主语从句 主语从句 宾语从句 宾语从句 表语从句 表语从句 同位语从句 从句一律保持陈述语序。 从句一律保持陈述语序。
注 意:

  1、当主句的谓语动词是一般现在时或一般将来时,宾 当主句的谓语动词是一般现在时或一般将来时,
语从句的谓语动词可以用所需要的任何一种时态。 语从句的谓语动词可以用所需要的任何一种时态。
  2、当主句的谓语动词是一般过去时,宾语从句的谓语 、当主句的谓语动词是一般过去时, 动词要用相应的过去时态,但当宾语从句叙述的内容 动词要用相应的过去时态, 为客观真理时,仍然用一般现在时。 为客观真理时,仍然用一般现在时。
travels The teacher told his class that light faster than sound.

  1. The radio says it cloudy tomorrow. will be (be) goes
  2. The headmaster hopes everything well. (go)
  3. Tom says that they were playing (play) basketball at six o’clock yesterday evening. ’
  4. I hear they have returned (return) it already.
  5. He said that they members of the had been Party since 19
  48. (be)

  6. I didn’t know what time he wrote ’ the letter. (write)
  7. Could you tell me who has takenaway the book already? (take)
  8. Ling Feng told me he to had been the Great Wall several times. (be)

  2. 宾语从句:从句在句中充当宾语成分( 可以作谓语 宾语从句:从句在句中充当宾语成分( 动词、介词、不定式等非谓语动词的宾语) 动词、介词、不定式等非谓语动词的宾语)
连词: 常可省略) 连词:that, whether,if ( that 常可省略) , who, what, which, whoever, whatever, when where why how

  1). They know that the habit will kill them.
  2).It all depends on whether they will support us .
  3) He asked how much I paid for the violin.
  4).He made it clear to the public that he did an important and necessary job .
  5).I find it necessary that we should do the homework.

  3. 表语从句:从句在句中充当表语成分,一般放在连 表语从句:从句在句中充当表语成分, 系动词之后. 作用:对主语进行解释说明。 作用:对主语进行解释说明。 系动词之后 连接词: 连接词:that / whether /as if /as though( if 不引导 ( 表语从句) 表语从句 连接代词: 连接代词:who / whom / whose / which / what 连接副词: 连接副词:when / where / why / how / because
The question is whether we can rely on him. That’s because we were in need of money ’ at that time . He looked as if he was going to cry . That’s why I was late . ’

  1. That’s the Party called on us to do. ’ A. why B. what C. how D. that

  2. The reason is he is unable to operate the machine. A. because B. why C. that D. Whether
3 .That is they separated. A. that B. what C. which D. where

  4.Jane is no longer she was four years ago. A. what B. which C. that D. when
注 意:

  1.在表语从句中,表“是否” 时,只能用 在表语从句中, 在表语从句中 是否” “whether”不能用“If”。 ”不能用“ ”
  2.一般情况下,“that”不能省。 一般情况下, 一般情况下 ”不能省。
  3. It is /was because …. It is /was why….
  3. The reason (why…/for…)is /was that…. 4 The reason is because /why… that ….
Grammar:
Subject clause
Can you find the following sentence in the reading passage? What it was to become was a mystery until the dust began to slowly combine into a ball moving around the sun.
In this sentence, a noun clause is used as the subject.
Please pick out three more sentences with subject clauses from the reading passage.

  1. …because it was not clear whether the solid shape was to last or not.
  2. What scientists think is that the earth was different because of …
  3. Whether life will continue on the earth for millions of years to come will depend on …
P64 USING STRUCTURE Do you know where we come from? How did the universe begin? Read the passage and try to understand how Stephen Hawking solved the problems?
What
  1. the universe is like has attracted Stephen Hawking all his life. What
  2. is clear and simple about the universe has always seemed too difficult for us to answer. Why
  3. the universe exists the way it does is a major question to all those who have looked at stars like Hawking. What
  4. has developed over two thousand years of observation has to be greatly revised. where
  5. in the universe we live is not the centre, but one of the mine planets orbiting the sun, which is just one of millions of stars in our own Milky Way galaxy.

  6. we understand the universe is the time When when we human beings will have answered all the questions.
How
  7. we can have a complete picture of the universe depends on learning to understand what we see.

  8. Hawking wants to tell us in this text is that What we should study the universe, and understand it.
做主语用的名词性从句, 做主语用的名词性从句,因其在复合句中做主 又称主语从句, 语,又称主语从句,引导主语从句的有从属连 词that, whether, 连接代词 , 连接代词who, what, which, , 连接副词when, where, how, why等。 连接副词 等

  1. he made an important speech at the meeting was true. A. That B. Why C. What D. How
  2. we’ll go camping tomorrow depends ’ on the weather . A If B Whether C That D Where

  3. is known to us all is that America is a developed countrythe First World. a.Which; belong to c. What; belonging to b. As, belonged to d. It; belonging to
注 意:
“if” 不能引导主语从句,应有“whether”引导。 不能引导主语从句,应有“ 引导。 主语从句的 “that” 一般不能省。 一般不能省。 “what”引导主语从句时,谓语动词: 引导主语从句时,谓语动词:

