书面表达复习
北京二中 王岱
书面表达复习
一.书面表达的能力要求 二.书面表达的复习策略 三.书面表达的课堂指导 四.书面表达的批改方法
书面表达复习
一.书面表达的能力要求 二.书面表达的复习策略 三.书面表达的课堂指导 四.书面表达的批改方法
一.书面表达的能力要求

  1.新课程标准7级要求
  2.新课程标准8级要求
  3.新课程标准9级要求
  4.英语教学大纲要求
  5.高考书面表达要求
  6.情景和开放作文的对比
  7.写作评分要求

  1.新课程标准7级要求
能用文字及图表提供的信息进行简单描述; 能写出常见体裁的短文,如报告或信函; 能描述人物或事件,并表达自己的见解; 能填写有关个人情况的表格,如申请表、求 职表; 能做简单的书面翻译。

  2.新课程标准8级要求
能写出连贯且结构完整的短文,叙述事情 或表达观点和态度; 能根据课文写摘要; 能在写作中做到文体规范、语句通顺; 能根据用文字及图表提供的信息写短文或 报告。

  3.新课程标准9级要求
能用英文书写摘要、报告、通知、公务信函等; 能比较详细和生动地用英语描述情景、态度或感情; 能阐述自己的观点、评述他人的观点,文体恰当、用 词准确; 能在写作中恰当地处理引用的资料及他人的原话; 能填写各种表格、写个人简历和申请书,用语基本正 确、得当; 能作非专业性的笔头翻译; 在以上写作过程中做到文字通顺,格式正确。

  4.英语教学大纲要求
高中学生应“能就已学课文的内容作简单的 改写。能在日常生活中,写简单的书信、便 条和通知等,能填写简单的个人履历表等。 书写格式,行文及常用词语等无严重错误; 能根据提示,在30分钟内写
  80-100个词的短 文,意思表达清楚,无严重语言错误。”

  5.高考书面表达要求
测试考生的英语书面表达能力。 共两小题,35分,其中第一小题20分,第二小题 15分。 书面表达提供必要的提示。提示包括目的、 过程、对象、时间、地点、内容等;提示的形式 有文字、图画、图表等。 第一小题(情景作文)要求考生根据所给的情景 用英语写一篇约100个单词的短文。 第二小题(开放作文)要求考生根据简略提示, 写一篇不少于50个单词的短文。

  6.情景作文和开放作文的对比
情景作文,写作内容有明确的规定,评分尺 度相对统一,在一定的程度上减少主观性, 对考生来说,这类作文比较容易,根据题目 要求,组织好所提供的材料,用明白通顺恰 当的英语表达出来,基本完成了任务。 开放作文,有一定的难度,要扣题,自主谋 篇,创造性,逻辑性,交际要得体。

  7.写作评分要求
项目
内容要求 语言要求
情景作文
覆盖所有要点 词汇,句式丰富、多样,语 法准确,较强的语言运用能 力 有效的运用语句间的连接成 分,内容连贯,结构紧凑 完全达到预期的写作目的 约100字左右
开放作文
扣题,内容充实,健康,思维 活跃 词汇,句式丰富、多样,语法 准确,较强的语言运用能力 有效的运用语句间的连接成分, 内容连贯,结构紧凑 清晰的思维逻辑。 完全达到预期的写作目的 不少于50字
篇章结构
交际要求 字数要求
书面表达复习
一.书面表达的能力要求 二.书面表达的复习策略 三.书面表达的课堂指导 四.书面表达的批改方法
二.书面表达的复习策略
了解写作命题特点
内容贴近生活,符合时代要求 词汇句式丰富,数字有所变化

