Unit 2 Healthy eating
教材分析和教材重组 教 材 分 析 本单元的中心话题是“健康饮食”。本单元将通过谈论健康饮食,让学生了解饮食与 健康方面的有关知识并且能根据所学知识审视自己、 审视食物, 提高自己饮食方面 的意识。 日常生活中少吃汉堡、 薯条等高热量低营养食品, 多吃水果、 蔬菜和谷物, 远离肥胖和亚健康状态。
  1. Warming Up 部分通过一个表格向学生展示了 fast energy foods,slow energy foods,body-building foods,foods that give fibre for digestion and health,探讨各种 食物对人体的作用,然后通过询问学生的个人饮食习惯来引导学生关注平衡饮食。
  2. Pre-reading 部分让学生讨论 Which food contains more sugar/ fat/ fibre/ salt…? 然后通过对含量不同的食物的排序,使学生进一步了解哪些食品含糖/脂肪/纤维/ 蛋白质最多,哪些食品最少。
  3. Reading 部分主要讲述王鹏伟和咏慧开饭店的不同风格,经营的菜肴以及顾客 对不同食品的不同反响, 反映了现代人对饮食的关注和时尚追求。 文章结尾一句话 The competition between the two restaurants was on!给读者留下了悬念, 引起学生极 大兴趣,使学生有继续阅读的欲望。
  4. Comprehending 分为两部分。第一部分通过 True or False 的练习,使学生对文 章有一个浅层次的理解。 第二部分通过完成四个句子使学生了解到王鹏伟和咏慧两 个饭店各自的优势和劣势。
  5. Learning about Language 中的 Discovering useful words and expressions 主要让 学生通过上下文在语篇中学习词汇, 在语境中感悟其用法, 并且让学生了解一些构 词法,如-en 加在形容词后,词性多为动词,-ive 为形容词后缀,-ness,-ment 为名 词后缀等。 Discovering useful structures 让学生在文章中找出含有情态动词的句子并 标出其功能,使学生不仅复习了情态动词的用法,更主要的是通过他们亲自动手、 动脑、动笔,锻炼学生的鉴别能力和自主学习能力,克服了那些单纯学习英语结构 的弊病。
  6. Using Language 分为两三部分。 听的部分是主体阅读文章内容的继续, 主要讲述鹏伟到图书馆查寻资料, 发现他和 咏慧的饭店提供的食物都存在片面性, 从中学到许多有关健康食品的知识。 通过听, 学生了解到哪些是能量食品 (energy-giving foods) 哪些是健身食品 , (body-building foods),哪些是保健食品(protective foods),还有两家餐馆所提供食物的营养和 作用。 读的部分继续讲述故事,经过一段磨合,鹏伟和咏慧将菜单合并,决定合作,提出 为顾客提供既有能量又有纤维的食品。富有戏剧性的是, 最后两人结婚,共同经营 这家饭店。 整个故事不仅让学生在阅读中感受到故事的趣味性, 还教会了他们如何 改变饮食习惯,改善饮食结构,丰富饮食文化。 说和写部分结合生活实际, 让学生两人一组研究中餐并设计食谱, 使学生将书本所 学的知识运用到实际生活中,锻炼其口语和书面表达能力。
  1. 将 Warming Up,Pre-reading,Reading 与 Comprehending 整合在一起上一节“阅 读课”。
  2. 将 Learning about Language 和 Workbook 的 using words and expressions 及 using structures 整合在一起上一节“语言学习课”。
  3. 将 Using Language 设计为一节包括听说读写在内的“综合技能课(一)”。
教 材 重 组

  4. 将 Workbook 的 READING AND LISTENING 和 TALKING 结合在一起上一节“听 说课”。
  5. 将 Workbook 的 LISTENING TASK,READING AND WRITING TASK 和 SPEAKING TASK 设计为一节“综合技能课(二)”。 课 时 分 配 1st Period 2nd Period 3rd Period 4th Period 5th Period Reading Language study Integrating skills(Ⅰ) Listening and Speaking Integrating skills(Ⅱ)
Part 1: Teaching Design 第一部分:教学设计) (第一部分:教学设计)
Period 1: A sample lesson plan for reading (COME AND EAT HERE <1>)
Aims To develop the students’ reading ability To learn something about healthy eating Procedures I. Warming up Warming up by learning vocabulary Hello, everyone. We shall read about healthy eating today. Everybody has to eat, but do you eat a healthy diet? Turn to page 97 and familiarize yourself with the words and expressions used in this unit. Try to make up a story based on the vocabulary, either in English or in Chinese. Warming up by sharing opinions If you eat out a lot, find ways to follow your meal plan as much as possible. Pick a restaurant with a variety of choices to increase your chances of finding the foods you want. When you eat out, order only what you need and want, know how to make changes in your meal plan in case the restaurant doesn't have just what you want. Variety, Balance, and Moderation 多样性,平衡性,和节制性 多样性,平衡性, There is no secret to healthy eating. Be sure to eat a variety of foods, including plenty of vegetables, fruits, and whole grain products. Also include low-fat dairy products, lean meats, poultry, fish, and legumes. Drink lots of water and go easy on the salt, sugar, alcohol, and saturated fat. Good nutrition should be part of an overall healthy lifestyle, that also includes regular physical activity, not smoking, and stress management. If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation. II. Pre-reading
