求精练,因为,简洁的表达能起到更加强调的作用.我们要写出效果好,影响大的文 章,就要想方设法
  1)避免使用空洞,多余的短语;
  2)避免过多地使用较长的句子结构, 如并列句和从属句等;
  3)避免不必要的重复.请看下面各例:
  1)Owing to the fact that I had a lot of work to do, it wasn't possible for me to accept their invitation. 本句要表达的意思很简单, 可是一堆空洞的短语使句子显得很累赘, 改为下面的句子就简洁 明了多了. I was too busy to accept their invitation.
  2) He is a man who is honest, who always pays his just debts, and who observes the golden rules in his dealings with others. 英语中比较重要的从属概念可用从句的形式表达, 其它次要的概念常用词或短语来表达, 因 为句子比短语显得更重要. 过多地使用从句会把次要的与主要的概念混为一谈, 削弱句子的 重点.该句可改为: He is an honest man who always pays his just debts, and who observes the golden rules in his dealings with others.
  3) My hometown is a quiet, peaceful place. It is quiet and peaceful because of the small number of people living there. 有时为了构成平行的句子结构或达到强调的目的,我们会重复使用某些词语.但是,无目的 地重复会导致笨拙.所以本句可改为: My hometown is a quiet, peaceful place because of the small number of people. 二,语言要生动 写作时要吸引读者的兴趣,句子就需生动,充满活力.平淡无味的句子会使人生厌,注意力 分散.但要写出生动的句子就必须注意做到:
  1.交错使用长短句 长句和短句各有各的特点, 各有各的用场. 长句结构复杂, 容量大, 能表达比较复杂的内容, 叙事具体,说理严密.短句结构简单,短小精悍,明白易懂.在写作中应当交错使用长句和 短句,使句子的长短多样化,增加语言的表现力.请看下面的一段话: It is better to trust to valour than to luck. 靠运气不如靠勇气. I returned to my room. There was a note under my door. It was from Bob. He said he was in the town looking for a job. He hadn't found anything yet. He added that he was sorry to have missed me. 这里出现的是一连串的短句, 读起来使人感到单调乏味, 而且各句之间所固有的逻辑关系没 能用句法手段表达出来.为了使文字更为生动,意义更加明确,可做如下改动: When I returned to my room, I found a note from Bob under the door. He said he was in the town
第 1 页 共 47 页
looking for a job, but hadn't found anything yet. He added that he was sorry to have missed me.
  2.灵活使用多样句式 要达到语言的生动性, 写作时就要经常地变换句型和句子结构及表达思想的方式. 切忌所有 的句子都用相同的句型或句子结构,使文章读起来单调乏味. 在考虑英语句式的变化时, 我们一般从以下几个方面入手: (
  1) 既可以用主动式也可以用被动式, 例如: 例 1:Today, we use machines not only in industry but in other sectors of national economy as well. Today machines are widely used not only in industry but in other sectors of national economy as well. 例 2:Some people believe that it will be possible for automatic machines to replace completely in the future. It is believed by some people that it will be possible for automatic machines to replace completely in the future. (
  2) 既可以用肯定式也可以用否定式, 例如: 例 1: I shall go there unless it rains. I shall go there if it doesn't rain. 例 2:Their daily lives don't provide them with the exercise needed to keep them healthy. Their daily lives fail to provide them with the exercise needed to keep them healthy. (
  3) 某些修饰成分既可以用在句子前面也可以用在后面, 还可以用在中间, 例如: 例 1:With a car, people can get around freely. People can get around freely with a car. 例 2:In fact, speaking is one of the most important means of communication. Speaking is in fact one of the most important means of communication. (
  4) 既可以是正常语序也可以是倒装语序, 例如: 例 1:A new type of TV sets was among the products on display. Among the products on display was a new type of TV sets. 例 1:We did not realize the problem of energy crisis until the end of last century. Not until the end of last century did we realize the problem of energy crisis. (
