How to write a composition ? (高三英语写作课教案) 高三英语写作课教案)
张家港市后塍高级中学(南校区) 张家港市后塍高级中学(南校区) 魏燕萍 教学目的: 教学目的:教会学生用英语准确表达表格中涉及的要点。 教学重点: 教学重点:引导学生根据表格中的中文要点,由词成句,由句成文。最后 适当使用连接词,组句成篇,实现用词准确,行文流畅。 教学辅助手段: 教学辅助手段:电脑(或实物投影仪) 教学方法: 教学方法:讨论法 教学步骤: 教学步骤: 一、介绍书面表达六步法(Introduction)
  1.仔细审题,确立主题,明确要求.
  2.围绕主题,提炼要点,编拟提纲.
  3.分析要点及提纲,提炼关键单词和短语
  4.恰当使用句型,连词成句
  5.恰当使用连接词,组句成篇
  6.规范誊写 二、呈现学生得分情况(Presentation) 反映出学生得分差距,引起学生共鸣:希望在作文上获得提高。 三、讨论 (Discussion)
  1.写作人称为第三人称和第一人称,词数 150 词左右,时态一般现在时.
  2.明确要点,确定核心词、词组、句型。 (要点“你的看法” :鼓励学生畅所欲言,激起课堂高潮。) 四、呈现(Presentation)
  1. 高考英语写作关键:A.学会使用较高级词汇。B.学会使用较丰富的句式。 C.学会使用恰当的连接词。
  2.呈现学生作文中出现的典型句子。要求学生用高级词汇、高级句型进行 改写,加以完善。
  3. 展示挖空后的范文,要求学生填入适当的关联词,并指出范文中的精彩之 处。
1
五、反馈 (Feedback)
  1.学生修改作文,互查互改错误。
  2. 教师总结。首先,针对文中学生未找出或改对的错误,帮助学生一起改 正。其次,对文中的错误之处进行分类(如:名词复数、动词时态、介 词等) ,引起学生的重视。 六、提高书面表达建议:(Suggestions)
  1.准确记忆单词
  2.掌握足够的语言知识点,如构词法,语法知识等
  3.经常进行写作练习
  4.适当背诵作文参考答案
  5.大量阅读 七、作业 (Assignment) 发给学生另一篇体裁相似的书面表达材料,要求学生根据本课所学思路独 力完成。 Teaching plan Topic: writing a composition Teaching Aims: According to the form, teach students how to write a composition using the effective sentences. Train the students’ writing ability. Teaching Important Points:
  1.Improve the students’ writing ability.
  2. Teach the students how to get the key words and how to use effective sentences to complete a coherent composition. Teaching Methods: Discussion, Presentation Teaching Aids:
  1.the multimedia
  2.the blackboard Teaching Procedures: Step 1:Introduction of the basic elements Six steps to write a composition
2
① Analyzing the task ②Finding out the main points ③Thinking of key points/phrases ④Forming sentences ⑤Combining the sentences into a passage ⑥Copying normally Step 2:Showing results: Five levels: level 1 level 2 level 3 level 4 level 5 satisfied 21-24: 2 people 16-20: 15 people 11-15: 21 people 6-10: 1-5: with this result?(Ss: No. )Do you want to make some (excellent) (Above average) (average level) (below average)
ask: As you can see, only 5 students in our class got a mark above
  18. Are you improvements?(Ss: Yes.) Say: OK, now let’s analyze the composition together. Step 3 Discussing the composition Present the writing materials to the class, ask students to do some brainstorming: 目前,许多学校对学生采取封闭式管理,学生对此看法不一。请根据下表 所提供的信息,写一篇短文,谈谈自己的看法。 (字数:150 左右) 有的同学认为
  1.
  2.
  3. 学校限制我们的自由; 学生和社会接触少; 充分的发展。因此… 你的看法:…. ① Analyzing the task: 写作人称为第三人称和第一人称,词数 150 词左右,时态一般现在时. ②Finding out the main points
3
有的同学认为
  1.
  2. 学校是学习知识的地方; 学生应该安心在学校里学习; 学生缺乏自觉性, 离开了老师, 可能会…
学生的兴趣和爱好得不能得到
  3.
第一段:有的同学认为:
  1.学校限制我们的自由.
  2.学生和社会接触少.
  3.学生的兴趣和爱好得不到充分的发展.因此… 第二段:有的同学认为:
  4.学校是学习知识的地方.
  5.学生应该安心在学校里学习.
  6.学生缺乏自觉性,离开了老师,可能会…. 第三段:你的看法:
  7.呈现观点:赞成哪一方?
  8.说明理由/提出措施 ③Thinking of key points/phrases :
  1.Let the students work in groups of four to get the key words of each point orally.
