高三英语专题复习
情景交际
Summer. 2010
考点分析及解题策略
1.中西文化及思维方式的差异
(
  1) ? Can I speak to Mr Wang, please? ? (2005全国卷 I ) 全国卷 A. Who are you ? B. I’m Wang. C. Speaking. D. Are you John? (
  2) ? It’s getting late. I’m afraid I must be going now. ? OK. . (2004全国卷 全国卷) 全国卷 A. Take it easy B. Go slowly C. Stay longer D. See you
(2010天津卷) ?Excuse me, I wonder if you can help me? ?Sure. ? A. What help B. What is this C. What is it D. What do you want (2009年福建卷) ?Bruce, I really appreciate your handwriting. ? . A. I practice every day B. Thank you very much C. No, I don’t think so D. Well, it’s not good enough

  2、注重礼貌和合作优先原则 、
(
  1) ?I’m sorry I broke your mirror. ? Oh, really? .(NMET,19
  86) A. It’s OK with me B. It doesn’t matter C. Don’t be sorry D. I don’t care (
  2)?I’d like to invite you to dinner this Saturday, Mr Smith. ? . A. Oh, no. Let’s not B. I’m very sorry, but I have other plans C. I’d rather stay at home. D. Oh, no. That’ll be too much trouble
(2010天津卷) ?Professor Johnson, I’m afraid I can’t finish the report within this week. ? . How about next week? A. Good for you B. It won’t bother me C. Not at all D. That’s OK (2009安徽卷) ?Could you be so kind as to close the window? ? . A. With pleasure B. Go ahead C. Yes, please D. That's OK
3、利用有效的语境因素

  1) ? Her father is very rich. ? She wouldn’t accept his help even if it were offered. (2010年山东卷) 年山东卷) 年山东卷 A. What for? B. So what? C. No doubt. D. No wonder. 2 ) ? I’d like to take a week’s holiday. ? , we’re too busy. (2003年全国卷 ) 年全国卷 A. Don’t worry B. Don’t mention it C. Forget it D. Pardon me
  3) ? Can I look at the menu for a few minutes before I decide? ? Of course . . (2004年四川) 年四川) 年四川 A. Make yourself at home B. Enjoy yourself C. It doesn’t matter D. Take your time
(2010年山东卷)? Her father is very rich. ? She wouldn’t accept his help even if it were offered. A. What for? B. So what? C. No doubt. D. No wonder. (2009 (2009山东卷) ?John and I will celebrate our fortieth wedding ) anniversary next month. ?Oh, ! A. cheer up B. well done C. go ahead D. congratulations

  4、注意语言的衔接 、
全国卷I) 1) (2010全国卷 ) ?Everybody is going to climb the 全国卷 mountain. Can I go too, mom? ? Wait till you are old enough, dear. A.Will you? B.Why not? . . C. C.I hope so. D. D.I’m afraid not. 2) ?No, I’m afraid he isn’t in. This is his secretary speaking. Can I help you ? (2004广东卷 广东卷) ? 广东卷 A. Oh, you will. B. Oh, that’s a pity . C. I should think so . D. Well, I look forward to hearing from you.
(2010浙江卷)?Would she mind playing against her former teammates? She is willing to play against any tough players. ? A. I think so. B. I’m not surprised. C. Of course. D. Not likely! (2010四川卷) ?I’m sorry. That wasn’t of much help. ?Oh, . As a matter of fact, it was most helpful. A. sure it was B. it doesn’t matter C. of course not D. thanks anyway
5.言语含义
? Do you think our basketballers played very well yesterday? ? . (2001年上海卷 年上海卷) 年上海卷 A. They were not nervous at all B. They were still young
  2) ?I think you naturally C. They played should phone Jenny and say sorry to her. D. They couldn’t have done better -- . It was her fault. 解析】 【解析】 They couldn't have done better.在这里是一句赞扬的 在这里是一句赞扬的 A. 说明他们已经尽到了最大的努力,不会打的比这再好了。 B. Not possible 说明他们已经尽到了最大的努力,不会打的比这再好了。 话,No way C. : 你认为昨天的篮球运动员打得出色吗?”“他们做的不 D. Not at all 译文: chance 译文No“你认为昨天的篮球运动员打得出色吗 他们做的不 能比这更好了。 答案为D。 能比这更好了。”答案为 。
(2010安徽卷) ?Do you know if Linda is willing to take charge of the program? ? , does it? A. It takes no time B. It counts for nothing C. It doesn’t hurt to ask D. It doesn’t make sense 解析: 解析 It doesn’t hurt to ask 问一问不要紧 ...又不是不能问 又不是不能问 (2010江苏卷) ?Do you think their table tennis team will win the first place at the coming Asian Games? ?.Ours is much stronger than theirs. A. Of course B. It depends C. Don’t mention it D. By no means
Practice

