Reading (II)
Toronto
Toronto
maple trees
CN Tower
Toronto from the CN Tower.
Niagara Falls
Chinatown
Montreal 蒙特利尔是加拿大第二大城市和世界
最大河港之一,全国工商业,金融,文化中心. 最大河港之一 全国工商业,金融,文化中心. 全国工商业
Olympic stadium
Old Montreal
St. Lawrence River
Let's pay a visit to Toronto and Montreal
Listen and read, then find out what Li Daiyu and Liu Qian saw on their way from Toronto to Montreal. Please choose from the following names. Atlantic coast, maples trees, Toronto City, CN Tower, the misty cloud, Niagara Falls, the covered stadium, the harbour, China town, the Pink Pearl, Ottawa, Montreal City, St Lawrence River,
Read the passage than answer questions on P
  39.

  1. How do we know it is fall in Canada? Because the maple trees are red and gold and orange, and there is frost on the ground.
  2. What can sometimes be seen from the CN Tower in Toronto? Sometimes the misty cloud that rises from Niagara Falls can be seen from the CN Tower.
  3. Where does the water from the lake go? The water from the lake goes into the Niagara River and over the falls on its way to the sea.

  4. Why is there good Cantonese food in Toronto? There is good Cantonese food in Toronto because most of the Chinese people there came from the south of China, especially Hong Kong.
  5. Which direction is the train going from Toronto? The train is going east (northeast) from Toronto.
  6. Why did the girls go to Old Montreal? Because it is close to the water / to see the lovely shops and the artists.

  7. What three things show us that Montreal is a French city? Good coffee, good bread and good music show that Montreal is a French city. Also the signs and ads were in French.
They knew fall had arrived in Canada, for they saw the red and frost on the maple trees ground. In Toronto, they went up the tall CN Tower On top of it they saw the misty cloud that . great rose from the Niagara Falls . As they walked north from the harbour, Li Daiyu phoned one of her mother's friends from a telephone booth It was a pity that they couldn't . go as far __ Ottawa. The train arrived in __ __ as Montreal at dawn __ the next morning. They found Montreal is a French-speaking country because there were signs and ads in French.
Language points

  1. They were not leaving for Montreal until later, so they went on a tour of the city. 她们要 晚些时候才动身去蒙特利尔,因此 晚些时候才动身去蒙特利尔 因此 就在多伦多市内游览了一番. 就在多伦多市内游览了一番.

  1) They were not leaving for...属于过去 属于过去 进行时表示将来的动作. 进行时表示将来的动作. 表示位置转移的瞬间动词. 表示位置转移的瞬间动词.如: come, go, arrive, leave, start, return, stay, meet, get等可用进行时表示将来的动 等可用进行时表示将来的动 用现在进行时表示一般将来时;用 作;用现在进行时表示一般将来时 用 用现在进行时表示一般将来时 过去进行时表示过去将来时. 过去进行时表示过去将来时.
The train is arriving soon. 火车就要进站了. 火车就要进站了.
  2) until/till 直到 为止 直到…为止 until常与否定句连用 not…until 直 常与否定句连用, 常与否定句连用 到…才 才 He didn't finish the work until yesterday.
肯定形式表示的意思是"做某事直至 肯定形式表示的意思是 做某事直至 某时", 动词必须是延续性的. 某时 动词必须是延续性的. 否定形式表达的意思是"直至某时才 否定形式表达的意思是 直至某时才 做某事".动词为延续性或非延续性都 做某事 . 可以. 可以.
肯定句: 肯定句: I slept until midnight. 我一直睡到半夜时醒了. 我一直睡到半夜时醒了. Wait till I call you. 等着我叫你. 等着我叫你.
否定句: 否定句: She didn't arrive until 6 o'clock. 她直到6点才到. 她直到 点才到. 点才到 Don't get off the bus until it has stopped. 公共汽车停稳后再下车. 公共汽车停稳后再下车.
否定句可用另外两种句式表示. 否定句可用另外两种句式表示. a. not until …在句首 主句用倒装. 在句首, 在句首 主句用倒装. Not until the early years of the 19th century did man know what heat is. 直到19 世纪初, 直到 世纪初 人类才知道热能是 什么. 什么.
b. 用于强调句 is not until… that… 用于强调句It It was not until I told him that he knew about it.
It was yesterday I was wrong. A. until; did I realize B. not until; did I realize C. until; that I realized D. not until; that I realized D

  2. We can get good Cantonese food here, because most of the Chinese people here come from South China, especially Hong Kong. especially表示"尤其, 格外 特别",意 表示"尤其 格外,特别 意 特别" 表示 思相当于" 思相当于"in particular "或 或 "particularly".多用在介词短语或连 . 词前面. 词前面.
specially表示"为了一个特别的目的, 表示"为了一个特别的目的 表示 专门地, 特别地" 意思相当于" 专门地 特别地", 意思相当于"for a special reason or purpose". . I came specially to see you. 我特地来看你. 我特地来看你. The weather has been especially cold. 最近天气特别冷. 最近天气特别冷.
It's always difficult being in a foreign country, if you don't speak the B language. A. extremely C. specially B. especially D. naturally
extremely表示程度"极其,非常", 表示程度"极其,非常" 表示程度 specially表示"特地,专门", 而 表示"特地,专门" 表示 naturally表示"自然地", 均与句意不 表示"自然地" 表示 符.especially表示"尤其,特别,格 表示" 表示 尤其,特别, 强调突出性, 用在此处, 句意通顺. 外", 强调突出性 用在此处 句意通顺.