  2. Ask several students to report their answers to the rest of the class. Present these key words and phrases to the whole class. (Point 7&8 is flexible, encourage students to express whatever they want to say freely. If they can’, Chinese is also allowed. Then help them to translate what they say into English.) 要点序号
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
  8. Limit freedom Have little chance to get in touch with Interests and hobbies/ fully developed The best place to get knowledge Put one’s heart into Lack the ability to control / affect / (dis)agree to It is ….to keep students at school Organize various activities /develop . 关键单词和短语
④Forming sentences (pay attention to the use of conjunction) Ask students to say sentences one by one according to the points given.
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Step 4 Presentation
  1. Three keys to improving your composition: A. learn to use superior phrases. B. learn to use abundant sentences. C. learn to use suitable conjunction. 逻辑角度 时间顺序 空间顺序 合适的过渡性词汇 first, then, finally/at last , soon after, immediately, suddenly, next here, there, on one side…on the other side, in front of, at the back of, next to 并列关系 转折关系 and, as well as, also but, however, yet, instead, though, otherwise, despite, on the contrary, in spite of 因果关系 条件关系 对比关系 递进关系 because, since, as, thanks to, as a result, thus, owing to, due to as long as, so long as, on condition that, if, unless similarly, like, unlike, on the contrary, on the other hand, Besides, in addition, moreover, what’s more, furthermore, what’s worse, to make matter worse 举例 让步关系 总结归纳 for example, for instance, such as, in other words, that is to say though, as, even if/though, whether, who/where/what/when+ever in general, generally speaking, above all, after all, in short, in a word, in brief, in conclusion, all in all 过渡性 插入语 I think, I’m afraid, you know, as we all know, as far as I know, in my opinion, personally

  2.Change sentences:(Present some typical sentences written by the students to the class. Ask students to use superior phrases or sentences to change the sentences) ⑴. In addition, students don’t have the ability to control themselves. →In addition , students lack the ability to control themselves. /In addition,
5
students can’t manage themselves well due to a lack of self-control. ⑵ They may play computer games and forget to study. →They may spend much time playing computer games instead of studying. /They may get addicted to playing computer games instead of studying hard. ⑶ In school we should study hard. → In school we should concentrate on/be absorbed in /devote our body and soul to studies. ⑷ Keep students in school all day are bad for students. →It’s bad to keep students at school all day. ⑸School is the best place to get a lot of knowledge, students should put their heart into their studies in school. →School is the best place to get a lot of knowledge so that students should put their heart into their studies in school. ⑹Some students can’t behave themselves well but for teachers remind us. → Some students couldn’t have behaved themselves well but for/without teachers’ help ./Some students can’t behave themselves well unless teachers remind us to do so . ⑺Some students leave the school may do something unrelated to their studies. →Once they leave school, they may do something unrelated to their studies. ⑻We can only enjoy ourselves when we have school holidays.. →Only when schools break up can we enjoy ourselves.
  3.Fill in the blanks: Present the model one (without some conjunction )to the whole class, ask students to fill in suitable conjunction , Nowadays a lot of schools keep their students in school all day long. Students have different opinions about it. Some of the students think they enjoy less freedom , and have little chance to get in touch with society .They are not able to fully develop their interests and hobbies ,they have less interest in their studies. Some other think school is the best place to get knowledge they should put their heart into their studies., Some students lack the ability to control themselves .out of school, they may lose control of
6
themselves and do something that will affect their studies. , it is necessary to keep students at school .at the same time schools should organize various activities students can enjoy their school life. Step
  5. Feedback
  1. Let the students work in groups to correct each other’s composition and try to find out as many mistakes as they can.
  2. Classify the typical mistakes. Step
  6. Suggestions: 1 remember as many words and phrases as you can .
  2.Have a good knowledge of language points.
  3.Practise more
  4.Recite good passages regularly.
  5.Do a lot of reading Step
  7. Assignment Write another composition as homework. 附:假如你叫李华,今年读高三。在下午的班会课上同学们展开了一场讨 论,主题是高三学生要不要参加体育锻炼。请你根据下表提供的信息,给 某英文报社写一封信,介绍讨论情况。 55%的同学认为 每天应该进行适量的体育锻炼 间不要太长 锻炼能增强体质、减少生病的机会 高 注意:词数 150 左右,开头已为你写好。 Dear editor, I’m writing to tell you about a discussion we have had about whether Senior Three students should take physical exercise or not… 运动后很兴奋,耽误学习时间 运动能使大脑得到休息,学习效率更 运动时还有可能受伤 45%的同学认为 锻炼浪费时间
可以做早操,打乒乓球、篮球,但时 锻炼使人疲劳
7
 

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