  1. ?Shall I help you with that suitcase? ? . A. It’s all right, thanks. B. Yes, go ahead please. C. I don’t want to trouble you too much D. No, please don’t do it
  2. ?How long are you staying? ?I don’t know. . A. That’s OK B. Never mind. C. It depends D. It doesn’t matter

  3. ?I’m afraid I can’t finish the book in this week. ? (2001年上海春季卷 年上海春季卷) 年上海春季卷 A. Please go ahead. B. That’s all right. C. Not at all. D. Take your time.
  4. ? Could you do me a favor and take these books to my office? ?Yes, . A. for pleasure B. I could C. my pleasure D. with pleasure
  5. ?Oh, must you? Stay a bit longer. It’s been such fun having you. ? , but I’ve got an early start tomorrow morning. A. No problem B. All right C. Thanks any way D. Never mind

  6. ?Beijing Airport, please, I’ll be there by ten. , but I’ll do my best. ? A. No problem B. All right C. I can’t promise D. It’s possible
  7. ?Thank you ever so much for the book you sent me. ? . (上海 上海19
  97) 上海 A. No thanks B. I’m glad you like it C. Please don’t say so D. No, it’s not so good
  8. ?Go for a picnic this weekend. OK? ? .I love getting close to nature. (福建 福建20
  04) 福建 A. I couldn’t agree more B. I’m afraid not C. I believe not D. I don’t think so

  9. ? Now, where is my purse? ? , We’ll be late for the picnic. A. Take your time B. Don’t worry C. come on D. Take it easy
  10. ? I didn’t hear you really. ?I was saying that the party was great. (2004辽宁卷 辽宁卷) 辽宁卷 A. Repeat. B. Once again. C. Sorry? D. So what?
Note: sorry(请某人重复你没听清的话 你说什么,请再说一遍 请某人重复你没听清的话)你说什么 请某人重复你没听清的话 你说什么, 例:Sorry ?Could you repeat the question? 你说什么?能不能把你的问题再说一遍?) (你说什么?能不能把你的问题再说一遍?)

  11. ? I’m afraid Mr.Wood can’t see you until 4 o’clock. ? Oh,, I won’t wait. (2005浙江 浙江) 浙江 A. no doubt B. after all C. in that case D. in this way

  12. ?I’m terribly sorry I broke your glass. ?.(安徽 (安徽20
  05) ) A. That’s right. B. Bad luck C. Sorry. D. You can forget it. Forget it
Note:
  1.(不想重复)别提它了 (不想重复)别提它了=be used to tell sb that you are not going to repeat what you said. Now, what were you saying about John? Forget it, it doesn’t matter.
  2. 没关系;不必在意 没关系;不必在意=be used to tell sb that sth isn’t important and that they should not worry about it. --I still owe you for lunch yesterday. --Forget it.
  3. 休想;不可能(强调 )= be used to emphasize that you are saying “no” to sth. 休想;不可能(强调no) --Any chance of you helping out here?(这儿你能帮个忙吗?) 这儿你能帮个忙吗? 这儿你能帮个忙吗 --Forget it. I’ve got too much to do.
  4. 住嘴;别烦人地说下去了 be used to tell sth to stop talking about sth because they are 住嘴;别烦人地说下去了= annoying you. Just forget it, will you! 闭上嘴,行不行! 闭上嘴,行不行!

  13. ?Do you think I could borrow your bicycle? ? ? (浙江 浙江20
  05) 浙江 A. How came? B. Take your time. C. Yes, go on. D. Yes, help yourself.
Note: help yourself/sb to sth
  1.为(自己 某人)取用 某人) 为 自己/某人 如: If you want another drink, just help yourself.
  2.擅自拿走;窃取 擅自拿走; 擅自拿走 He’d been helping himself to the money in the cash register. (他一直在偷现金出纳机中的钱。) 他一直在偷现金出纳机中的钱。) 他一直在偷现金出纳机中的钱
Summary:

  1.注意中西文化及思维方式的差异 注意中西文化及思维方式的差异
  2.注重礼貌和合作优先原则 注重礼貌和合作优先原则
  3.利用有效的语境因素 利用有效的语境因素
  4.注意语言的衔接 注意语言的衔接
  5.注意言语含义 注意言语含义
回答感谢: 回答感谢:
Not at all. It’s/ That’s all right. You are welcome. Don’t mention it. It’s a pleasure=My pleasure. That’s OK. I’m glad you like it. No problem.
回答道歉:
That’s all right/OK. It doesn’t matter. =Never mind. That’s nothing. Forget it. It’s nothing important. Never mind. No problem. Think nothing of it. 别在意;没什么;别客气 别在意;没什么; ?I’m sorry he was so rude to you. 对不起,他对你太没礼貌。 对不起,他对你太没礼貌。 ?It doesn’t bother me. 没关系。 没关系。 A: Sorry to have troubled you so much. 真不好意思这么麻烦。 真不好意思这么麻烦。 B: It's no trouble at all(=I don’t mind) 没关系。 没关系。 Not to worry. 没关系。是遗憾和抱歉的应答语, 另:Never mind. 没关系。是遗憾和抱歉的应答语,用来应答 I’m sorry或 I 或 apologize。不能从字面上翻译成“不介意”,不用来回答“Would you 。不能从字面上翻译成“不介意” 不用来回答“ mind?”用法同 It doesn’t matter. ” ?Would you mind? ?Not at all.=Not in the least.
情景交际真题练习( 情景交际真题练习(一):

  1.(2003年全国卷 年全国卷) 年全国卷 ?I think you should phone Jenny and say sorry to her. ?.It was her fault. A A. No way B. Not possible C. No chance D. Not at all 解析】 该句中的No 是俚语,意思是“ 【解析】 该句中的 way 是俚语,意思是“不可 根据答语中后半句的意思, 能”。根据答语中后半句的意思,应答者显然不愿意 道歉,因而才有前面的“断然否定” 项表示“ 道歉,因而才有前面的“断然否定”。B项表示“不 项表示 可能” 语气上和A相比较弱 相比较弱; 项表示 没有机会” 项表示“ 可能”,语气上和 相比较弱;C项表示“没有机会” 和下句It 没联系。 项表示 一点也不” 项表示“ 和下句 was her fault没联系。D项表示“一点也不” 没联系 和上句没有联系。译文: 我认为你该打电话给珍妮, 和上句没有联系。译文:“我认为你该打电话给珍妮, 向她表示歉意。”“没门儿 是她的错。 答案为A。 没门儿!是她的错 向她表示歉意。”“没门儿 是她的错。”答案为 。

  2.(2003年北京春季卷 年北京春季卷) 年北京春季卷
?I'm sorry I'm calling you so late. C ?okay.
A. This is B. You're C. That's D. I'm 解析】 本题在语境中考查了代词的用法。 指代下文, 【解析】 本题在语境中考查了代词的用法。This指代下文,That 指代下文 指代上文,从文中可以看出that指代上句“calling so late”没有关 指代上句“ 指代上文,从文中可以看出 指代上句 没有关 故用That's okay=That's all right“没关系”是道歉的应答语。 没关系” 系。故用 没关系 是道歉的应答语。 人称错误。 而B、D人称错误。答案为 。 、 人称错误 答案为C。
  3.(2003年安徽春季卷 年安徽春季卷) 年安徽春季卷
?Thanks for the lovely party and the delicious food. ?. D A. No thanks B. Never mind C. All right D. My pleasure
【解析】 本题考查回答感谢的交际用语。“No thanks”是中国式 解析】 本题考查回答感谢的交际用语。 是中国式 英语。“Never mind”是没关系,“All right”是“好吧”的意思, 英语。 是没关系, 是 好吧”的意思, 是没关系 正确的应为“ 正确的应为“That's all right”,可以排除 、B、C,答案为 。 ,可以排除A、 、 ,答案为D。

  4.(2002年全国卷 年全国卷) 年全国卷 ?I'm taking my driving test tomorrow. ?! B A. Cheers B. Good luck C. Come on D. Congratulations 解析】 是向对方表示祝愿的用语, 【解析】 Good luck!是向对方表示祝愿的用语,祝愿对方在明天 是向对方表示祝愿的用语 的驾驶考试中取得好的成绩。 表示欢呼与喝彩; 的驾驶考试中取得好的成绩。Cheers!表示欢呼与喝彩;Come on! 表示欢呼与喝彩 表示劝说、激励、不耐烦等,意思是“ 快 得了 得了!”; 表示劝说、激励、不耐烦等,意思是“来!快!得了 ; Congratulations!是当对方取得成绩时,向对方表示祝贺的用语。 是当对方取得成绩时, 是当对方取得成绩时 向对方表示祝贺的用语。 答案为B。 答案为 。
  5.(2002年北京卷 年北京卷) 年北京卷 ?It's been a wonderful evening. Thank you ver
 

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