cientists estimate earthquake probabilities in two ways: by studying the history of large earthquakes in a special area and the rate at which strain accumulates in the rock. Scientists study the past frequency of large earthquakes in order to determine the future likelihood of similar large shocks. For example scientists researched the large earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region during the 75 years between 1836 and 19
  11. For the next 68 years, no earthquakes of magnitude (震级) 6 or large occurred in the region. Beginning with a magnitude 6 shock in 1979, the earthquakes in the region increased dramatically; between 1979 and 1989,
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there were four magnitude 6 or greater earthquakes, including a magnitude
  7.1 earthquake. So scientists estimated that the probability of a magnitude
  6.8 or larger earthquake occurring during the next 30 years in the region is about 67 percent. Another way to predict earthquakes is to study how fast strain accumulates. When plate movements build the strain in rocks to a critical level, like pulling a rubber band too tight, the rocks will suddenly break and slip to a new position. Scientists measure how much strain accumulates along a fault (断层) each year, how much time has passed since the last earthquake, and how much strain was released in the last earthquake. This information is used to calculate the time required for the accumulating strain to build to the level that results in an earthquake. This simple model is so complicated that such detailed information about faults is rare. In the United States, only the San Andreas Fault System has adequate records for using this prediction method. Scientific understanding of earthquakes is of vital importance to the Nation. As the population increases, expanding urban development and construction encroach ( 侵 蚀 ) upon areas susceptible(易受影响的) to earthquakes. With a greater understanding of the causes and effects of earthquakes, we may be able to reduce damage and loss of life from this destruction.
  51. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. What an earthquake is like. B. How to predict earthquakes. C. Where earthquakes often happen. D. When a fault is formed.
  52.That scientists study the history of large earthquakes in certain areas is to ultimately. A. do research on the past frequency of large earthquakes B. estimate the magnitude of similar earthquakes C. forecast the possibilities of similar earthquakes D. judge the specific location of future earthquakes
  53. Which is TRUE according to the passage? A. There were four magnitude 6 earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region between1979 and 19
  89. B. The accumulating strain of the fault to a certain level results in the earthquake. C. About 68 years after 1911, no earthquakes occurred in the San Francisco Bay region. D. The fast increasing population on the earth is the main cause of the earthquake.
  54. What is the critical factor of forming a fault?
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A. The material of rocks. B. The existing time span of the rocks. C. The plate movements around the rocks. D. The amount of strain released in the last earthquake.
  55. According to the passage, we can know that the San Andreas Fault System A. has a greater understanding of the causes and effects of earthquakes B. stores much more information about the history of large earthquakes C. offers the potential for doing research on the faults where strain accumulates D. illustrates specifically how rocks along a fault are formed 第二节:信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 请阅读下面应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息.请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应 选项字母涂黑. 首先,请阅读下列书店信息: A. Cathy's Bookstore Although it is not a big shop, Cathy's Bookstore has a strong speciality in the range and quality in imported children's books which are great for younger readers. You can see a lot of creative books such as pop-up books, books with sound and cloth books. The comfortable seats and nice staff make it a perfect place for kids to hang out. Guides for pregnancy are available too. B. Blue Goat Bookstore and Café The walls of this tiny store are plastered with movie posters and the shelves are filled with quality film art books. They also have a good range of hard-to-find Chinese movies. The café offers great traditional American coffee. It's enjoyable to read a good book while enjoying a cup of American Standard. C. The Book Mark The Book Mark offers a wide range of books for the whole family, in Chinese, English and other languages, including a sizable selection of children's literature. Children can enjou regular book club gatherings and a weekly thematic story hour with integrated art activities. A family membership(RMB 4
  00)gets you and your crew the chance to borrow five books for up to two weeks at a time. D. The Bookworm The Bookworm has an amazing selection of English language books and magazines in town and is often cheaper than Amazon(a famous shopping site). The shop owner arranges a fabulous
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lecture series that features both local and international authors. You can also borrow books with a family library membership(RMB 5
  00)that allows your family to borrow up to six books for two weeks at a time. E. Capital Library While its range of books is not as impressive as the National Library's, it does offer foreigners the option of borrowing books. It costs RMB 10 to possess a reader's card and, depending on the type of card you choose, a deposit ranging from RMB 100 to RMB 5
  00. Foreign language newspapers and periodicals can also be accessed and regular lectures are organized on weekends. F. Friendship Shopping Center Bookstore Although Friendship Shopping Center is slightly overpriced, the bookstore there is still highly recommended. The hand-pick books are very impressive and you can always find a few choices for kids. If your kid likes comics but you want to sneak in a little culture, check out the softbound comic books based on Chinese stories like The Water Margin, and even Sun Tzu's Art of War. 请阅读下列人物信息,然后匹配他们拟要选择的书店:
  56. Lynn has 2 kids, and all of them are energetic boys. It's hard for these little guys to find somewhere new to satisfy their curiosity. Now she is pregnant. She is considering to take her kids to a bookstore to read books.
