Words preview celebration n. 庆祝;祝贺 庆祝; hunter n. 狩猎者;猎人 狩猎者; starve vi. & vt. (使)饿死; 使 饿死; 饿得要死 origin n. 起源;由来;起因 起源;由来; religious adj. 宗教上的;虔诚的 宗教上的; ancestor n. 祖先;祖宗 祖先; Mexico n. 墨西哥 feast n. 节日;盛宴 节日; bone n. 骨;骨头
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1
Words preview belief n. 信任;信心;信仰 信任;信心; trick n. 诡计;恶作剧;窍门 诡计;恶作剧; vt. 欺骗;诈骗 欺骗; poet n. 诗人 arrival n. 到来;到达;到达者 到来;到达; gain vt. 获得;得到 获得; independence n. 独立;自主 独立; independent adj. 独立的;自主的 独立的; gather vt. & vi. & n. 搜集;聚集 搜集; agriculture n. 农业;农艺;农学 农业;农艺;
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Words preview agricultural adj. 农业的;农艺的 农业的; award n. 奖;奖品 vt. 授予;判定 授予; rooster n. 雄禽;公鸡 雄禽; admire vt. 赞美;钦佩;羡慕 赞美;钦佩; energetic adj. 充满活力的;积极的 充满活力的; Easter n. (耶稣)复活节 耶稣) clothing n. 衣服 Christian n. 基督徒;信徒 基督徒; adj. 基督教的;信基督教的 基督教的; custom n. 习惯;风俗 习惯;
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Expressions preview 纪念; in memory of 纪念;追念 盛装;打扮; dress up 盛装;打扮;装饰 搞恶作剧;诈骗; play a trick on 搞恶作剧;诈骗;开玩笑 期盼;期待; look forward to 期盼;期待;盼望 日夜;昼夜; day and night 日夜;昼夜;整天 as though 好像 have fun with 玩得开心
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Skimming to get general ideas
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Reading Tips
在阅读每个段落时, 在阅读每个段落时,要注意 综合运用略读 综合运用略读(skimming) 略读 这两种方法。 与扫读(scanning)这两种方法。 扫读 这两种方法
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6
通过略读把握文章大意 略读(skimming)只看文章标题、下标 只看文章标题、 略读 只看文章标题 题以及每个部分或者段落第一行, 题以及每个部分或者段落第一行 关注文 章中反复出现的关键词。 章中反复出现的关键词。 略读时, 略读时 要用充足的时间读懂段落的 第一句和第二句, 第一句和第二句 因为第一句往往是该段 的主题句(topic sentence), 而第二句往往 的主题句 是对前句的延伸(extension)或进一步的 是对前句的延伸 或进一步的 解释(explanation)。 解释 。
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通过扫读寻找特定信息或特定词组 运用扫读(scanning)迅速浏览从第三 运用扫读 迅速浏览从第三 的后面部分, 句开始的后面部分 句开始的后面部分 搜寻作者对开头两句 的支持句(supporting sentences), 并同时注 的支持句 意文章中间是否有转折(transition), 因为 意文章中间是否有转折 这些词常常会把文章的思路逆转或加入其 它重要的信息。当读到段落的最后一句时, 它重要的信息。当读到段落的最后一句时 我们又要使用略读, 我们又要使用略读 这时必须再次放慢速 度(slow down your pace)直到完全消化作 直到完全消化作 者对段落的小结(conclusion), 因为该小结 者对段落的小结 有可能与主题句截然相反或引导读者进入 下一个段落。 下一个段落。
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Skimming
Reading Comprehension I
  1. How many kinds of today’s festivals are mentioned in the passage? A. Three. B. Four. C. Five. D. Six.
  2. The beginning of festivals of the dead is related to . A. religion B. seasons C. special people D. hunting
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Careful reading to solve difficult points
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  1. in memory of 纪念;追念 纪念; =to the memory of sb They dedicated a monument in memory of those who died in the terrible earthquake. 他们为悼念死于大地震的人们建造纪念碑。 他们为悼念死于大地震的人们建造纪念碑。 We named the lake Rebecca in memory of her. 为了纪念她, 我们把这个湖命名为“ 为了纪念她 我们把这个湖命名为“丽贝 卡"。 。
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  2. dress up 盛装打扮;化装打扮 盛装打扮; Children love dressing up in Halloween. We are supposed to dress up as movie characters for the party. 我们在晚会上要装扮得像电影中的角色。 我们在晚会上要装扮得像电影中的角色。 dress v. 穿著 She always dresses in blue. 她总穿着蓝衣服。 她总穿着蓝衣服。
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Fill in the blanks using the correct form of the verbs: dress, put on, wear.
  1. She is wearing a gold ring.
  2. She hurriedly her son and dressed took him to the kindergarten. put on
  3. Remember to your coat. It is cold outside.
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2011年2月17日星期四

  3. trick n. 诡计;恶作剧;窍门 诡计;恶作剧; He played some clever magic tricks. 他表演了一些巧妙的魔术。 他表演了一些巧妙的魔术。 play a trick on sb. 搞恶作剧;诈骗; 搞恶作剧;诈骗;开玩笑 We played a trick on them and they fell right into it. 我们设了个圈套, 他们就正好中计。 我们设了个圈套 他们就正好中计。 vt. 欺骗;诈骗 欺骗; Her partner tried to trick her out of her money. 她的合伙人企图骗走她的钱。 她的合伙人企图骗走她的钱。
14

