高三英语复习教案(
  8)
(SB I?Units 15-
  16)
一、单元考点提示
  1.单词 A advise, contain, discuss, examine B collect, control, fire, might, roof, wonder
  2.短语 A as much as, at the end of, be rich/low in, burn up, change into, in the future, put on weight/lose weight, scores of, soft drink. B belong to, break out, catch fire, get close to, in that case, look out, lose one’s life, on fire, on the 11th floor, put out
  3.句型结构
  1. I advise you(not) to do something.
  2. You’d better(not) do something.
  3. I suggest(that) you(not) do something.
  4. Why not do something? / Why don’t you do something?
  5. Find out where the nearest fire exit is as soon as you arrive at your hotel.
  6. Office workers tried to put out the fire, but it was impossible to control it .
  7. The smoke from the fire was too thick for them to be able to land on the roof.
二、考点精析与拓展
  1. advise; suggest advise 与 suggest 都可作“建议”讲,二者用法有同有异。 (
  1)相同点 表示建议做某事,advise 与 suggest 都可采用下列三种句型: ① + 名词 ② + 动名词 ③ + that 从句(从句中常用 should 加动词原形,should 可以省略。 ) eg. He advised/ suggested an early start. He advised/ suggested (our) starting early. He advised/ suggested that we (should) start early. (注:只要是用从句表示建议该做的事,从句中就可用“should+动词原形” ,should 可 以省略。)上面的第三句可转化为: It was suggested that we (should) start early. What he suggested was that we(should) start early. His suggestion was that we (should) start early. (
  2)不同点 ①advise 后可以跟人称代词作宾语, suggest 后不可以跟人称代词作宾语。 而 故可以说:
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advise sb. to do sth.; advise sb. against (doing) sth.; advise sb. on/ about sth.; suggest(to sb.)that... 前三种结构中不可将 advise 改为 suggest,如: 他建议我们去参观博物馆。 [正]He advised us to go to visit the museum. [误]He suggested us to go to visit the museum. [误]He suggested us that we go to visit the museum. ②suggest 还有“暗示、表明、说、指出(一个事实) ”的意思。此时从句中用陈述语 气,不用虚拟语气。如: The smile on his face suggested that he was pleased. Having examined carefully, the doctor suggested that the patient was seriously ill.(句中 suggest 陈述了一个事实,故用陈述语气。)比较: Having examined carefully, the doctor suggested that the Patient be operated on at once.(句中 suggest 表示建议该做某事,从句中用 should 加动词原形,should 在从句中省略。)
  2. except; besides; except for+名词/except that+句子用法区别。 except 相 当 于 but, 表 示 “ 除 了 … … 以 外 ( 不 包 括 在 内 )”, 常 与 all, nobody,everything,everybody, nowhere 等表示整体概念的词连用。besides 相当于 apart from, 表示“除……以外(尚有) ”之义。except for.../except that ...表示“除了……”之意,引述一 个相反的原因或细节,因而部分地修正了句中的主要意思。如:Your article is well written except for some grammar mistakes.你的文章写得好,只是有几处语法错误。
  3. in future;in the future; for the future in future 意思是“从今以后” 。例如: In future,be careful with your pronunciation.今后要注意你的发音。 Such a bad habit must be got rid of in future.今后成长须改掉这样的坏习惯。 in the furture 意思是“将来、今后的日期” ,但 不一定就是从今立即开始,而是将来 的时间。例如: No one can know what will happen in the future.没有人知道将来会发生什么事。 My sister wants to be actress in the future.我妹妹将来想当演员。 for the future 的意思是“就未来而论、今后” ,作“今后”解时可与 in future 替换使用。 例如: What are your plans for the future when you grow up? 你长大以后对你的未来有什么打 算? For the future, we’ll have to depend on ourselves.今后我们得依靠自己。
  4.diet; food 两者都可作“食物”解。diet 指的是习惯上吃的食物或规定要吃的食物,特指维持健 康的定量或定质的食物,如病人的疗养饮食。food 是一般用语。凡能吃喝的具有营养的东 西都可称 food.例如: The Chinese diet is considered to be the healthiest in the world。 中国的饮食被认是世界上 最健康的饮食。 Proper diet and exercise are both important to health.适当的饮食和锻炼对健康都很重要。 He is on a special diet to lose weight.他服用特别饮食以减肥。 The doctor put him on a liquid diet after operation.手术之后医生规定他吃流食。
