高考英语作文指南(一) 避免弱点, 避免弱点,设计亮点 一,用词准确
  1. 准确掌握词义 Everyone had special interest while reading so we could choose different books to read according to that. (select)
  2. 准确掌握词语固定搭配 The traffic in big cities is getting more and more crowded. (heavier)
  3. 避免生造汉式英语 To be a three good student is always a symbol of achievement for Chinese students. (an all-round student)
  4. 避免其他语法错误 二,表达生动
  1. Teenage smoking increases. (soars) 三,注意语言的感情色彩,避免主观化 注意语言的感情色彩, 四,避免重复赘言 重复赘言会给人用词单一,词汇贫乏之感,同时造成行文拖沓,语义含混.
  1. With the publication of the novel, he became famous as the greatest writer living then, and he has been more and more famous as a major American author ever since. He is now also becoming more and more famous with Chinese readers.
  2. With the publication of the novel, he became famous as the greatest writer living then, and his reputation as a major American author has been on the increase ever since. He is now also becoming more and more popular with Chinese readers 五,避免口语化
  1. 避免使用缩写形式;
  2. 避免使用方言俚语;
  3. 避免使用非标准化表达方式. 六,善用修辞手法
  1. 比喻 Working in big companies is similar to the role played by a screw in a big machine.
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  2. 平行结构 If you promise to help when you should say "no", you may in the end fail to keep your promise and lose your friend's trust. On the other hand, even if you have succeeded in fulfilling your friend's will, you may feel depressed because you must have put in too much energy or money. You may even become a criminal if you help to do something wrong or evil.
  3. 适当引用格言警句 Some people think we should read selectively. Just as a proverb says, books, like friends, should be few but well chosen.
高考英语作文指南(二)● 模板 模板(一) Topic 首段(描述现象段) 首段(描述现象段) (
  1) From the chart/graph/table/picture, we learn that 总述社会现象./ Nowadays, 总述社会现 象. (
  2) What impresses us most is 现象突出表现. (
  3) There are many facts accounting for 现象或 变化. /There are many different factors deciding 该现象或相关情况./该现象 has a great effect on 影响的主要对象.
中间段(说明原因,因素,影响段) 中间段(说明原因,因素,影响段) (
  4) First of all, 原因一/因素一/影响一. (
  5) What is more, 原因二/因素二/影响二. (
  6) For example/for instance, 举例说明原因二/因素二/影响二. (
  7) In addition, 原因三/因素三/影响三. (
  8) Therefore, 结果.
结尾段(总结观点段) 结尾段(总结观点段) (
  9) As far as I am concerned, 我的观点. (
  10) For one thing/ On the one hand, 原因一/影响一. (
  11)For another/ On the other hand, 原因二/影响二.(
  12)Thus/In brief/ Taking above-mentioned into
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consideration, 总结全文. What Electives to Choose (
  1) Nowadays,many universities are opening various electives for the students to choose.(
  2) What impresses us most is optional courses not only provide a good chance for the students to make better use of their spare time but also a beneficial supplement to the limited required courses.(
  3) There are many different factors deciding what electives the students choose.(描述现象段) (
  4) First of all, many students will consider whether they could learn some practical skills through the electives, which are what the present-day companies are placing emphasis on.(
  5) What is more, the interest of the students plays a very important role.(
  6) For instance, one of my classmates chose western military theory last semester just because he is very interested in military.(
  7) In addition, the ability and the prestige of the teacher will also influence a student's choice.(
  8) Therefore, different students may choose different optional courses according to their own situations. (说明因素段) (
  9) As far as I am concerned, I choose history as one of my electives.(
  10) For one thing, it has been one of my favorite subjects since I was a child.(
  11) For another, by learning this course, I feel the happiness of combining study anf recreation.(
  12) Taking above-mentioned into consideration, I think we should take account of our needs when choosing the elective courses. (总结观点段)
模板(二) Topic 首段(提出观点段) 首段(提出观点段) Nowadays, (it is) popular/common phenomenon(that)(
  1) When asked about/When it comes to 事物/问题, different people will offer different opinions.(
  2) Some people take it for granted that 观点一.(
  3) In their opinion, 观点一/选择一的 理由一.Besides, 观点一/选择一的理由二.
中间段(说明原因,因素,影响段) 中间段(说明原因,因素,影响段) (
  5) However, others hold that 观点二/选择二.(
  6) They maintain that 观点二/选择二的理由 一 and 观点二/选择二的理由二.
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结尾段(总结观点段) 结尾段(总结观点段) (
  8) Weighing up these two arguments, I am for the first opinion/choice.(
  9) For one thing/On the one hand, 我的理由一.(
  10) For another/On the other hand, 我的理由二.(
  11) For instance, 举例说 明理由二.(
  12) Therefore, as stated above,重申观点.
Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary?
