高考英语作文指南(一) 避免弱点, 避免弱点,设计亮点 一,用词准确
  1. 准确掌握词义 Everyone had special interest while reading so we could choose different books to read according to that. (select)
  2. 准确掌握词语固定搭配 The traffic in big cities is getting more and more crowded. (heavier)
  3. 避免生造汉式英语 To be a three good student is always a symbol of achievement for Chinese students. (an all-round student)
  4. 避免其他语法错误 二,表达生动
  1. Teenage smoking increases. (soars) 三,注意语言的感情色彩,避免主观化 注意语言的感情色彩, 四,避免重复赘言 重复赘言会给人用词单一,词汇贫乏之感,同时造成行文拖沓,语义含混.
  1. With the publication of the novel, he became famous as the greatest writer living then, and he has been more and more famous as a major American author ever since. He is now also becoming more and more famous with Chinese readers.
  2. With the publication of the novel, he became famous as the greatest writer living then, and his reputation as a major American author has been on the increase ever since. He is now also becoming more and more popular with Chinese readers 五,避免口语化
  1. 避免使用缩写形式;
  2. 避免使用方言俚语;
  3. 避免使用非标准化表达方式. 六,善用修辞手法
  1. 比喻 Working in big companies is similar to the role played by a screw in a big machine.
-1-