  1. Questioning and answering Rice is main food in South China. What do you think would happen if tomorrow there was suddenly no rice to eat? For reference: Then people in the south would have to change their eating habit. They could
turn to potatoes, wheat flour, cow and sheep cheese, cabbage, onions and garlic for food. They are the bases of the traditional food in North China. If you had the chance to do one thing to help end hunger in the world, what would you do? For reference: I would try to end hunger by popularizing the advanced farming techniques. Modern techniques could be introduced to increase the rice output, and expand the area of fields.
  2. Looking and listening Look at the sign of a restaurant. It reads: We Make It Easy! Accommodating up to 80 guests Sit down meals with a choice of three entrees Buffets available for parties of 38 or more Intimate appetizer receptions Banquets are menu price plus tax & tip No room charge for meal functions No advanced deposit required Elegant set-up, complete with table linens and fresh-cut flowers Service staff dedicated to your party Do you want to eat here at this restaurant? Let’s go! III. Reading
  1. Reading aloud to the recording Comprehension?understanding what you are reading?is important. To read in thought groups(意群) is an easy, yet effective, way of improving reading comprehension. Now turn to page 9 and read aloud to the recording of the text COME AND EAT HERE. Pay attention to the thought groups in the sentences while listening and reading aloud. Reading and underlining Read the text again and try to underline all the collocations in the passage. You are going to copy them into your notebook after class as homework. Collocations from COME AND EAT HERE (
  1) sit in an empty restaurant 坐在空荡荡的餐馆里, feel frustrated 感到沮丧, get up early 早起, prepare one’s menu of mutton kebabs/roast pork 准备(烤羊肉串/烤猪肉)菜肴, by lunchtime 到午饭时间, ought to 应该, full of 充满……, be think of…想到……, cook…in the hottest oil 用热油烹调, fried rice 炒米饭, taste of fat 吃起来油腻, hurry by 匆匆走过, eat with sb.与某人 吃饭, follow … into…跟随进入, a newly-opened small restaurant 一个新开张的餐馆, at the end of the street 在街道的尽头, a sign in the window 窗子上的一个标牌, be tired of 对……厌 倦、 厌烦, come inside to…走进去, serve slimming food 提供苗条食品, make…thin 使……变 瘦, drive…inside 驱使……进入 , a thin lady 一位很瘦的女士 come forward 向前, take…off…减掉, raw vegetables 生菜, be amazed at…对……感到吃惊, cost more than… 比……花费多, believe one’s eyes 相信自己的眼睛, throw away 扔掉;丢弃 hurry outside 赶 紧出去, on one’s way home 在某人回家的路上, be on 上演,进行,think about…考虑……, make…fat 使……肥胖, find out 找到; 发现, get away with 被放过; (做坏事) 不受惩罚, tell lies/a lie 说谎, do some research 做研究, energy-giving food 提供能量的食物, become/be tired 变累, win… back 赢回, feel fit 感到健康
  3. Understanding difficult sentences
In groups of four, analyze the structure of the difficult sentences. If you have any problems which are too difficult for you to solve do not hesitate to put them to me.