  1.在使用中复习词汇
  2.在使用中复习句型
  3.在使用中复习语篇

  1.在使用中复习词汇
1-
  1.在阅读课文中掌握重点词汇
重点词汇,提示造句,连词造句,段落造句,语法造句
1-
  2.在听力训练中掌握不同表达法
试题与原文的不同表达
1-
  3.在语篇中练习词汇
单句填空,框词填空,词性转换,段落填空,听后填空
1-
  4.在重复中巩固词汇
及时听写,阶段测验
1-
  5.在口述中扩展词汇
说词组
看图写话举一反三
下列图画描述的是你的一段亲身经历,请据此 为一家中学生英文报的故事专栏写一篇短文。
练习表示时间的词组
the other day yesterday afternoon on Sunday morning seeing that at that moment when I saw it… hearing that… at once before we could say anything…
练习表示动作的词组
went to the cinema by bicycle. was riding with me sitting on the seat behind went to the cinema by bike with me on the seat behind cross roads,was riding across the road, came up and stopped us walk to us and asked us to stop found you at long last saw you didn’t know them didn’t know what they meant pointing to a policeman not far away pointed to a police standing there explained to us that told us try to find stopped make us catch the next offender come on stand here. don’t have to wait long
文字提示--举一反三
有些人以为某些数字,比如
  6,
  8,9等会带来好 运。他们在选择车牌号,电话号码时不惜花费 “择号费”要这些数字。而你本人却不相信这些。 你认为成功和财富与所谓的吉祥数字无关,要靠 自己艰苦的劳动和努力。请你根据以上内容写一 篇文章,词数1
  00。 关键动词:
believe,think, hold the view, consider choose, decide, like, prefer spend money on, cost much money, pay much for, charge for depend on, have to work hard, lie in, result from

  2.在使用中复习句型
2-1掌握课文中的重点句型 Unit 6 重点句型
Let me remind you what we are looking for. It looks as if it isn’t clean enough to bathe here. It seems that there is a big waste pipe coming down from the town. No matter how much you want to bathe, it just isn’t safe. How can they get rid of waste water in this way?
重点句型
Other waste may be thrown into the sea, either 19 kilometers from land, or more than 40 kilometers from land, depending on the nature of the materials. It is therefore unlikely that the chemicals will be carried upwards into the water. The problem of dealing with waste has become so great that several international organizations have been set up to protect the world and to fight against pollution. They seek to reduce waste, protect the earth, the oceans and all forms of life in them. European countries are now making an active effort to reuse materials more than they used to.
2-
  2. 练习课文中的句型转换
Unit 7
It may be necessary to put up a notice saying “Keep off”. To put up a notice which says “Keep off” is necessary. Piles of stones lie in a corner of the courtyard, waiting to be replaced. Piles of stones lie in a corner of the courtyard, which wait to be replaced. European countries are now making an active effort to reuse materials. European countries are trying their best to reuse materials. We call this recycling. This is called recycling. I happened to meet him on my way home. It happened that I met him on my way home.
2-
  3.练习作文中的句子结构
enter You can enter the park by the main gate. You can enter it by the main gate when you see the People’s Park. walk straight Walk straight until the end of the road. Walk straight until you come to the end of the road. When he saw that he ran in a hurry, inviting the old lady to share the umbrella with him. Seeing that, he ran immediately to the old lady and shared the same umbrella.

