名词性从句典型错误例析
找出下列句子中的错误,并总结出规律: 找出下列句子中的错误,并总结出规律:
  1. Can you tell me how many students are there in your class? Can you tell me how many students there are in your class?
  2. I don't know where has he gone. I don't know where he has gone.
  3. The owner of the shop came to see what the matter was. The owner of the shop came to see what was the matter. 规律一:名词从句中须使用陈述语序! 规律一:名词从句中须使用陈述语序!

  10.上海
  37).When changing lanes, a driver should use his turning signal to let other drivers knows A. he is entering which lane B. which lane he is entering C. is he entering which lane D. which lane is he entering
找出下列句子中的错误,并总结出规律: 找出下列句子中的错误,并总结出规律:
  4. We suggested that we would go to the cinema. We suggested that we (should) go to the cinema.
  5. My idea is that we must do our homework first. My idea is that we (should) do our homework first.
  6. His proposal that we went there on foot is acceptable. His proposal that we (should) go there on foot…... 规律二:注意虚拟语气的使用! 规律二:注意虚拟语气的使用! 问题:此类虚拟语气有哪些关键词? 问题:此类虚拟语气有哪些关键词?
(
  10.福建
  29). Teachers recommend parents their children under 12 to ride bicycles to school for safety. A. not allow B. do not allow C. mustn’t allow D. couldn’t allow
找出下列句子中的错误,并总结出规律: 找出下列句子中的错误,并总结出规律:

  7. If we will have a meeting hasn't been decided yet. Whether we will have a meeting hasn’t been decided yet.
  8. It depends on if the weather is suitable for us to do it. It depends on whether the weather is …...
  9. The question is if he himself will be present at the meeting. The question is whether he himself will be present …...
  10. He asked me if I could go with him or not. He asked me whether I could go with him or not. 规律三: 种情况只能用whether 规律三:4种情况只能用whether : (
  1)位于句子开头;(
  2)前面有介词; 位于句子开头;(2 前面有介词; ;( 引导表语从句;( ;(4 not连用 连用。 (
  3)引导表语从句;(
  4)与or not连用。
I want to know this world news is true or not. A. if B. whether C. that D. why
找出下列句子中的错误,并总结出规律: 找出下列句子中的错误,并总结出规律:

  1. I think that worthwhile that we spent so much money it on these books.
  2. That is hard to decide when and where we will held our it sports meeting.
  3. Everybody considers it impossible which he wants to finish the job in such a short time. that
  4. It doesn’t matter that you will come or not. whether
规律四: 规律四:主语从句和宾语从句在适当的情况 it” 而后置。 下可以借助 “it 而后置。 问题:想想看是什么“适当的情况”?
(
  10.陕西 陕西.
  18) It never occurred to me you could 陕西 succeed in persuading him to change his mind. A. which B. what C. that D. if
名词性从句与定语从句 的主要区别

  1. 成分上的区别: 名词性从句和定语从句分别在句中充当什么 样的成分?

  1. How the prisoner escaped remains a mystery. 主语
  2. I wonder whether/if he is fit for the job. 宾语
  3. I visited the country which/that had been bombed by the US-led NATO (美国为首的北约 a month before. 美国为首的北约) 美国为首的北约 .
  4. I had never seen such a good film as I watched last night.
结论一: 结论一: 名词性从句充当句子的主要成分; 名词性从句充当句子的主要成分; 定语从句充当句子的修饰成分。 定语从句充当句子的修饰成分。

  2. 引导词含义上的区别: 引导词含义上的区别: 引导词是否指向句中的某个成分? 引导词是否指向句中的某个成分?
  1.The fact is that his bark is worse than his bite.
  2. Word came that he would come to see us all.
  3. He made another wonderful discovery, which I think is of great importance to science.
  4. The Oscar is one of the film prizes that have not been offered to any Chinese actor or actress by far.. ..
结论二: 结论二: 定语从句的引导词在语义上 具有指代先行词的作用。 具有指代先行词的作用。 名词从句的引导词不具备此功能。 名词从句的引导词不具备此功能。

