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Unit 8 learning a foreign language
整体感知 单元要点

  1.motivation
  2.dictation
  3.alphabet
  4.stick
  5.acquire
  6.acqision
  7.auful
  8.instruct
  9.data
  10.academct

  1.动机
  2.听写
  3.字母 表
  4.粘贴
  5.获得
  6.获得
  7. 可 怕 的
  8. 指 导
  9. 数 据
  10.学术的; 大学生
  11.理解 (力)
  12.忧虑的
  13.安全 的
  14.译者
  15.口译者
  16. 日 常 的
  17. 耐 心 的
  18. 收 养、采纳
  19.轮胎
  20.超重 的
  21. 手 术 运 转
  22. 水 平
  23.年少的
  24.较年长的, 年 长 者
  25. 社 团
  26. 合 适 的
  27.邮政编码
  1.理解
  2.冒险
  3.实验
  4.成堆的 5 撞倒 6 落后
  7. 换句话说

  11.comprehension
  12.anxious
  13.secure Word study
  15.interpreter
  16.everyday
  17.patience
  18.adopt
  19.tyre
  20.overweight
  21.operation
  14.translator

  22.level
  23.junior
  24.senior
  25.association
  26.appropriate
  27.postcode
  1.make sense of
  2.take risks Useful expressions
  4.piles of
  5.knock down
  6.fall behind
  7.in other words
  3.experiment with
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First, you should …… What do you think …… What advice would you give …… Make sure that you do I don’t …… You can also …… Sentence pattern It / this will help you …… &communicative English They do better in …… The more …… the better . If they were not ,they would not …… Not all of us wait to be translator or interpreters. Twice as hard 复习虚拟语气(the Subjunctive Mood )
  1. Grammar you would make great progress.
  2.虚拟语气在某些从句中的应用:It is time that we should leave. Topics & writing 练习应用文的写作方法和技巧。 虚拟语气在条件句中的应用
If you were to spend as many hours studying English,
背景知识 BBC English One of the best ways to learn a foreign language is to follow the method you use to learn your native language. As a child you hear the sounds of your own language and you repeat it. You see the written form of the language around you and little by little you are taught to link the two forms of the language. The BBC uses this method in many different ways. English teaching radio programs With explanations in 37 languages as well as completely in English ,these program are broadcast to most areas of the world from London and by some 300 overseas radio stations in more than 100 countries.
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Courses of textbooks and audiocassettes These audio courses are for people who wish to learn English at home or in the classroom. They can all be used for studying English from beginners’ level to advanced. Video courses BBC English programs have been broadcast successfully on television in more than 100 countries. They can also be got on video. With supporting textbooks and audiocassettes; they form complete courses for home study or teaching. A magazine The BBC English magazine is a bi-monthly publication and is a companion to BBC English radio broadcasts. It is written by the program makers and includes program details, practical home study exercises and features, as well as items of general interest from BBC programs dealing with science, medicine , technology, etc. English language summer school This popular course for learners and teachers of English is held in London every summer. 细说教材 warming up Memorize new words.记新单词。 [点拨] memorize 用法小结: memorize + 名词 e.g.
