11) (SB2-units21-
  22) ?一、单元考点提示
  1.词汇 memory, marry, single, square, otherwise, perform, wedding, musical, generation, nowadays, passer-by, pattern, thought, gay, be familiar with, learn by heart, in praise of, earn one’s living, pass down, in praise of, pass on, at a time, cruel, eager, disturb, mental, fortune, arrival, prisoner, attend, in public, sentence…to death, a good deed, in peace, fall in love with, make sure of, suffer from, light a fire, let…in, call for help, be pleased at ,for no good reason
  2.句型 (
  1)They usually write exact instructions on how the music is to be played. (
  2)On festivals they used to act and sing in praise of heroes who lived long ago. (
  3)This was at a time when there was no radio, TV or cinema. (
  4)Dr Manette had been put into prison so that he could keep silent over this matter. (
  5)Although Lucy married Charles, Sydney promised her that he would always do anything he could for her to make sure of her happiness.
  3.语法 (
  1)v.-ing 形式作表语、定语和宾语补足语 (
  2)v.-ing 形式作定语和状语
  4.交际用语 (
  1)I think at the beginning we’d rather have… (
  2)I’d rather have…to start. (
  3)You must have been… (
  4)She can’t have been… (
  5)She may/might have done… 二、考点精析与拓展?
  1.whisper whisper 可用作名词或动词,意为“低语,私语”。如:whisper to sb.对某人 耳语;whisper about sth./sb.小声议论某事/人;whisper sth. to sb.低声 告诉某人某事;in a whisper 低声地;It’s whishpered that…私下说……。 对比:say to sb.对某人说;speak to sb.和某人说话;talk to sb.和某人说 话;explain to sb.对某人解释说;lie to sb.对某人撒谎说。 [应用]完成句子 ①老师低声给孩子们讲了个故事。 The teacher a story to the children./The teacher told the children a story . ②有人私下说史密斯先生的生意在衰败。
that Mr Smith’s business is falling. Key:①Whispered/in,a, whisper ②It,is, whispered
  2.pass 短语归纳 pass sth.down 把某物一代一代传下去;pass sth.on 将某物传、交给某人; pass away 逝世; pass by 路过,忽视;pass sb. sth./pass sth.to sb.把 某物递给某人;pass the exam/test/law 通过考试/测验/法律 注意:past 是介词“过,经过”或名词“过去”;passed 是 pass 的过去式和过去 分词。如: half past six 六点半;in the past few years 在过去的几年里;Two weeks passed.两周的时间过去了。He walked past the gate.他从大门口走过。 [应用]完成句子 ①去年他母亲去世了。 His mother last year. ②这戒指是我家传来来的。 This ring in my family. ③那本书你看完了给我。 the book me when you’ve finished it. ④那个年轻人听到这个消息,由于震惊昏了过去。 When the young man heard the news. he with the shock. Key:①passed, away ②has, been, passed, down ③Pass, on, to ④passed, out
  3.perform, performance perform 是动词“履行,表演”,而 performance 是名词“表演,演出”。 如:perform a task/an operation/one’s duties/a play/a part 做工作/做手 术/尽责任/上演一出戏/演一个角色;perform to sb.对某人表演;give a performance 演出; 对比:act/play a part 扮演角色;put on a play 上演一出戏 [应用]完成句子 ①他们总是很耐心地做实验 They alwaystheir experimentsgreat patience. ②今晚演出什么戏? What play tonight? ③这位歌唱家以前从未在北京演唱过。 The singer has neverin Beijing. Key:①perform,with ②will,be,performed ③performed,before
  4.be familiar with,be familiar to be familiar with 的主语是有生命的事,意为“某人对人、事熟悉”;be familiar to 的主语是无生命的事物,意为“某人/事为某人所熟悉”,对比:He is very
familiar with the names of plants in English.他很熟悉植物的英语名称。 Suzhou and Hangzhou are familiar to many foreigners.苏州和杭州为许 多外国人所熟悉。 I’m not familiar with European history./European history is not familiar to me.我对欧洲历史不太熟悉。 注意:be familiar with/to 还表示“精通、通晓” 如:French is as familiar to him as English. 他对法语就象对英语一样精通。 [应用] 一句多译 ①这些事实是每个学生都熟悉的。 ②她精通 4 种语言。 Key: ①These facts are familiar to every schoolboy./Every shoolboy is familiar with these facts. ②She is familiar with four languages./Four languages are familiar to her.