  5) 既可以用简单句也可以用并列句或者主从复合句, 例如: 例 1:Nowadays a lot of people work in office, spending most of their time indoors. Nowadays a lot of people work in office and they spend most of their time indoors. 例 2:There are many means of getting information and they enable us to keep up with what is going on in the world. There are many means of getting information which enable us to keep up with what is going on in the world. 例 3:Doonesbury cartoons satirize contemporary politics. The victims of political corruption pay no attention. They prefer to demand that newspapers not carry the strip. Doonesbury cartoons laugh at contemporary politics, but the victims of political corruption pay no attention and prefer to demand that newspapers not carry the strip. 例 4:The campus parking problem is getting worse. The university is not building any new garages. The campus parking problem is getting worse because the university is not building any new garages.
第 2 页 共 47 页
Ignorance is the mother of impudence.??无知是鲁莽之源.
  3.善用形象化语言 适当地使用一些修辞手法如比喻,夸张,排比,拟人等能更形象,更深刻地说明事理,增加 文章的活力.例如: In the morning the dust hung like fog, and the sun was as red as ripe new blood. (明喻) His daughter is the apple of his eyes. (暗喻) An idea spoke within him, racing through his mind. (拟人) His voice was loud enough to wake the dead. (夸张) Many of us allow our children to eat junk, watch junk, listen to junk, talk junk, play with junk, and then we are surprised when they turn out to be social junkies. (排比)
  4.恰当使用英语习语 写作时适当地使用习语,成语等也是使语言生动活泼的好办法.如: Once a man is dead, there is no helping; you can't rekindle the spark of life in him. 本句中的 there is no helping 是汉语式的英语,不符合英语的习惯说法.这里虽然用了比喻, 但更改了原来的主语,句子显得罗嗦,笨拙.如果改成下面的习惯表达,句子变得既简洁又 生动. Once a man is dead, he can't be brought back to life. 再如 The committee refused to listen to our request. 如果被改成 The committee turned a deaf ear to our request. 句子生动,增加了文采. 活动教室〖〗请修改下面的短文增加句式的多样化以便使其生动,流畅. We are terrified of death. We do not think of it, and we don't speak of life. We don't mourn in public. We don't know how to console a grieving friend. In fact, we have eliminated or suppressed all the traditional rituals surrounding death. The Victorians coped with death differently. Their funerals were elaborate. The yards of black crepe around the hearse, hired professional mourners, and its solemn procession to an ornate tomb is now a distant memory. They wore mourning jewelry. They had a complicated dress code for the grieving process. The rituals severed a psychological purpose in helping the living deal with loss. 【友情提示】 句式多样化是英语作文取得高分的灵丹妙药,请你一定要勤学苦练,掌握这一招.另外,在 使用一些修辞方法和英语习语的时候,要注意尽量避免老套的比喻或尽人皆知的习语. One careless move may lose the whole game.??一步不慎,满盘皆输. 第二天:段落的构成要素 段落是由若干个彼此关联的句子构成的, 通常用以表达一个中心思想或者从一个角度对文章 的主题进行阐述.因此,段落不能是一组句子的任意堆砌,而是符合一定的模式,具有某些 基本特征,遵循一定段落发展方法的. 当然, 段落并没有固定的模式.在实践中,我们常常碰到各种各样的段落,有些仅仅充当导 言或结束语,有些仅仅起过渡词作用,这种段落便不可能也不必要包含完整的思想内容.要 写出一篇好文章, 我们就必须了解一些结构完整的段落的写法, 掌握一点组句成段的基本知 识. 结构完整的段落大多由三部分组成: 一,主题句 主题句是概括段落中心思想,反映作者写作意图的一个概括性的句子,是段落的核心所在. 所以,写好主题句是写好一个段落的前提.
第 3 页 共 47 页