  2. 平行结构 If you promise to help when you should say "no", you may in the end fail to keep your promise and lose your friend's trust. On the other hand, even if you have succeeded in fulfilling your friend's will, you may feel depressed because you must have put in too much energy or money. You may even become a criminal if you help to do something wrong or evil.
  3. 适当引用格言警句 Some people think we should read selectively. Just as a proverb says, books, like friends, should be few but well chosen.
高考英语作文指南(二)● 模板 模板(一) Topic 首段(描述现象段) 首段(描述现象段) (
  1) From the chart/graph/table/picture, we learn that 总述社会现象./ Nowadays, 总述社会现 象. (
  2) What impresses us most is 现象突出表现. (
  3) There are many facts accounting for 现象或 变化. /There are many different factors deciding 该现象或相关情况./该现象 has a great effect on 影响的主要对象.
中间段(说明原因,因素,影响段) 中间段(说明原因,因素,影响段) (
  4) First of all, 原因一/因素一/影响一. (
  5) What is more, 原因二/因素二/影响二. (
  6) For example/for instance, 举例说明原因二/因素二/影响二. (
  7) In addition, 原因三/因素三/影响三. (
  8) Therefore, 结果.
结尾段(总结观点段) 结尾段(总结观点段) (
  9) As far as I am concerned, 我的观点. (
  10) For one thing/ On the one hand, 原因一/影响一. (
  11)For another/ On the other hand, 原因二/影响二.(
  12)Thus/In brief/ Taking above-mentioned into
-2-
consideration, 总结全文. What Electives to Choose (
  1) Nowadays,many universities are opening various electives for the students to choose.(
  2) What impresses us most is optional courses not only provide a good chance for the students to make better use of their spare time but also a beneficial supplement to the limited required courses.(
  3) There are many different factors deciding what electives the students choose.(描述现象段) (
  4) First of all, many students will consider whether they could learn some practical skills through the electives, which are what the present-day companies are placing emphasis on.(
  5) What is more, the interest of the students plays a very important role.(
  6) For instance, one of my classmates chose western military theory last semester just because he is very interested in military.(
  7) In addition, the ability and the prestige of the teacher will also influence a student's choice.(
  8) Therefore, different students may choose different optional courses according to their own situations. (说明因素段) (
  9) As far as I am concerned, I choose history as one of my electives.(
  10) For one thing, it has been one of my favorite subjects since I was a child.(
  11) For another, by learning this course, I feel the happiness of combining study anf recreation.(
  12) Taking above-mentioned into consideration, I think we should take account of our needs when choosing the elective courses. (总结观点段)
模板(二) Topic 首段(提出观点段) 首段(提出观点段) Nowadays, (it is) popular/common phenomenon(that)(
  1) When asked about/When it comes to 事物/问题, different people will offer different opinions.(
  2) Some people take it for granted that 观点一.(
  3) In their opinion, 观点一/选择一的 理由一.Besides, 观点一/选择一的理由二.
中间段(说明原因,因素,影响段) 中间段(说明原因,因素,影响段) (
  5) However, others hold that 观点二/选择二.(
  6) They maintain that 观点二/选择二的理由 一 and 观点二/选择二的理由二.
-3-
结尾段(总结观点段) 结尾段(总结观点段) (
  8) Weighing up these two arguments, I am for the first opinion/choice.(
  9) For one thing/On the one hand, 我的理由一.(
  10) For another/On the other hand, 我的理由二.(
  11) For instance, 举例说 明理由二.(
  12) Therefore, as stated above,重申观点.
Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary?
(
  1) When asked about the necessity of test of spoken English, different people will offer different opinions. (
  2) Some people take it for granted that college students should take a test fo spoken English. (
  3) In their opinion, it is a good chance for them to test their spoken English.(
  4) Besides, it also makes them realize the importance of the spoken English. (提出观点段)
(
  5)However, others hold that a test of spoken English is uncecessary in universities and colleges. (
  6)They maintain that the test time is not long enough to fully display the participants' ability to speak in English. (
  7) And they think it is hard to manage such a subjective test. (说明段)
(
  8)Weighing up these two arguments, I am for the first opinion. (
  9)For one thing, spoken English is very important in global communication.(
  10)For another, a test of spoken English can stimulate students to practise their oral English. (
  11) instance, students will use all the chances to For practise their oral English with their classmates, teachers and foreigners. (
  12)Therefore, as stated above, the first point of view can hold water.(总结观点段)
Surfing on the Net Surfing on the net is a very popular pastime nowadays. Statistics show that the number of people who apply to have access to Internet doubles every six months. When people meet, one common greeting is "have you surfed on the net?"
-4-
Internet opens us a new world and brings us closer. Firstly, we can communicate with our friends more rapidly and quickly. Secondly, Internet brings us fun. For example, many websites open chatrooms where we can talk with different people and make new friends. Finally, many businessmen are talking so-called Ebusiness seriously on the net. Just as a coin has two sides, the Internet also has its disadvan-ages. Firstly, some people may linger too long on the net while neglecting their work or study. Secondly, some columns on the net may have a negative influence on the youth. In my opinion, Internet becomes an integral part of our lives, but it is certainlynot everything. Living in the 21th century, we need to make good use of the new tool Internet, but it is just a tool, not life itself. Neither depending on it too much nor ignor-ing it deliberately is not the correct way of treating the net.
评分原则 CET 作文采用总体评分 (Global Scoring) 方法. 阅卷人员就总的印象给出奖励分 (Reward Scores) ,而不是按语言点的错误数目扣分. 从内容和语言两个方面对作文进行综合评判.作文应表达题目所规定的内容,而内容要 通过语言来表达.要考虑作文是否切题,是否充分表达思想,也要考虑是否用英语清楚而合 适地表达思想,也就是要考虑语言上的错误是否造成理解上的障碍.
评分标准 2 分 ? 条理不清,思路紊乱,语言支离破碎或大部分句子均有错误且多为严重错误 5 分 ? 基本切题.表达不清楚,连贯性差,有较多严重语言错误 8 分 ? 基本切题.有些地方表达不够清楚,文字勉强连贯;语言错误相当多,有些是 严重错误 11 分 ? 切题.表达思想清楚,文字连贯,但有少量语言错误 14 分 ? 切题.表达思想清楚,文字通顺连贯,基本上无语言错误,仅有个别小错 0 分? 白卷,与题目毫不相关,或只有几个孤立的词而无法表达思想
注:
  1.如题目中给出主题句,起始句,结束句,不得计入所写字数; .如题目中给出主题句,起始句,结束句,不得计入所写字数;
  2.规定的内容未写全者,按比例扣分. .规定的内容未写全者,按比例扣分.
-5-
字数不足应酌情扣分: 字数不足应酌情扣分: 累 计 字 数 扣 分 综合题 ● Cloze 完形填空的文章长度大约在 220-250 词之间,共 20 个空.分值比例为 10%,考试时间为 15 分钟. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 CET -6 140~149 130~139 120~129 110~119 100~109 90~99 80~89 <79 CET -4 110~119 100~109 90~99 80~89 70~79 60-69 50-59 <49
Cloze 常考题目类型 一,语义衔接题 要求考生根据上下文语义的要求填入合适的词,使上下文语义通顺.这类题的选项多以 近义词,反义词或近形词的形式出现. Camps for 150,000 survivors have begun to close as they were permanent. A. never B. once C. ever D. yet intended to be
二,惯用衔接题 要求考生根据习惯用法的要求填入合适的词,使上下文语义通顺.这类题的选项多为与 动词或名词构成习惯搭配的介词. Mood may be defined generalized. A. as B. about C. by D. with a temporary and mild positive or negtive feeling that is
三,逻辑衔接题 要求考生根据上下文因果,转折,并列等逻辑关系的要求,填入正确的衔接词,使上下 文形成合理的逻辑衔接. Language is a means of communication, A. so B. but C. or D. for it is much more than that.
-6-
四,结构/语法衔接题 结构 语法衔接题 要求考生根据上下文语法结构的需要,填入合适的词使句子的语法结构完整. You set the clock with the latest time at you during the last light sleep phase before that. A. where B. this C. which D. that you want to be wakened, and it duly wakes
五,近义近形词辨析 Families of many as 10 people have had to shelter a single tent and share cookstoves and bathing with neighbors. A. facilities B. instruments C. implements D. appliances
-7-
 

