Revision of The passive Infinitive
不定式语法
不定式的时态和语态
不定式有时态和语态的变化, 不定式有时态和语态的变化 , 时态共四种,即一般式、完成式、 时态共四种,即一般式、完成式、 进行式和完成进行式。 进行式和完成进行式。语态分为主 动语态和被动语态,如下表所示。 动语态和被动语态,如下表所示。
语态 时态 一般式 完成式 进行式
主动语态 to do to have done to be doing
被动语态 to be done to have been done / /
to have 完成进行式 been doing
当动词不定式的逻辑主语是动词不定 式所表示的动作的执行者时用主动语态; 式所表示的动作的执行者时用主动语态; 当动词不定式的逻辑主语是动词不定式所 表达的动作的承受者时用被动语态。 表达的动作的承受者时用被动语态 。 进行 式和完成进行式没有被动语态。 式和完成进行式没有被动语态。
一 当不定式的逻辑主语是不定式所 表示的动作的承受者时, 表示的动作的承受者时,不定式一般 要采用被动形式。 要采用被动形式。 . 一、 不定式的被动形式有下列用法

  1.作主语: .作主语: It is an honour for me to be asked to speak here.
  2.作宾语: .作宾语: She asked to be sent to work in Xinjiang.

  3.构成复合宾语: .构成复合宾语: He wanted the letter to be typed at once. She didn’t like herself to be praised like that.
  4.构成复合谓语: .构成复合谓语: The books are not allowed to be taken out of the room.

  5.作定语: .作定语: Are you going to the meeting to be held in the teachers’ office?
  6.作状语: .作状语: She was too young to be assigned such work.
二、 不定式有时还可以有完成式的被动 在句中作主语、宾语、定语, 式 , 在句中作主语、宾语 、定语 ,或者 构成复合宾语、复合谓语等, 构成复合宾语、复合谓语等,如: It is a good thing for him to have been criticized.(主语) (主语) She preferred to have been given heavier work to do. (宾语 ) 宾语)) 宾语
He thought it an honour to have been 复合宾语) invited to the party. (复合宾语) The book is said to have been translated into many languages. (复合谓语) 复合谓语) She was the first woman to have been elected to such a post. (定语) 定语)
三、不定式的主动形式表示被动

  1.在there be结构中。 . 结构中。 结构中 例如: 例如: There is a lot of homework to do. . (也可用 be done) 也可用to 也可用 There is no time to lose (to be lost).
三、不定式的主动形式表示被动

  2.在“n/pron + be + adj + to do”结构中。 . 结构中。 / 结构中 常用的形容词有easy,difficult,hard, 常用的形容词有 , , , impossible,nice,pleasant,light,heavy, , , , , , interesting,important,expensive,cheap, , , , , fit, dangerous等。 , 等 例如: 例如: He is hard to convince. He is an impossible person to work with. .

  3.在“too?to do; enough…to…”结 在 结 构中。 构中。如: The problem is too difficult to work out (to be worked out). . The house is big enough to live in.

  4.在“with+n+to do”结构中。 . 结构中。 结构中 例如: 例如: With nothing to do,he lay in bed. , . With so many exercises to do,I can‘t go , to the cinema. .

  5.当不定式的逻辑主语在句中出现时。 .当不定式的逻辑主语在句中出现时。 例如: 例如: I have a letter to type today. . (I是to type的逻辑主语 的逻辑主语) 是 的逻辑主语 Do you have anything to say? (you是to say的逻辑主语 的逻辑主语) 是 的逻辑主语

  6.当不定式隐含在for sb to do结构中 .当不定式隐含在 结构中 时。 例如: 例如: This is the best book to read (=for us/ / you to read). . The important thing to do is to lock the door when we leave the house. .

  7.一些作表语用的不定式的主动形式。 .一些作表语用的不定式的主动形式。 常见的这类动词有let(出租 , 常见的这类动词有 出租),rent, 出租 , hire,blame等。 , 等 例如: 例如: The house is to let. . I felt l was to blame.
NOTICE
动词不定式主动语态形式的使用要比被 动语态形式的使用普遍,有时(尤其在 动语态形式的使用普遍,有时( 口语中)虽然意思上是被动的,也往往 口语中)虽然意思上是被动的, 用主动语态形式来表示。 用主动语态形式来表示。 I have three motors to repair today. The task is difficult to finish on time.
Exercise

  1. Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couple, but it remains whether they will enjoy it. A. to see C. seeing B. B to be seen D. seen

