郭书辰高三英语复习专用 第十二讲
虚拟语气-高中英语语法精讲精练 虚拟语气表示说话人的主观愿望、猜测建议或与事实不符的假设。虚拟语气可分为三种:(
  1)一般虚拟 (
  2)混 合虚拟 (
  3)特殊句式 一.一般虚拟的构成:(省略 if, 要将 should/were/had 提到句首) (
  1). 对现在的虚拟:If +S.+ did/were sth., S.+ would/could/should +do If I had time, I would attend the meeting. If I were you, I would seize the chance to go abroad. (
  2) 对过去的虚拟:If +S.+had + p.p, S.+ would/could/should have + p.p If you had taken my advice, you would not have failed in the exam. (
  3) 对将来的虚拟: If + S. + did/were/should do/were to do, S + would/should/could do sth. If you came tomorrow, we would have the meeting. If it were to rain tomorrow, the sports meeting would be put off. If he should not come tomorrow, we should put off the meeting till next day. 注意:Had we made good preparations, we might have succeeded. Had it not rained, we would have gone out for a walk. Were I you, I would not do such a thing. 二. 混合虚拟: (
  1) 不同时间的虚拟:If he had listened to me, he would not be in trouble now. If he had told me yesterday, I should know what to do now. (
  2) 虚拟与陈述的混合: He could have passed the exam, but he wasn’t careful enough. You should have come earlier, the bus left a moment ago. 三. 特殊句式: (
  1).suggest, advise, recommend, propose, order, command, request, require, demand + that ?clause (should do/do )
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郭书辰高三英语复习专用 第十二讲
He suggested that we (should) save money for the future.(insist 的判断) (
  2) It is suggested/advised/ordered/requested/required that ?clause(should do/do)(主语从句) (
  3) My advice/suggestion/request/requirement is that-clause (should do /do) (表语从句) His suggestion/advice/request/requirement that ?clause(should do/do ) is.. (同位语从句) (
  4) It is natural/necessary/strange that-clause (should do/do)表惊奇、怀疑、惋惜、不满、理应如此等。 It’s strange that he should have missed the train. (表竟然) It is important that we should learn from others.(表理应如此) It is a pity that he should not go with us.(表惊讶、不满) (
  5)wish + that clause (did/were 与现在相反) wish + that clause (would/could/might + do 与将来相反) wish + that clause ( had done 与过去相反) I wish I could go with them tomorrow. I wish I had never met him. (
  6) It is (high/about) time + clause (did, should do ) It is (high/about) time we went home. (
  7) would rather + clause (did 与现在或将来相反);(had done 与过去相反) I would rather you came tomorrow. I would rather you hadn’t told her the news. (
  8) If only + clause ( did/were 与现在相反) ((would/could/might + do 与将来相反) ( had done 与过去相反) “要是。。。就好了“ If only he would come tomorrow! If only I had taken her advice! If only I were ten years younger! (
  9) as if + clause (did/were 与现在相反) (would/could/might + do 与将来相反) ( had done 与过去相反) She treats Kate as if she were her own daughter. They talked as if they had been friends for years.
