高一英语必修 3 词汇复习总结 Unit 1 Festivals around the world

  1.mean doing sth. 意味着 be meant for 打算作…用
  3.of all kinds 各种各样的
  5.be satisfied with 感到满意 mean to do sth. 打算或企图做某事
  2. take place 发生;举行
  4.starve to death 饿死 mean sb. to do sth. 打算让某人做某事
take the place of sb= be in place of sb 替代某人 starve for sth / starve to do 渴望
be starved of sth. 缺乏
to one’s satisfaction 感到满意是...

  6. in memory of / in honor of . 纪念某人
  8.in the shape of 呈…的形状 reward sb. for sth. 因...奖赏某人
  11. admire sb. for sth 在某方面钦佩某人

  7. do harm to sb. =do sb. harm =be harmful to sb. 伤害某人
  9.award sth.(to sb.) =award sb.sth.(for sth.) 给予, 颁奖
  10.reward sb. with sth. 用某物酬劳某人
  12.look forward to 期望, 期待
  10.dress up 打扮,化装

  13. have fun with sb. 玩得开心, 过得快乐 =have a good time = enjoy oneself.
  15. keep one’s word 守信用
  16. break one’s word 失信

  14. turn up.来, 出现; 把音量开大些

  17. set off 动身, 出发; 使(地雷、炸弹)爆炸
  18. remind sb. of sth. 提醒, 使想起 remind sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事
  19. forgive sb (for) sth 原谅某人某事 forgiving adj. 宽容的

  20. apologize to sb for (doing) sth = make an apology to sb for sth 因某事向某人道歉
Unit 2 Healthy eating

  1.a healthy diet 健康饮食
  4.feel frustrated 感到沮丧
  7.be tired of 厌倦
  10. get across(使)被理解 a balanced diet 平衡的饮食
  5.by lunchtime 到午餐时间
  8.be amazed at sth. 对...感到惊奇 get rid of 摆脱, 除掉
  2.in different way 用另外方式
  6.must have happened 一定发生过
  9. throw away 扔掉 get away with 逃脱
  3.most often 最经常
get over 克服
get through 完成;花光;接通电话
get down to doing sth 着手做…

  11.tell lies 说谎
  12.energy-giving food 提供热量的食物
  13.keep fit 保持精力旺盛
  14.do some research into 做一些...方面的研究 stare at 凝视
  18.move round 绕过
  21.rather than 而不是
  24.before long 不久
  27. be limited to sth 受限制于… within the limits of…在..范围内 have sth done 让别人做某事
body-building foods 提供营养的食物
  15.earn one’s living 谋生
  19.spy on 在暗中侦察;打探

  16.be in debt 负债

  17.glare at 怒视

  20.upset sb.使......不安
be upset=be unhappy

  22.look ill 感到不舒服 feel sick 感到恶心
  25.cut down 减少 cut in 插嘴,打断

  23.chat(ting) about 聊起关于...

  26. build up one’s strengthen 增强实力 go beyond /over the limit 超过限度 have sb do 让某人做 have sth to be done 有些事情需要别人做
set a limit to sth 对…规定限度
  28. not…have sb doing 不允许某人做 have sth to do 有些事情要做
知识点归纳( ) 高一英语必修 3 知识点归纳(
  1)
Unit 1 Festivals around the world