  2. I hurried to the meeting hall, only that the meeting had been put off. A. to tell C. telling B. B to be told D. told

  3. Do let your mother know all the truth, she appears everything. A. to tell B. to be told C. to be telling D D. to have been told

  4. Little Tom should love to the theater this evening. A. to be taken A C. being taken B. to take D. taking

  5. It is said that plastics can be used to many things. Now people are used to plastics products. A. make; using A B. making; using C. making; use D. make; use

  6. With a lot of problems, the newly-elected president is having a hard time. A. settled C. to settle C B. settling D. being settled

  7. He and was made to repeat it. A. didn’t understand B. didn’t be understood C. wasn’t understand D. wasn’t understood D

  8. The pupils here all kinds of exercises every day in the past four weeks. A. kept busy doing B. keep on doing C. have kept busy doing D. have been kept busy doing D

  9. Visitors not to touch the exhibits. A. will request B. request C. are requesting D. are requested D

  10. In some parts of the world, tea with milk and sugar. A. is serving B. B is served C. serves D. served
不定式与高考题

  1.The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier it more difficult. (MET
  99) A. not make B. not to make
C. not making D. do not make

  2. I’ve worked with children before, so I know what in my new job. (MET20
  00) A. Expected B. to expect C. to be expecting D. expects
  3. Having a trip abroad is certainly good for the old couples but it remains whether they will enjoy it. (MET20
  01) A. to see B. seen C. seeing D. to be seen

  4. Allen had to call a taxi because the box was to carry all the way home. (MET20
  03) A. much too heavy B. too much heavy C. heavy too much D. too heavy much

  5.late in the afternoon, Bob turned off the alarm. (2001年北京春季高考 年北京春季高考) 年北京春季高考 A. To sleep B. Sleeping C. Sleep D. Having sleep
  6.With a lot of difficult problems ,the newly-elected president is having a hard time.(2002年上海春季高考 年上海春季高考) 年上海春季高考 A. settled B. settling C. to settle D. being settled

  7. She will tell us why she feels so strongly that each of us has a role in making the earth a better place to live. (2003上海春季高考 上海春季高考) 上海春季高考 A. to have played B. to play C. to be played D. to be playing

  8. In order to gain a bigger share in the international market, many state run companies are trying their products more competitive. ( 2002上海春季高考 上海春季高考) 上海春季高考 A. to make B. making C. to have made D. having made
 

相关内容

高三英语 Unit2 《Robots》语法课件 新人教版选修7

   Revision of The passive Infinitive 不定式语法 不定式的时态和语态 不定式有时态和语态的变化, 不定式有时态和语态的变化 , 时态共四种,即一般式、完成式、 时态共四种,即一般式、完成式、 进行式和完成进行式。 进行式和完成进行式。语态分为主 动语态和被动语态,如下表所示。 动语态和被动语态,如下表所示。 语态 时态 一般式 完成式 进行式 主动语态 to do to have done to be doing 被动语态 to be done to have ...

英语: Unit 2 《Robots》课件-grammar and vocabulary(新人教选修7)

   Learning about language Look at the sentences. My mother felt alarmed when I had my hair coloured purple. My mother was alarmed when I had my hair coloured purple. Is this a passive sentence? Key! Though the structure seems like a passive sentence, ...

英语:Unit 2 Robots(Language points)课件(新人教版选修7)

   1. Do you think it is possible for a robot to have its own needs and desires? (P10) 你认为机器人有可能有自己的需求吗? 你认为机器人有可能有自己的需求吗? desire vt. 渴望,希望,要求 渴望,希望, n. 愿望,要求,欲望,向往的东西 愿望,要求,欲望, desire sth. = have a desire for sth. 渴望得到某事 渴望得到某事 desire to do sth. = ...

高二英语 Unit2《Robots》 新人教版选修7

   (Page 15) Claire’s feelings towards Tony changed as the story developed. dislike alarmed embarrassed sad love admire / be proud of Molly and Kate are discussing the story "Satisfaction Guaranteed". Read the questions and then listen to fi ...

英语:直击2010年之《高考优学》教材梳理??Unit 2 Robots(选修7)

   2010 年《高考风向标》 英语 高考风向标》 ? 目 第一部分 教材梳理 必修一 Unit 1 Friendship 单元要点预览 语言要点 词语辨析 词性变化 重点单词 重点词组 重点句子 课文要点 课文词汇填空 课文大意概括 课文佳句背诵与仿写 单元自测 Unit 2 English around the world 单元要点预览 语言要点 词语辨析 词性变化 重点单词 重点词组 重点句子 课文要点 课文词汇填空 课文大意概括 课文佳句背诵与仿写 单元自测 Unit 3 Travel ...