  57. Kim is a busy business man. His wife complains about how little time he spends with the family. Kim's marriage anniversary is in 2 weeks. He wants to get some books for his family to kill time during the time he can't stay with them.
  58. Petty is a college girl majoring in art. She likes to be special in every aspect, so when coming to find a place for her to hang out with friends, she would like to find somewhere with a sense of high taste.
  59. Liam is from Canada and now he works as an English teacher in a primary school. In his spare time he enjoys reading. He wants to find some place where he can borrow or read the English newspapers and periodicals.
  60. Fisher and his family enjoy reading very much. He is looking for a bookstore in town from which he can buy books at lower prices and at the same time can borrow 5 to 6 books for his family every time. 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节: 基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分)
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假如你是学生会主席,根据下列内容和提示,写一篇通知稿,告之全校师生.通知包含 以下要点:
  1.事由:欢迎 20 名日本学生来校参观.
  2.具体安排: a..9 月 15 日上午 8:45 在校门口集合,欢迎来校参观的日本学生. b.带客人到接待室(reception room)开联欢会(get-together). c.带客人参观图书馆,实验室和教学楼. d.11:30 和日本学生在食堂共进午餐,并互赠小礼物. [写作内容]
  1)请按内容要求写一份英语书面通知,文中开头和结尾已经给出.
  2)通知必须包括所有内容要点,但不要逐条译成英语. [写作要求] 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容. [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整和连贯. Boys and girls,
Attention,please. . The Japanese students will leave at about 12:
  00. That's all. Thank you. 第二节:读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文. I like watching TV very much for I think it has many advantages. First of all, watching TV is a good rest. After a day of hard work, we need a good rest. Watching TV can make our mind and body much relaxed because of the pleasant music and TV plays. Besides, watching TV is entertaining. There are many kinds of entertainment, such as sports activities, singing and dancing concerts, plays and films all over the world at every time. It's not possible for us to go to every place to enjoy all the activities within a short time. We need at least over ten hours to fly from New York to Paris, a week by train from Beijing to Moscow and an hour to drive from Queens District to Manhattan District. But within just one second, TV can
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bring us from an NBA game in New York to a fashion show in Paris. Most importantly, watching TV is educational. Our children can learn all kinds of subjects through the educational programs and the special reports on TV, and it's easy for them to learn Chinese from a Chinese teacher in Beijing and to learn Russian lessons from a Russian teacher in Moscow. Even we can learn how to behave well from the TV plays. [写作内容]:
  1. 以大约 30 个词概括短文的内容要点;
  2. 就 "My View on Watching TV" 这个主题, 谈谈你的感想. 这部分的词数大约 1
  20. 内容至少包括以下要点: (
  1) 作为中学生,请你谈谈对看电视的看法; (
  2) 中学生如何处理看电视与学习之间的关系. [写作要求]: 你可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不要 抄袭阅读材料中的句子.
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