  1.段落主题句的位置及其作用 主题句通常由主题和作者的观点两部分组成, 作为段落传递信息的出发点, 简明扼要地告诉 读者段落的线索和范围.但是,主题句的位置并不是固定不变的,它可以位于段首,也可以 位于段中,段尾.主题句位于段首的情况比较多见.段首主题句开门见山,直接点明段落主 题,有助于确定段落的主线,使各个发展句围绕段落主题自然展开;段尾主题句具有结论作 用,是对前面句子的归纳总结. 请看下面各例: Public opinions on what it takes to succeed in one's studies or career vary widely. Given approximately equal circumstances, some claim the success factor is largely a matter of luck? being in the right place and the right time. Others speak of utter devotion to work, combined with a degree of ruthlessness. Still others maintain that it is undoubtedly a matter of how much intelligence you have or simply how much education your mother had. In a word, people have different ideas on it. 本段的主题句 Public opinions on what it takes to succeed in one's studies or career vary widely. 放在段落的开头,开门见山地点明主题,使读者很容易抓住本段的写作主线:对学业或事业 成功所持的各种不同的观点和看法. The purpose of this book is to provide you with practice in spelling English. It is not a book that treats the complex rules of English orthography. Neither does it teach you how to use a dictionary. Its main objective is to introduce regular spelling patterns: that is, to present a regular system for spelling a large group of words. By learning these patterns, and by practicing them, you will master thousands of words. Only the idle will be tired. 只有闲人才会感到疲倦. 本段的主题句 The purpose of this book is to provide you with practice in spelling English 也是放在段落的开头,直截了当地告诉读者作者的写作意图,使 读者对本段的主题思想有了明确的认识. Give students a chance to grow. Do you mold them from one of a thousand patterns? Let them seek knowledge, but do not find it for them. Let them learn patience; do not force it on them. Let them take their own time to grow; do not set rigid time schedules. Most of all, do not push them against a stone wall, crushing them with knowledge gained from the experience of others. Experience cannot be taught; it must come slowly through personal search. 在这个段落中,主题句先不出现,而是先举出许多具体的 experiences,在段落结尾时才予以 归纳, 得出中心结论: Experience cannot be taught; it must come slowly through personal search. 这样的段落结构一开始容易使读者产生悬念,从而收到特殊的表达效果. Most of us may have such experiences: when you go to some place far away from the city you live in and think you know nobody there, you are surprised to find that you should run into one of your old classmates in the street. Perhaps both of you would cry out, "What a small world!" 在这个段落里, 作者先给出了一个假设性的事例,吸引读者的注意力,然后在段落结束时 总结出"What a small world!""世界真小啊" ( )作为段落主题句.这样的段落有感染力,使 读者有兴趣读下去. 但是,主题句有时也可能出现在段落中间,或者根本就没有明显的段落主题句.在下面的例 子中主题句是在段落中间出现的.这种情况比较少见. Californians and New Englanders are both American. They speak the same language and abide by the same federal laws. But they are very different in their ways of life. Mobility ? both physical and psychological? has made a great impression on the culture of Californians; lack of mobility
第 4 页 共 47 页
is the mark of the customs and morality of New Englanders. 有时为了特别强调主题句的内容,也可以使主题句既出现在段首,又出现在段末.如: Good manners are important in all countries, but ways of expressing good manners are different from country to country. Americans eat with knives and forks; Japanese eat with chopsticks. Americans say "Hi" when they meet; Japanese bow. Many American men open doors for women; Japanese men do not. On the surface, it appears that good man
 