英语:Unit2《Robots》Grammar不定式(1)(新人教版选修7)

   Revision of The passive Infinitive 不定式语法 不定式的时态和语态 不定式有时态和语态的变化, 不定式有时态和语态的变化 , 时态共四种,即一般式、完成式、 时态共四种,即一般式、完成式、 进行式和完成进行式。 进行式和完成进行式。语态分为主 动语态和被动语态,如下表所示。 动语态和被动语态,如下表所示。 语态 时态 一般式 完成式 进行式 主动语态 to do to have done to be doing 被动语态 to be done to have ...

英语:Unit2《Robots》Learning about language课件(1)(新人教版选修7)

   Learning about language Look at the sentences. My mother felt alarmed when I had my hair coloured purple. My mother was alarmed when I had my hair coloured purple. Is this a passive sentence? Key! Though the structure seems like a passive sentence, ...

高中英语 7-4 Sharing 复习课件 新人教版选修7

   " " " " " " Ⅰ.重要单词聚焦 1. relevant adj. 有关的;切题的 2. vi.& vt. 调整;(使)适合 adjust 3. vi. 参与;参加 participate 4. conj. 否则;不然 otherwise adv. 用别的方法;其他方面 " 5. privilege n. 特权;特别优待 " 6. arrangement n. 安排;排列 " 7. toast vt.& n. 烤(面包等);敬酒; 烤面包(片);干杯 " 8. d ...

牛津英语9B Unit 2 Robots重点词组

   9B Unit 2 Robots 重点词组 1. write a complaint letter 2. complain to sb. about sth. 3.post a letter for him 4.do the laundry 5.iron shirts 6.explore dangerous places 7.make the bed 8.sweep the floor 9.the first person to do sth. = change one’s life a l ...

英语:unit2 《Cloning》-reading课件(新人教版选修8)

   Dolly the sheep and its baby Cloned rabbit 克隆的荧光小猪(左 和正常小猪 和正常小猪(右 克隆的荧光小猪 左)和正常小猪 右) 克隆马及其“母亲兼姐姐” 克隆马及其“母亲兼姐姐” Reading I Scanning Write the letter “T”if the statement is true. Write “F”if it is false. 1.Cloning means making a copy of an animal or ...

热门内容

广州版小学五年级英语上复习归纳

   Module 1 词组: go to work go to school go shopping get up do some reading surf the Net 句型: How often do you play football? I play football every weekend. How are you? I’m fine, thank you. go for a walk take exercise after class wear glasses play ches ...

快速领悟英语

   两小时掌握学英语的秘诀 作者:张少强 制作人:小米 说明:在书店偶然遇见了这本书,我读后,自我感觉对英语有了 一个全新的认识。我想,好东西总是和大家分享才更快乐,所以 就制作了这个电子版的图书,希望大家看完后觉得好的话,就去 书店支持正版哦! 致读者 为什么众多国人苦学英语十年,却仍在抱怨自己的英语水平很差? 为什么有的人仅通过六个月的努力,其英语水平就发生脱胎换骨的变化? 答案非常简单:掌握正确的学习方法是一切学习的首要任务! 阅读本书大约需要两个小时,但却可以让你的英语学习发生翻天覆地的变 ...

外国语学校四年级英语试卷

   外国语学校四年级英语试卷 整校:Cindy Xu 整校: 听力部分: 听力部分:20% 一,听录音,选出你所听到的选项(5%) ( ( ( ( ( )1. A. shirt )2. A. watch )3. A. which )4. A. books )5. A. this word B. skirt B. water B. white B. boxes C. short C. waiter C. with C. ball C. those words B. these words 二,听录 ...

英语议论文

   据报道, Topic: 据报道,中 学生在遭遇生活,学习或情感困惑时, 学生在遭遇生活,学习或情感困惑时, 首先向同龄人求助,其次才是父母。 首先向同龄人求助,其次才是父母。请 简单描述此现象,并分析原因及利弊。 简单描述此现象,并分析原因及利弊。 phenomenon The first step: briefly describe the The second step: state your . reasons The third step: analyze the advantage ...

英语课件非谓语动词ppt[整理]-人教版

   " 1.Most of the people ( invite) to the party were famous scientists. invited " 2.( pollute) air and water are harmful to people’s health. polluted " 3. she walked out of the house, (follow) by followed her son. " 4. I haven’t got the film( develo ...