  4. award n. 奖;奖品;奖学金 奖品; Mary got an award and was able to finish her study. The award for this year's best actress went to Meryl Streep. 本年度最佳女演员的得奖者是梅里尔?斯特 本年度最佳女演员的得奖者是梅里尔 斯特 里普。 里普。 vt. 授予;裁定 授予; award sb sth= award sth to sb The judges awarded both teams equal points.
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  5. look forward to(介词 + n/ v-ing 介词) 介词 盼望; 盼望;期待 I’m looking forward to his coming. I’m familiar with his work and look forward to hearing his views on literary and artistic creation. 我熟悉他的作品, 我熟悉他的作品,并期待他能就文艺创 作问题发表自己的见解。 作问题发表自己的见解。
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Scanning to get detail information
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17
scanning
Reading Comprehension II
  1. The ancient people needn’t worry about their food.
  2. Halloween is a festival intended to honour the dead.
  3. To honor the great poet Qu Yuan, people celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival.
  4. Mid-Autumn Festival is held to celebrate the end of autumn.
  5. Easter celebrates the birth of Jesus.
T or F
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scanning
Reading Comprehension III
  1. Which of the following are not mentioned in the passage? A. Carnival and Columbus Day. B. Halloween and Spring Festivals. C. Thanksgiving Festivals and Obon. D. Valentine’s Day and Fool’s Day.
  2. At festivals people can do all the following except . A. forget their work for a little while B. enjoy life C. travel around the world D. be proud of their customs
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scanning
Reading Comprehension IV Fill in the following chart. Kinds of Names of Countries Festivals Festivals Festivals of the Dead Festivals to Honour People Harvest Festivals Spring Festivals
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Festivals
Names of Countries Festivals Festivals of Obon Japan the Dead Day of the Dead Mexico Halloween some Western countries Festivals to Dragon Boat China Honour Festival People USA Columbus Day festival to India 21 2011年2月17日星期四 honor Gandhi
Harvest Festivals
harvest/ Thanksgiving festivals mid-autumn festivals Spring Festival Easter and related holidays Cherry Blossom Festival
European and other countries China and Japan China some Western countries Japan
22
Spring Festivals
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Detailed Reading
Ancient Festivals
Most ancient festivals would celebrate the end of the weather planting in cold , and harvest in . Today’s spring autumn festivals have many origins some , , some seasonal and some religious for special or . people events
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Festivals of the Dead
How do Japanese honour their ancestors? They have a festival called Obon, when people should go to clean the graves and light incense to honour their ancestors. They light lamps and play music.
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Obon in Japan
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What do people in Mexico do in memory of the dead? They offer food, flowers and gifts to the dead on the Day of the Dead. People eat certain food on that day.
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The Day of the Dead in Mexico
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What do people in Western countries do in memory of the dead? They used to believe in the return of the spirits of dead people. It is now a children’s festival, when they dress as witches and ghosts and go to their neighbour’s homes to ask for sweets.
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pumpkin head
mask
Halloween in Western countries
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Compare the festivals of the dead in Mexico, Japan and China. What things are similar and what things are different? The Chinese, Japanese and Mexican festivals of the dead all have customs to honour the dead. The Chinese and Japanese go to clean their ancestors’ graves, and the Mexicans offer food, flowers and gifts to the dead. However, there are some differences. The Mexicans eat special food that looks like bones, something the Chinese and Japanese do not do.
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Festivals to Honour People Match the festivals with the proper people.
National Festival The Dragon Boat Columbus on October 2 Festival Day
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India
China
USA
31
Harvest Festivals People will on Thanksgiving festivals.
  1. decorate churches and town halls
  2. get together to have meals
  3. win awards for their farm produce
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Compared with Thanksgiving festivals in Western countries, what different activities do China and Japan have in mid-autumn festivals? People admire the moon and in China, enjoy mooncakes.
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Spring Festivals What do people usually do at spring festivals? At spring festivals, people usually have dances, carnivals and other activities to celebrate the end of winter and the coming of spring.
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What does Easter celebrate? It celebrates the return of Jesus from the dead and the coming of spring and new life. Do you know the symbols of Easter? Easter eggs and Easter Bunnies.
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35
Do you know the date of Japan’s Cherry Blossom Festival? March 15- April 15
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36
2011年2月17日星期四
Based on the reading passage, what do most festivals seem to have in common? Talk with your partner and fill in the chart Three below. Reasons why they are common important to people things everywhere 1 2 3
37
Three common things might be from the following: food, music, entertainment, being with family and friends, dance, lights or fires,
2011年2月17日星期四 38
remembering events or people.
Discussion
Discuss in pairs which festivals you think are the most important and which are the most fun. Then fill in the chart below with your ideas.
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Type Exampl Reasons of e of for your festiva festival choice l Most important Most fun
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40
Group Work
Work in groups and create your own festival and then report it to the class. Name of the festivals: Date: Meaning: Why it is celebrated: How it is celebrated:
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Quiz
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Quiz I Retell the text by filling the following blanks. There are all kinds of festivals and around the world, which are held for different reasons. The were mainly held at three times a year. Some festivals are held to the dead or satisfy the in case they might return either to help or to , while other festivals are held to honor famous people or the gods, such as
2011年2月17日星期四 43
and Columbus Day. Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals are happy events because the food is for the winter and the work is over. And the most and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the of spring, such as the New Year, at which people have a very good time. Some Western countries have very exciting . Festivals let us enjoy .
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Answer: There are all kinds of festivals and around the world, which are celebrations held for different reasons. The ancient were mainly held at three times a festivals year. Some festivals are held to the honor dead or satisfy the in case they ancestors might return either to help or to harm do , while other festivals are held to honor famous people or the gods, such as
2011年2月17日星期四 45
Boat Festival and Columbus Day. Dragon Harvest
 

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