Argumentative Writing Guide in NMET
高考英语议论文写作复习课
河师大附中何海威 河师大附中 何海威
Just sohorse tiger tiger horse so open water boiledwater up street buy go shopping things Good good study, progress every Study hard and make day day up day this morning eat breakfast. IIhad breakfast this morning.
II'm very like play basketball. like playing basketball very much.
What makes a good English composition?
? Which of the following is NOT necessary for a good English composition?
? ? ? ? ?
A . correct grammars B. a clean and beautiful handwriting C. a clear structure D. complete key points and enough words E. long sentences
Bad sample
议 论 文 整 体 三 部 分
议论文的写作特点

  1. Leading in (导入 导入) 导入
点题;一两个句子;概括性; 点题;一两个句子;概括性;

  2. Body (主体) 主体)
中心记述部分; 中心记述部分;层次分明

  3. Ending (结尾) 结尾)
小结; 小结;呼应主题
Five steps to write a good composition
Step one: analyzing the task(分析任务); Step two: finding out the main points in Chinese(用汉语列 出提纲); Step three: thinking of key points/phrases and forming sentences(提纲汉译英,然后连词成句); Step four: combining the sentences into a passage(组句成 篇); Step five: checking up the grammar mistakes.(检查错误)
高考模拟演练
不知不觉高考一天天逼近。为了在学习上不落后于同学, 不知不觉高考一天天逼近。为了在学习上不落后于同学, 很多学生搬出学校的集体寝室,在学校附近租了房子。 很多学生搬出学校的集体寝室,在学校附近租了房子。就这 一现象请你写一篇英语短文来发表自己的看法。内容包括: 一现象请你写一篇英语短文来发表自己的看法。内容包括:
  1.在校外租房子的利与弊。(至少各写两点 在校外租房子的利与弊。(至少各写两点)
  1.在校外租房子的利与弊。(至少各写两点)
  2.你同意还是反对这种做法 并陈述你的理由(至少写两点) 你同意还是反对这种做法?
  2.你同意还是反对这种做法?并陈述你的理由(至少写两点) 注意: 注意: 词数为120个左右; 120个左右
  1.词数为120个左右; 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
  2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 开头语已为你写好(不计入总字数)。
  3.开头语已为你写好(不计入总字数)。 参考词汇:宿舍dormitory(dorm) 租房 参考词汇:宿舍 ( ) 租房(rent)
The college entrance examination is approaching day by day. .
Step one Analyzing the task

  1.本文是一篇议论文;
  1.本文是一篇议论文; 本文是一篇议论文
  2.时态应以 为主;
  2.时态应以 为主; A.一般过去时 B.一般现在时 C.一般将来时 A.一般过去时 B.一般现在时 C.一般将来时
  3.人称应以为主。
  3.人称应以为主。 人称应以为主 A.第一人称 B.第二人称 C.第三人称 A.第一人称 B.第二人称 C.第三人称
Step two Finding out the key points
? 第一段 ? 第二段 ? 第三段 简要概括这个现象; 简要概括这个现象; 分别陈述校外租房的利与弊; 分别陈述校外租房的利与弊; 表明自己的观点并简述理由。 表明自己的观点并简述理由。
How to write the leading in?
第一部分: 第一部分:简要概述话题
随着高考的临近,为了在学习上不落后于同学,很多 学生搬出学校的集体寝室,在学校附近租了房子。 The college entrance examination is approaching day by day. In order not to fall behind others, quite a few students move out of the dormitory and rent a room outside the school.
第二部分: 第二部分:The key points of the body
Advantages
1 有更多自由的时间
Disadvantages
1 减少了和同学交流的机会
2 和父母在一起,饮食可以 和父母在一起, 2 需要花额外的费用 得到改善 3 避免了宿舍其他人吵闹的 3 可能会禁不住跟别人出去 玩游戏 影响
...
...
Step three Thinking of the key points and forming sentences Group work
Now work in two groups to translate the key points of the advantages and disadvantages into English. I will ask some of you to translate these sentences.
The key points of the body
Advantages
1 have more free time to study
Disadvantages
1 have fewer chances to communicate with classmates
2 have better meals living with parents 3 avoid the noise from other people in the dormitory
2 spend more money
3 maybe can’t help going to play games with others
How to write an ending
第三部分:表明自己的观点并简述理由。 第三部分:表明自己的观点并简述理由。
Personally speaking, I agree that , because .
Step four Combining the sentences into a passage
Now work in groups of four to combine your written sentences into a passage. In this process, remember teamwork is very important. You can refer to this model structure while completing your composition.
Model structure
The college entrance examination is approaching day by day.Quite a few students have moved out. On one hand, .First of all,with their parents taking care of them,.On the other hand,.For example, .What’s more,. Personally speaking, I agree that living in a rented room , because .
Sample answer presentation(范文展示 范文展示) 范文展示
The college entrance examination is approaching day by day. Quite a few students have moved out from their dormitories to live in a rented room near the school to make every minute count. On one hand, they have more free time to use on their own after classes and can easily concentrate on the homework alone in their small room.What’s important,if living with their parents, with their parents taking care of them,they can spare more time and have better meals.On the other hand,there are some disadvantages.For example,sometimes they may feel lonely without friends.What’s more,a student who is left alone to study may can’t help going out to play. Personally speaking, I agree that living in a rented room is better for us although it may have some disadvantages, because I believe it can do good to my study as long as I control myself properly.
Step five Checking up the mistakes and correcting them with each other
Proof reading(短文改错) (短文改错)
Work in groups to check up each other’s composition and try to find out as many mistakes as you can and correct them.
Three keys to improving your composition
First, try to use superior (高级 高级)words and phrases if 高级 possible; Second, learn to use abundant(丰富的 sentences; 丰富的) 丰富的