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They eat different kinds of food which change into energy.他们吃的各种各样的食物都转 化成能量。 His food includes eggs, vegetables, fruit and some soft drinks.他的食物包括鸡蛋、蔬菜、 水果和一些软饮料。
  5. exmination; exam; test; quiz examination 通常只指正式的“考试” ,如期末考试、入学考试等。exam 是 examination 的缩写,常用于口语,多为学生使用。test 为“小考”成“考查”,quiz 为“测验”,特指事 先无准备,随时进行的测验,也可指(广播节目中的)一般知识测验、问答比赛、猜谜等。 例如: He did very well in the entrance examination. 他在入学考试中成绩很好。 There’s going to be a physics test this afternoon.今天下午将进行物理考试。 The teacher gave us a five-minute quiz.老师对我们进行了一次五分钟的小测验。
  6.as...as...用法小结 (
  1)...as+形容词(副词)原级+as...;not as/so+形容词(副词)原级+as... Their factory is as large as ours.他们的工厂和我们的一样大。 I study as hard as you.我和你一样用功学习。 He doesn’t get up as/ so early as his parents.他不像他父母那样早起床。 (
  2)……倍数 + as + 形容词(副词)原级+as... Line AB is 3 times as long as Line CD.=Line AB is twice longer than/3 times the length of Line CD.线段 AB 是线段 CD 长的 3 倍。 (
  3)as + 形容词 + a/an + 单数可数名词 + as; as + 形容词+复数名词 + as She is as good many records as possible.我们需要尽量多的唱片。 There is as much sugar in it as eight pieces of sugar.其中的含糖量相当于八块方糖。 I have’t got as much money as I thought.我没有原来想象的那么多钱。 (
  5)as much/ many as 多达……,……那么多 On Sports Day, during the relay race, you will use most of all, perhaps as much as 650 calories an hour.在运动会上,进行接力赛跑时,你消耗的能量最多,可能每小时多达 650 卡。 As many as 700 different languages are spoken in Africa.非洲有多达 700 种不同的语言。 He didn’t catch as many as he’d hoped.他没有捉住预想的那么多。 (
  6)as...as possible; as... as one can The teacher should write the words on the blackboard as carefully as he can. =The teacher should write the words on the blackboard as carefully as possible.老师在黑板上应尽可能仔细地 把字写好。 Please be as friendly as possible to your friends.=Please be as friendly as you can.请对你的 朋友尽可能友好。 (
  7)as...as + 年代数字/名词 As early as 1950 I knew him.早在 1950 年我就认识他了。 He walked as far as the post office.他步行到邮局。 (
  8)as/so far as I know As/ So for as I know, he will be away from home for 3 months.就我所知,他将要离家 3 个月。 (
  9)as soon as?……就…… Please let us know as soon as you arrive in Bejing.一到北京,请通知我们一声。
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  10)as well as 和;也;还有 He gave me money as well as advice.他除了给我忠告外,还给我钱。 He studies French as well as English.他不但学习英语,而且学习法语。 (
  11)as/so long as 只要;如果 You may use that dictionary as long as you take care of it.只要你好好保存, 你可以用那本 词典。
  7. be out; put out be out 指“ (灯、火)熄灭” ,强调状态。 put out 意为“熄灭、扑灭” ,强调动作。 如: Is the fire out ? Office workers tried to put out the fire, but it was impossible to control it.
  8. catch fire; on fire catch fire 意为“着火” ,表示动作。on fire 意为“着火、在燃烧” ,表示状态。如: Suddenly a pan of oil catches fire. Soon the whole floor was on fire and it was impossible for people on the floors above to escape.
  9. save; rescue save 意为“救、挽救” ,是普通而含义广泛的常用词。指通过救援不但使受害者(人、 动物或物)能脱离危险或祸患,而且使其在今后能安全地生存下去。有时可与 rescue 通用。 如: He operated on her at once, and Edison’s mother was saved. They fight against the enemy to save their country. rescue 意为“救、营救、挽救” ,多指在直接的危险或祸患中给予迅速而有效的救援, 一般指救人。如: Helicopters were sent to rescue them, but it was impossible for them to get close enough.
