高一英语必修( 高一英语必修(一)重点句式

  1. There was a time when …曾有一段时间 曾一度 曾有一段时间/曾一度 曾有一段时间 曾一度……
例句:There was a time when I hated to go to school. 我曾一度不喜欢上学。 练习:
  1) 曾有一段时间房价很高。
  2)我曾一度与父母相处的不好。 类似的句式:There are times when …有时常会 有时常会…… 有时常会 例句:
  1.There are times when it often rains in winter in my hometown. 我家乡冬天时常下雪。

  2. It is/was the …time that sb has done/had done sth 某人第几次做 某事
例句:
  1) It was the last time that I had seen my former teacher. 那是我最后一次见到我的前任老师。
  2)This is the third time that I have come to Shanghai. 这是我第三次到上海来。

  3. He should have studied hard, but he didn’t.他本该努力学习, 他本该努力学习, 他本该努力学习 但他 却没做到。
注:句中“should have done”结构的意思是“本该做却未做” ,指的是过去的情 况。相同结构,但意思不同的有以下几种:
  1) must have done (一定做过…)
  2) can’t have done (不可能做过…)
  3) needn’t have done (本不必做…)
  4) may/might have done (可能做过…)
  5) could have done (本来能够做…) 练习:
  1)你本不该打开这封信,因为信封上写的不是你的名字 ,for it wasn’t addressed to your name.
  2) 你本不必带雨伞,因为我们要坐车去。 , for we are leaving by car.
  3) 我是能够借钱给你的,你为什么没向我借? , Why didn’t you ask me?

  4. She insisted that she organize the trip properly.
注:表示“命令、要求、建议”等的动词作谓语时,其后的宾语从句的谓语要用
“ (should) +动词原形” 。这类动词高中阶段主要有以下几个: demand order prefer advise propose
I
drop
caps
suggest
Request; require; recommend
command
例如:Our teacher suggest that we (should) make full use of time. 另外,这些动词的名词形式后面的同位语从句(用来解释前面的名词)的谓语也 同样是这种结构。 例如:
  1)He refused our request that he (should) try again. 他拒绝了我们让他再试一次的请求。
  2)He made a suggestion that we (should) finish the work ahead of time. 他提出了我们应该提前完成工作这一建议。 练习: ( )We requested that the house soon A repaired B would repair C be repair D repair

  5. It is because he didn’t finish his homework that he was punished by his teacher. 是因为没完成作业,他被老师惩罚了。 是因为没完成作业,他被老师惩罚了。
注: It is/was +强调句型 that+主句” 这是强调句式。被强调的部分可以是人 “ 强调句型+ 主句” 强调句型 主句 , 或事物, 也可以使句子。 强调人时用 如: 强调人时用 that 或 who 引导句子, It was my teacher who/that helped me work out the math problem. 强调其他一律都用 that。 It was 如: in 1984 that I graduated from school.

  6. I was about to sail away in a junk when suddenly I heard the sound of stamping and singing on the bank. 李白乘舟将欲行,忽 李白乘舟将欲行, 闻岸上踏歌声。 闻岸上踏歌声。
注: about to leave when (suddenly) +句子” “be 这一句式表示 “某人刚要…这时 (忽 然)…”再如:I was about to leave when (suddenly) it began to rain.我刚要离去, 天突然下雨了。 这种句式中没有时间状语) (这种句式中没有时间状语)

  7. The novels written by the famous writer sell well. 那位著名作家 写的小说很畅销。 写的小说很畅销。
注:句中 sell well 是“销路广/很畅销“的意思。 在英语中,这种说明事物的性质或特征的句子要用主动语态,这类动词有 sell、 wash、write、last、milk、cut、operate、read、digest、handle、tear 等,如:

  1) This paper tears easily. 这种纸很容易撕破。
  2)
  3)
  4)
  5) This car handles well. 这种车很好驾驶。 This food digests well. 这食物容易消化。 This cloth washes well. 这布很耐洗。 The cow milks well. 这头母牛出奶率高。

  6) This cloth lasts well.这种布很耐穿。

  8. We have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.我 我 们已处于几乎没有说明权利的阶段。 们已处于几乎没有说明权利的阶段。
在定语从句中, 当先行词为 case(情况)、 stage(阶段)、 point 关键时刻) condition ( 、 (状况) 、position(状况) 、situation(形势、局面)等时,要用 where 引导其定 语从句。 (这些词表示“抽象的地点” ) 例如:
  1)We have come to a point where some measures must be taken to stop pollution. 我们已经到了必须采取措施阻止污染这一紧要关头。
  2)Can you think of a situation where his phrase can be used? 你能想出这个短语在哪种情况下可以使用吗?

