Module 9 Unit 4
Behind beliefs
Reading-2
Biblical idioms in English

  1. …,除非你能识辨出习语的使用,否则你很容易 除非你能识辨出习语的使用, 。 误解所读到的或所听到的内容 (L5-
  6)。 …, and you recognize when an idiom unless is being used, you can easily misunderstand . what you read or hear spoken C invited, you should keep silent. A. When B. If C. Unless D. Since

  2.《圣经》最初是用希伯来文写成的,后来被译为希腊 《圣经》最初是用希伯来文写成的, 这两种语言都使用很多习语。 语,这两种语言都使用很多习语。(L
  9)
The Bible was first written in Hebrew and both of which then translated into Greek, use many idioms. both He has 2 sisters, of whom are nurses. all He has 3 sisters, of whom are nurses. He has 4 sister and all of them are nurses.
I’d like a second-floor room, . A. whose window faces south B. whose windows face south C. one of whose windows faces D. both of whose windows face D. all of whose windows face south

  3. 圣经习语原本都有着直白、清晰的意义, 圣经习语原本都有着直白、清晰的意义,
因为它们通常意在强调某一故事的寓意, 意在强调某一故事的寓意 因为它们通常意在强调某一故事的寓意, 给听众或读者一个意象以帮他们更好地理 解故事。 解故事。(L14-
  15)
Biblical idioms originally had straightforward and clear meanings were meant to because they underline the moral of a story and to give audiences an image to help them understand the story better. were intended to
Homework (finish), we went finished to bed very early. Autumn (come), and leaves turn comes yellow. After (tied), he was thrown being tied onto the grass.

  4. 例如,孩子们常常被说成是“apples of their 例如,孩子们常常被说成是“ parents’ eye”,意思是他们的父母非常爱他们,以 意思是他们的父母非常爱他们, 他们为荣。 他们为荣。(L
  34) are often referred to as For instance, children the ‘apple of their parents’ eye’, meaning that their parents love them very much and are very proud of them. regard / consider / think of / look on A as B He the naughtiest student in is referred to as his class.

  5. 一旦盐失去了味道,就不能再用来保存东 一旦盐失去了味道, 应该扔掉。 西,应该扔掉。(L
  41)
Once the salt loses its flavor , it cannot be used to preserve things any more and should be thrown away.
useful expressions
a group of (L
  1) in other words (L
  2) a number of (L
  4) quite a few of them (L
  7) = a good few of them (BrE) ? have a vague / loose connection to (L
  12) ? be meant / intended to do sth (
  15) ? ? ? ?
? in one swift move ? a hidden weakness in sb
(L
  20) (L
  21)
? after being gone for a very long time (L
  29) gone, missing & lost

  1) gone: adj. ( not before noun )

  1) 用完了
The coffee is all gone.

  2) 离开了,不在,走了 离开了,不在,
Tom was gone before I arrived.

  3) 不复存在,一去不复返 不复存在,
The days are gone when I searched the sky for meteors with my brother. Gone are the days when my head is bending low.

  2) missing: adj.
(
  1) 找不到的,丢失的 找不到的,
My necklace has gone missing.
(
  2) 丢失的,被损毁的,缺少的 丢失的,被损毁的,
The book has two missing pages.
(
  3) 失踪的
The burglar is reported missing.

  3) lost: adj.
(
  1) 迷路的,迷失的 迷路的,
We always get lost in Beijing.
(
  2) 失去的,丧失的,无法复原的 失去的,丧失的,
We are eager to make up for lost time.
(
  3) 不知所措的
I felt lost at that time.
? lead / live a life of luxury (L
  30) ? mend one’s ways (L
  31) Smoking cigarettes is really a bad habit. You’d better mend your ways. ? things related to food (L
  33) ? for instance (L
  34) ? refer to sb. as… (L
  34)

  1) refer to… as… 称…为… 为 The earth summit (峰会) is referred to as one of the most important meetings dealing with pollution in the world.
A. 把…提交给 / 把…委托给 提交给… 委托给… 提交给 委托给 B. 把……归功于 归功于…… 归功于 C. 认为 认为……起源于 起源于…… 起源于

  1. I don’t want to refer this patient to an irresponsible doctor.
  3. The invention of the papermaking is referred to China.
  2. He referred his success to the good education he had had.
A C B

  2) refer to
A. 谈到 提到 B. 查阅 参考 谈到, 查阅; C. 适用于 D. 涉及到
? B If you want to know his telephone number, you may refer to the telephone directory. ? The old soldier referred to his experiences A during the Long March. ? D These books refer to Asian problems. ? C These regulations refer only to children.
? be thrown away (L
  42) ? be worth / worthy of nothing (L
  42) ? be used frequently in oral and written English (L
  46) ? develop a high level of competence in your communication skills (L
  48)
complete full ? have a thorough understanding of English idioms and origins (L
  50) ? appreciate the history and cultures of English speaking countries (L
  51) ? carriers of history and culture (L
  52) aircraft carrier people carrier
航空母舰 小型面包车(8人 小型面包车 人)
Homework
Grammar, P57 & P1
  28.
 

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