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完形填空强化练习 Passage 1 If you were to begin a new job tomorrow, you would bring with you some basic strengths and weaknesses.Success or 1 in your work would depend, to a great extent, 2 your ability to use your strengths and weaknesses to the best advantage. 3 the utmost importance is your attitude. A person who begins a job convinced that he isnt going to like it or is certain that he is going to ail is exhibiting a weakness which can only hinder his success. On the other hand, a person who is secure 4 his belief that he is probably as capable of doing the work as anyone else and who is willing to make a cheerful attempt 5 it possesses a certain strength of purpose. The chances are that he will do well. Having the prerequisite skills for a particular job is strength. Lacking those skills is obviously a weakness. A book keeper who cant add or a carpenter who cant cut a straight line with a saw 6 hopeless cases. This book has been designed to help you capitalize 7 the strength and overcome the weakness that you bring to the job of learning. But in order to measure your development, you must first take stock of where you stand now. 8 we get further along in the book, we ll be dealing in some detail with specific processes for developing and strengthening 9 skills. However, to begin with, you should pause to examine your present strengths and weaknesses in three areas that are critical to yoursuccess or failure in school: your 10 , your reading and communicationskills, and your study habits.
  1. A. improvement B. victory C. failure D. achievement
  2. A. in B. on C. of D. to
  3. A. Out of B. Of C. To D. Into
  4. A. onto B. on C. off D. in
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  5. A. near B. on C. by D. at
  6. A. being B. been C. are D. is
  7. A. except B. but C. for D. on
  8. A. as B. till C. over D. out
  9. A. learnt B. learned C. learning D. learn
  10. A. intelligence B. work C. attitude D. weakness
  1.【答案】C 【解析】本句的意思是:“成功或失败在很大程度上取决于你是否能扬长避短。”improvement 改 进;victory 胜利;achievement 成果,成就。这三个词都不合题意,只有 C.failure“失败”最合适。
  2.【答案】B 【解析】on 与前面的 depend 构成本句谓语。
  3.【答案】B 【解析】of 与名词连用,表示具有某种性质,状态,做表语。置于句首,表示强调。正常语序为:Your attitude is of the utmost importance.
  4.【答案】D 【解析】in ones belief 相信。其它选项都不能与 belief 搭配。
  5.【答案】D 【解析】attempt 用做名词,后接介词 at,意为“试图,努力”;如果后面接介词 on,表示攻击的 意思。其他两项都不能与 attempt 搭配。
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【解析】本句主语是 A book keeper or carpenter … 。根据主谓一致原则,其谓语应当用单数 is,而不是复数 are, being, been 都是分词,应该排除。
  7.【答案】D 【解析】on 与前面的 capitalize 搭配,表示“利用”。做不定式 help 的补语。其它选项不能与 capitalize 搭配。
  8.【答案】A 【解析】本句的意思是:“随着更深入的阅读”,从语法角度,此处应填关联词。四个选项中,只 有 as 能用做关联词。
  9.【答案】C 【解析】根据上下文,这里应当指“学习技能”。
  10.【答案】C 【解析】本句对全文进行总结概括,与文章的开头相呼应,Of the utmost importance is your attitude 故选 attitude。 Passage 2 For many people today, reading is no longer relaxation.To keep up their work they must read letters, reports, trade publications, inter-office communications, not to mention newspapers and magazines: a never-ending flood of words. In 1 a job or advancing in one, the ability to read and comprehend quickly can mean the difference between success and failure.Yet the unfortunate fact is that most of us are 2 readers. Most of us develop poor reading habits at an early age, and never get over them. The main deficiency 3 in the actual stuff of language itself words.Taken individually, words have little meaning until they are strung together into phrases, sentences and paragraphs. 4 , however, the untrained reader does not read groups of words. He laboriously reads one word at a time, often regressing to reread words or passages. Regression, the tendency to look back over 5
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you have just read, is a common bad habit in reading.Another habit which slows down the speed of reading is vocalization?sounding each word either orally or mentally as one reads. To overcome these bad habits, some reading clinics use a device called an 6 , which moves a bar (or curtain) down the page at a predetermined speed. The bar is set at a slightly faster rate 7 the reader finds comfortable, in order to “stretch” him. The accelerator forces the reader to read fast, making word-by-word reading, regression and subvocalization, practically impossible. At first 8 is sacrificed for speed. But when you learn to read ideas and concepts, you will not only read faster, but your comprehension will improve. Many people have found 9 reading skill drastically improved after some training. Take Charlce Au, a business manager, for instance, his reading rate was a reasonably good 172 words a minute before the training, now it is an excellent 1,378 words a minute. He is delighted that how he can 10 a lot more reading material in a short period of time.
  1. A.applying B. doing C. offering D. getting
  2. A.good B. curious C. poor D. urgent
  3. A.lies B. combines C .touches Dinvolves
  4. A.Fortunately B. In fact C. Logically D. Unfortunately
  5. A.what B. which C. that D. if
  6. A.accelerator B. actor C. amplifier D. observer
  7. A.then B. as C. beyondD. than
  8. A.meaning B. comprehension C. gistD. regression
  9. A.our B.your C. their D. such a
  10. A.master B. go over C. present D. get through
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【解析】本句意思是“谁如果想谋得一份差事”。applying 需加 for,意思是“申请”;B.doing 做; C.offering 提供此三项均不符题意,
  2.【答案】C (北京安通学校提供) 【解析】英语中,阅读速度快的人称为 good reader,反之,就是 poor reader。根据上下文的内 容,多数人都属于 poor reader,因此选 poor(差的)。其它选项不妥。
  3.【答案】A 【解析】此处说的是“主要的困难在于语言的自身要素,即单词”。combines 联合;touches 接触; involves 包括,这三项的词义与原文不符。而 lies 与 in 构成搭配,意为“在于”。
  4.【答案】D 【解析】 此句意为 “作者对未受过阅读训练的人的不良习惯感到遗憾” Fortunately 幸运地; fact 。 In 事实上;Logically 合乎逻辑地,均不妥。Unfortunately(不幸地)合乎句义。
  5.【答案】A 【解析】此处所填的词既是 look back over 的宾语,又是 you have just read 的宾语,只有 what 能充当这种双重成分。
  6.【答案】A 【解析】 此句意为 “训练快速阅读所使用的工具必然与提高阅读速度有关” 因此选 accelerator (快 , 读器)。actor 演员;amplifier 放大器;observer 观察者。
  7.【答案】D 【解析】前面的 faster 决定了应当选 than,构成比较级。
  8.【答案】B 【解析】这里的意思是“速读最初会影响理解”,所以选 comprehension(理解力)。meaning 意义, 意思,指词或词组表示的意义;gist 大意,要旨 regression 回顾 只有 D.getting(获得)适合。
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  9.【答案】C 【解析】本句中的主语是第三人称复数,物主代词必然是 their。
  10.【答案】D 【解析】此处意为:在较短时间内,读完众多的材料。master 掌握;go over 复习;present 呈现, 展现;此三项均不妥;只有 get through (读完)最恰当。
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