1)时间状从:when, while, as, before, after, as soon as, till, until, not…until, the moment, immediately, the first/second/last time, instantly, hardly…when, scarcely…when, no sooner…than
  3)原因状从:because, since, as
  4)条件状从:if, unless, now(that), provided/providing
  5) 让步状从: although, though, as, no matter wh-, whatever, whichever, whenever, wherever, whoever, however
  6)结果状从:so…that, such…that
  7)目的状从:so that, in order that, in case, for fear that, lest
  9)比较状从:than, as/so …as
  3、as 引导让步状从只能用于倒装句中 eg: Child as/though he is, he knows a lot. = Though/Although he is a child, he knows a lot.
  4、状从的句子结构是完整的,若不完整就可能是定从。 三、同步练习:
  1. 用相关的引导词填空:
  1) It is suggested by our head teacher that we get down to study we enter the classroom every morning.
  2) Now many girls just focus on a boy’s family when considering their future marriage they neglect the boy’s personalities and qualities.
  3) He won’t leave you allow him to.
  4) I’m doing everything I can to make things as easy for you I can.
  5) Yao Ming went to the USA to play basketball he was no more than twenty.
  6) Let’s begin our discussion about middle school students should wear school uniforms everyone is here.
  7) you go in my hometown, a famous southern water town, you can see
smiling faces, showing the natives are friendly to visitors.
  8) We would try to get a taxi we could get to school on time.
  9) I fail, I will never lose heart.
  10) Hard he tried, he couldn’t force the safe open.
  11) Who’s the old man at the police station picked up a bag with a sum of money inside in a residential area?
  12) I have never heard such things about living in Beijing you have just say.
  13) I have never heard such things about living in Beijing we must observe them carefully.
  14) I still remember the day I first came to the college.
  15) Is it probable he has told her everything?
  16) He argued with me. That’s he refused my invitation on that day.
  17) and they will meet has not been decided.
  18) The more I communicate with her , the more interested I feel in she has improved her spoken English in such a short time.
  19) they do it or not matters much to us.
  20) The truth the earth turns round the sun is known to all.
  21) He was about to leave for Shanghai something unexpected happened to his daughter, forced him to cancel the travel.
  22) You can take you like.
  23) difficulties we may come cross, we’ll help one another to overcome them.
  24) We hadn’t run a mile we felt tired.
  25) It was she had to care for her sick mother that she was absent from school.

  2. 选择最佳答案:
  1) We were just calling you up you came in. A. about, when B. on the point of, while C. on the point of, when D. on the point of, as
  2) He never thought that his success came he least wanted it. A. while B. when C. until D. since
  3)we gave him something to eat, he would save it up for his little sister. A. Whatever B. However C. Whenever D. Whichever
  4)Kids talk frequently about what they can do, many adults do the opposite, tending to talk about what they can’t and why. A. and B. so C. for D. while
  5) the window, my finger was seriously cut. A. Having cleaned B. To clean C. While cleaning D. While I was cleaning
  6)The world is changing fast. I strongly believe that one will easily fall behind he keeps on learning. A. unless B. if C. when D. as
  7)When to repairing a computer, I have a little knowledge of it. A. I come B. it comes C. we come D. they come
  8)The little boy was allowed to go swimming he kept near the other boys. A. on condition that B. in case C. now that D. by the time
  9)my mailing address is different from my living address? Then you must write both in the form, A. As if B. What if C. Even if D. Only if
  10)An opportunity is something that, , by no means you’ll get back. A. if you lose B. when lose C. once lost D. after losing
  11)he was the last man I wanted to see, I did all in my power to help him. A. As B. Now that C. Though D. However
  12)he has limited technical knowledge, the old worker has a lot of experience. A. Since B. Unless C. As D. Although
  13)The cost of living in Glasgow is among the lowest in Britain, the quality of life is probably one of the highest. A. since B. when C. as D. while
  14)If you are traveling the customs are really foreign to your own, please do as the Romans do. A. in which B. what C. when D. where
  15)In time of serious accidents, we know some basic things about first aid,
we can save lives. A. whether B. until C. if D. unless
  16)Jenny was very sad over the loss of the photos she had shot at Canada, this was a memory she especially treasured. A. as B. if C. when D. where
  17)You can’t have this football back you promise not to kick it at my cat again,” the old man said firmly. A. because B. since C. when D. until
  18)A man can’t smile like a child, a child smiles with his eyes, while a man smiles with his lips alone. A. so B. but C. and D. for
  19)In peace, too, the Red Cross is expected to send help there is human suffering. A. whoever B. however C. whatever D. wherever
  20)Mon, what did your doctor say? He advised me to live the air is fresher. A. in where B. in which C. the place where D. where
  21)His plan was such a good one we all agreed to accept it. A. so B. and C. that D. as
  22)This is a very interesting book. I’ll buy it, . A. how much may it cost B. no matter how it cost C. however much it cost D. how many it cost
  23)It is almost five years we saw each other last time. A. before B. since C. after D. when
  24)There was never any time for Kate to feel lonely, she was an only child. A. ever since B. now that C. even though D. even as
  25)Daddy didn’t mind what we were doing, as long as we were together, fun. A. had B. have C. to have D. having
  26)Allow children the space to voice their opinions, they are different from your own. A. until B. even if C. unless D. as though
  27)The old tower must be saved, it cost. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. wherever Keys:
  1)as soon as/ the moment/the minute
  6)why, since/now that
  7)Wherever/no matter where
  8)so that/in order that
  9)Even if/Even though
  14)when/on which
  17)when, where


  23)whatever/no matter what

  21)when, which




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