  3. It's too bad you can't go as far as Ottawa. as far as (程度副词 "远达,远至" 程度副词) 远达 程度副词 远达,远至" He walked as far as the railway station yesterday evening. 昨天傍晚, 他一直散步到火车站. 昨天傍晚 他一直散步到火车站.
一些带有as...as 结构的常见短语: 结构的常见短语: 一些带有 as busy as a bee as easy as ABC 像蜜蜂一样忙碌 像ABC一样容易 一样容易
as deep as a well 像井一样深 as light as a feather 像羽毛一样轻 as soft as butter as rich as a Jew 像黄油一样软 像犹太人一样富裕

  4. The train left late that night and arrived in Montreal at dawn the next morning.火车在那夜晚些时候 火车在那夜晚些时候 起程,第二天黎明到达了蒙特利尔. 起程 第二天黎明到达了蒙特利尔. 第二天黎明到达了蒙特利尔 at, on, in表示时间的用法区别 表示时间的用法区别 at表示时间点 常用来表示时刻 如果 表示时间点,常用来表示时刻 表示时间点 常用来表示时刻,如果 一段时间按时间点对待也用at. 一段时间按时间点对待也用 .
at 2:30, at dawn /noon /night /dusk /sunrise /sunset /breakfast /lunch dinner /supper, at this /that time, at the beginning of this century at也可以表示节假日 例如:at Easter, 也可以表示节假日, 例如: 也可以表示节假日 at Christmas
on表示一天或某一天的一部分. 表示一天或某一天的一部分. 表示一天或某一天的一部分 例如:on Monday, on September 26, 例如 on Monday morning, on Friday evening in表示少于一天或多于一天的时 表示少于一天或多于一天的时 间段. 间段.
如: in the morning /afternoon /evening, in a week, in three days, in May, in spring, in 2002, in my childhood 注: morning, afternoon, evening, night这些名词如果有一个表示具 这些名词如果有一个表示具 体某一天的名词作定语时,介词不 体某一天的名词作定语时 介词不 而应该用on. 用in 或at, 而应该用 .
如: on Thursday evening, on a cold winter morning, on the afternoon of April 8, on the night of his return

  5. As they sat in a café looking over the broad St. Lawrence River, a young man sat down with them. wide 和 broad 都是"广阔"的意思 都是"广阔"的意思, 常可换用,但说 常可换用 但说 wide 时,着重于一边到 着重于一边到 另一边的距离,而说 另一边的距离 而说 broad 时着重于 幅面的宽广,可修饰背 可修饰背, 幅面的宽广 可修饰背,肩,胸,心胸 心胸 等的宽阔,还有 开朗"之意. 还有" 等的宽阔 还有"开朗"之意.
The river is 300 feet broad (wide). 这条河有三百多尺宽. 这条河有三百多尺宽. The door is wide open. 门大开. 门大开. We saw the broad ocean. 我们看到了广阔的海洋. 我们看到了广阔的海洋. His back (shoulder, chest) is broad. 他的背部(肩膀,胸部 很宽阔 很宽阔. 他的背部 肩膀,胸部)很宽阔. 肩膀
这两个词的常用搭配如下: 这两个词的常用搭配如下: wide eyes 睁大的眼睛 a wide mouth 一张大嘴 the wide world 广阔的世界 wide interests 广泛的兴趣 a man with broad bosom 胸围很阔的人
the broad ocean 无际的海洋 broad shoulders 宽宽的肩膀 the broad masses 广大群众 broad chest (back) 宽宽的胸膛 背) 宽宽的胸膛(背 broad in size 身材宽大 体积宽大 身材宽大,体积宽大
Reading Task on page 73
Iqaluit is the capital city of the new Canadian territory of Nunavut, on Baffin Island. Nunavut has a population of about 30,000, spread out over almost 2 million square kilometres. The area has a population density of one person per 100 sq kms.
Iqaluit has a population of 6,200, yet is the only city for thousands of miles in any direction. There are no roads in or out of Iqaluit. It is about
  3.5 flying hours north of Ottawa, the capital of Canada.
Inuit, meaning "the people", are the inhabitants north and west of the Hudson Bay that in times past lived in skin tents in the summer, and, uniquely, snow houses in the winter. Here traditional Inuit life from the past is depicted in its various forms:
from fishing techniques to interior dwellings to the fundamental bond between Inuit and sled dog.
fishing
sleigh雪橇 雪橇
Morning snowstorm, about 8:00 am
Nunavut Snow Challenge in Iqaluit

  1. Why did the reporter arrive there? He was writing a story for his newspaper about Iqaluit. They wanted to advertise it as a holiday place.
  2. What did the people use for transportation? Most people used snowmobiles, but dog sleds were also used.

  3. Why did it become dark early? It became dark early because it was far north of the earth. Points in the What Beth Information passage The thought Cold, but in passage Very cold, -35℃ average ℃ in winter
temperature not too cold
How to travel
By dog sled By snowmobile Tourists like ice fishing and Too cold for holidays photographing bears In warm houses
Holidays
How In ice people live houses
What the Inuit do
Hunt animals
Have businesses Dark in winter day, light in summer night
Daylight hours
Light in daytime
Compare China with Canada. Same as China large land Different from China six time areas
Weather is different no places as lot from area to area, as south china long and hard winter
different people speak different languages Many rivers and lakes
Canada has two official languages, smaller population World famous rivers and lakes
Much coal, oil gas Much fresh water, and other natural a lot of forest resources
Homework

  1. Read the two passages again and find the main characters of Toronto, Montreal and Iqaluit. What can you see and do in the three different cities.
  2. Read Fun Reading by yourself. (P
  75)
 

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