  1)常与其后的名词作表语一致
  2)根据句子的语境而定。 根据句子的语境而定。

  1. What you left are only several old books.
  2. What you said is of great importance.
  3. What he says and does doesn’t concern me. ’
  4. What he says and does don’t agree. ’

  4. It’s known to us all a form of energy . ’ A. water is C. is water B. that water is D. that water to

  5. It worried her a bit her hair was turning gray. A. whether B. That C. what D. when

  6.What I say and think none of your business. A. is B. are C. has D have

  2.位置: 主语从句可以前置,也可以后置。 位置: 主语从句可以前置,也可以后置。 位置 做形式主语, 用it做形式主语,而把主语从句放在句末, 做形式主语 而把主语从句放在句末, 常用下面几种句型。 常用下面几种句型。
It 的用法: (形式主语) 的用法: 形式主语)
It’ possible/important/necessary/clear… ’ that……很可能 重要的是 必要的是 很清楚 很可能/重要的是 必要的是…/很清楚 很可能 重要的是…/必要的是 很清楚… It’ said/ reported… that..据说 据报道 ’ 据说/据报道 据说 据报道… It’s been announced/declared that..已经通知 宣 ’ 已经通知/宣 已经通知 布… It seems/appears/happens.. that…显然、明显、 显然、 显然 明显、 碰巧.. 碰巧 It’s no wonder that…并不奇怪 无疑 ’ 并不奇怪/无疑 并不奇怪 无疑… It’s a pity/a fact /a common knowledge (众所周 ’ 众所周 知)/ a common saying….(俗话说) (俗话说)
注意:

  1)主语从句在句首时,必须由连接词引 )主语从句在句首时, 不能省略这些连接词;但是如果用it 导,不能省略这些连接词;但是如果用 做形式主语,而把主语从句放在句末时, 做形式主语,而把主语从句放在句末时, 从属连词that可以省略。 可以省略。 从属连词 可以省略

  11.There will be a special price for buys things in large number here. A. who B. whom C. whoever D. Whomever

  12. Mary wrote an article on the team had failed to win the game . A.why B. what C. who D. that (
  05)

  13.The poor young man is ready to accept __ help he can get. (
  05) A. whichever C. whatever B. however D.whenever

  14.Many newspaper printed the governor’s ’ statement would support a tax cut. A.and he B. was that he C which he D that he

  15. man must fear when traveling in space is radiation from the sun. A.Which B. How C. What D. That

  16.It is generally considered unwise to give a child he or she wants. A. However C. whichever B. whatever D. whenever
名词性从句可以表示:事实和问题。 名词性从句可以表示:事实和问题。

  1.连接词有: that whether 和 lf 连接词有: 连接词有
  2.连接代词有:who whom whose which 连接代词有: 连接代词有 what 等
  3.连接副词有:when where why how 等 连接副词有: 连接副词有 另外 whatever whoever whichever等 也可 等 以引导主语和宾语两种从句 主语和宾语两种从句。 以引导主语和宾语两种从句。
名词性从句中的“that”没有词义,也不作任何成 名词性从句中的“ 没有词义, 分。

  1. Can you make sure the gold rings? A. where she had put C. where she has put B. where had she put D. where has she put

  2.The reason that has been such a success he never gives up. A. is B. is because C. is that D. is what

  3. breaks the law should be punished. ? A Whoever c. anyone. b. No matter who d. who

  4. That is I had to take the risk of being washed away. A. why B. reason why C. how D. what

  5. Do you think is right difficulties you may have. A. what ;however C. whatever ; whoever B. that ;whatever D. what; whatever

  6.The workers considered it important the boss would agree to give them a rise. A. whether B. how C. where D. which

  7. Along with the letter was his promise he would visit me this coming Christmas. A. which B. that C. what D. whether
  8. You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is I disagree. A. why B. where C. what D. how

  9. Difficulty lies we have no money. A. that B. in that C. in the fact D. in the fact that
  10. I don’t think the question of they are old or young is important. A. which B. whether C. how D. why

  11. It makes no difference you will go today or tomorrow. A. if B. whether C. that D. what

  12. should be sent to work there? A. Who do you suggest B. Who do you suggest that should C. Do you suggest who should D. Do you suggest whom should

  13. The news Lincoln was murdered filled the American people’s hearts with deep sorrow. ’ A. which B. when C. that D. how
  14. he said at the meeting astonished everyone present. A. What B. That C. The fact D. The matter

  15. I don’t trust his promise he will buy me a ’ new car. A. which B. what C. when D. that

  16. She received the message he would come by plane. A. that B. which C. what D. when

  17. Energy is makes things work. A. what B. something C. anything D. that

  18.Our city has changed a lot ,and now it is quite different from __ a few years ago. A. what it used to be C.which it used to be B. that it used to be D. what was it

  19. We all know the truth there are air ,water and sunlight,there are living things. A. wherever B. where C. that D. that wherever

  20.The true value of life is not in , but. A. how you get ;that you give B.which you get;what you give C.what you get ;what you give D. what do you get ;what do you give
  21. is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. A. There B. This C. That D. It
 

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