高考英语作文写作技巧
高考英语作文写作技巧 写作的“七项基本原则” 写作的“七项基本原则”: 一、长短句原则
老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子, 相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们 把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:
As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.
强烈建议: 强烈建议:
  1.在文章第一段 开头)用一长一短; 在文章第一段(
  1.在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短;
  2.在文章主体部分 先用一个短句解释主要意思, 在文章主体部分,
  2.在文章主体部分,先用一个短句解释主要意思, 然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形 定会让主体部分妙笔生辉! 式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!
  3.文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了
  3.文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

  6)to start with, next, finally(推荐) (推荐)
  7)first and foremost(首要), besides, in addition, ) (首要) last but not least(强烈推荐) (强烈推荐)
  8)most important of all, moreover, finally(强烈推 ) ( 荐)
  9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两 ) ( 点的情况) 点的情况)
  10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的 ) ( 情况) 情况)
四、 短语优先原则
考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处: 其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点。 其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点。 其二、凑字数。 其二、凑字数。 比如: I cannot bear it. 可以用短语表达:
写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些, 可以在任何句子之间加 and, 但最好是前后的句子有 先后关系或者并列关系。 比如说: I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar. 如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个高级句式: Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm. 其它的短语可以用: besides, furthermore, likewise(同样地), moreover 转折(拐弯抹角)
  2)转折(拐弯抹角) 批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说 他的优点,然后转入正题,再说缺点。所以呢,我 们说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来点废话,注意 二者之间用个转折就够了。 The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition. The coat was thin, but it was warm.
I cannot put up with it. I want it.
可以用短语表达:
二、主题句原则
议论性的文章一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开 头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然! To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.
I am looking forward to it.
这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。
五、 多实少虚原则
多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那 些比较大的词。 比如我们说某人“很好”的时候, 不应 该之说 nice 这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如 generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted 之类的形象词。再比如: 走出房间,虚的词是:walk out of the room 但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room 小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room 老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room
更多的短语: despite that, however, nevertheless(然而), in spite of, despite
  3)因果 讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后 什么, 所以“然后”这个词就变得很常见了。 其实这个 词表示的是先后或因果关系! The snow began to fall, so we went home. 更多短语: then, therefore, consequently ( 因 此 ) , accordingly (因此), hence (因此), as a result, for this reason, so that 失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重)
  4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重) 文章中如果出现这样的句子,就更会让考官看到你 的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,表语从句, 宾语从句的变形。 举例: This is what I can do. Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.
1/3
三、一 二 三原则
考官们看文章必然要通过关键性的“标签”来判定你 的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单, 只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前 就清楚了。
  1)first, second, third, last(不推荐) (不推荐)
  2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐) (不推荐)
  3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐) (不推荐)
  4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐) (不推荐)
  5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(推荐) (推荐)
六、 多变句式原则

  1)加法(串联) 加法(串联) 都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕
高考英语作文写作技巧

  5)附加 运用定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语。 The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine. I don’t enjoy that book you are reading. Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going. 其实很简单,同位语从句:要解释的东西删除后不 影响整个句子的构成;定语从句:借用之前的关键 词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中。 排比(排山倒海句)
  6)排比(排山倒海句) 引用一个个的排比句,一个个的对偶句,一个个的 不定式,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势! Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in Nanjing for you. Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides. We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. 气势恢宏! 气势恢宏!
In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible simulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colors, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour(吞) the seemingly delicious food while they film him or her.
开头结尾
开头方法一:名人名言
经典句型:
A proverb says, “ You are only young once.” (适用于 已记住的名言) It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言)
更多句型: To take … as an example, One example is…, Another example is…, for example
二、做比较
方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一 个要点,再比较与之相反的; 世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦 同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点 (through comparison) 和不同点 (through contrast) 。 下面是一些短语: 相似的比较: in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner 相反的比较: on the other hand, conversely (相反) whereas (反 , 之) while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast (相反) , , on the contrary (相反), compared with …, …
更多经典句型: As everyone knows, No one can deny that…
开头方法二:数字统计 要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。 所以不妨试用下面的句型: According to a recent survey, about
  70% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation. A recent statistics shows that …
七、 挑战极限原则
在学生的文章中,很少发现诸如独立主格的句子, 其实也很简单,它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词 要求主语一致,而独立主格则不然。比如: The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills. Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China. 绝对高分! 绝对高分!
三、换言之
没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让读者更充分的理 解你的观点。实际就是重复重复再重复! I cannot bear it. 可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it. 因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it (or I am fed up with it).
作文题:Honesty 根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的 理由当中
  50%都是假的。 作文题: Youth 根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的 课余时间的
  70%都是在休闲娱乐。
结尾方法一:结论 说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,开头很好,也必然要有 一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可 以拿高分了!比如下面的例子: Obviously ( 此 为 过 渡 短 语 ) , we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.
文章主体段落三大杀手锏: 文章主体段落三大杀手锏: 一、举实例
举实例是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况 下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,举 例子!
更多短语: in simpler words, put it more simply
更多过渡短语: in conclusion, in brief, thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…, to sum up
2/3
高考英语作文写作技巧
结尾方法二:建议 Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem. 经典的虚拟语气的句型! 经典的虚拟语气的句型!
更多句型: Accordingly ( 因 此 ) , I recommend that some measures be taken. Consequently (因此), to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.
others that they were students. Besides, wearing it means not following fashion, because everyone is equal. However, 30% of the students are the other way around. In their opinion, it is uncomfortable. What they don’t like is that they old-style and the unpleasant color. 10% of the students have no idea about it. All above is about the survey. Everyone has different idea. It is hard to say who is right.
have realized it. Recently, more than six thousand students ensured that they would be far away from net bars in Jinzhou city, Liaoning Province. It is quite necessary for the students to get rid of the bad habit.