  1. mean 的用法
  1). mean doing sth. “意味着(必须要做某事或导致种结果)”, 其主语通常是指事物的词。
  2). mean to do sth. “打算或企图做某事”,主语通常是表示人的名词或代词,过去完成式表示“本来打算做某事”。
  3). mean sb. to do sth. “打算让某人做某事”,也可以用于被动结构。
  4). mean 后接名词、副词或从句, “表示;打算;存心”等意思;后接 that 从句,意为“表示……”。
  5). be meant for “打算给予;打算作……用”。 In some parts of London, missing a bus means for another hour. A. waiting B. to wait C. wait D. to be waiting
  2. take place 发生;举行 (不能用于被动语态中!) 发生; ① The performance didn’t take place after all. 演出终于没有进行。 ② Was there anybody passing by when the accident took place? 事故发生时,有人路过那里吗? 与 place 相关短语: in the first place (用于列举理由)首先,第一点 in the last place 最后 in one’s place 处于某人的位置,为某人设身处地想一想 in place 放在原来的位置,就位 in place of 代替,用……而不用…… take one’s place 找替某人接替某人的位置
  3. of all kinds 各种各样的 相关归纳:all kinds of 各种各样的 the same kind of 相同种类的 different kinds of 不同种类的 this/that kind of 这(那)种 a kind of 某种 ① That kind of question is very difficult to answer.= Questions of that kind are difficult to answer. ② We sell all kinds of shoes.= We sell shoes of all kinds. ③ You can see different kinds of animals in the zoo. = You can see animals of different kinds in the zoo. 你在动物园可以看见不同种类的动物。 用动词的适当形式填空 ① Books of this kind (sell) well in the bookstore. ② This kind of books (sell) well in the bookstore.
  4. starve v. 挨饿 饿死 挨饿; He said he would starve rather than beg for food. 他说他宁愿挨饿也不要饭吃。
  5. plenty n. 富裕 days/years/...of plenty 富裕的日子/年月 如:You have a life of plenty, what would you be worried about? plenty pron. 大量; 充足 plenty of 可修饰可数名词和不可数名词, 用于陈述句。 如: You needn’t hurry. There is plenty of time left. 你不必慌忙, 剩下的时间很充足。 Taking plenty of exercise every day keeps you healthy. 每天多运动会使你身体健康。
  6.
  1) satisfy vt. 满足,使…满意; satisfy sb. satisfied a. 感到满意的; be satisfied with satisfying a. 令人愉快的 satisfaction n. 满意; to one’s satisfaction satisfactorily ad. 满意地 satisfactory a. 令人满意的 She bought a satisfactory computer?it’s cheap and of high quality. 辨析 satisfactory, satisfied, satisfying satisfactory 指客观的事物或主观的表现达到要求而令人满意, 主语一般用客体。 satisfied 指主体对事物或表现感到满意, 主语是主体(人)
如: She is satisfied with the service. 她对该项服务感到满意。 satisfying: giving pleasure 令人愉快, 主语是不定式. 常用于句型: It’s satisfying to do sth. 做...使人满意 如:It’s satisfying to learn the success of his son in job-hunting. 得知儿子找到工作,令他非常高兴。 hurt, injure, harm, damage, wound 的区别与用法 hurt 普通用语,既可指肉体上的伤害,也可精神上, 感情上的伤害。 如:The girl hurt herself badly in the accident.那位女孩在那次事故中伤得很重。 injure 比 hurt 正式, hurt 多指伤痛, 而 injure 则指损害健康, 成就, 容貌等, 强调功能的损失。 如:He injured his hand while playing basketball.他在打篮球时手受了伤。 damage 主要指对于物的损害,强调对于价值、用途、外观等所造成的损失, 这种损失或因自然灾害所致, 或因人 为造成。如: Several cars were damaged in the accident. 好几辆汽车在事故中损坏了。 wound 指枪伤, 刀伤, 刺伤等皮肉之伤, 是出血的, 严重的伤, 特指战场上受伤, 它可以指肉体上的伤害, 也可 指人们精神上的创伤。如: The bullet wounded his left leg. 子弹打伤了他的左腿。
  7.origin n. 起源;源头 如:the origins of the life on earth 地球上生命的起源。 in memory of/ to the memory of sb. 纪念某人 例句:The statue was built in memory of the famous scientist.
  8. dress 作及物动词时, 不接 clothes 之类的表示衣服的名词, 而是接表示人的句词或代词, 意思是“给…穿衣服”。 当表示自己穿衣服时, 则用反身代词, 如:Wake up children and dress them. 唤醒孩子,给他们穿上衣服。 dress 的过去分词常用来构成 get dressed 与 be dressed 短语, 前者表示动态, 后者表示静态, 穿何种衣服, 则用介 词 in. 如:Harry up and get dressed. 快点穿上衣服。 The girl was dressed in red. 这个女孩穿着一身红衣服。 dress up 是“打扮,化装”,如: You should dress up when you take part in the party. She is in red today and looks very beautiful. A. wearing B. having on C. dressing D. Dressed