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郭书辰高三英语复习专用 第十二讲
(
  10) would like/was/were to have done something I would like to have attended the party, but one of my friends came to see me. (
  11) without/but for + n.= if it were not for +n./if it hadn’t been for + n. (otherwise 后从句同) I would not have passed the exam without your help.(=if it hadn’t been for your help) 四 。虚拟巩固练习:
  1. The plant is dead. I more water. A. will give B. would have given C. must give D. should have given
  2. I insist that a doctor immediately. A. has been sent for B. send for C. will be sent for D. be sent for
  3. If you the doctors advice, you would have already recovered. A. follow B. followed C. would follow D. had followed
  4. I wish I you yesterday. A. seen B. did see C. had seen D. were to see
  5. What would you have done last night, if you to write your homework. A. hadn’t B. haven’t had C. didn’t have D. hadn’t had
  6. Did you catch the plane? No, if I had hurried, I . A. would B. would have C. could D. did
  7. Without electricity human life quite different today. A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be
  8. Shall we go skating or stay at home? Which do yourself? A. do you rather B. would you rather C. will you rather D. should you rather
  9. We could have walked to the station, it was so near. Yes, a taxi at all necessary. A. wasn’t B. hadn’t been C. wouldn’t D. won’t be
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郭书辰高三英语复习专用 第十二讲

  10. If you early tomorrow morning, you would be there by noon. A. have started B. were start C. were to start D. had started
  11. Tom ought not to me your secret, but he meant no harm. A. have told B. tell C. be telling D. having told
  12. If he , he that food. Luckily he was sent to hospital immediately. A. was warned, would not take B. had been warned, would not have taken B. would be warned, had not taken D. would have been warned, had not taken
  13. Are you thinking about going to Dalian for the vacation? No, but if I time, I very glad to go there. A. have, will be B, had had, would have been C. had, would be D. had had, would be
  14. If you George, would you please tell him to ring me? A. saw B. were to C. have seen D. see
  15. You didn’t let me drive. If we in turn, you so tired. A. drove, didn’t get B. drove, wouldn’t get C. were driving, wouldn’t get D. had driven, wouldn’t have got
  16. I am sure he hasn’t sent the letter. If he it, I . A. sent, got B. sent, have got C. sent, would go D. had sent, would have got.
  17. The two strangers talked as if they friends for years. A. should be B. would be C. have been D. had been
  18. Jane’ pale face suggested that he ill, and her parents suggested that she a medical examination. A. be, should have B. was, have C. should be, had D. was, has
  19. it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Yangpu Bridge.
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郭书辰高三英语复习专用 第十二讲
A. Were B. Should C. Would D. Will
  20. When he was there, he go to that coffee shop at the corner after work every day. A. would B. should C. had better D. might
  21. for the free tickets, I would not have gone to the films so often. A. If it is not B. Were it not C. Had it not been D. If they were not
  22. There was a lot of fun at yesterday’s party. You come, but why didn’t you? A. must have B. should C. need have D. ought to have
  23. I should have been there, but I not find the time. A. would B. could C. might D. should
  24. If he quietly as the doctor instructed, he wouldn’t suffer so much now. A. lies B. lay C. had lain D. should lie
  25. How I wish every family a large house with a garden. A. has B. had C. will have D. had had
  26. I thought you like something to read , so I have brought you some books. A. might B. may C. could D. must
  27. There was plenty of time. She . A. needn’t have hurried B. couldn’t have hurried C. must not hurry D. mustn’t have hurried
  28. It was necessary that he about what had happened. A. be told B. was told C. should tell D. tell
  29. It was strange that we short of water in the country where it was always raining. A. are B. be C. should be D. both B and C
  30. You any difficulty now, if you had made a more careful plan. A. won’t meet with B. would not meet with C. would not have met with D. have not met with
  31. .He did his best in everything, he would not have seen what he was.
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郭书辰高三英语复习专用 第十二讲
A. and B. but C. otherwise D. but that
  32. You should have gone to the show with us yesterday. It is very good. I wished I , but I was busy with my report. A. had B. did C. would have D. were
  33. Would you have told him the answer, if possible? Yes, I would have, but I very busy. A. had been B. were C. was D. would be
  34. If only I his advice, but I am sorry I did. A. would not take B. would not have taken C. did not take D. had not taken
  35. It is time we to the concert. A. went B, go C. will go D. should go
  36. I’d like to get a job in that computer shop. I would much rather you at home and care of the children. A. stay, take B. stayed, took C. should stay, took D. stayed, take
  37. If we birth control earlier, China such a large population. A. had begun, wouldn’t have B. had begun, wouldn’t have had C. began, wouldn’t have D. should begin, wouldn’t have had
  38. They treats the granny as if she their own mother. A> is B. was C. were D. had been
  39. What do you think of the food here? Oh, wonderful! WE a better place. A. won’t find B. mustn’t have found C. can’t find D. couldn’t have found
  40. We last night, but we went to the concert instead. A. must have studied B. might study C. should have studied D. would study
  41. It was suggested that the match because of the weather. A. would be put off B. should put off C. must be put off D. be put off
  42.If only I to your advice and returned home in time.
