高三英语试题
一,教法建议 James Cook(1728-17
  79)是英国海军上校和航海家,太平洋和南极海洋的探险家.1768 年英国皇家学会与海军部组织太平 洋首次科学考察,Cook 被任命为考察队指挥官.其任务是护送学会科学家到 Tahiti 岛观察金星凌日的情况.该任务完成 后,考察船去寻找南方大陆,发现新西兰,并绘制出海图.1770 年 4 月,考察船到达 Australia 东南海岸,沿海北上成功 地驶过昆士兰的大堡礁,返船回国,结束了第一次太平洋的考察.Cook 船长数次深入太平洋和南极考察,在探索新地, 航海,测绘海图和航海卫生等方面取得了卓著的成就.
【抛砖引玉】 建议本单元利用填图的方法帮助学生掌握有关地名,然后在教师的引导下结合课文内容通过讨论的方式熟悉船长和他的 探险队航海的路线.直观的方式不仅可以帮助学生减轻阅读中新词多(主要是地名多)的困难,而且有助与学生更好的 理解课文. 可分以下步骤进行: ⒈在黑板上划一个简图(与书中同) . ⒉组织学生看书中图,并把书中图上的地理名词添在黑板图的相应位置上. ⒊阅读课文,讨论航海路线,并划在黑板图上(可请一学生完成) . ⒋教师指导学生进行看图说话训练,同时教师可在黑板上写出重点单词和词组. ⒌朗读课文指导说明文的朗读技巧. ⒍开发运用所学的重点单词和词组. ⒎复述课文.
【指点迷津】 本单元重点知识:
第1页
a)本单元重点单词: ※defend v. toprotect from harm /attack; make safe 保卫,防御,保护
To defend their country, many young people of that village joined thearmy. 为了保卫祖国,那个村子里的很多年轻人参军入伍.
It is the duty of every citizen to defend his country, when it isattacked by the enemy. 保卫祖国,抗击敌人,是每个公民的责任. ※seize v. take hold of suddenly and by force 抓住,夺取,占领
The policeman seized the thief by the collar, and threw him into thepolice car. 警察一把揪住小偷的衣领,把他扔进警车.
The PLA men seized the city in a sudden night attack. 解放军突然夜袭,占领了那个城市. ※exist v. to be; to have life 存在,生存
Does life exist on other planets? 别的星球上存在生命吗?
Don't believe him. Such a thing doesn't exist. 不要相信他的话,这样的事根本不存在. ※map v. to make a map of; show on a map 绘制……的地图,勘测
The explorer mapped the island they had discovered. 探险家把他们发现的岛屿地图绘制出来.
Cook was the first to map the east coast of Australia. 库克是第一个把澳大利亚东岸地图绘制出来的人.
第2页
※tear v. to break by pulling apart 撕开,撕裂
As soon as the postman passed her the letter, Mary tore yt open. 马莉从邮递员手中一接过信,就把它撕开了. ※set v.放,置,摆,调节,指(日月)落了…… 它是个多义词,构成的词组也较多,词 组也一词多义;要注意学习与区别.
It will be cooler when the sun has set (is set ). 太阳落山时就会凉快些.
He set theladder against the wall. 他把梯子靠墙放.
Please set (lay )the table for dinner. 请把桌子摆好,准备吃饭.
The newspaper article set me thinking. 这份报子引起我的思考.
I set my watch by the time signal on the radio. 我根据电台的信号,对手表.
The teacher set very difficult questions for the exam. 那个教师给考试出了些很难的题. 注意:set 的主要词组有: ※set off, setout (to begin a journey )出发,后接 on the journey, trip,或 for a place, /sth. ※set out (tointend to do )后接 to do 意为"着手","打算"
第3页
※set up(raise, build )竖立,建立,创立 ※set up home(to start one's own home )建立家园 ※set…free 释放,set fire on /to(在)……放火 ※set sail 起航 ※set off (tocause explode )引起爆炸
b)本单元重点词组: fall ill /asleep 患?,/入睡 pass by 经过 in charge of 主管,负责 in search of 寻找 at sea 在海上;在航海 take an interest in 对……感兴趣; take …by surprise 使……吃惊;出奇兵攻占
c)本单元重要句型: be worth doing 值得做……
His suggestion is worth considering.
Is the exhibition worth visiting? 以上单词和词组可通过听对话录音,教师介绍过程中呈现,然后用问答讨论课文内容等方式再现以上单词和词组加深理 解词义,掌握用法,最后用句型转换或补全句子等到方法巩固,开发运用.如:以"interest"一词为例: 呈现:Cook wasinterested in mathematics. 再现:Cook tookan interest in mathematics.
第4页
开发:用 interest 的适当形式完成下列各句: ⒈I found something in today's paper. ⒉The boy was in drawing pictures. ⒊When he was a boy, Tom took an in physics. ⒋This newly-translated story-book lots of children. (⒈interesting⒉interested ⒊interest ⒋interests )
二,学海导航
【学法指要】 本单元应掌握的难点知识: 同义词辨析 raise 与 rise; raise 与 rise raise 是个多义词. 主要有: to lift up 举起,抬起,增加,提高 to produce, or cause to grow 饲养,抚养,种植 to get or bring together 筹集
She raised herfinger to her lips as a sign for silence. 她竖起手指,举到唇边,示意要安静.
The wind raisedthe fallen leaves from the ground. 风把落叶从地上卷了起来.
第5页
The managersaid he would raise your pay. 经理说他要给你长工资.
He raised thechildren by himself;his wife died years ago. 是他一手把孩子们抚养成人的.他妻子几年前就去世了.
His wife raisedthe money by selling her jewelry. 他妻子卖了首饰才把钱筹够了. rise 是不及物动词.作起身讲时是 get up 和 stand up 的正式用语.
I used to likeseeing the sun rise.
The old manrose from his seat.
The book hasrisen in value. 注意:raise 作名词时,意为:增加,加薪(用于美国英语,相当于英国英语的 rise) lift 作名词时,意为:升,电梯,搭便车 rise 作名词时,是上升,升起,还可指"数量,价值,程度"的增加,上涨.
They demanded araise from the company.
We got a liftpart of the way in a truck.
You had bettertake the lift to the tenth floor.
【妙文赏析】
The modernsailing was developed by a man who never went to sea. He was prince (王子)Henry of Portugal(葡萄牙),the young son of PortugueseKing and an English princess (公主).
Prince Henrylived in the 15th century. As a boy, he loved the sea very much. He wanted toimprove the design of ships and the
第6页
methods of sailing them. In 1416 when hewas twenty - one, Henry founded a school for sailors to which he invitedeveryone who could help him?Jewish astronomers (天文学家),Italian andSpanish sailors, and Arab mathematics (数学家)and mapmakers.
Henry's purposewas to design and build ships that would be able to make long ocean voyages,without having to keep close to the shore. He designed ship that sailed fasterand could carry more gooks.
【思维体操】 单项选择: (交际用语)在 A,B,C,D 四个选项中选出正确答案.