  1. He could memorize nothing. 他什么也记不住。 e.g.
  2. They are beginning the task of memorizing the dialogue. 他们正开始记对话。 另外与 memorize 相关的词有:memory 记忆,记忆力 memoirs 回忆录 memorable 值得怀念的 memorial 纪念碑 Practice dictation.练习听写。 [点拨]dictation 用法举例: eg.
  1. How many spelling mistakes are there in your dictation? 你的默写有多少个拼写错误? eg.
  2. Hand in your dictations, please. 请把听写簿交上来。
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eg.
  3. I have them write out the whole dictation. 我让他们把听到的全写出来。 Ask the teacher to make corrections.请老师批改。 [点拨]correction 用法举例: eg.
  1. These papers are in need of correction. 这些讲义需要订正。 eg.
  2. The correction of compositions takes a large part of the teacher’s time . 作文的批改花费了老师大量的时间。 [点拨]有些 make 与名词构成的词组相当于名词的同根动词。 eg. make corrections = correct make an apology = apologize make an explanation = explain Listening This is a call-in show.这是电话讨论节目。
[点拨]call-in 此处为“打(电话)进来” 动词词组 call in 还有以下用法: eg.
  1. I formed the habit of calling in on him in the evening. 我养成了晚上去看他的习惯。 eg.
  2. Your father is very ill; you should call in a doctor at once. 你父亲病的很重,你应该立刻请医生。 eg.
  3. The librarian has called in all the books. 图书管理员收回了所有的书。 Ask questions about the topic being discussed.咨询正在讨论的话题。 [点拨]本句中的 being discussed 为现在分词的被动语态作定语,意为“正在被讨论的” 。 比较下列句子中动词不定式作定语、过去分词作定语与现在分词坐定语的区别: eg.
  1. They were invited to the party to be held next week. 他们被邀请去参加下周将要举行的聚会。 eg.
  2. He attended the meeting held yesterday.
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他出席了昨晚举行的会议。 Who do you think take part in the discussion? 你认为谁会参加这场讨论?
[点拨]take part in ,attend ,join 之间的区别: take part in 常用于参加各种活动; eg: The Swiss did not take part in the two world wars. 瑞士人民没有参加两次世界大战。 另外 take a ...part in 还有“起……作用”的意思。 attend 常用于出席会议、婚礼等或作上学、上课讲。 eg.
  1. He decided to attend the conference in person. 他决定亲自出席会议。 eg.
  2. Marry did not attend the wedding. 玛丽没有参加婚礼。 eg.
  3. I attended two lecture courses under him. 我听了他的两次讲座。 join 参加或加入某一团体或组织,或加入成为其中的一员 eg.
  1. In four months, more than 240 000 workers joined the Communist Party. 在四个月内有 24 万工人加入了共产党。 eg.
  2. Will you join us for dinner ? 我们一起吃饭吧? speaking I always get stuck when I come across a new word. 遇到生词时我总是被难住。
[点拨]get stuck =be stuck 为被动语态,stick 被用作动词时本意为“固定” ,在不同情况 下译法不同。 eg.
  1. I was stuck by the question. 我被这问题难住了。 eg.
  2. As it was growing dark, I came to a car stuck in a drift. 天快黑时,我来到了一辆陷入雪堆里的汽车跟前。 欢迎广大教师踊跃来稿,稿酬丰厚。www.ks5u.com 5
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stick 另一种用法为“伸出来”常于 out, out of 或 up 连用。 eg.
  1. He saw a branch sticking up in the water. 他看见一根树枝露出水面。 eg.
  2. From space the earth like a huge water-covered globe with a few patches of land sticking out above the water. 从太空看,地球就像一个巨大的被水覆盖的球体,上面有几块突出水面的 陆地。 固定短语 stick to 粘住;坚持;坚守 eg.
  1. Glue has stuck to my fingers. 胶水粘住了我的手指。 eg.
  2. But Einstein stuck to his theory and went on with his research. 但是爱因斯坦坚持他的理论,继续从事他的研究。 注意:stick to 中的 to 是介词,后跟名词,名词性从句或代词,不能跟动词,也不跟动 名词,即使表示“坚持干某事之意” 。 如:stick to one’s plans 坚持方案, stick to one’s promise 坚守诺言, stick to it 不停地努力,I stick to what I said yesterday.我仍然坚持我昨天的话。 而 insist on 多用于“坚持意见、看法、主张。后常接动词的-ing 形式: eg. I insist on telling him how great you are. 我一定要告诉他你是多么的了不起。 [点拨]come across 译为“偶然遇到” “偶然发现” eg. I come across her in Paris. 我在巴黎偶然遇到了她。 come 构成的短语有:come about 发生 come at 袭击