相关内容

高考英语作文

   书面表达中的高级结构 一.高级词汇 1.occur 替换 think of Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house. → An idea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. 2.devote 替换 spend He spends ...

高考英语作文

   紧扣高考英语作文评分标准 高考作文采用总体评分方式,集中在以下四个方面: -覆盖了题目提出的所有内容要点和要求; -应用了较多的语法结构和词汇,内容比较丰富; -在使用复杂结构或高级词汇时允许有些许错误; -有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,全文结构紧凑流畅。 ●高考英语作文完美行文四步骤 STEP1:确定文章框架,包括:时态、语态、格式、展开方式、开头结尾 等。 STEP2:确定内容要点,包括:主要人物、时间地点、重要细节、合理发 挥等。 STEP3:正式开始写作,整理思路成篇,行文连贯。 ST ...

高考英语作文范文

   高考英语作文范文 47 篇 I. 看图作文类 1. 今年寒假,你参加了社会实践活动,去某旅行社当业余导游。请根据该旅行社提供的数据和你的所见所闻,用英语 今年寒假,你参加了社会实践活动,去某旅行社当业余导游。请根据该旅行社提供的数据和你的所见所闻, 写一篇短文,作为寒假作业交给你的英语老师。 写一篇短文,作为寒假作业交给你的英语老师。 Number of people in City X travelling abroad in 1996, 2001 and 2006 140000 1200 ...

高考英语作文范文

   2009 年全国各省市高考英语书面表达题 及专家简评) 范文集锦完整 18 套(附解析 高考英语作文范文 (2009 全国卷 I、海南、宁夏卷) 一、 ( 、海南、宁夏卷 假定你是李华,正在英国接受英语培训,住在一户英国人家里。今天你的房 东 Mrs Wilson 不在家,你准备外出,请给 Mrs Wilson 写一留言条,内容包括: 1.外出购物 2.替房东还书 3.Tracy 来电话留言:1)咖啡屋(Bolton Coffee)见面取消 2)此事已告知 Susan 3) 尽快回电 注意: ...

高考英语作文之日记

   明天你表弟就要去住宿学校 学习, (boarding school) 学习,但他不 大愿意.请写一篇日记,谈谈对此事 大愿意.请写一篇日记, 的看法.日记日期: 四月二十七日, 的看法.日记日期: 四月二十七日, 周四. 周四. April 27, Thursday Windy My cousin, Ross, will go to the boarding school tomorrow, but he is reluctant to. As his sister, I have thou ...

高考英语作文26篇

   2010 高考英语书面表达最后疯狂押题 1.上海世博会 2009 年 5 月 1 日世博会志愿者招募仪式正式启动, 志愿者是办好世博会的一支重要的工 作力量。另外,志愿者或做家教,教小孩子阅读、算术,或打扫公园与街道,或到医院或疗 养院帮忙。你愿意做志愿者吗?请陈述理由写一篇 100 字左右的短文。 I would like to be a volunteer in my spare time. My reasons are as follows: First of all, it is a ...