  5.表示“宁愿、想要某人做某事” 下列句型均可表示“宁愿、想让某人作某事”:would like sb.to do sth.;would prefer sb.to do sth.;like sb.to do sth;want sb.to do sth.;would rather that sb.did sth. 对比:would like/love to do sth.喜欢、宁愿做某事;prefer to do sth.宁愿 做;would rather do sth.宁愿做;would like/love not to do sth.不想做; would rather not do sth.宁愿不做……; prefer not to do sth.不想做; would rather do sth.than do sth.宁愿做某事而不做某事;p11refer to do sth.rather than do sth.宁愿做某事而不做某事。 [应用] ①一句多译 我想让我儿子学医。 ②选择正确的答案 Little Jim should loveto the theatre this evening. (MET’
  92) A.to be taken B.to take C.being taken D.taking Key: ① I would like my son to study medicine./I’d love my son to study medicine,/ I would rather that my son studied medicine./ I like my son to study medicine./I want my son to study medicine./I would rather that my son studied medicine. ②A
  6.earn, gain, win ,get 四个词均有“得到”之意,但 earn 指经过艰苦努力所得到的报偿,意为“赚得”; gain 指作出很大努力而“获得”,所得东西常有一定价值;get 是普通词,指不 一定需要努力就能“得到”;win 意为“赢得”,含有取胜一方具有优越条件而能克 服障碍之意。这四个词有时可通用。
[应用]英译汉 ①earn much money/a prize/one’s living ②gain a victory/experience/the first prize/ten dollars/a living/success/the battle/a doctor’s degree ③get one’s help/full marks Key: ①挣得很多钱/获奖/谋生 ②获胜/取得经验/获得一等奖/赚 10 美元/谋生/获得成功/赢得战斗/获博士学 位 ③得到某人的帮助/得满分
  7.single, not a single single 是形容词,有“单一的,单个的,单身的,唯一的”意义;not a single 表示“一个也没有”,起强调作用,位于句首时引起倒装。如:remain single 尚未成婚;the single person 唯一的人;a single bed/ticket/man/room 单人 床/单程票/独身男子/单人房间 He didn’t make a single mistake in the exam./Not a single mistake did he make in the exam.他在考试中没出一处错误。 [应用]汉译英 ①今天上午这个商店里一个人也没有。 ②他是能帮助我们的唯一的人。 Key: ①Not a single person has been in the shop this morning. ②He’s the single person that can help us.
  8.in+名词+of in praise of 为……颂扬、歌颂;in honour of 为纪念,为了向某人表示敬意; in memory of 为了怀念;in favour of 赞同,支持;in place of 代替;in charge of 负责;in search of 寻找;in need of 需要。 注意:上述短语多用作表语、状语或定语。 [应用]完成句子,句意不变 ①This is a book which sings high praise for pioneers. This is a book pioneers. ②They startd off at once to look for the missing girl. They started off at once the missing girl. ③We all agree to your plan. We are all your plan. ④We usr plastics instead of wood or metal. We use plastics wood or metal. Key:①in, praise, of ②in, search, of ③in, favour, of ④in, place, of
  9.praise 短语归纳 praise 可用作名词或动词,均表示“赞扬,表扬”。如:sing high praise for 高度赞扬;praise sb. for 因……而赞扬其人;receive praise from sb.得到 某人的称赞;win high praise 受到高度赞扬;give praise to sb.表扬某人。 [应用]完成句子 ①校长高度赞扬了他的勇敢行为。
The headmaster his brave deed. ②他经常帮助别人,因而得到同学们的赞扬。 He often helps others, so he his classmates. Key: ①sang, high, praise, for ②receives praise, from
  10.one…the other, some…others one…the other 相当于 one…one,表示两者中的“一个。 另一个”; some…others 表示许多中的“一些,另外一些”;some…the others 表示“一些,其余所有 的”。对比: He has two companise. One is in China and the other is in the States. 他有两家公司,一家在中国,另一家在美国。 In winter, some birds will fly away, and others wills stay here.冬天, 一些鸟飞走了,另外一些留了下来。 Some stamps are new, and the others are all ones. 有些邮票是新的,其余全是用过的。 [应用]选择正确答案。 ①Some people like to stay at home on Sunday, but like to go to the cinema.(NMET’