come into being 产生 come back to life 复活 come back 回来,想起 come out 出版,印刷 come up 出现,发芽 I have been studying English for so long now.到现在我已经学了很久的英语了。 [点拨]have been doing 为现在完成进行时,表示动作从过去开始一直持续到现在,有可 能继续延续下去或动作刚刚停止。 eg.
  1. All these years they have been fighting heroically for independence. 这些年来他们一直为独立而英勇战斗。 eg.
  2. They have been making oiled paper umbrellas for more than 400 years.
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他们制造油纸雨伞已经有四百多年的历史了。 …… but now I feel as if I’m not making any progress.可是现在我感觉好象没有进 展。 [点拨]as if/though 意为“就像……似的,就仿佛……似的”连词词性,引导的从句 中,谓语常用虚拟语气。 eg.
  1. I remember the whole thing as if it happened yesterday. 我记得事情的全部经过就像发生在昨天一样。 eg.
  2. As if I cared! 我才不在乎呢! 当从句中的主语和主句中的主语一致,从句谓语中又包含动词 be 时,这个主语和动 词 be 省略。 eg.
  1. From time to time, John turned around as if(he was)searching something. 约翰不时的转过身来仿佛在找什么东西。 eg.
  2. He paused, as if to let the painful memories pass. 他顿了顿,像要避开那些痛苦的回忆。 [点拨]make progress 意为“前进、进展、取得进步、 (病情)有好转” ,progress 为不可 数名词。 eg.
  1. Jane is still in hospital, but she is making progress. 简仍在医院里,但她的病情正有所好转。 eg.
  2. He made great progress in speaking English. 他在英语口语方面已大有进展。 Reading
Learning a foreign language: Twice as hard? 学习外语:双倍的努力? [点拨]此句为省略句,完整的句子应为:Does learning a foreign language have to be twice as hard as learning our mother tongue? as…as 用于事物比较时,根据上下文可以省略被比较部分。 eg.
  1. I work very hard,but she doesn’t work as hard (as me). 我工作很努力,但她工作不如我努力。 eg.
  2. I play tennis well. You can’t expect to play tennis as well( as me).
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我乒乓球打得好。你不能期望像我一样好。 eg.
  3. If you were to spend as many hours studying English ,you would make progress. 如果你花同样多的时间学英语,你会有进步的。 Learning a language is obviously more than just memory words, phrase and structures.学习语言显然不仅仅是记忆单词、词汇或句型。 [点拨]more than 意为“不仅仅是” : eg: He is more than our teacher .He is our friend. 他不仅仅是我们的老师还是我们的朋友。 more than 还有“超过”“很”“非常”的意思: 、 、 They were more than glad to help. 他们非常乐意帮助。 Instead we learnt or acquired our mother tongue by communicating with the people around us.相反,通过与周围人的交流我们学会我们的母语。 [点拨]acquire 经过一个过程或通过自己的努力等得到 eg.
  1. By the time, James was twenty, he had acquired a store of his own. 詹姆斯 20 岁的时候,他拥有了自己的店铺。 eg.
  2. It’s sometimes possible for a student to master English grammar and acquire a large vocabulary, even without the help of a teacher. 即使没有老师的帮助,学生也有可能掌握英语语法和大量的词汇。 [点拨]communicate with 意为“与……交流/联系” : eg: They used carrier pigeons to communicate with headquarters. 他们用信鸽与总部联系。 And perhaps most puzzling of all, how were we able to make sense of what we heard. 大概最令人迷惑不解的是,我们如何能够理解我们听到的话。 [点拨]most puzzling of all 最令人迷惑不解的 most important of all 最为重要的 [点拨]make sense of sth 弄懂……意思: eg: Can you make sense of this poem? 你懂得这首诗的含义吗?
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make sense 有意义 eg: What you say doesn’t make sense /make no sense. 你的话毫无意义。 Some believe that we are equipped with a special ability to learn language and our brain adjust itself to the language of the culture we are born in. 有人认为我们具备特殊的学语言能力, 而且我们的大脑能够自我协调以适应我们 本族文化的语言。 [点拨]equip A with B
 

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