  9. Only then did we decided to answer violence with violence.只有那 只有那 时我们才决定以暴制暴。 时我们才决定以暴制暴。
注:这是倒装句的一种,其结构式“only + 词/词组 句子 + 一般疑问句结构” 词组/句子 一般疑问句结构” , 词组 其目的是强调 only 后的内容。如:
  1) Only in this way, can I solve the problem. 只有用这种方式我才能解决这个问题。
  2)Only when he told me the fact did I understand what he said. 只有当他告诉我那个事实的时候我才明白他说的话。 另外,英语中倒装句式较多,请注意总结和归纳。再如:
  1)Never will I forget my old friends。 (否定副词位于句首)
  2)At the foot of the hill lies an old temple. (表方位的介词短语或副词位于句首)
  3)Not until he got home did he realize that he had lost it. (同上。注意主句用倒装)

  10. I got a job working in an office. 我得到了一份工作??坐办公 我得到了一份工作?? ??坐办公 室。
注:句中的 working in an office 是结果状语,是主句 I got a job 的结果(正常结 果) 。但有时用不定式做结果状语(出乎意料的结果) 。 如: hurried home only to find his room had been broken into. 他匆忙赶到家结果 He 发现他的房间被人闯入过。 另外,在英语中,为了使句子精炼、生动、形象,往往用分词短语、介词短语或
独立主格等做状语。 如:
  1)The beggar went from door to door, begging for food. (伴随状语)
  2)Hearing the news, he burst out laughing. (时间状语) =When he heard the news, he burst out laughing.
  3)With the old man leading the way, we can find the place easily ( ” with”的复合结构作原因状语)
  4)The thief stepped into the room, knife in hand. (独立主格结构=with a knife in his hand) 再者,同学们要善于观察,英语注重“形合” ,而汉语注重“意合” ,一个标点, 一个连词都会决定其句式的变化。如:
  1)I have two pens, and neither of them writes well. = I have two pens, neither of which writes well.
  2) 总所周知,指南针是中国人发明的。 As is known to us, the compass was invented by Chinese. (非限制性定语从句) = As is known to us that the compass was invented by Chinese. (主语从句) = What is known to us is that the compass was invented by Chinese.(主语从句和 表语从句) 练习(改错) : 练习(改错)
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
  8. Seeing on the top of the hill, the West Lake looks more beautiful. He has three sisters, and all of whom are doctors. The man stands under the tree is my friend. Mr Mandela gave me a job took tourist around the prison. Please write a short passage basing on your poster. The Mekong River passes through deep valleys travel across the plains. Along the way children dress in long wool coats stopped to look at us. It is reported in the paper, our country has launched(发射) another man-made satellite.
  9. Do you know the fact when he won the speech contest yesterday?

  10. The day when we spent together are unforgettable.

  11. The reason he explained it sounds reasonable.
  12. This is the third time when you have made the same mistake.

  11. The exact date has escaped me. (我记不起确切的日期了。) 我记不起确切的日期了。 我记不起确切的日期了
注: “sth escape sb” 某人记不起… 英语中有许多单词有引申或抽象的含义和用法。因此,同学们不要仅仅满足 于术后生词表中所标注和绘出的词性和词义。应多查字典并善于整理和记忆。 再如:
  1)The final exam is coming near and students are burying themselves in their studies. 期末考试快到了,学生们都在埋头学习。 埋头做…) (bury oneself in…埋头做 ) 埋头做
  2) He is equal to (doing) this task. 他能胜任这项任务。 (be equal to ① 等于② 胜任③ 经得起) 等于② 胜任③ 得起) 再如:He is equal to any trial. 他经得起任何考验。
  3) The food here doesn’t agree with me. 这里的食物不适合我。 His advice doesn’t agree with mine. 他的意见与我的不一致。 (agree with ① 同意② 适合③ 与…一致)

  12. Go straight along the road and you will see the shop. 沿着这条路 一直朝前走,你就会看到那家书店。 一直朝前走,你就会看到那家书店。
注:straight 既是形容词,又是副词(而无 straightly 这种形式 这种形式) 而无 再如:
  1)He works hard at his lessons. 他所有功课都很努力。 句中 hard 就是副词“努力地” ,而 hardly 是“几乎不”的意思。
  2)He dived deep into the sea. 他潜入深海。 (表具体 deep 既是形容词,又是副词。上句中 deep 是副词,意思是“深的”
深度) ,而 deeply 表抽象的概念。如:I was deeply moved by the film. 我被这部影 片深深地打动了。
  3)He jumps high in the high jump.他跳高跳得很高。 注:上句中第一个 high 是副词(高的) ;第二个 high 是形容词(高的) 。而 highly (高度地)指的是抽象的概念。如:He was highly praised by the judges. 他受到 裁判们高度地赞扬。
 

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