  4.Health
  4.Health
Which is more important, health or wealth? (短 问句开头) It is a hot topic among people. I can hardly answer this question. I didn't realize that health is more imporant until I saw a businessman's real life. A successful businessman, one of my father‘s friends, devoted himself to his business. He works from morning to night every day. There is no weekends in his mind. He often says, “I must earn much money so that I can get what I want. ”Lately, he is ill. Though he has a lot of money, he can do nothing but lie in the hospital’s bed.(举例) So I think health is more important than wealth. People can do nothing if they are always in poor health, let alone happiness. No matter we are rich or not, we can not ignore the importance of health.

  2.关于失学(表原因)
  2.关于失学(表原因) 关于失学 范文 关于主题句)
  1.(关于主题句)
Report on the Survey about our School Uniform Recently I did a survey about our school uniform. I interviewed groups of students what they thought about our school uniform. The result is as following. 60% of the students interviewed expressed their satisfaction with it. Wearing the fashionable uniform of a good colour, they can prove themselves students and feel very tidy. The uniform also shows they are equal and there is no need for themselves to follow the fashion. Most of them considered it to be a symbol for students. On the contrary, about 30% of the students held different opinions. They thought it had an ugly colour and wore uncomfortably. Besides, they thought it unfashionable and had a dull style. 10% had no idea about it. In general, our school uniform is popular with most of the students, but it still needs some improvement. Report on the survey about our school uniform Recently, a student made a survey about our school uniform. 60% of them students like the school uniform. They though the school uniforms whose color is good made them look tidy and handsome, and it also tells Now more and more children in the countryside are out of school. One of the reasons is that their parents haven't much money to afford their school. They have to stay at home to earn money to support their families. What a pity! And another reason is that many parents think it is useless for girls to study and they would not like them to go to school. On the other hand, some children are not interested in their lessons and would not like to go to school. I think all the children, including girls, should have the right to receive education. We have the duty to lend them a hand when they are in trouble. All the people should pay attention to the education of children who will play a very important part in the future of our country.

  3.网吧
  3.网吧
With the development of the Intenet (with 结构) , the net bar plays an i
 

相关内容

高考英语作文写作基3

   高考英语作文写作基础??如何写出好句子 如何写出好句子 高考英语作文写作基础 一. 教学内容: 如何写出好句子 如何写出好句子:好句子的标准应是:用词准确,逻辑清晰,简洁明了,可读性强. 1. 学会运用复合句 复合句包括:名词性从句,状语从句,定语从句 用复合句增强句子之间的逻辑关系,使你的句子变得紧凑 [练习] 根据句子之间的关系,用正确的连词使其成为复合句. (1)Children grow older. They prefer to be more independent rather ...

高考英语作文

   书面表达中的高级结构 一.高级词汇 1.occur 替换 think of Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house. → An idea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. 2.devote 替换 spend He spends ...

高考英语作文范文

   高考英语作文范文 关于高中生提高英语学习效率的问题   英语一点都不难学,全世界 都承认英语是最简单的语言,在美国,英国,三岁的小孩就会讲英语,五岁的小孩则可以讲 一口流利的英语,就连美国,英国的傻子,弱智都会讲没有语法错误的傻话英语,英语怎么 可能是难学的语言呢?   中国人近百年来学不会英语,不是因为英语难学, 也不是因为中国人不用功,更不是因为中国没有英语环境,而主要是因为两大问题:一是基 本功的问题, 二是学英语 ...

高考英语作文范文

   高考英语作文范文 47 篇 I. 看图作文类 1. 今年寒假,你参加了社会实践活动,去某旅行社当业余导游。请根据该旅行社提供的数据和你的所见所闻,用英语 今年寒假,你参加了社会实践活动,去某旅行社当业余导游。请根据该旅行社提供的数据和你的所见所闻, 写一篇短文,作为寒假作业交给你的英语老师。 写一篇短文,作为寒假作业交给你的英语老师。 Number of people in City X travelling abroad in 1996, 2001 and 2006 140000 1200 ...