(
  1) When asked about the necessity of test of spoken English, different people will offer different opinions. (
  2) Some people take it for granted that college students should take a test fo spoken English. (
  3) In their opinion, it is a good chance for them to test their spoken English.(
  4) Besides, it also makes them realize the importance of the spoken English. (提出观点段)
(
  5)However, others hold that a test of spoken English is uncecessary in universities and colleges. (
  6)They maintain that the test time is not long enough to fully display the participants' ability to speak in English. (
  7) And they think it is hard to manage such a subjective test. (说明段)
(
  8)Weighing up these two arguments, I am for the first opinion. (
  9)For one thing, spoken English is very important in global communication.(
  10)For another, a test of spoken English can stimulate students to practise their oral English. (
  11) instance, students will use all the chances to For practise their oral English with their classmates, teachers and foreigners. (
  12)Therefore, as stated above, the first point of view can hold water.(总结观点段)
Surfing on the Net Surfing on the net is a very popular pastime nowadays. Statistics show that the number of people who apply to have access to Internet doubles every six months. When people meet, one common greeting is "have you surfed on the net?"
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Internet opens us a new world and brings us closer. Firstly, we can communicate with our friends more rapidly and quickly. Secondly, Internet brings us fun. For example, many websites open chatrooms where we can talk with different people and make new friends. Finally, many businessmen are talking so-called Ebusiness seriously on the net. Just as a coin has two sides, the Internet also has its disadvan-ages. Firstly, some people may linger too long on the net while neglecting their work or study. Secondly, some columns on the net may have a negative influence on the youth. In my opinion, Internet becomes an integral part of our lives, but it is certainlynot everything. Living in the 21th century, we need to make good use of the new tool Internet, but it is just a tool, not life itself. Neither depending on it too much nor ignor-ing it deliberately is not the correct way of treating the net.
评分原则 CET 作文采用总体评分 (Global Scoring) 方法. 阅卷人员就总的印象给出奖励分 (Reward Scores) ,而不是按语言点的错误数目扣分. 从内容和语言两个方面对作文进行综合评判.作文应表达题目所规定的内容,而内容要 通过语言来表达.要考虑作文是否切题,是否充分表达思想,也要考虑是否用英语清楚而合 适地表达思想,也就是要考虑语言上的错误是否造成理解上的障碍.
评分标准 2 分 ? 条理不清,思路紊乱,语言支离破碎或大部分句子均有错误且多为严重错误 5 分 ? 基本切题.表达不清楚,连贯性差,有较多严重语言错误 8 分 ? 基本切题.有些地方表达不够清楚,文字勉强连贯;语言错误相当多,有些是 严重错误 11 分 ? 切题.表达思想清楚,文字连贯,但有少量语言错误 14 分 ? 切题.表达思想清楚,文字通顺连贯,基本上无语言错误,仅有个别小错 0 分? 白卷,与题目毫不相关,或只有几个孤立的词而无法表达思想
注:
  1.如题目中给出主题句,起始句,结束句,不得计入所写字数; .如题目中给出主题句,起始句,结束句,不得计入所写字数;
  2.规定的内容未写全者,按比例扣分. .规定的内容未写全者,按比例扣分.
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字数不足应酌情扣分: 字数不足应酌情扣分: 累 计 字 数 扣 分 综合题 ● Cloze 完形填空的文章长度大约在 220-250 词之间,共 20 个空.分值比例为 10%,考试时间为 15 分钟. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 CET -6 140~149 130~139 120~129 110~119 100~109 90~99 80~89 <79 CET -4 110~119 100~109 90~99 80~89 70~79 60-69 50-59 <49
Cloze 常考题目类型 一,语义衔接题 要求考生根据上下文语义的要求填入合适的词,使上下文语义通顺.这类题的选项多以 近义词,反义词或近形词的形式出现. Camps for 150,000 survivors have begun to close as they were permanent. A. never B. once C. ever D. yet intended to be
二,惯用衔接题 要求考生根据习惯用法的要求填入合适的词,使上下文语义通顺.这类题的选项多为与 动词或名词构成习惯搭配的介词. Mood may be defined generalized. A. as B. about C. by D. with a temporary and mild positive or negtive feeling that is
三,逻辑衔接题 要求考生根据上下文因果,转折,并列等逻辑关系的要求,填入正确的衔接词,使上下 文形成合理的逻辑衔接. Language is a means of communication, A. so B. but C. or D. for it is much more than that.
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四,结构/语法衔接题 结构 语法衔接题 要求考生根据上下文语法结构的需要,填入合适的词使句子的语法结构完整. You set the clock with the latest time at you during the last light sleep phase before that. A. where B. this C. which D. that you want to be wakened, and it duly wakes
五,近义近形词辨析 Families of many as 10 people have had to shelter a single tent and share cookstoves and bathing with neighbors. A. facilities B. instruments C. implements D. appliances
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