高三英语复习课教案
定语从句 ( Attributive Clauses) Teaching Aims: To ask the students to master the usage of Attributive Clauses and use it freely when
communicating with each other. Difficulties and Emphasis: ** How to distinguish the Attributive clauses. **How to tell the attributive clause from the appositive clause . Teaching Progress :
Step 1 Introdution
定义及相关术语 定语从句:修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。 定语从句:修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。定语从句一 般紧跟在它所修饰的先行词之后。 般紧跟在它所修饰的先行词之后。分为限定性定语从句和非限定 性定语从句。 性定语从句。 先行词: 被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词。 先行词: 被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词。 关系词: 引导定语从句的词叫关系词。 关系词: 引导定语从句的词叫关系词。 分为关系代词和关系副 词。关系代词有 that ,which ,who ,whom,whose, as 等;关系 副词有 when ,where ,why 等。 关系词的作用 A . 引导定语从句; B . 代替先行词 引导定语从句; C. 在从
句中担当一个成分
The seaon which /that comes after spring in summer. which / that 在句中引导定语从句, 代替 the season ,并在从 在句中引导定语从句, 并在从 句中做主语。 句中做主语。
Step
  2. presentation 指人
关系代词
who
whom
that
Those who want to go to the museum must be at the school gate at 7 tomorrow morning . He is the person who /that /whom you are looking for . Yesterday I helped an old man who had lost his way . Mr. Li is the person (whom / who/ that )you talked about on the bus . 只用 who 不用 that 表示人的三种情况 Anyone who breaks the law will be punished .( 先行词为指 人的代词, 人的代词,如 anyone ,one ,all,none 等 Those who want to go there raise your hand .(先行词为 those) 先行词为 There is a young man outside who asks for you .(在 there be 在 结构中) 结构中 区别 : He is no longer the naughty boy ( that ) he was ten years ago . He is no longer what he was ten years ago . 指物
that
which
This is the desk that /which he bought yesterday . The book that / which he picked up this morning is Jack’s . 只用 that 的几种情况 a . 当先行词为 everything ,anything ,nothing ,(something 除外) 等代词时, 除外 all , none , few , little , some 等代词时,或先行词受 every ,all ,any some , no , little ,few , much 等代词修饰时。 等代词修饰时。 All that can be done has been done . There is little that I can do for you . Have you taken down everything (that )Mr. Li said ? b. 当先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时 当先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时 The first place that they visited was our school . This is the best film that I have seen . c. 当先行词被 the very ,the only 修饰时 This is the very book that I want to buy . After the fire in his house , the old car is the only thing that he owns . d. 当先行词为人和物时 当先行词为人和物时 Look at the man and his donkey that are walking up the street . e . 当先行词前面有 who ,which 等疑问代词时 Who is the man that is standing by the gate ? Which is the shirt that fits me most ?
只用 which 的情况 a . 介词 which 表物 介词+ The school in which I studied is very small . b. 在非限制性定语从句中 I will study in the school , which is famous for Premier Zhou . whose 通常指人, 也可指物,在定语从句中做定语。 通常指人, 也可指物,在定语从句中做定语。 I visited a scientist whose name is known all over the country . I once lived in the house whose roof has fallen in . 指物时, 名词+of which 来代替 注意 :指物时, whose 可用 the +名词 名词 The classroom the door of which is broken will soon be repaired . Do you like the book of which the cover is yellow . I lived in the room , whose window /the window of which /of which the window faced north . 介词+关系代词 介词 关系代词 引导的定语从句 The school in which he once studied is very famous . This is the boy with whom I played tennis yesterday . 介词+关系代词 介词 关系代词 前还可有 some ,any, none ,all ,both,neither,few 等代词或数词。 等代词或数词。 He loves his parents deely , both of whom are very kind to him . In the basket there are uite many apples , some of which have gone bad .
关系副词
when where why
I never forget the days when /in which we studies together . I never forget the days that / which we spent together. This is the shop where / in which I worked two years ago . This is the shop that /which I visited two years ago . The reason why /for which / that he came late is that he fell ill . The reason that he gave us is that he fell ill . 非限制性定语从句 特点: 用逗号“ ” 译为并列句; 特点: 用逗号“, 与主句隔开 ;译为并列句;关系词不能省 引导; 略 ;不用 that 引导; 不用 who 代替 whom His mohter , who loves him very much , is strict with him . China, which was founded in 1949 , is becoming more and more powerful. as /which 引导非限制性定语从句时,相同点是都可以做主语或 引导非限制性定语从句时, 宾语, 宾语, 引导的从句可放在主句之前,也可放在主句之后; 不同点是 as 引导的从句可放在主句之前,也可放在主句之后; which 引导的从句只能放在主句之后, 引导的从句只能放在主句之后, that、 it 相当于 and this、 、 。 、 另外, 常常有“正如,正像”的含义。 另外,as 常常有“正如,正像”的含义。 As is known to all , China is a developing country . What is known to all is China is a developing country . It is known to all is that China is a developing country . 当主句和从句之间存在着逻辑上的因果关系时, 当主句和从句之间存在着逻辑上的因果关系时, 关系词往往只
用 which 。 Tom was late for school again and again, which made his teacher very angry . 修饰时, 当先行词受 the same 或 such 修饰时, 关系词一般用 as I never heard such stories as he tells . This is such a difficult problem as nobody can solve . This is such a difficult problem that nobody can solve it (非定语 . 从句) 从句) This is so difficult a problem as nobody can solve . way 做先行词时用法如下 I don’t like the way in which ( that ) he speaks to his mother. Step 3 explanation 定语从句与同位语从句的区别 定语从句的先行词通过关系词在从句中担当相应的句子成分, 关 定语从句的先行词通过关系词在从句中担当相应的句子成分, 系代词在从句中作宾语时常可省略。 系代词在从句中作宾语时常可省略。 同位语从句修饰的词在从 句中不担当成分, 引导, 不能省略, 句中不担当成分,通常用 that 引导,that 不能省略,同位语从 句也由 where ,when ,who , how ,whether ,what 等连词引导 。 The news (that /which) he told me is true .( 定语从句 ) The news that he has just died is true .( 同位语从句 ) The problem ( that /which )we are facing now is how we can collect so much money .( 定语从句 ) The problim where /how / whether we an collect so much money
is difficult to solve . ( 同位语从句
)
The question ( that /which ) he raised puzzled all of us .( 定语从 句 )
The question whether he is sure to win the game is hard to answer . ( 同位语从句 ) Step 4 改错
  1. This is the school where I visited yesterday .
  2. I’ll never forget the days when we spent together .
  3. Is there anything which I can do for you ?
  4. I study in the same school which you do .
  5. The book , which cover is broken , is not mine .
  6. There was nobody to who I could turn for help .
  7. The pen with that I wrote to you is on the desk .\
  8. Who is the man who is talkig to you ?
  9. Is this museum that we visited 3 years ago ?
  10. That’s all what I want to say .
  11. Mr. Smith is one of the foreign experts who works in China .
  12. I ,who is a Party member, should think of others first .
  13. The workers , most of them are women , are out of work now .
  14. He didn’t pass the eaxm , it is a pity . Practice

  15. The man I met him in the street is my boss . Homework Do some exercises and go over the usage of the Attributive Clauses .
 

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