英语作文写作技巧

   英语作文 最近几年考的都是议论文,是相对于其他文体都比较好写的一种文 体,但是这并不是等于说不要去准备其他文体的一些连词和写作技 巧,鉴于我更擅长写议论文,我只对议论文做一些小小的建议。 第一段一般就写现阶段的现象,用 nowadays 开头,然后再接现象, 一般开头不需要太长,一般一两句带过就够了。 第二段就是需要分析这种现象的原因,要同时罗列几个原因的时候, 一般会想到 firstly , secondly , thirdly……… thirdly……… ………..但是这就会给 别人一种 ...

英语高考作文写作技巧

   高考英语作文 杨嘉梁 -。-! 作文的时间 你认为老师改高考作文需要多少时间? 15S-30S 部分不负责任老师仅用10S左右 你认为你高考作文时间为多少分钟? 需要至少20分钟去写作文,甚至半个小时 高考英语定理 你用多少时间去做这道题,你就能得多少分! 高考英语高分策略 第一部分: 第二部分: 第三部分: 第四部分: 词! 句! 衔接! 套用! NO.1 书面词 希望: Hope→expectation 机会: chance→opportunity 组织: organization 合作 ...

初中英语作文写作技巧探究

   初中英语作文写作技巧探究 青岛七中 初三一班 黄以诺 一、了解写作常识 对中学生来说,掌握英语写作的基本知识,基本要点即可。要严格按照作文的提示内容写作,不能意 发挥,也不能逐字翻译所给材料。同学门只要能抓住文中所给材料达的信息和要求,用自己熟悉的句子进 行表达即可。因为要求写出的句子一般低与课文的水平,只要同学们能把题中规定的要点全部表达清楚而 无遗漏,同时再做到语意连贯,既是一篇优秀的英文写作. 二、写前准备 做好写前准备,不言而喻就是再英文写作前,做好知识技能方面的准备。 首先:了解阅 ...

高考英语作文冲刺 类型全掌握

   2011 届高考英语背诵范文 1)日记 ) 年高考书面表达( ★2002 年高考书面表达(满分 25 分) 你和李明参加了一次野外生存训练。以下 5 幅图画表现了野外训练活动的过程,请根据图示写一篇英 文日记。 注意:1.词数 100 左右;2.日记的开头与结尾已为你写好。 生词:指南针:compass n 手电筒:flashlight n 急救包:first-aid kit 宿营地:campsite n Sample : Saturday ,May 4,2002 cloudy Li Min ...

09年高考英语作文题目预测

   09年高考英语作文题目预测 09年高考英语作文题目预测 预测 1: 刘翔退赛 年北京奥运会上,中国著名运动员刘翔因腿伤退出比赛,引起人们的广泛争议, 在 2008 年北京奥运会上,中国著名运动员刘翔因腿伤退出比赛,引起人们的广泛争议, 下面是腾讯网站的一项调查:运动员受伤后,应该坚持还是应该退出? 下面是腾讯网站的一项调查:运动员受伤后,应该坚持还是应该退出? 选项名称 投票数 百分比 34.77% 19.36% 趋势 上升 上升 应该退出, 应该退出,健康比金钱 222292 重要 运动场 ...

考研英语小作文范文写作技巧

   09 考研英语小作文范文 1、常用与开头的短语、句式 、常用与开头的短语、 (1)with the(rapidly)growing popularity of(computers/private cars)in China,the quality of our lives has been considerably changed. (2) With the (rapid)growth of(our economy/population), many problems such as(wat ...

热门内容

英语四级翻译专项练习

   英语四级考试新题型翻译专项练习 :Part VI Translation: (5 minutes) 1: What upset me was .(不是他所说 的话,而是他说话的方式)。 2: In the conference, the mayor (反复强调了)the importance of environmental protection. 3: He is opposed to the plan for the simple reason (这 个计划目前暂不可行). 4: (还要 ...

轮机英语3

   Quiz 4 for L7 & L 8 Part I New Word Dictation Part II Multiple Choice Part III Translation A. Sentence B. Phrases Part IV Answer the questions Part I New Word Dictation 1. accommodate 收容,装有 2. auxiliary 辅助的,备用的 3. burst 突然爆裂,爆发,冲破 4. explosion ...

浏阳一中段考试题高二英语

   浏阳一中 2009 年下期段考试题 高二英语 时 量 :90 分 钟 满 分 :100 分 命题人:沈艳 审题人:陆红红 听力(20 分) 第一部分 听力 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,选出最佳选项。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Whose car was stolen? A. Karen’s B. The man’s C. The woman’s. 2. Whose house is the smallest? A. Bob’s B. Tom’s C ...

北师大附中2009-2010学年度初二英语上学期学期期中考试试题

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...

新目标英语九年级教案 unit3 第一课时

   Unit3 第一课时 广东省中山市小榄中学英语科组 王艳玲 第一课时 【学生情况分析】 学生情况分析】 学生的基础知识和口语表达能力比较好,大部分学生热爱英语,喜欢表达自己的 观点,但有一部分学生基础比较差,接受能力稍弱。 【知识背景】 知识背景】 学生已经接触过被动语态的基本形式 be+p.p. 【教学内容】 教学内容】 Unit 3 Section A(the first period) 【教学目标】 教学目标】 (1) Know how to use “should be allowe ...