volunteers
The pictures tell us about v work. oluntary
The pictures tell us that we should do some voluntary work.
It’s our social responsibility.
宾语
宾语从句
名词性从句 “It” refers to…?
Replace “it “! Develop it
形式主语
充当主语 subject 主语从句
That we should Noun clause do some voluntary work.
That we should do some voluntary work is our social responsibility.
It’s our social responsibility that we should do some voluntary work .
that Our social responsibility is we should do some voluntary work.
表语从句
that Our social responsibility we should do some voluntary work is necessary.
考点1 考点
  1.语序问题
  1.No one can be sure in a million years.
A.what will man look like B. what man will look like C. man will look like what D. what look will man like

  2.You can’t imagine when they received these nice Christmas presents.
A. how they were excited C. how excited were they 总结归 纳: B. how excited they were D. they were how excited
陈述 名词性从句在句中要用语序, 名词性从句在句中要用语序,从句 语序 的引导词必须始终置于 的引导词必须始终置于 句首
考点2 考点
  2. 时态问题

  1. He said that he will go to the station. . would travels
  2. Our physics teacher once told us that light ( travel ) faster than sound. went
  3. Tom says that Mary (go) abroad last year and has been (be) there for nearly 5 months.

  1)主句的动词用过去时,从句谓语动词用过去的某种时态 主句的动词用过去时 从句谓语动词用过去的某种时态 过去 过去
主句的动词用过去 过去时 从句表示客观事实 格言,谚语等 客观事实,
  2)主句的动词用过去时,从句表示客观事实,格言,谚语等 ,从句谓 语动词用 语动词用一般现在时
总结 归纳: 归纳:

  3)主句的动词用一般现在时,从句谓语可根据需要选用各种时态 主句的动词用一般现在时 从句谓语可根据需要选用各种 一般现在时, 各种时态
考点3 考点3
主谓一致问题
何时开会还没有决定。 何时开会还没有决定。 has When the meeting will begin (have) not been decided yet . 他们何时出发和他们去哪里还没有决定。 他们何时出发和他们去哪里还没有决定。 have When they will start and where they will go(have)still unknown. 何时何地开会还没有决定。 何时何地开会还没有决定。
has When and where the meeting will begin (have) not been decided yet . 单个的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词一般 一般用 单个的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用 形式。如果是两个或两个以上的主语 形式。 单数形式 从句作主语,谓语动词则用形式。由 从句作主语,谓语动词则用 复数 形式。 形式 总结归 两个或多个连接词引导一个主语从句, 两个或多个连接词引导一个主语从句,谓语 纳: 动词用形式 形式。 动词用 单数 形式。
考点4 考点4虚拟语气 a)主语从句中的虚拟语气 a)主语从句中的虚拟语气

  1. It is ordered that he the examination?
A. takes B. has to take C. must take D. take

  2. It is strange that he you this.
A. would tell B. should tell C. had told D. has told 基本句型:It is +形容词、名词、过去分词+ that ... + (should) do 形容词、名词、 a. It is important (necessary, natural, strange, advisable etc)+that b. It is a pity( a shame, no wonder etc)+that c. It is suggested (ordered, proposed, required, demanded, requested, insisted etc)+that 总结 归纳: 归纳:
考点4 考点4虚拟语气 b)宾语从句中的虚拟语气Ⅰ b)宾语从句中的虚拟语气 宾语从句中的虚拟语气Ⅰ
We suggested that the meeting
A.should put off B.be put off C. was put off D.putting off
The smile on his face suggested that he (was/be/is)satisfied with our work. was
advise、propose、demand、require、 、 、 、 、 insist .request、command、order后的从句谓语动 、 、 后的从句谓语动 词用 注意suggest 当表示“暗示、表明“讲时,insist 表 当表示“暗示、表明“讲时, 注意 示 总结 归纳: 归纳: “坚持认为”之意时,从句按需要来选择时态 坚持认为”之意时,
①表示建议、要求、命令,坚持等动词 表示建议 要求、命令,坚持等动词suggest、 建议、 、
(should) + do/be done
考点4 考点4虚拟语气 b)宾语从句中的虚拟语气Ⅱ b)宾语从句中的虚拟语气 宾语从句中的虚拟语气Ⅱ
knew a. I wish I (know) the answer now. b. I wish he (pass) the exam yesterday. had passed would fly c. I wish I (fly) to the moon in a few years.
对现在虚拟时,that从句中谓语用过去时 从句中谓语用过去时 总结 归纳: 归纳:

对过去虚拟时,用had+过去分词 + 对将来虚拟时,用would (might等)+动词原形 等+

  1. His suggestion that you once more sounds reasonable. A. try B. tries C. must try D. can try
  2. The order given by the commander was that they until the commander allowed they to. A. stopped B. didn’t stop C. stop D. not stop 在 suggestion, proposal, idea, plan, order, advice
总结 归纳: 归纳:
考点4 考点4虚拟语气 c)表语和同位语从句中的虚拟语 c)表语和同位语从句中的虚拟语 气
等名词后面的表语从句、 等名词后面的表语从句、同位语从句中要用虚 (should) + do/be done 拟语气, 拟语气,即
考点5 考点5
it作形式主语和形式宾语 it作形式主语和形式宾语
找出下列句子中的错误
  1. I think that worthwhile that we spent so much money on
these books.
it

  2. That is hard to decide when and where we will held our sports meeting. It
  3. (09天津)It is obvious to the students whether they 天津) 天津 should get well prepared for their future. that
  4. It doesn’t matter that you will come or not. whether 当主语从句较长,而谓语较短时,常常将从 当主语从句较长,而谓语较短时, 后置 ,而用it作为形式主语置于句首 作为形式主语置于句首。 句 , 而用 作为形式主语置于句首 。 it 也可作形式宾语。 也可作形式宾语。
总结归 纳:
Exercises

  1. is known to us all that 2008 Olympic Games is known to us all, the the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. 福建 will take place in Beijing. (福建 20
  08) A. It B. What C. As D. Which

  2. He didn’t make clear when and where the meeting would be held.(07年天津卷) 年天津卷) ( 年天津卷 A. this B. that C. it D. these
考点6 考点6 连接词 a) what / which what
  1. Do you knowMiss Zhu’s address is ? She may live at No. 3 or No. 44 of Xianxing No. 3 or No. which road. I’m not sure of .
some book or
  2. I read about it in some book or other, does it which other 北京春季 matter it was? (01北京春季) 北京春季)
总结归 纳:
what 表什么(无选择范围) 表什么(无选择范围) which表选择 哪一个(有选择范围) 表选择, 哪一个(
考点6 考点 连接词
No matter where
b) whatever /whoever/无论 不管 无论,不管 不管… however/whomever/whichever/ … no matter what
you go and you do, I’ll be wherever whatever right here waiting for you.
离开房间的任何人应该把灯关掉。 离开房间的任何人应该把灯关掉。
Whoever leaves the room last ought to turn off the light.
他所有的任何东西都被日本士兵站占领了。 他所有的任何东西都被日本士兵站占领了。
Whatever he had was seized by the Japanese soldiers.
总结归 纳:
等同类词既可以引导名词性从句, 等同类词既可以引导名词性从句 whatever 等同类词既可以引导名词性从句, 也可以引导让步状语从句, 也可以引导让步状语从句, 等只能引导让步状语从句。 而No matter what 等只能引导让步状语从句。
Exercises

  1. (09湖南)
  2.She is very dear to us. We have been 湖南) . 湖南 prepared to do__ takes to save her life. __it __ A. whichever B. however C. whatever D. whoever
  2. ,mother will wait for him to have dinner together. A. However late he is B. However he is late C. No matter how late he is D. No matter how he is late
  3.wants to stay in a hotel has to pay their own way. . (浙江 20
  08) 浙江 A. Anyone B. The one C. Whoever D. Who
考点6 考点6.连接词
c).that/whether/what