  4. Reading and transferring In pairs, read the text, find information to complete the following form. Facts about Yong Hui’s restaurant location menu measures Facts about Wang Pengwei’s restaurant location menu measures
IV. Closing down Closing down by doing exercises In the last five minutes let’s do the comprehension exercises on page
  11. Check your answers against your neighbour’s when you have finished. Closing down by having a dictation To end the period you will take a dictation. It is about how to order in a restaurant. Additional Materials Complete the summary of the story with one word in each blank. Wang Pengwei felt 1 in an empty restaurant because no eaters have came to his restaurant 2 since he got up early in the morning. He wanted to find out why. He hurried out and 3 Maochang into a newly-opened restaurant. He found that the owner 4 Yong Hui was serving slimming foods to make people thin. Driven by 5, Wang Pengwei came 6 to take a close look at the menu. He could not even 7 his eyes. He was 8 at what he saw. He hurried outside and got 9 to do some
  10. After a lot of reading, he 11 that Yong Hui’s food made people become 12 quickly because it was no 13 food. Arriving home Wang Pengwei rewrote his own sign. To his joy, people began coming to his restaurant again. He was able to 14 his living now. He looked 15 to being rich and he wouldn’t be in 16 any longer. Then all of a sudden Yong Hui walked in with anger. Wang Pengwei asked her to try a meal of his. Although enjoying the dumplings served there, Yong Hui looked ill and felt sick with the fatty pork and all those heavy food. They 17 about offering a 18 diet and providing a balanced menu to cut down the fat and increase the 19 in the meal. They learned from each other. In the end they decided to turn the two restaurants into a big one. They got 20 and lived happily ever after! ( Key:
  1.frustrated
  2.ever
  3.followed
  4.named
  5.curiosity
  6.forward
  7.believe
  8.amazed :
  9.online
  10.research
  11.realized
  12.tired
  13.energy-giving
  14.earn
  15.forward
  16.debt
  17.chatted
  18.balanced
  19.fibre
  20.married ) Comprehension questions
  1. Why did Wang Pengwei go to Yong Hui’s restaurant? He wanted to. A. know where his customers had gone B. spy on the slim lady Yong Hui C. have lunch with Li Maochang D. have something special
  2. Wang Pengwei found the following EXCEPT in Yong Hui’s restaurant. A. There were only raw vegetables, meat and water. B. There were a lot of customers. C. The prices here were higher. D. The only drink here is water.
  3. What’s wrong with Yong Hui’s menu? The following statements are right EXCEPT . A. The food here was too limited. B. It didn’t give enough energy-giving food.
C. The food on the menu was more delicious. D. It offered slimming food only.
  4. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Wang Pengwei’s customers often became fat after eating in his restaurant. B. Wang Pengwei provided a balanced diet. C. Yong Hui could make people thin in 2 weeks by giving them a good diet. D. Wang Pengwei’s menu gave people food containing enough fibre. (Key:
  1.A
  2.A
  3. C
  4.A) : Notes to some difficult sentences
  1. Wang Pengwei sat in his empty restaurant feeling very frustrated. (Reading) 这里的 feeling 是-ing 用做伴随状语。王鹏伟坐在他那空荡荡的餐馆里,感到十分沮丧。 Mary stood at the school gate waiting for Betty.
  2. Nothing could have been better. (Reading) 再好不过了。 此句子相当于 All his foods could have been the best. “not/no/never /nothing +比较级”句型常用来表示“没有……比……更……”, 即: 比较 级表达最高级概念。例如: There is nothing more interesting than the film I have ever seen in the past years. 在近几年我所看的电 影中没有比这部更有意思的了。 下面介绍 2 种带有否定词的比较句型:
  1) no better than:表示“和……一样;实际等于……”,如: He is no better than a beggar. 他实际上等于一个乞丐。 The invalid is no better than he was yesterday. 病人的情况和昨天一样。 He has no better a say in the matter than I have. 他和我一样在这件事上没有发言权。
  2) not. . . any more than 或 no more. . . than:表示“同……一样不”,如: I could no more do that than you. I could not do that any more
 

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