  3.在使用中复习语篇
3-
  1.介绍人物
Madam Curie was born in a teacher’s family in Poland, on November 7th, 18
  67. Madam Curie, a daughter of a teacher, was born in Poland, on November 7th, 18
  67. When she was young, she became interested in… As a young man... In 1903, in July 1903 After the war From then on Today she is remembered and admired as a scientist. But she is also remembered for her determination and courage, her willingness to share her knowledge, her interest in women’s rights, and her medical service during the war.
3-
  1.介绍人物
Sun Shuwei, a world champion in diving, is now 28 years old from Guangdong in China. He loved swimming when he was a small boy and at the age of eight he became a member of the diving team in Guangdong Province. He studied hard at school and trained hard for five years before he came to the national team. A year later in 1990, he won a gold medal at the 11th Asian Games and became a world champion at the 6th World Swimming Championships early this year. He is popular with the Chinese people.
3-
  2.讲述故事
A person of great determination Many years ago I walked into a bookstore in Cincinnati in search of some books that I wanted. While I was there, a young boy of about twelve came in to ask whether they had any geography books for sale. We entered the fifth store… Many years later, I was sailing to Europe on a fine sailing ship across the Atlantic. The determination that thirty years ago got you that geography book has today saved our lives.
3-
  3.记述经历
A visit to Tokyo Disneyland Last week we went on a visit to Tokyo Disneyland. … On the first day we went to the Magic Castle. … On the second day of our trip, … After lunch, we also visited Tomorrow Land, which was very attractive. We stayed there for a long time. At eight o’clock in the evening, we left the Disneyland. We had a wonderful time.
3-
  4.时间顺序
When we entered the room Three days later Early in the morning In 1982 One sunny afternoon As a young man In one’s spare time Seeing that On hearing it One day For twenty years Hardly had we got there, when …. At 7 o’clock In July And then On November 8th,1992 In one’s childhood At the age of On one’s arrival During my years in school At this period
3-
  5.比较对比
Classroom Behavior Rules
There are some similarities and differences in the classroom behavior rules between North America and my county. First, there is the student’s right to speak. In the language class in North America students can ask the teacher questions. They even ask questions when the teacher is giving a lesson. Similarly, in my country students have the right to ask questions at the end of the class. Next, students respect their teachers. In North America students look up to teachers and respect them. For example, when the teacher asks them to speak they must look into the teacher’s eyes to show respect. Likewise, in my country, students respect teachers; however, when a teacher asks us to speak we look down to show respect. We do not look into their eyes. In conclusion, there are both similarities and differences in the way students behave their teachers in the classroom.
3-
  6.介绍国家/城市
New York New York is built on a group of islands on the east coast of the USA at a point where several rivers flow into the ocean. By 1820 the population of New York had grown to about 125,000, making it the largest city in the USA. The building of skyscrapers in New York began around the year 19
  00. New York never sleeps.
3-
  6.介绍国家/城市
date back to, date from, be located in, stand, lie in has a population of, the population of the city cover an entire continent, from north to south the distance is, in area it is about, has an area of The climate is different depending on the area. … is an extremely rich country. … is an important agricultural country with a small population. In size it is bigger than … yet has a much smaller population.
3-
  7.介绍场景
假设你是李华,你的英国笔友Bob将于九月到你所在城市的建新 华学校学中文,来信请你在学校附近为他找一套住房。请根据图 画提供的信息,写信介绍住房情况,并告知住房面积20平米,月 租550元。
3-
  7.介绍场景
Dear Bob, I’m so glad to learn that you’re coming in September. I’ve found a place for you. It’s a small flat of 25 square meters, with a bedroom, a bathroom and a kitchen. In the bedroom there is a bed, a sofa, a desk and a chair. The rent is 500 yuan per month. The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street, which is not far from Jianxinhua Chinese School. Bus No.11 can take you straight to the school. In fact, it’s only one stop. Do you think you’d like it? If not, I can try and find another place for you. Yours, Li Hua
3-
  8. 看图指路
假定你是李华,你和你的朋友约定星期天在人民公园野餐。 你的英国朋友Peter 也应邀参加。请你根据下面的示意图, 给他写封短信,告诉他进公园后如何找到你们。
3-
  8. 看图指路
Dear Peter, We’re so glad you’re coming to join us on Sunday. Here is how you can find us. We’ll have our picnic in the People’s Park. You know where that is, don’t you? After you enter the park by the main gate, walk straight on till you come to a small river. Cross the river and turn right. After walking for a while you’ll come to a hill. Walk round the hill, you’ll see a lake. We’ll have our picnic there in the small woods by the lake. I’m sure you’ll have no trouble finding us. Do come! Lihua
3-
  9.说明程序
Experts believe t
 

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