  9. award. n. 奖, 奖品 v. 判给 授予 判给, award sb. sth. 奖赏某人某物 辨析: award 和 reward: award 后接双宾语 如: award sb. a metal 授予某人奖章 reward 奖赏, 酬谢, 不能接双宾语。 reward sb. for sth. 因…奖赏某人 reward sb. with sth. 用某物酬劳某人 例句:She rewarded herself with a cup of coffee after a whole morning’s hard work.
  10. admire v. 意为 赞赏 钦佩 羡慕 赞美 夸奖 意为“赞赏 钦佩;羡慕 赞美;夸奖 赞赏;钦佩 羡慕;赞美 夸奖” 注意: 表示“在某方面钦佩某人”用“admire sb. for sth.” 例句:We all admire him for his courage and bravery. 我们都钦佩他的勇气和胆识。
  11. look forward to (doing) sth. 意为期待着(做)某事, 其中的 to 是介词, 而不是动词不定式符号。
  12. as though 和 as if 没有什么区别。as if 用得普遍些, 却可引导方式状语从句和表语从句, 其从句谓语常用虚 拟语气。 (
  1) 引导方式状语从句 She acted as though nothing had happened. 她装得好像什么事也没发生过似的。 当从句主语和主句主语一致,从句谓语中又含有动词 to be 时, 可以把主语和 to be 一起省去。 He looked about as though (he was) in search of something. 他四处张望, 好像寻找什么。 (
  2) 引导表语从句 It looks as if it’s going to rain 看样子天要下雨 as though 和 as if 从句用虚拟语气, 还是用陈述语气,根据具体情况而定。如果从句表示的意思与事实完全相反, 或者纯粹是一种假设, 通常用虚拟语气。
The child talks as if she were an adult. 那孩子说话的样子好像她是个大人。
  13. have fun 过得快乐 = have a good time, enjoy oneself. 短语有 have fun ( in ) doing sth.
  14. But she didn’t turn up.
  1) 来, 出席(某活动) I’m very happy you turned up so early.
  2) 把(收音机等)音量开大一些, 反义词 turn down. 如 Turn up the radio a little, I can scarcely hear the program. turn down 拒绝 turn off 关掉 turn on 打开 turn out 结果是..... turn to sb. for help 向某人求助
  15. keep one’s word 守信用, 反义词是 break one’s word 失信 注意:keep one’s word 和 break one’s word 中的名词 word 不能用复数形式! 相关短语: in a word/in short/to be short 简言之;总之 have a word with sb. 与某人谈话 have words with sb. 与某人发生口角 in other words 换句话说
  16. obvious adj.
  1) obvious+ to + 表示人的名词或代词 如:Her disappointment was obvious to her friend.
  2) It + be + obvious +that-clause 显而易见,一目了然 如:It was obvious that she was in danger. 辨析: 辨析:obvious/apparent/clear obvious 是三者中程度最强的,含有“一目了然” 之意。 如:It is obvious that you are wrong. apparent 具有某些明显的迹象,侧重经历推理才能看出结果。 如:It was apparent from his face that he was lying. clear 表示明白的,清楚的。指不模糊含混,易于观察,了解和识别。 如:He seems clear about his plans.
  17. marry 的用法: 的用法:
  1) 她嫁给了一个律师。She married a doctor. 表示“和......结婚”,“嫁......”,“娶......”时,marry 为及物动词,要用 marry sb.,而不用 marry with sb.
  2) 她和一位律师结婚了。 She was married to a lawyer. 表示婚姻状态, 后接宾语时要用介词 to, 而不用 with.
  3) 他们结婚三年了。They have been married for three years. 注意:marry 和 get married 都表示短暂行为,不能和表示一段时间的短语连用,而 have been married 则表示婚 姻状态,可以与表示婚姻状态持续多久的时间状语连用。
  18. set off: 动身 出发 使(地雷、炸弹)爆炸 使某物更有吸引力 动身, 出发; 地雷、炸弹)爆炸; 相关短语:set about doing sth. 着手(做某事) set in 开始 set up 建立,创立 set down 写下,记下 set somebody to do something. 使某人开始工作 set somebody doing something 使某人处于某种动的状态
高中英语必修三单词及语言点总复习 高中英语必修三单词及语言点总复习(
  1) 复习
Unit 1 Festivals around the world
Exercise 1 据句意及所给单词首字母或汉语意思完成下列句子.
  1. Do you need more milk? No, thanks, there’s p in the fridge.
  2. She’s s herself to try to lose weight.
  3. Nothing s him, he’s always complaining (抱怨).
  4. You f me to death suddenly shouting out by my ear.
  5. I a him for his success in business.
  6. The judge (判定)both finalists (决赛者) equal points.
  7. These books are (最喜欢的东西) of mine.
  8. Christmas Day is a (宗教的) festival.
  9. I made my (道歉) and left early.
  10. I (原谅) her long ago. Exercise 2 根据句意, 用所给的词或词组的最恰当形式填空(注意有多余选项) have one’s origin as, do (no) harm ( to), lead to, decorate… with, take place, have fun with, wait for, set off, set on, make…of ,
look forward to, play a trick on,
in the shape of, be proud of
1 He means by saying what he thinks. 2 This misunderstanding a war between the two countries. 3 Sam used to be a spy a journalist. 4 The Spring Festival in China
 

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