  1.?I'll be away on a business trip.Would you mind looking after my cat? ?Not at all .
A. I've no time B. I'drather not C. I'd like it D. I'd be happy to. (19
  95) 【答案】D 【解析】?我要出一趟差,能帮我照看一下猫吗? ? 完全可以,我很乐意. 词类题习惯上要用省略句,除 D 外,其他三个选项均不符合词句意思和习惯.省略句可用在简单句,并列句及复合句的 主句和从句中,有时被省略的部分可以补充完整,有时重复的部分则总是不表示出来.例如,
? Better today?(Are you feeling better today?)
? Much better.

  2.? Do you think it's going to rain over the weekend?
? .
A. I don't believe it B. I don't believe C. I believe not so D. I believe not. (19
  94) 【答案】D 【解析】? 你看周末会整天下雨吗?
第7页
?我想不会. 根据英语习惯,当 think 或 believe,imagine, guess, expect 等动词,用于一般现在时的陈述句时,其后面内容若为否定,not 的位置要前移.即把 think 或 believe 变为否定式.当后面的内容省略时,肯定式要说:Ithink /believe so.故该题其余选项 不符合英语习惯.
三,智能显示
【心中有数】 本单元语法重点是动词- ing 形式作主语,表语,宾语的用法.这是词法中非谓语动词的动词的一种.非谓语动词在历届 高考第 I 大题单项填空中常常被列入重要的考察的内容之一.例如,

  1. reply,he decided to write again. (19
  92)
A. No receiving B. receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received

  2.Europeanfootball is played in 80 countries, it the most popular sport in theworld.
A. making B. makes C.made D. to make (19
  98) ⒊"Can't you read?"Mary said to thenotice.. (19
  93)
A. angrilypointing B. and pointangrily
C. angrilypointed D. andangrily pointing 【答案】C A A
【动脑动手】 同步训练(Unit
  2) Ⅰ.单词拼写
第8页

  1.Farmers p city people with fresh vegetables and meatevery day.
  1.