相关内容

2011高考英语作文写作指导复习专题资料

   嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 情景作文 【典题在线】 假设2008年2月12日是你父亲的生日,下面三幅图描绘的是你给父亲买完礼物后乘坐地铁 回家时经历的一件事。请根据图示,用英语写一篇日记记叙这件事,并谈谈自己的感受。 (2008 杼旖? 注意:1. 词数不少于100; 2. 可适当加入细节,以使行文连贯。 参考词汇:地铁(列车)subway train 【模板展示】 (日期) Today was (做了什么事情). And when (接下来的一个 ...

高考英语作文范文

   高考英语作文范文 关于高中生提高英语学习效率的问题   英语一点都不难学,全世界 都承认英语是最简单的语言,在美国,英国,三岁的小孩就会讲英语,五岁的小孩则可以讲 一口流利的英语,就连美国,英国的傻子,弱智都会讲没有语法错误的傻话英语,英语怎么 可能是难学的语言呢?   中国人近百年来学不会英语,不是因为英语难学, 也不是因为中国人不用功,更不是因为中国没有英语环境,而主要是因为两大问题:一是基 本功的问题, 二是学英语 ...

高考英语作文范文

   高考英语作文范文 47 篇 I. 看图作文类 1. 今年寒假,你参加了社会实践活动,去某旅行社当业余导游。请根据该旅行社提供的数据和你的所见所闻,用英语 今年寒假,你参加了社会实践活动,去某旅行社当业余导游。请根据该旅行社提供的数据和你的所见所闻, 写一篇短文,作为寒假作业交给你的英语老师。 写一篇短文,作为寒假作业交给你的英语老师。 Number of people in City X travelling abroad in 1996, 2001 and 2006 140000 1200 ...

高考英语作文之日记

   明天你表弟就要去住宿学校 学习, (boarding school) 学习,但他不 大愿意.请写一篇日记,谈谈对此事 大愿意.请写一篇日记, 的看法.日记日期: 四月二十七日, 的看法.日记日期: 四月二十七日, 周四. 周四. April 27, Thursday Windy My cousin, Ross, will go to the boarding school tomorrow, but he is reluctant to. As his sister, I have thou ...

高考英语作文26篇

   2010 高考英语书面表达最后疯狂押题 1.上海世博会 2009 年 5 月 1 日世博会志愿者招募仪式正式启动, 志愿者是办好世博会的一支重要的工 作力量。另外,志愿者或做家教,教小孩子阅读、算术,或打扫公园与街道,或到医院或疗 养院帮忙。你愿意做志愿者吗?请陈述理由写一篇 100 字左右的短文。 I would like to be a volunteer in my spare time. My reasons are as follows: First of all, it is a ...

中考英语作文训练 1

   板当中学 付 晶 与一般的课文一样) 一、描写 记述 (与一般的课文一样) 二、英文书信 三、英文请假条、便条 英文请假条、 四、英文讲稿(发言稿、自我介绍 英文讲稿(发言稿、 五、 英文通知 六、英文日记 看图写话:给出画面,或英文提示, 看图写话:给出画面,或英文提示,按要求 写作。 写作。 看图(或材料) 看图(或材料)填空 材料作文(近年各地市常考的题型): 材料作文(近年各地市常考的题型): 给出一定的书面(中文或英文)材料, 给出一定的书面(中文或英文)材料,按题目要求写作 命题 ...

高考英语作文训练之一

   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 高考英语作文训练之一 一.加拿大高中生 Tom 在互联网上登出启示。希望结识一位中国朋友,以便学习中国的语言、文化。 假设你是李华,请在看到这则启示后,用英文给 Tom 发一封电子邮件,主要内容包括: 1、你怎样得知 David 愿望 2、你愿意成为他的朋友 3、你打算如何帮助他 ...

高考英语作文写作技巧

   高考英语作文写作技巧 高考英语作文写作技巧 写作的“七项基本原则” 写作的“七项基本原则”: 一、长短句原则 老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子, 相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们 把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题: As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisf ...

2010中考英语作文预测

   2010 中考英语作文预测(含分类) 中考英语作文预测(含分类) 突发事件问题(热点) 突发事件问题(热点) 突发事件问题是中考书面表达的热点话题,从非典到雪灾, 突发事件问题是中考书面表达的热点话题,从非典到雪灾,从地震到甲型 HINI 流感病例 ,都频频出现在各地中考试卷中 (A/HINI flu cases) 都频频出现在各地中考试卷中,因此必须重视.但这类文章的写作有 ) 都频频出现在各地中考试卷中,因此必须重视. , 一定的难度, 一定的难度,掌握基本句式和写作技巧非常必要 典型例 ...