  1.(What/That to go there is thereimportant to her, Whathe wants /whether) was most is no doubt
  1.Some researchers believe that obvious. That she told me, was her will be ( 08山东卷) 山东卷) 山东卷 that a cure for AIDS family. found. (05广东卷 广东卷) 广东卷 I
  2. Wesure ( come tomorrow. am doubt whether/if he will defeat the others. that)he will
  2. we can’t get seems better than we have. whether
  3.The problem is we have enough time . The news that our team won the match inspired A. What; what B. what; that us.doesn’t matterwhether C. That; that D. That; what
  4.It you come more than 90% of or not
  3.made the school proud was whether The students had been admitted to key universities.
  5.It all dependsthat we won the game. to clear up. the result is onthe sky is going A.What…whether B.What…that . . A.if B. that C. / D.That…because D. C.That…what . . whether
有无词义 成分 /表语从句 / 同位语从句 介词后用 备注
  1)主语从句 表语从句 同位语从句/介词后用 介词后用whether 主语从句 That表确定 表确定 无 that
  2)Whether or not 连用 宾语从句中可省,其余不可省 无 宾语从句中可省 其余不可省 可省, whether表是否 表是否
whether what
主语, 主语, 宾语, 宾语, 表语


  1)that 与whether 的区别 ) 是否
  2)whether 和if的区别 ) 的区别
What与 that 与 即主语,宾语, 的区别 有 缺少成分即主语,宾语,表语时用what
高考链接

  1. (08重庆卷)
  33. All people, __ they are old or young, rich 重庆卷) 重庆卷 or poor, rich or poor, have been trying their best to help those in need since the disaster. A. even if B. whether C. no matter D. however
  2. (08北京卷)The companies are working together to create 北京卷) 北京卷 they hope will be the best means of transport in the 21st century. A. which B. that C. what D. who
  3. (09浙江)
  10.- there any possibility you could 浙江) .- .-Is 浙江 pick me up at the airport? -No problem. A. When B. that C. whether D. what

  4. A modern city has been set up in the place was a wasteland ten years ago. (04天津) 天津) 天津 A. what B. which C. that D. where
考点7 考点7 同位语从句与定语从句的区别

  1. (09江西)The fact has worried many scientists 江西) 江西 the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years. A. what B. which C. that D. though
  2. The suggestion he raised at the meeting is very good. A. which B. that C. what D. /
  3. The suggestion the students (should) have plenty of exercise is very good. A. which B. that C. what D. /
总结: 总结: 同位语从句前的名词是一个具有抽象意味的名词。 同位语从句前的名词是一个具有抽象意味的名词。从句 就是其内容。 在从句中成分 成分。 就是其内容。that在从句中 不充当成分。而定语从句 在从句中 就是对前先行词进行修饰限定, 就是对前先行词进行修饰限定,关系词应代替先行词在 从句中句子成分。 做题顺序:“二看” 句子成分。 从句中 充当 句子成分 做题顺序: 二看” 一看是否完整;二看确定答案。 一看 从句 是否完整;二看 句意 确定答案。 是否完整 确定答案
回顾名词性从句考点 回顾名词性从句考点: 考点:
1. 语序问题 2. 时态问题 3. 主谓一致问题 4. 名词性从句中的虚拟语气 作形式主语, 5. it 作形式主语,形式宾语的用法 重 6. 连接词
点 that,what ,which , whether, if, who, whom,whose, whatever ,whichever,whoever ,whomever,whosever when, where, why, how …
7 . 同位语从句与定语从句区别
Translation
人们参加志愿者活动的原因是他们有社会责 任感。作为一名学生, 任感。作为一名学生,我会做我能做的事情 来奉献社会。 来奉献社会。让陷入困境的人们感到温暖是 非常重要的。 非常重要的。志愿者相信世界上有一部分最 幸福的人就是那些给别人带来快乐的人。 幸福的人就是那些给别人带来快乐的人。 The reason why they take part in the voluntary work is that they have their social responsibilities. As a student, I will do whatever I can to devote myself to our society. It is very important that we should let people in need feel warmer. Volunteers believe that some of the
 

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