  1、倒装句 Only in this way can they develop their creative ability.
  2、with短语 With their parents taking care of them,they can spare more time for studies.
  3、定语从句 A student who is left alone to study tends to get distracted easily.
  4、各种名词性从句 In spite of the fact that….
  5、强调句 It is this opinion that I can't agree with.
Three keys to improving your composition
Third, learn to use suitable transitional words (过 渡词) 渡词). not only, but also, as well as; besides, moreover, in addition, what’s more; however, on the other hand, on the contrary; …
Homework
在英语课堂上,你喜欢你的老师授课时只用英语,还是 英语、汉语兼用?某英语杂志社就此话题邀请中学生发 表看法。请你围绕“How do you prefer your English classes to be taught? In English only, or in both English and Chinese?”这个问题,参考所给要点,选 择一种授课形式,写一篇英语短文。 注意:
  1. 词数1
  00~1
  20,短文开头已给出(不计词数)
  2. 参考词汇:atmosphere 氛围 I prefer my English classes to be taught in …
议论文常见的导入(Leading in)形式 议论文常见的导入 形式
Example
  1:
第1段:Recently we’ve had a discussion about whether we should... (导入话题)Our opinions are divided on this topic.(观点有分歧)
Example
  2:
第1段: Some people hold the opinion that A is superior to B in many ways. Others, however, argue that B is much better. Personally, I would prefer A because I think A has more advantages.
Example 3
第1段:提出一种现象或某个决定作为议论的话题 As a student, I am strongly in favour of the decision. (亮明自己 的观点是赞成还是反对)The reasons for this may be listed as follows. (过渡句,承上启下)
议论文常见的正文(Body)形式 形式 议论文常见的正文
Example
  1:
第2段:Most of the students are in favour of it.(正方观点) Here are the reasons. First... Second... Finally...(列出2~3个赞成的理由) However, the others are strongly against it. (反方观点) Their reasons are as follows. In the first place... What’s more... In addition...(列出 2~3个反对的理由)
Example
  2:
第2段:There are many reasons why I prefer A. The main reason is that ... Another reason is that...(赞同A的原因) Of course, B also has advantages to some extent... (列出1~2个B的优势)
Example
  3:
第2段:First of all... Secondly... Besides...(列出2~3个赞成或反对的理由)
议论文常见的结尾( 议论文常见的结尾(Ending)形式 )
Example
  1:
第3段:Personally speaking, the advantages overweigh the disadvantages, for it will do us more harm than good, so I support it. (个人观点)
Example
  2:
第3段: But if all these factors are considered, A is much better than B. From what has been discussed above, we may finally draw the conclusion that ...(得出结论)
Example
  3:
第3段:In conclusion, I believe that... (照应第1段,构成"总? 分?总"结构)
 

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