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郭书辰高三英语复习专用 第十二讲
A. listened B. had listened C. would listen D. would have listened
  43. , there would be no industry. A. Without steel B. If there is not steel C. There would be no steel D. If there was not steel
  44.Would you like to go to the cinema tonight? I wish I , but I study for a test. A. had, will have to B. would, had to C. did, have to D. could, have to
  45. He spoke as if he in space at that moment. A. had walked B. were walking C. would walk D. walked
  46. I would do it in a different way it. A. were I do B. were I to do C. should I to do D. had I done
  47. But for his help, they over the mountain in such a short time. A. had not run B. have not run C. couldn’t have run D. can’t have run
  48. There is nothing left. I wish I so much money on clothes. A. haven’t spent B. hadn’t spent C. couldn’t have spent D. not spend
  49. Why are you late? I got caught in traffic; otherwise I here on time. A. would have been B. was C. were D. had been
  50. What happened to the trees planted last spring? The trees well. But they didn’t take good care of them. A. would grow B. shall have grown C. would have grow D. might grow
  51. He would have died that doctor. A. hadn’t it been B. it id had been C. were it for D. had it not been for
  52. What would you do if you __ a house on fire? A. saw B. see C. have seen D. had seen 五.参考答案: 1-5 DDDCD 6-10 BDBAC 11-15 ABCAD
16-20 DDBBA 21-25 CDBCB 26-30 AAADB 31-35 CCCDA 36-40BACDC 41-45DBADB 46-52BCBACDA
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郭书辰高三英语复习专用 第十二讲
特殊句式????倒装 倒装语序分为“全部倒装”和“部分倒装”。 在全部倒装的句子中, 整个谓语都放在主语的前面; 在部分倒装的句子中, 只是谓语中的一部分(如助动词、情态动词或系动词 be 等)放在主语前面,其余部分仍放在主语后面。下面将常见的 倒装情况分述如下:
  1、倒装句之全部倒装 全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用与一般现在时和一般过去时。常见的结构有:
  1) here, there, now, then, thus 等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用 be, come, go, lie, run 等,例如: There goes the bell. / Then came the chairman. Here is your letter.
  2) 表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首,谓语表示运动的动词,例如: Out rushed a group of students from the classroom. Ahead sat an old woman. 注意: 上述全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。例如: Here he comes. / Away they went.
  2、倒装句之部分倒装 部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助 动词 do, does 或 did,并将其置于主语之前。
  1) 句首为否定或半否定的词语,如 no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until … 等。 Never have I seen such a performance. Nowhere will you find the answer to this question. Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room. 当 Not until 引出主从复合句,主句倒装,从句不倒装。 注意: 如否定词不在句首不倒装,例如: I have never seen such a performance. The mother didn't leave the room until the child fell asleep. 典型例题
  1.? Why can't I smoke here? ? At no time in the meeting-room. A. is smoking permitted B. smoking is permitted C. smoking is it permitted D. does smoking permit 答案 A. 这是一个倒装问题。 当否定词语置于句首以表示强调时, 其句中的主谓须用倒装结构。 这些否定词包括 no, little, hardly, seldom, never, not only, not until 等。本题的正常语序是 Smoking is permitted in the meeting-room at no time.
  2. Not until the early years of the 19th century what heat is. A. man did know B. man know C. didn't man know D. did man know 答案 D. 看到 Not until…的句型,我们知道为一倒装句,答案在 C,D 中选
 

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