  3. 关于 关于that: that 在名词从句和定语从句中各起什么作用? 在名词从句和定语从句中各起什么作用?
  1. He pretended (that) he didn’t see me.
  2. That she lost her necklace on the way home made her so worried.
  3.The first request that he made was to ask for (which)
  4. Is this the house that you have bought yourself? 问题: 作何成分? 问题:that 作何成分? freedom.
结论三: 结论三: 只起引导词的作用, 名词从句中的 that 只起引导词的作用, 无任何意义。 无任何意义。 定语从句中的that 在从句中充当主语或宾语, 定语从句中的that 在从句中充当主语或宾语, 互换。 有时可以与 which 互换。

  4. 引导词的不同: 引导词的不同: 不会出现在名词从句中的关系词: 不会出现在名词从句中的关系词: as, 且 when, where 等不能与 in/on/at which 互换。 互换。 不会出现在定语从句中的关系词: 不会出现在定语从句中的关系词: whether, if, what, how

  5、名词从句与定语从句的一些对应关系: 、名词从句与定语从句的一些对应关系:
  1. He has done what he can to help me. all --He has done that he can to help me.
  3. Whoever breaks the law is to be punished. Anyone who breaks the law is to be punished.
  6. They will do whatever he wants them to do. anything that They will do he wants them to do.
名词性从句试题集锦
  1.I ask her come with me. A. if she will A. What B. if will she B. That C. whether will she D. will she C. Which D. Whether
  2. he said is true.
  3.Can you tell me ? A. who is that gentleman C. who that gentleman is B. that gentleman is who D. whom is that gentleman

  4.He didn't know which room . A. they lived B. they lived in C. did they live D. did they live in
  5.To get the job started, I need is some money. A. only what A. what B. all what B. how C. all that C. it's D. only that D. that
  6.I have no idea far the railway station is from here.

  7.Can you tell me the railway station? A. how I can get to B. what can I get to C. where I can got to D. where can I get to
  8.Do you know ? A. what is his name B. how is his name C. what his name is D. how his name is
  9. you have done might do harm to other people. A. That B. What C. Which D. This
  10.They have no idea at all . A. where he has gone B. where did he go C. which place has he gone D. where has he gone
  11.They want to know do to help us. A. what can they B. what they can C. how they can D. how can they
  12.These photographs will show you . A. what our village looks like B. what does our village look like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like

  13.Can you make sure the gold ring? A. where Alice had put B. where had Alice put C. where Alice has put D. where has Alice put
  14.No one can be sure in a million years. A. what man will look like B. what will man look like C. man will look like D. what look man like
  15. the 2008 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing is not known yet. A. Whenever B. If C. Whether D. That
  16.Go and get your coat. It's you left it. A. there B. where C. there where D. where there
  17.It worried her a bit her hair was turning gray. A. while B. that C. if D. for
  18. he said at the meeting astonished everybody present. A. What B. That C. The fact D. The matter

  19. ? Do you remember he came? ? Yes, I do. He came by car. A. how B. when C. that D. if
  20. we can't get seems better than we have. A. What ; what B. What ; that C. That ; that D. That ; what
  21. we'll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where
  22.It is generally considered unwise to give a child he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever
  23. ? I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. ? Is that you had a few days off? A. why B. when C. what D. where
  24.These wild flowers are so special that I would do I can to save them. A. whatever B. that C. which D. whichever

  25. you don't like him is none of my business. A. What B. Who C. That D. Whether

  26.You can't imagine when they received these nice Christmas presents. A. how they were excited C. how excited were they B. how excited they were D. they were how excited

  27. caused the accident is still a complete mystery. A. What B. That C. How D. Where

  28.I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella. I got wet through. A. It's the reason C. There's why B. That's why D. It's how

  29.It was a matter of would take the position. A. who B. whoever C. whom D. whomever

  30. has helped to save the drowning girl is worth praising. A. Who B. The one C. Anyone D. Whoever

  31.It was he said disappointed me. A. what ; that C. what ; what B. that ; that D. that ; what

  32.Eat cake you like and leave the others for comes in late. A. any ; who C. whichever ; whoever B. every ; whoever D. either ; whoever
GoodGood-bye!
 

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