高考英语作文范文必备47篇

   高考资源网??提供高考试题、高考模拟题,发布高考信息题 本站投稿专用信箱:ks5u@163.com,来信请注明投稿,一经采纳,待遇从优 高考英语作文范文 47 篇 I. 看图作文类 1. 今年寒假,你参加了社会实践活动,去某旅行社当业余导游。请根据该旅行社提供的数据和你的所见所闻, 今年寒假,你参加了社会实践活动,去某旅行社当业余导游。请根据该旅行社提供的数据和你的所见所闻, 用英语写一篇短文,作为寒假作业交给你的英语老师。 用英语写一篇短文,作为寒假作业交给你的英语老师。 Number o ...

热门内容

完全商务英语手册EF_real_eng_BE

   外语下载中心http://down.tingroom.com 2 你的英语有多实用呢?在碰上外国人的时候,能真正地和老外无障碍地沟通吗? 在学校学英语学了好几个年头,由学abc到用英语写文章,经历了不少挑灯夜读为考 试的时光。分数可能是拿到了,可是让我问一下,这些年头来,你学到的有多少真的 能应用在生活中呢? 好吧,就让我在这里先考考你? 1. 你会用英语买单吗? 2. 朋友提议0Go and catch a flick0,是提议什么呢? 3. 伦敦话0Bob’s your uncle0是什 ...

小学英语四年级下册第三单元教学预案

   瓯海区实验小学备课资料 林晓静备用 小学英语四年级下册第三单元教学预案 第二课时 【教学重点】句型:Is this your skirt? T-shirt? No,it’s not. 【教学难点】指导学生正确使用名词所有格。 【教学准备】 1、衣物及颜色的单词卡片 2、各种衣物(学生) 3、对话中人物的头饰 4、录音机、磁带、VCD 5、画笔和纸 【教学过程】 (一)Warm-up: 1、教师手持衣物的单词卡片,从中抽出一张,让学生猜一猜是哪件衣物的 卡片。 2、学生听录音做动作或者听教师、 ...

养成精通英语的30个好习惯

    学习英语的最高境界是什么,是习惯,只有习惯了学习英语,习惯了使用英语,那么才有可能掌握英语,下面列举出的学习英语的三十个好习惯,可以帮助你掌握学习英语的窍门。   1、将英语真正融入日常生活!不要学英语,而要生活在英语当中!   2、把难单词、难句子制作成海报,贴在家里最显眼的地方,不知不觉就掌握了!   3、不读英语就难受!不读英语就“寝食难安”!让读英语变成“最大的爱好”!   4、睁开眼睛的第一件事就是“大声喊英语”!喊出一天的活力和辉煌!喊出一天的充实和成功!   5、入睡前一定要大 ...

基于语料库的中学英语教师课堂话语标记语研究

   2010 年 9 月 第 42 卷 第 5 期 外语教学与研究( 外国语文双月刊) F or eign L anguage T eaching and R ese ar ch ( bimo nthly ) Sept. 2010 V ol. 42 N o . 5 基于语料库的中学英语教师课堂话语标记语研究 东北师范大学 * 张会平 刘永兵 提要: 外语教师话语作为教学 输入语, 其标 记语的 使用频率 恰当与 否很 大程度 上决 定课堂 质量。 本研究基于语料库对中外教师课堂话语标记语的使用频 ...

学习英语有用的网站

   1, 练习听力 , 美国国家公共广播电台 NPR (请大家在百度搜索"npr",搜索结果的首条就是 NP R). 特点:标准美式英语. 建议:每天花三十分钟左右,反复听英语广播,这是听力过关的必经之路.点击 网页中左边"BROWSE TOPICS"下面的"News"选项.选择自己有兴趣的新闻链 接,点开"Listen Now"左边的红色小喇叭图标,然后反复听该新闻的广播. 英国广播公司新闻频道 BBC(请大家在百 ...