高考英语作文训练之一

   选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 选校网 www.xuanxiao.com 高考频道 专业大全 历年分数线 上万张大学图片 大学视频 院校库 高考英语作文训练之一 一.加拿大高中生 Tom 在互联网上登出启示。希望结识一位中国朋友,以便学习中国的语言、文化。 假设你是李华,请在看到这则启示后,用英文给 Tom 发一封电子邮件,主要内容包括: 1、你怎样得知 David 愿望 2、你愿意成为他的朋友 3、你打算如何帮助他 ...

高考英语作文冲刺 类型全掌握

   2011 届高考英语背诵范文 1)日记 ) 年高考书面表达( ★2002 年高考书面表达(满分 25 分) 你和李明参加了一次野外生存训练。以下 5 幅图画表现了野外训练活动的过程,请根据图示写一篇英 文日记。 注意:1.词数 100 左右;2.日记的开头与结尾已为你写好。 生词:指南针:compass n 手电筒:flashlight n 急救包:first-aid kit 宿营地:campsite n Sample : Saturday ,May 4,2002 cloudy Li Min ...

2011高考英语作文高分技巧

   书面表达一直在历年高考中占有很重要的地位,而且相对于其他题型,书面表达最容易 在短期内有所突破,因为其他的题都是客观题,只有书面表达是主观题。主观题就意味着需 要人工阅卷而不是机器阅卷, 也就是说只要考生可以抓住阅卷老师的心里, 按照他们所期待 的模式去写,必定能在高考中取得高分。在历年的高考评卷过程中,阅卷老师是如何评判一 份卷子的,阅卷人最注重的是什么,是每个高考考生迫切想知道的,笔者将结合多年的高考 阅卷经验,告诉大家如何在高考中胜人一筹,在书面表达上拿到高档次的分数。 书面表达 在评 ...

中考英语作文指导训练3??命题作文

   北京中考网?北达教育旗下 www.beijing518.com 电话 010-62754468 2010 年中考英语作文指导训练 3:命题作文 三, 命题作文训练 A. 写人 1,以" My Mother "为题,用英语写一篇短文.要点: ① 妈妈是护士,在县人民医院工作. 她工作努力,工作中严格要求自己,因此,她的同事们对他评价 很高; ② 2003 年参加抗击"非典"的战斗.为了保护我们免受"非典"的侵害,一个多月没回家.当时, ...

热门内容

新东方 英语 语法 1.时态

   LOGO 高中词汇语法提高班 ??提高语法 提高语法 杨文哲 LOGO Click to edit Master text styles 语 感 语 法 www.themegallery.com 2 LOGO Click to edit Master text styles He __ football regularly for many years when he was young. (08天津 天津) 天津 A. was playing B. played C. has played ...

鲁教版初一英语下第四单元Unit 4检测试题卷

   鲁教版初一英语下第四单元 Unit 4 检测试题卷 答题时间: 分钟) 【模拟试题】(答题时间:90 分钟 模拟试题】 答题时间 I. 用下列字母组成单词 1. oershw 2. bysu 3. artst 4. ftera 5. oetlh 6. busrh II. 用英语表达下列短语 1. 回家 2. 上学 3. 洗澡 4. 在大约五点钟 在大约五点钟 5. 去上班 6. 看早间新闻 7. 做家庭作业 做家庭作业 8. 去睡觉 9. 练习弹吉他 10. 乘坐公共汽车 III. 请画掉每 ...

中国餐桌上的礼仪有哪些(用英语回答)

   中国餐桌上的礼仪有哪些?(用英语回答) ! 提问者: !?гán0? - 秀才 二级 最佳答案 Chinese table etiquette boils down to the following points: 1. Admission etiquette. Ask guests seated on the seats. Please elderly guests in attendance were seated next to attendance at from the left s ...

2006年专升本英语模拟试题

   第一部分: 第一部分:选择题 1. With regarding to this model of color TV sets, home-made ones are by no means the those made in Japan. A.less inferior to C.Inferior than A.that C.when A.respectful C. respective A.out ot order C.out of place A.repairing C.being r ...

英语词组

   初中英语词组总结 1 (see 、 hear 、 notice 、 find 、 feel 、 listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump 2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样 3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易) 4 agree with sb 赞成某人 5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样 6 all over the world = the ...