  10. cloth; clothes; dress cloth 指做衣服等用的“衣料、布” 。一般作不可数名词。如: I put a piece of wet cloth around my face and lay on the floor for about two hours. 注:用于表达特殊用途的布,如“桌布、抹布”等时,cloth 用做可数名词。如: He washed a table cloth just now. clothes 意为“衣服” ,总是以复数形式出现,泛指身上穿的各部分衣着,包括上衣、 裤子、内衣、背心等。如: Look at these clothes. They are on Mrs Green’s clothes line. 注意: (
  1) 一件衣服” “ 不可说 a clothes, 应说 an article of clothing; “一套衣服” 可说 a suit(set) of clothes. (
  2)clothes 前不可直接用数词修饰,如不可说 three clothes. (
  3)clothes 前可用 these, those, the, many, few 修饰,口语中可用 much, little 修饰。 (
  4)chothes 作主语时,谓语动词只能用复数形式。 dress 可用于可数和不可数名词,用于可数名词时,常指妇女、儿童服装、内衣或外 衣等公共场合穿的衣服。用于不可数名词时,统指“衣服” 。该词可作动词,意为“给…… 穿衣” 。如: What colour is Mrs Green’s dress?
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He could not wash himself or get dressed. II.句型
  1. advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做某事(suggest 不这样用) 。 ①I advise you to take the chance.我建议你抓住机会。 ②?What do you advise me to do?你建议我怎么办? ?I advise you not to lose heart; just keep on.我劝你不要灰心,继续干。 advise 还可同 suggest 一样,后接名词、代词、动名词(短语)和 that 从句(用虚拟 语气)作宾语。 ①?What would you advise?你有什么建议吗? ?I advise you an early start 我建议你早点出发。 ②I advise holding a metting to discuss the problem.我建议召开一次会议来讨论这个问 题。 ③I advise you (should) go to once.我建议你马上去。
  2. had better (not) do sth.最好(不要)做某事。 用来委婉地提出建议或劝告.had 通用于各种人称和数的形式.。 ①You’d better give up smoking.It dose no good to your health.你最好把烟戒掉, 吸烟对健 康没好处。 ②she had better not come this evening .今晚她最好不要来。
  3.There is sth.wrong with...,......出问题了,出毛病了。 相当于 sth.is wrong with…. ①?What’s wrong with you?你怎么了? ?There is something wrong with my back.我的背有点毛病。 ②?Is there anything wrong with yous radio?你的收音机出毛病了吗? ?Yes.It doesn’t work.是的,不响了。
  4.by the age of/at the age of,by 到……时为止。表示的是一段时间,句子通常用完成时 态。 at 在……时候。表示的是具体时间点,句子通常用一般时态。 ①By the age of ten,he had learned to play the piano.10 岁的时候,他就学会了弹钢琴。 ②He was very clever.and at the age of 15 he went to college.他非常聪明,15 岁时上大学 了。 ③By the end of this term,we’ll have learned 2000 English words.到本学期末, 我们将学会 2000 个英语单词。 ④At the end of this term,we’ll hold an English party.在本学期末,我们 将举行一次英语晚会.
  5.so…that/such…that 如此…以致于/结果……。 adj. adv. so+ adj.+a/an+n.(单数) +that many/much/few/little+n. a/an+adj.+n.(单数) n.(复数) n.(不可数)
such+
+that
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例句:①This film is so moving that I want to see it again.这电影太动人了,我还想再看一 遍。 ②He walked so fast that I couldn’t keep up with him.他走得太快,我跟不上。 ③This is so interesting a book That we all like it very much.这本书很有 such an interesting book 意思,我们都很喜欢。 ④The villagers were such kind people that they all came to help us.村民们都是好心人, 都前来给我们帮忙。 ⑤It is such fine weather that we all want to go out for a walk.天气这么好, 我们都想出去 走走。 ⑥There were so many books in the shop that he didn’t know which to buy.书店里书那么 多,他都不知道买哪些。
三、
 

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