  2.Tom s cycling to the country instead of going bybus.
  2.

  3.Jane is not present today. Shehas f ill again.
  3.

  4.A m is a person who buys andsells goods for making money.
  4.

  5.You mustn't drive too fast, for it is d .
  5.

  6.Do you believe that some livingthings (存在) on the other planets?
  6.

  7.The football team of Class Five (打败) that of Class Four yesterday.
  7.

  8.The day when Macao(澳门) returns to China is worth (庆祝).
  8.

  9.The Taiwan Island is (分开) from the main land.
  9.

  10.It is said that Australia wasonce (相连) to South America.
  10. Ⅱ.单项选择
A)基础知识

  11.The sun in the east and inthe west.
A.raises, falls B.goes up, drops C. sets, rises D.rises, sets

  12.She a new Asian Games recordin the 100-meter dash.
A.set out B.set off C.set up D.set about

  13.Who do you think is the greatest man?
A.lively B.alive C.live D.living

  14.Be careful that you don't set thefireworks by mistake.
A.up B.off C.out D.to

  15.These drugs are out of thetouch of children.
第9页
A.to be kept B.keeping C. tokeep D.to keep

  16.She the child and pulled itback from the edge of the well.
A.took B.caught C.held D.seized

  17.Which of the followingis wrong?
A.The price of tomatoes has been raised recently.
B.The price of tomatoes has risen recently.
V.The price of tomatoes has been risen recently.
D.The price of tomatoes has raised recently.

  18.Which of the following is wrong?
A.They suggested our visiting some places of interest.
B.They suggested we should visit some places of interest.
C.They suggested us to visit some places of interest.
D.They suggested that we visit some places of interest.

  19.Which doesn't meanthe same?
A. The children werealways excited to start off on a camping trip.
B. The children werealways excited to set out on a camping trip.
C. The children werealways excited to start a camping.
D. The children werealways excited to set off on a camping trip.

  20.Which of thefollowing is wrong?
A. My parentsinsisted my going on to college at that time.
第 10 页
B. My parentsinsisted me to go on to college at that time.
C. My parentsinsisted that I should go on to college at that time.
D. My parentsinsisted that I go on to college at that time.
B)语法知识 用动词的适当形式填空:

  21.It's on use (learn)without practice.

  22.We are considering(take )a new course in the coming term.

  23.Stop(make)a fool of yourself by(keep)on(repeat)thesame question.

  24.I remember(hear) him say the grass needed (cut).

  25.Your friend's ideais worth (think)over more carefully.

  26.Do you feel like(go)to a film or world you rather stay at home?

  27.People don'tpermit (smoke) in the offices.

  28.Revolution means(liberate) the productive forces.

  29.Nobody is in the story he told because it is not at all.(interest)

  30.What seemed to me most (surprise) was that no one thought ofhis own safety. Ⅲ.完型填空
Twenty-eight hopeless men in Antarctica facedthe most impossible task of returning home alive. Their ship, 31 by ice, has stopped at less than 1,000 miles 32 the south pole. They were 33 by thousands miles of ice. These men had 34 three small boat, the clothes on their back, and some sheds (雪橇). The only 35 where they could set up their tents was on the ice island.These small tents could 36 protect them against the bitter cold andthe 37 winds. And the ice island was slowly 38 up. Perhaps the worst of all was that they could 39 no hope. 40 one could imagine their troublethen.

  31.A. crushed B. frozen C. floated D. wounded
第 11 页

  32.A. from B.towards C.forward D.within

  33.A. surrounded B.sunk C.delayed D.struck

  34.A. also B.right C.wrong D.only

  35.A. way B.space C.room D.rooms

  36.A. fairly B.hardly C.greatly D.obviously

  37.A. blowing B.blow C.blew D.blown

  38.A. making B. breaking C.raising D.giving

  39.A. require B.want C.hope D.expect

  40.A. Not B.Other C.Any D.No Ⅳ.短文改错
James Cookwas a skirling seaman. He was famous for making an
  41.
expeditionto the South Pacific Ocean. On
 

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