  85) A.another B.other C.others D.other one ②Of the three foreign guests, one is from London,two are from New York.(80 年高考) key:①C ②B
  11.suffer ①用作及物动词,意为“遭受,蒙受,受到,忍受”。如:suffer loss/pain/punishment/defeat/wrong/hardship/discouragement/disappointm ent/unfair/treatment/hunger 遭受损失/疼痛/遭到惩罚/遭到失败/受到冤枉/ 忍受艰难/失去勇气/灰心丧气/受到不公正对待/挨饿。 ②用作不及物动词,意为“受痛苦、受损失,折磨,受惩罚”,与 from 搭配。 如:suffer from headache/loss of memory/bad health 患头疼/患有遗忘症/身 体不好;suffer a lot from a strange illness 因怪病吃了不少苦。 [应用]汉译英 ①那个城市因地震而遭到严重破坏。 ②他们在战争中遭受了巨大痛苦。 Key: ①The city suffered serious damage from the earthquake. ②They suffered a great deal in the war.
  12.way(s)后的定语从句 修饰 way(s)(方法,方式)的定语从句其关系词可以用 in which,that 也可省略 关系词,但不能直接使用 which.如:I feel angry about the way(that)he has treated me./I feel angry about the way in which he has treated me.我对 他对待我的方式感到生气。 对比:He found a way that/which led to success.(way 在从句中作主语) 他 找到了一条通往成功的路。 [应用]单句改错 ①I don’t like the way which you laugh at her.
②They didn’t to the experiment the way in that we do now. key:①在 which 前加 in 或改 which 为 that ②改 that 为 which 或去掉 in
  13.reason for this/that reason 因为这个/那个原因:for no good reason 没有正当的理 由;for a simple reason 因为一个很简单的原因;for some political reasons 因为政治原因;for the reason of health 由于健康原因;give a reason 提供 理由。 注意: reason 词后的表语从句用 that 引导, 定语从句多用 why 引导, 偶尔用 which 引导。 [应用]用适当的连词填空 ①His reason for being late washe missed the bus. ②The reasonhe didn’t come to school was that he was ill. ③The doctor gave reason couldn’t explain the failure of the operation. Key :①that ②why ③which/that
  14.disturb,interrupt disturb 有“打扰,扰乱,使(人)心神不宁”之意。如:disturb the sleeping child/one’s plan/the piblic peace 打扰睡觉的孩子/打乱计划/扰乱社会治 安;be mentally disturbed 精神上受到影响;be disturbed about 对……感 到不妥。 对比:interrupt 有“打断,打扰”之意,侧重打断。如:Don’t interrupt me while I’m busy.我忙的时候不要打扰我。 [应用]完成句子 ①她获悉母亲得急病后感到心神不安。 She was her mother’s sudden illness./She was hear of her mother’s sudden illness./She was the news of her mother’s sudden illness. ②不要打断那位演讲者,他讲完再问你的问题。 Don’t the speaker;ask your question after the meeting. Key:①disturbed, about/disturbed,to/disturbed, by ②interrupt
  15.at, with, through 表原因 三个介词都可表示原因,at 表示听到或看到的原因;with 表示人体外部的原因; through 强调自身的原因。如:be sad at the news 听了这个消息而悲伤;be frightened at the sight 看了那个情景而害怕;jump up with joy 高兴地跳了 起来;turn red with anger 气得脸红;shake with cold/fear 冻得/害怕得发 抖;with pleasure 高兴地;with pride 骄傲地;with satisfaction 满意地; make the mistake through his carelessness 由于粗心而出错;be put into prison through no fault of his own 没有任何罪过被关进监狱。 [应用]汉译英 ①听到这个消息,全国人民处于悲哀之中。 ②孩子们高兴地跳了起来。 ③由于大意



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